PhD Pharmacology or Doctorate in Pharmacology is a research-based doctoral course in Pharmacology for a minimum of 3 years duration, but it can be stretched up to 5 years. Progression beyond the first year requires performance at a sufficient level which determines the duration of the course. It analyses how a drug affects the biological system and the reaction of the body to the drug.
Check the full list of Top Pharmacology Colleges in India.
Candidates with a Masters in Pharmacology securing a minimum aggregate of 55% marks are eligible for admission to the course. However, they will have to qualify the national level entrance test or university level test.
National level entrance exams such as UGC NET, UGC CSIR NET, GATE, etc are required to secure a seat in the PhD Pharmacology program. Admission will be based on the performance of candidates in the entrance exam and the following personal interview.
PhD Pharmacology syllabus covers topics like medication origins, additives, biological effects, and medical applications. It is designed for students wishing to research drug or medication action and related subjects at an advanced level. The students will have to submit their research papers or thesis at the end of the course.
The average fees for PhD Pharmacology ranges from INR 2,00,000 to INR 4,00,000, depending on the type of the institute.
According to NIRF Ranking 2021, the top Pharmacy colleges in India offering PhD Pharmacology course are:
|NIRF Ranking 2021||Name of Institute||City||Admission Process||Average Course Fee||Average Placement Offer|
|1||Jamia Hamdard||New Delhi||Written test + PI||INR 1,27,000||INR 3,50,000|
|3||National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)||Mohali||NIPER JEE + PI||INR 1,10,000||INR 3,60,000|
|4||Institute of Chemical Technology||Mumbai||Written test + PI||INR 64,500||INR 3,50,000|
|12||Annamalai University||Chidambaram||Written test + PI||INR 51,510||INR 1,10,000|
|17||Nirma University||Ahmedabad||Written test + PI||INR 40,000||INR 4,50,000|
Some of the top recruiting areas are Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer Research Institutes, etc.
The average salary offer stands in the range of INR 4,00,000 to INR 15,00,000, increasing with the candidate’s experience and skill sets.
After completing PhD Pharmacology, a candidate can do further research in this domain and publish their own research papers. After around 4-5 years of research, they can go on to earn a DSc degree in the relevant field.
PhD in Pharmacology Admission Process
- PhD admissions are done mainly through an Entrance Test followed by a personal interview conducted by the respective institute/university.
- Candidates who have qualified National level Entrance Test such as NET JRF / NET LS are exempted from the university level entrance exam but will have to qualify the personal interviews before securing a seat in the program.
- Application forms for admissions are invited generally during January and June for the PhD program.
- Reservations apply to SC / ST / EWS / OBC NCL / PwD candidates as per Govt. of India rules.
A student seeking admission to the PhD program shall submit the application form along with:
- Date of Birth Proof
- Degree or passing certificate of the qualifying examination
- Migration Certificate / No objection certificate from the University / Employer last attended
- Gap certificate if applicable.
- Scorecard of the entrance exam
- Research Proposal: The Research Proposal is written by the student in collaboration with his proposed guide and signed by all parties. The proposed title of the PhD thesis should be such that no study of a similar nature has been or will be completed.
Check the Admission Process of NIPER in detail.
PhD Pharmacology Entrance Based Admission
- Step 1: Candidates need to register to the official website by providing their email id, mobile number, and password.
- Step 2: After submission of the application fee and form, download the form for future references.
- Step 3: Admit cards will be issued to the eligible students based on the information provided by candidates.
- Step 4: On the announcement of results, based on the marks obtained by the students and institutes cut off, seats and academic records of the candidate’s seats are allocated.
PhD Pharmacology Merit Based Admission
- Step 1: The Selection Committee will call eligible candidates possessing the minimum educational qualifications for an interview.
- Step 2: Based on the academic record and the performance of the candidates in the selection interview, candidates found suitable for admission will be accepted.
PhD Pharmacology Eligibility Criteria
The candidates planning to pursue PhD Pharmacology should fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria mentioned below :
- Candidates should hold a Master’s Degree in Pharmacology, Biology, Pharmacy or Biotechnology from a recognized university or institution.
- MSc, MTech, MD, M Pharma or equivalent degrees are also allowed.
