Vocational Courses After 10th and 12th, List, Subjects, Career, Jobs 2021

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Zemima Khan

Updated on - May 5, 2021

Vocational courses are training courses pursued by students who want to develop practical skills rather than theoretical knowledge. 

Vocational courses can be pursued by a student right after class 10+2, in any of the streams like Photography, Music, Bakery, Food Production, Software Development, etc.

Vocational courses are offered at Certificate, Diploma, UG, and even at the PG levels.  The admissions in vocational training institutes are based on the merit of class 12 or graduation, depending on the course level. A few vocational course admissions are through entrance exams like BHU-UET and IPU CET.

IGNOU offers some of the top vocational courses in Delhi after the 10th and 12th, like certificate and diploma courses that can be pursued online or in distance education mode.

Check IGNOU Admission Process 2021

The average vocational course fee ranges from INR 3,000 to 2 lakh per annum, depending upon the level of study.

Check Top Vocational Courses Colleges in India

Vocational courses equip students with industry-specific skills, to find a decent job in a particular domain for example, as Automobile Mechanic, Food Technician, Electrician, Carpenter, Photographer, Software Developer.  The average salary after vocational courses is around INR 4 lakh per annum.

Vocational Courses have established themselves as a better option than Traditional Courses in many respects. Look at the comparison between these 2 types of courses in detail below.

Comparison Parameter Vocational Courses Traditional Courses
Delivery Style Emphasis is on developing skills rather than bookish knowledge. Focus more on Theory and Case Vocational Studies.
Pedagogy Practical On-Site Experience is Offered along with Workshops Theory Classes, Laboratories, and Case Vocational Studies
Practical Exposure Constant exposure to various activities help in overall learning. Practical exposure is only offered if students pursue an internship.
Degree Offered Certificate, Diploma, Advanced Diploma, and Vocational Degree Full-fledged Master and Bachelor degree like BA, BTech, MBA, BCom, MBBS, etc.

Vocational Courses: Highlights

The table below gives some key insights into the curriculum and pattern of vocational courses list in India.

Popular Courses
  • Certificate: Fashion Design, Media Vocational Studies, Photography, Tax Practice & Procedure, etc.
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: Counselling, Media & Animation, Translation, Public Administration, etc.
  • UG: B.Voc in multiple specializations
  • PG: M.Voc in multiple specializations
  • Doctorate: PHDVET
Duration
  • Certificate: 6 months
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: 1 year
  • UG: 3 years
  • PG: 2 years
  • Doctorate: 6 months years
Eligibility
  • Certificate: 10+2 (even Class X in some cases)
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: 10+2 & B.Voc/Bachelor's Degree respectively
  • UG: 10+2
  • PG: B.Voc/Bachelor's Degree
  • Doctorate: Master’s degree
Average Fee
  • Certificate: INR 15,000-20,000
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: INR 5,000-55,000
  • UG: INR 5,000-50,000
  • PG: INR 5,000-90,000
  • Doctorate: INR 16,800
Online Courses Available (only by IGNOU)
Type of Online Courses Skill-based online courses available in Udemy, Coursera, etc
Top Job Prospects Mechanic, Carpenter, Software Developer, Fashion Designer, Electrician, Food Technician, etc.
Average Salary
  • Certificate: INR 5,000-10,000 per month
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: 7,000-10,000 per month
  • UG: INR 4 lakh per annum
  • PG: INR 2-5 lakh per annum
  • Doctorate: INR 5-7 lakh per annum
Vocational Certificate Courses

 Vocational Certificate  Courses

Vocational Certificate Courses are available both online and offline. Here are the specific details of the certificate vocational courses that one must see before pursuing the course.  

  • Vocational Certificate Courses are 6-month long programs that are usually available in offline mode. 
  • There are few institutes like IGNOU that offer online or distance education in vocational courses.
  • Vocational certificate courses usually help to develop a particular technique or become prominent in technology.
  • Candidates who leave BVoc Courses after 6 months of study will also be awarded a vocational certificate degree.
  • The average vocational course fee ranges from INR 15,000-20,000.

Vocational certificate courses are suitable for candidates who are looking to start their career, changing career directions, or advancing in their current job skills.  After a certificate course, the candidates can earn an initial income of INR 5,000-INR 10,000 per month.

