Ph.D. in Pharmacology is a 3 to 5-year long doctorate course. Minimum eligibility for pursuance of the course is the successful completion of post-graduation in Pharmacology, completed from a recognized university.
Admission to the course is based on the round of counselling conducted after the candidate’s qualification of a relevant entrance test, such as UGC-NET.
The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 2 and 4 Lacs, for the whole span of the course.
Such postgraduates are hired in capacities such as:
Popular hiring industries for such postgraduates include:
The average annual salary offered to successful postgraduates of the course in India ranges between INR 4 and 20 Lakhs, increasing with the candidate’s experience and skillsets.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.
|Duration||3 to 5 years|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||Post-graduation in Pharmacology|
|Admission Process||Based on counselling after qualification of a relevant entrance test, like UGC-NET.|
|Course Fee||INR 2 to 4 Lakhs for 3 to 5 years|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4 to 20 lacs per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Hospitals, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.|
|Job Positions||Analytical Chemist, Biomedical Scientist, Healthcare Scientist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician’s Associate, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist, among others.|
Pharmacology is the study of drugs and how they affect the body.
As an academic discipline, Pharmacology is the study of the effects of drugs and chemicals on living organisms.
Modern pharmacology is inherently interdisciplinary and builds on the strengths of:
The course consists of approximately 3 years of full-time research.
The techniques and methods of investigation employed by pharmacologists are those used in biological and physical sciences.
Depending on individual inclination and professional training, such pharmacologists may practice profession such as:
Pharmacology is the science of how drugs work. It involves:
Drugs and chemicals produce their effects only through modifications of underlying biological systems. Their actions are useful in regulating:
Professional pharmacologists, possess advanced knowledge of:
They are professionally responsible for:
Ideal candidates for the course would possess:
Listed below are some of the top institutes in India that offer the course.
|Name of Institute||City||Average Fees|
|JAMIA HAMDARD||Delhi||INR 1.25 Lacs (course)|
|Central Drug Research Institute||Lucknow||INR 2 Lacs (course)|
|JSS Medical College||Mysore||INR 1.04 Lacs (course)|
|Poona College of Pharmacy||Pune||INR 1.55 Lacs (course)|
|Father Muller Medical College||Mangalore||INR 1.34 Lacs (course)|
|Lovely Professional University||Punjab||INR 2.4 Lacs (course)|
|Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences||Wardha||INR 1.50 Lacs (course)|
|Saveetha Dental College||Chennai||INR 2 Lacs (course)|
|National Institute of Ayurveda||Jaipur||INR 1.89 Lacs (course)|
|Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute||Delhi||INR 3,05,800 (course)|
|G.Pulla Reddy College of Pharmacy||Hyderabad||INR 4,05,000 (course)|
|Al Ameen College of Pharmacy||Bangalore||INR 1,27,000 (course)|
|JSS College of Pharmacy||Mysore||INR 4,00,500 (course)|
|Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy||Bangalore||INR 1.3 Lacs (course)|
|Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences||Hyderabad||INR 2 Lacs (course)|
|K M College of Pharmacy||Madurai||INR 1,68,000 (course)|
|Ramesh Institute of Vocational And Technical Education||Noida||INR 5 Lacs (course)|
|VNS Institute of Pharmacy||Bhopal||INR 3,00,840 (course)|
|Ramanbhai Patel College of Pharmacy||Gujarat||INR 3 Lacs (course)|
|Chitkara College of Pharmacy||Chandigarh||INR 6 Lacs (course)|
Listed below are the minimum criteria which candidates interested in pursuing the course are required to fulfil, in order to be eligible to apply for the course.
M.Sc. in disciplines consistent with the research areas of the department.
In India universities have rights to set their own procedure and standards for admission to Ph.D. programs. But the set of requirements for the application are similar. These include a compulsary research proposal, detailing the proposed outline of the candidate’s Ph.D. project, and explaining the methodology one plans to employ.
Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview. Admission process generally varies across institutes.
Candidates are selected based on performance in the UGC/ CSIR (JRF)/ NET/ GATE, etc. examinations, and subsequent round of Personal Interview.
A paper-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is tabulated here.