- Minimum aggregate of 55% marks or equivalent grade B in the UGC 7 point scale or equivalent in the Master’s Degree is required for admission.
- In the case of reserved categories, candidates relaxation of 5% marks or equivalent grade is given as per UGC guidelines.
- Candidates with NET JRF / NET LS are exempted from appearing for university conducted entrance written test but need to appear for the personal interview round.
- There is no requirement bar of age to apply for the course.
PhD Pharmacology Entrance Exams
Candidates need to qualify the entrance exam conducted by UGC, State, or university to secure a seat in the PhD program. Below is a list of some national level entrance exams applicable :
- Test for determining the eligibility for the post of Assistant Professor and/or Junior Research Fellowship award in Indian universities and colleges.
- The UGC NET score is valid for 3 years in case of JRF, Lifetime for Assistant Professor, no restriction on the number of attempts.
- It is available in 84 subjects at 91 selected cities.
- It is conducted online and consists of two papers of 100 marks each mainly in Hindi and English.
- The candidates would have to attempt a total of (both papers 1 and 2) 150 questions in three hours.
- It is conducted twice a year in June and December.
UGC CSIR NET
- National-level exam conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) to select candidates for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and for determining their eligibility for appointment as lecturers in Indian universities and colleges.
- It is a Computer Based Test mode only.
- Only bonafide Indian citizens are eligible for the test. CSIR UGC NET Fellowship is tenable in India.
- CSIR UGC NET Fellowships are tenable in Universities / IITs / Post Graduate Colleges / Govt.
- Online applications are invited twice a year on an all India basis through Press Notification.
- The exam mainly tests the thorough understanding of engineering and science of various undergraduate subjects.
- The validity of the score is 3 years. It is held once a year in February.
- Candidates can apply for only one of the 25 papers listed, one common subject in all GATE papers is General Aptitude. The other subject will be as per the choice given by candidates.
- GATE paper consists of MCQ and numerically based questions. MCQ will have negative marking.
Apart from these, there are state level entrance exams as well. One of them is SLET.
- State Level Eligibility Test is conducted in English in all states in India and some universities also for lectureship only.
- Accordingly, the eligibility test was carried out by the University Grants Commission. Professor on subjects covering subjects related to humanities and social sciences and with the response to this, several states have opted to administer their own test i.e. State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) for the position of Assistant Professor.
Below a few National level entrance exams are listed with their details of application dates, conducting body, exam date, and so on.
|Exam Name||Conducted By||Application Date||Exam Date||Exam Type|
|UGC NET||UGC||March 16 - June 30, 2020||To be Announced||Online|
|CSIR UGC NET||UGC CSIR||March 16 - June 30, 2020||To be Announced||Online|
|GATE||IISc & IITs||August 2020||February 2021||Online|
How to prepare for the PhD Pharmacology Entrance Exam?
- Candidates should know the basics of the topics covered in Pharmacology and be thorough with subjects in the postgraduate degree.
- Understand and revise the mechanism of the drug and its effects on humans.
- Based on the previous year’s paper, lay out a study plan which will allow you to cover the syllabus as well as revise it efficiently.
- The Pharmacology entrance test question paper is divided into objective type (Multiple Choice Questions) and subjective type questions, and the examination period is two hours, or in some cases three hours.
- Practising sample question papers and model tests certainly offer students an advantage because they can learn the exam's style and layout well beforehand.
- Note down all the important topics from the previous year papers and devote adequate time to each important topic.
How to get admission in a top PhD Pharmacology College?
- To secure a seat in a good college for a PhD Pharmacology, candidates must hold an exceptional academic record.
- An individual scholar must complete a larger number of credits based on their background and preparation level.
- Candidates must appear for National Entrance Tests and score high ranking marks to secure a seat in a good college.
- The qualifying cut off marks of UGC NET for General category is 40% in Paper 1 and 2 while the qualifying marks for SC, ST, OBC-NCL, PwD and Transgender categories is 35% in Papers 1 and 2.
- Candidates should put their time and effort into the entrance test as well as be prepared for a personal interview round.
- Look out for the eligibility, cut-offs, selection criteria, admission process, application procedure, and other updates to benefit you for better preparation.
Check the GATE 2020 Cutoffs for Top Colleges.