Top Offline Vocational Certificate Courses

Some of the offline vocational certificate courses in vocational courses are mentioned below.

Course Name Top Institutes Duration Average Course Fee
Certificate in Media Vocational Studies
  • Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi
6 months INR 15,000-20,000
Certificate in Camera & Photography
  • Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi
  • Fergusson College, Pune
6 months INR 15,000-20,000
Certificate in Financial Management
  • Jesus & Mary College, New Delhi
6 months INR 15,000-20,000
Certificate in Tax Practice and Procedure
  • St.Xavier’s College, Kolkata
7 months INR 18,200-20,000
Certificate Course in Foreign Trade Practises and Management
  • St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
7 months INR 15,000-20,200

Top Online Vocational Courses

The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi is popular throughout the country for offering distance and vocational courses. IGNOU courses are offered in multiple dimensions, and MBA is one of the most popular courses among them. Lately. IGNOU Vocational Courses have started in Online Mode.

Course Name Duration Average Course Fee
Certificate in Fashion Design 6 months-2 years INR 5,000
Certificate in Communication and IT Skills 6 months-2 years INR 5,400

Vocational Certificate Courses Admissions 

To get admissions in the vocational training institutes, one has to know the admission procedure, 

  • Getting admission into vocational certificate courses is quite direct. The interested candidates can directly enroll for the course through the website of the institute or the online websites.
  • The academic requirements include general education requirements and experience in core vocational subjects.
  • For online courses, once the course fee is paid, the candidates can continue the course.

Top Colleges of Vocational Studies Certification 

Some of the top vocational training institutes offering vocational certificate courses are mentioned in the table below.

NIRF Ranking College Name Course Fee
7 St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata INR 18,200-20,000
37 JMC New Delhi INR 15,000-20,000
42 Fergusson College, Pune -
- IGNOU New Delhi INR 5,000-6,000
Diploma Vocational Courses

Diploma Vocational Courses

Vocational Diploma and PG Diploma is a 1-2 year course, depending upon the level of study.

  • A Vocational diploma is a 1-year course that can be pursued after completion of 10+2 and even after 10th in some cases.
  • Candidates who leave B.Voc courses within a year are also awarded a Diploma Degree and those who leave the course after 2 years of study are awarded an Advanced Diploma.
  • PG Diploma is a 1-2 year-long course that can be done by candidates holding a bachelor's degree or a B.Voc degree. Candidates who leave the M.Voc courses in 1 year are also awarded a PG Diploma.
  • The total course fees range from INR 5,000-55,000.

PG Diploma usually helps a candidate to specialize in a very specific skill. So those who want to learn a particular skill in their field of study should opt for this course. For example, a B.Voc in Computer Science can choose to do a PG Diploma in Web Designing.

The average initial salary offered to students after a vocational diploma course is generally between INR 7,000-10,000 in the beginning.

Top UG Vocational Diploma Courses in India

Some of the top UG vocational diploma courses are mentioned below.

Diploma Course Top Institutes Duration Annual Course Fee
Diploma in Counselling Psychology
  • Xavier College Mumbai
  • Goa University
  • Global Institute of Medical Sciences
1 year INR 65,000
Diploma in Multimedia & Animation
  • St. Xaviers College, Kolkata
1 year INR 30,000
Diploma in Cinematography
  • Asian Academy of Film and Television
  • Rayat Bahra University
1 year INR 35,000-1,25,000
Diploma in Translation
  • Gujarat University
  • Delhi College of Arts and Commerce
1 year INR 3,000-5,00,000
Diploma in Public Administration
  • Chandigarh University
  • Fergusson College
1 year INR 3,000-5,00,000

Top PG Diploma Courses in Vocational Studies

Some of the top PG diploma courses that are offered by vocational training institutes are mentioned below.

PG Diploma Course Top Institutes Duration Annual Course Fee
PG Diploma in Translation
  • St. Xaviers Mumbai
  • BHU Varanasi
  • Cochin University
1 year INR 6,000-30,000
PG Diploma in Psychological Counselling
  • St. Francis College for Women
  • BHU Varanasi
  • Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University
1 year INR 10,400-50,000
PG Diploma in Computer Application
  • Bharathiar University
  • Dayalbagh Educational Institute
1 year INR 7,700-12,000
PG Diploma in Hospital Administration & Management
  • Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University
  • Alagappa University
1 year INR 5,500-20,231
PG Diploma in Yoga
  • Alagappa University
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
1 year INR 5,500
PG Diploma in Fashion Designing
  • Alagappa University
1 year INR 10,000

How to Get Admission in Diploma Vocational Courses?