|Paper I||Paper II|
|General Pharmacology||Autonomic Nervous System & Peripheral Nervous System|
|Drug absorption, distribution, metabolism||Neurohumoral transmission|
|Drug elimination||Sympathetic nervous system - sympathomimetics, sympatholytics|
|Routes of drug administration||Parasympathetic - Cholinergics, Anticholinergics, Ganglion stimulants and blockers|
|Basic principles of drug action||Skeletal muscle relaxants|
|Adverse reactions to drugs||Local anesthetics|
|Factors modifying drug response||-|
|Paper III||Paper IV|
|Central Nervous System||Autacoids|
|General principles - neurotransmitters, definition and common transmitters||Histamine and antihistaminics|
|Drug therapy of various CNS disorders like epilepsy, depression, Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, neuro- degeneration etc.||Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxane and PAF|
|Pharmacotherapy of pain||Substance P, bradykinin|
|Paper V||Paper VI|
|Cardiovascular system||Gastrointestinal and Respiratory System|
|Drug therapy of hypertension, shock, angina, cardiac arrhythmias||Emetics and antiemetics|
|Renin angiotensin system||Drugs for constipation and diarrhea|
|Diuretics||Drug treatment of peptic ulcer|
|Coagulants and anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs||Drug therapy of bronchial asthma|
|Hypo-lipidemics||Pharmacotherapy of cough|
|Hormones||Drug therapy of Diabetes|
|Reproductive hormones - testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, contraceptives||Thyroid hormones|
|-||Drugs for arthritis & gout|
Such professionals can find lucrative placement opportunities across:
Common employers of Pharmacology postgraduates include:
Pharmacology experts send drugs through stages such as the following:
Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Research Scientist||Research Scientists work in almost every area of science imaginable. They plan and carry out experiments and investigations in a range of areas, including Geoscience, Medical Research, Meteorology, and Pharmacology.||1,473,953|
|Clinical Scientist||Clinical Scientists, often also referred to as Medical Scientists, work in hospitals, laboratories, research centers, institutes, universities, and clinics. Clinical scientists work to advance knowledge in biomedical research, medicine, and the processes that drive and support living organisms, though they may also work to develop products, treatments, and medications based on this knowledge. Typical duties of Clinical Scientists include devising and carrying out research and experiments, supervising assistants and lab techs, drafting, implementing and evaluating guidelines, conducting tests, and many other duties, depending on their work environment and specific role.||4,08,786|
|Research Assistant||Another option for Pharmacologists is a career as a Research Assistant, working in government or private laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals or facilities connected to the growing field of biotechnology. Though the job involves a high level of research and an advanced degree, there are still many jobs at the assistant or technician level open to those with undergraduate degrees.||3,74,795|
|Chemist||they may develop products such as synthetic fibers, drugs and cosmetics. Research Chemists create and improve processes and products, such as cosmetics, electronics and drugs. The results can also be used to improve current scientific developments or to further, enhance or re-evaluate current scientific theory. Research Chemists utilize advanced lab equipment and computers to conduct their analyses.||6,56,000|
|Clinical Laboratory Technologist||Clinical Laboratory Technologists use their backgrounds in Pharmacology to conduct experiments on bacteria, viruses and microorganisms. Technologists may perform tests on levels of compounds in human blood, monitor growth of bacteria, or examine the effects of drugs on viruses. Depending on the laboratory environment they are in, these professionals may be involved in a broad range of studies or specialize in a specific field, such as Bacteriology or Virology. Clinical Laboratory Technologists may find employment in government health agencies, drug manufacturing companies, or health care facilities.||4,87,745|
|Pharmacology Professor||Lab Research and teaching jobs can also be found at universities and medical schools. University Professors must balance their time between designing research, managing lab, and teaching. Senior Professors often have other administrative duties as well, such as acting as academic deans or department heads, designing department curricula, and sitting in academic committees. Tenure-track faculty positions at 4-year universities usually require a Ph.D. and several years of postdoctoral research experience. Lecturer positions at 4-year universities and tenure-track positions at 2-year colleges may only require a Master's degree. Faculty positions at medical schools usually require an M.D.||9,64,916|
|Medical Research Scientist||Research Scientist positions typically require either a Master's degree or Ph.D. in subjects like Pharmacology, Chemistry, Molecular Biology or Analytical Chemistry. Independent research positions could require a Ph.D., several years' worth of experience in a postdoctoral position, and a portfolio of published research. This job involves clinical work where scientists interact with patients in a medical capacity, requiring professionals to hold a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) and a State license to practice medicine. Positions bridging the gap between research and clinical medicine may require both an M.D. and a Ph.D.||4,24,819|
|Medical Pharmacology Technician||Technician-level positions are available in both research and clinical laboratories. Technicians in clinical labs perform routine tests and sample analysis, communicate such results to doctors. In research laboratories, they perform simple experiments and sample preparation. Lab technicians also operate and maintain lab equipment and may manage lab inventory. The position generally requires a Bachelor's degree in Biology or a related field. Some employers accept an Associate's degree or certificate when accompanied by sufficient work experience, but advancement past a certain level of responsibility in this field is generally not possible without a 4-year degree.||9,50,000|
|Pharmaceutical Sales Representative||Pharmaceutical Sales Representatives combine their knowledge of medical drugs and treatments with interpersonal skills to generate sales for pharmaceutical companies. Sales Representatives typically are in charge of coordinating meetings with doctors and medical staff. These professionals travel to hospitals, health care facilities, and pharmacies to present a product or treatment. Sales Representatives generally have acquired product knowledge through employer or manufacturer-sponsored training courses.||1,075,000|