PhD Pharmacology: What is it about?
- The aim of the PhD Pharmacology program is designed to equip students with the necessary skills to study and research in the field of biomedical science, linking together chemistry, physiology, and pathology.
- Candidates earn an advanced level of understanding in the study of drug interactions and actions within a living system.
- Pharmacology has two major branches: Pharmacokinetics, referring to the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs; and Pharmacodynamics, referring to the molecular, biochemical, and physiological effects of drugs, including drug mechanism of action.
- The course introduces research skills and specialist knowledge to the students.
- It allows you to work closely with a wide variety of other disciplines that make up modern biomedical science, including neuroscience, molecular and cell biology, immunology, and cancer biology.
- The course will create opportunities to share and disseminate researches that give an understanding of the effectiveness and unwanted side effects of medicines.
- It develops a deep and broad understanding of why individuals differ in the way they respond to certain drugs, and why some others cause addiction.
- Students should expect daily laboratory meetings with their instructor and other members of the lab.
- There are also informal opportunities for research leadership skills by mentoring by fellow students and staff members.
- It seeks applicants with excellent academic credentials, intellectual skills, and expertise required to contribute to scholarly research.
PhD Pharmacology Course Highlights
Some of the most important aspects of the PhD Pharmacology course have been tabulated in the table given below.
|Duration||3 years - 5 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Masters in Pharmacology|
|Admission Process||Entrance Test + PI|
|Course Fee||INR 2,00,000 - INR 4,00,000|
|Average Salary||INR 4,00,000 - INR 15,00,000|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, Educational Institutes, Environmental Pollution Control, Agriculture and fisheries, Forensic Science, Hospitals, Public Health Laboratories, Cosmetic Industries, etc.|
|Job Positions||Analytical Chemist, Biomedical Scientist, Healthcare Scientist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician’s Associate, Research Scientist (Life Sciences), Scientific Laboratory Technician, Toxicologist, among others.|
Why Study PhD Pharmacology?
- A degree in Pharmacology studies drugs that alter the living organism’s ability to function. These drugs can encompass medicinal or non-medicinal drugs.
- The field of pharmacology is at the forefront of some of the most exciting developments in modern medicine.
- This degree allows students with relevant experience to carry out focused research in the discipline under supervision.
- It helps to integrate the knowledge of many disciplines, including medicine, pharmacy, nursing, dentistry, and veterinary medicine.
- It allows students to assist with research programs at the university and sometimes design their experiments.
- It helps to develop or acquire skills and expertise relevant to their research interests.
- It is an opportunity to become an expert in your chosen topic and to contribute to knowledge both academically and practically.
- It improves your prospects of highly-paid employment and opens up a wide range of opportunities.
- The Programme desires to give a formal research platform for those who are interested in contributing newer questions and concerns related to Pharmacology studies.
PhD Pharmacology vs PhD Pharmaceutics
PhD Pharmacology and PhD Pharmaceutics are almost similar courses except for a few differences. The below-given comparison is given keeping in mind all the important parameters of differences :
|Parameters||PhD Pharmacology||PhD in Pharmaceutics|
|Overview||Pharmacology is the study of the effects of drugs and chemicals on living organisms. It includes disciplines that make up modern biomedical science, including neuroscience, molecular and cell biology, immunology, and cancer biology.||Pharmaceutics is a multidisciplinary science that inspects the development, creation, production and characterization of dosage forms, and in addition the disposition and action of drugs in the body|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 2,00,000 - INR 4,00,000||INR 10,000 - INR 3,00,000|
|Minimum Duration||Three years||Three years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Post Graduation in Pharmacology||Post Graduation in Pharmaceutics|
|Admission Process||Entrance Test + PI||Entrance Test + PI|
|Top Colleges||Jamia Hamdard, NIPER, Institute of Chemical Technology, Annamalai University, Nirma University.||Allahabad University, Assam University, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Catholicate College, Poona College of Pharmacy.|
|Top Recruiting Area||Drug Manufacturing Companies, Public Health Entities, Blood Service, Industrial Laboratories, Cancer research institutes, Research Departments, etc.||Hospitals & its Administration, Drug Control Administration, Pharmaceutical Companies, Chemist Shops, Healthcare Centres, etc.|
|Job Positions||Analytical Chemist, Biomedical Scientist, Healthcare Scientist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Associate, Forensic Scientist, Physician’s Associate, among others.||Consultant Pharmacists, Clinical Pharmacist, Dispensary Pharmacist, Community Pharmacist, Hospital Pharmacist, Medicines Management Technician, Pharmacy Assistant, Senior Clinical Pharmacists, etc.|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 4,00,000 - INR 15,00,000||INR 2,00,000 - INR 15,00,000|
Source: College Websites
Also, go through the full list of top PhD Pharmacy Colleges in India.
PhD Pharmacology Top Colleges
Here are the top colleges offering PhD Pharmacology according to NIRF 2021 Rankings for your reference. These colleges show the admission process, location, and average fee charged for this course.
|NIRF PharmacyRanking 2021||Name of Institute||City||Admission Process||Average Course Fee|
|1||Jamia Hamdard||New Delhi||Written test + PI||INR 1,27,000|
|3||National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)||Mohali||NIPER JEE + PI||INR 1,10,000|
|4||Institute of Chemical Technology||Mumbai||Written test + PI||INR 64,500|
|12||Annamalai University||Chidambaram||Written test + PI||INR 51,510|
|17||Nirma University||Ahmedabad||Written test + PI||INR 40,000|
|22||Poona College of Pharmacy||Pune||GATE / CET||INR 50,000|
|34||Andhra University, College of Pharmaceutical sciences||Visakhapatnam||Entrance test||INR 3,01,000|
|58||Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University||Pune, Navi Mumbai, Kolhapur||Entrance test||INR 1,42,000|
|76-100||Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy (ACCP)||Mandya||Entrance test||INR 21,430|
Source: College Websites
College Comparison for PhD Pharmacology
Below given is the college comparison of the top PhD Pharmacology offering colleges in terms of several parameters like average fee, college overview, admission process, top recruiter, and many others.
|Parameters||Jamia Hamdard||National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)||Institute of Chemical Technology|
|Overview||Jamia Hamdard University was established in 1989 with Deemed to be status.||NIPER is a public University under the Government of India. It is one of the seven schools established under the central Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers||Established in 1933, the Institute of Chemical Technology in Mumbai is one of the most prestigious engineering colleges in India.|
|NIRF Pharmacy College Ranking 2020||1||3||4|
|Eligibility Criteria||Post Graduation||Post Graduation||Post Graduation|
|Admission Process||Written test + PI||NIPER JEE + PI||Written test + PI|
|Average Annual Fees||INR 1,27,000||INR 1,10,000||INR 64,500|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3,50,000||INR 3,60,000||INR 3,50,000|
|Top Companies Visited||TCS, HP Global Soft Ltd, Maruti Udyog Ltd, etc||Dr Reddy's lab, GSK, Mylan, Bayer, Biocon, Kinapse||Biocon, Lupin, Syngene, and other pharmaceutical companies|
Source: College Websites
PhD Pharmacology Syllabus
The course has a variable time duration of 3 years to 5 years and the syllabus is divided into various papers of areas related to the discipline of pharmacology. The PhD course work shall involve seven papers.
|Paper I||Paper II|
|General Pharmacology||Autonomic Nervous System & Peripheral Nervous System|
|Drug Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism||Neurohumoral Transmission|
|Drug Elimination||Sympathetic Nervous System - Sympathomimetics, Sympatholytics|
|Routes of Drug Administration||Parasympathetic - Cholinergic, Anticholinergics, Ganglion stimulants and Blockers|
|Basic Principles of Drug Action||Skeletal Muscle Relaxants|
|Adverse Reactions to Drugs||Local Anaesthetics|
|Factors Modifying Drug Response||-|
|Paper III||Paper IV|
|Central Nervous System||Autacoids|
|General Principles - Neurotransmitters: Definition and Common Transmitters||Histamine and Antihistamines|
|Drug Therapy of Various CNS Disorders like Epilepsy, Depression, Parkinson’s Disease, Schizophrenia, Neurodegeneration etc.||Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, Thromboxane and PAF|
|Pharmacotherapy of Pain||Substance P, Bradykinin|
|Paper V||Paper VI|
|Cardiovascular System||Gastrointestinal and Respiratory System|
|Drug Therapy of Hypertension, Shock, Angina, Cardiac Arrhythmias||Emetics and Antiemetics|
|Renin-Angiotensin System||Drugs for Constipation and Diarrhoea|
|Diuretics||Drug Treatment of Peptic Ulcer|
|Coagulants and Anticoagulants, Antiplatelet Drugs||Drug Therapy of Bronchial Asthma|
|Hypo-Lipidomics||Pharmacotherapy of Cough|
|Hormones||Drug Therapy of Diabetes|
|Reproductive Hormones - Testosterone, Estrogen, Progesterone, Contraceptives||Thyroid Hormones|
|-||Drugs for Arthritis and Gout|
PhD Pharmacology Research Areas
Pharmacology has two major branches Pharmacokinetics, referring to the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs; and Pharmacodynamics, referring to the molecular, biochemical, and physiological effects of drugs, including drug mechanism of action. The research area in Pharmacology are :
|Research Area||Area Description|
|Cancer Pharmacology / Biology||It is the studies of the basic mechanisms of signal transduction associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis, the mechanisms of action of antineoplastic agents, the design and discovery of new drugs, basic mechanisms of DNA repair and DNA damage tolerance and the development of novel strategies for gene therapy.|
|Cardiovascular Pharmacology||Studying the effects of medications on the cardiac or circulatory system.|
|Clinical Pharmacology||Pharmaceutical research in humans and its optimal clinical use in patients.|
|Immunopharmacology||Preclinical and clinical research on the regulatory effects on immunocompetent cells of specific agents and the immunotoxicity of xenobiotics and medicines.|
|Molecular and Biochemical Pharmacology||Science is critical to the development of new drugs and therapies for human disease. A drug can be described as any chemical affecting biological processes.|
|Neuroscience and Pain||These include abuse and substance abuse disorders, epilepsy and anticonvulsants, learning and memory mechanisms, the impact of the blood-brain barrier on disease and neuroactive drug penetration, and mechanisms of chronic pain and analgesics.|
|Toxicology||Comprises researching the adverse effects of chemical compounds on living organisms and the detection and treatment of toxin and toxicant exposures.|
|Psychopharmacology||Analysis of drug-induced mood, thought, and behavioural shifts. These drugs may come from natural sources such as plants and animals, or artificial sources such as laboratory chemical syntheses.|
PhD Pharmacology Jobs and Career Profiles
Pharmacology gives placement opportunities in Research and Development Laboratories of Pharmaceutical Companies, Non-Lab based Pharmaceutical-Related Fields, Clinical Trials, Manufacturing, Regulatory Affairs, Patenting, etc.
Top recruiters in the field are Civil Services, Department of Health, Intellectual Property Office, National Health Service, Pharmaceutical and Biotech companies; and Academic Institutes (Universities and Colleges, etc.)
Here are some job positions available after graduating in Pharmacology.
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary|
|Research Scientist||Research scientists are responsible for planning, performing, and interpreting knowledge from guided lab-based studies, experiments, and trials. You may work for laboratories of government, environmental organizations, specialist research organizations or universities.||INR 14,70,000|
|Clinical Scientist||Clinical scientists are laboratory-based specialists who are responsible for evaluating physiological samples and interpreting diagnostic test findings. Their medical expertise is used to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases.||INR 4,00,000|
|Research Assistant||Prepares reviews of the literature. Data collection and review. Prepare material for submission to the research-funding agencies and foundations. Carries out routine clerical duties as instructed, if essential to the supervisor's or project's research activities to which the assistant is assigned.||INR 3,75,000|
|Clinical Laboratory Technologist||Highly qualified scientists who discover the existence or absence of illness and provide evidence to help physicians assess the patient's appropriate care.||INR 4,85,000|
|Pharmacology Professor||Teach the students the didactic and experiential pharmacy practice settings. Mentor, propose, and motivate school, community, and professional students. Establish the environment of clinical practice to enable experiential teaching practices and encourage scholarship.||INR 9,63,000|
|Chemist||Chemists analyze organic and inorganic compounds, refine and test chemicals. Its role is to improve product quality and procedures while ensuring safety.||INR 6,56,000|
|Medical Research Scientist||To order to study human diseases, medical scientists develop and perform experiments and procedures to avoid and treat them. Medical scientists are conducting research designed to improve overall human health. They also use clinical trials and other testing methods to arrive at their conclusion||INR 4,25,000|
|Pharmaceutical Sales Manager||Pharmaceutical Sales Reps are the salespeople hired by pharmaceutical, medical or healthcare firms to market their goods to a range of outside stakeholders. Those interested in educating and informing healthcare practitioners and key opinion figures about the value of the company 's products are these sales reps.||INR 10,75,000|
|Medical Pharmacology Technician||The pharmacy technician supports patients in filling out prescriptions and ensures they are sent to the appropriate units. We also support the pharmacist by making sure the pharmacy has the correct amount of stock to meet patient needs.||INR 9,50,000|
PhD Pharmacology Future Scope
- PhD Pharmacology offers a career that is diverse in terms of the specializations from which one might choose.
- The field 's integrative nature provides a wide array of career opportunities in scientific study, business, government and regulatory affairs, technology transfer, patent law, science policy, and more.
- There will be quite some opportunities once you have completed your education.
- Technological developments have enabled expanded marketing and the development of prescription and non-medical medicines.
- Pharmacological knowledge improves the lives of millions of people across the world.
- A career in Pharmacology is rewarding and satisfying.
- In terms of distinction, there are also fellowships of professional societies granted to senior scholars, though all of these are prestigious, those from national academies are more prestigious than those from national academies
- You can also conduct your own research and earn a DSc degree in future.
PhD Pharmacology FAQs
Ques. What is the difference between Pharmacologist and pharmacists?
Ans. A pharmacologist is a scientist that focuses on researching new drugs while a pharmacist is a licensed health professional who prepares, dispenses, and advises on medicinal drugs.
Ques. When can you apply for PhD Pharmacology?
Ans. The University / Institute admits candidates twice a year in the months of January and July. However, applications are invited throughout the year and seats are available based on the vacancy in the research area. Candidates need to check the website of the college timely.
Ques. Who are the top recruiters of the Pharmacology degree holder?
Ans. Common employers of Pharmacology degree holders are Civil Services, Department of Health, Intellectual Property Office, National Health Service, Pharmaceutical and Biotech companies, Academic Institutes (Universities and Colleges, etc.).
Ques. What is the difference between PharmD and PhD?
Ans. The Doctor of Pharmacy program is for people who want to work as pharmacists. The PhD program is intended for people interested in careers in research. Some colleges offer dual courses in PharmD and PhD.
Ques. What are the alternatives for a personal interview for a PhD?
Ans. Due to the current situation, colleges and institutes are opting for video-conference mode for shortlisted candidates for Personal Interview for the PhD program.
Ques. What is the eligibility to apply for PhD Pharmacology?
Ques. Is M.Phil compulsory to pursue a PhD?
Ans. It is not mandatory to pursue M.Phil before applying for a PhD Candidate who has completed M.Phil adds more value to the doctorate degree. While some universities offer direct admissions to M.Phil holders.
Ques. Is financial aid provided to pursue a PhD?
Ans. Research Scholars who have cleared National level exams with JRF or equivalent get financial assistance from the concerned funding agency. Non NET UGC fellowships are provided for research scholars who do not have any financial assistance.
Ques. What is the selection process for a PhD?
Ans. Only those applications, which have been completed accurately and in full, and that, include the relevant certificates and other documents, as attachments will be considered. Candidates will be shortlisted, and those candidates who have been selected are required to take the entrance examination and appear for a personal interview. The final results will be revealed after the applicants have accumulated the marks they have received in their postgraduate test, entrance review, and personal interview.
Ques. What is the difference between PhD and MPhil?
Ans. A PhD degree has a high edge over an MPhil degree. PhD is generally used as training in advanced research work. In a PhD degree, the research work generally has to be original. While in M.Phil. the work in the dissertation should not be compulsorily original but may reproduce a study already performed.
Ques. Is there any extension for the application procedure of PhD Pharmacology due to COVID-19?
Ans. Yes, most of the institutes have extended the application procedure. You can check the official website to be updated with the new dates for the application process. The admission committee monitors the announcements from the authorities of UGC, GATE, and so on.