Admission into the diploma and PG diploma courses are usually based on merit and personal interview.

  • The candidates can apply online through the official website of the institute.
  • Students will be shortlisted based on the marks scored in 10+2 and B.Voc courses.
  • Shortlisted candidates will be called for an interview. 
  • If the candidate plans to take admission into a B.Voc and M.Voc and plans to leave after 1 year of study to gain a diploma degree, then they may have to appear for an entrance examination.

Top Colleges of Vocational Studies in Diploma and PG Diploma 

Some of the top institutes offering diploma courses in vocational subjects are mentioned below.

Apart from these universities, St. Xavier’s Colleges at Kolkata and Mumbai, and St. Francis College for Women in Hyderabad also offers Diploma courses in Vocational studies.

Bachelor Vocational Courses

Bachelor Vocational Courses

  • The undergraduate programs in vocational courses generally award a B.Voc degree which is a 3-year course. It can be pursued after completion of 10+2.
  • The course has multiple exits and entry points, allowing students to end the course whenever they want. The candidates leaving the course within 6 months or a year will be awarded a certificate or diploma degree.
  • To get a B.Voc degree, it is mandatory to complete the 3-year program.
  • The course fee ranges from INR 5,000 to INR 50,000 per annum, which is quite affordable as compared to the traditional UG courses.

B.Voc curriculum consists of 40% theory and 60% practical, thus providing expertise in a particular field. The course is best for those who are looking for an immediate job and want to build a stable career in a particular field. The candidates can expect a starting salary of around INR 4 lakh per annum after completion of B.Voc courses.

Top UG Vocational Courses

Some of the top colleges that offer B.Voc courses are listed in this table below.

Course Name Top Institutes Duration Annual Course Fee
B.Voc Food Processing Technology
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Dayalbagh Educational Institute
3 years INR 30,000-50,000
B.Voc Hospitality & Tourism
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
3 years INR 20,000-50,000
B.Voc Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Banaras Hindu University
3 years INR 30,000-50,000
Retail Management & Logic Management
  • Jesus & Mary College
  • St. Francis College for Women
3 years INR 10,000-16,610
B.Voc Software Development
  • JSS College for Women, Mysore
  • Aggarwal College, Ballabgarh
3 years INR 12,000-1,20,000
B.Voc Automobiles
  • Central University of Rajasthan
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
3 years INR 5,000-1,20,000

How to Get Admission in Bachelor Vocational Courses in India?

The admission into B.Voc courses are either based on merit or held through entrance exams. The admission process totally depends upon the institute.

  • The candidates can apply directly through the official website of the institute.
  • B.Voc courses have no age bar, so the candidates are eligible to apply at any time of their life.
  • The evaluation may be done based on the marks scored in the entrance exam or marks scored in 10+2.
  • Shortlisted candidates will be called for counseling to choose the course of their choice. 

Students should also have secured at least 50% marks in their Class XII examination. Once students are shortlisted for the course, they can deposit the fees and start the curriculum.

Bachelor Vocational Courses Entrance Exams

Some of the entrance exams for admission into B.Voc Courses are given below.

  • BHU UET - It is the undergraduate level entrance exam conducted for Admission in BHU Varanasi for its UG courses.
  • IPU CET - It is a university level entrance exam conducted for admission into various courses offered by Indraprastha University, including vocational courses.
Exam Name Application Period Exam Date
BHU UET To be announced To be announced
IPU CET March 3, 2021 April 3, 2021

Check:

Top Colleges of Vocational Studies in UG Courses

Some top universities and colleges offer B.Voc courses in various areas of study. Below we have 2 tables consisting of top universities and top colleges that offer these courses in India. These institutes have been ranked by NIRF for the year 2020.

Top Colleges Offering BVoc Courses 2021

These are the institutes that have been listed in the top universities in India list released by NIRF.

NIRF Ranking University Name Annual Course Fee
BHU Varanasi INR 23,962
13 Bharathiar University, Coimbatore INR 5,200
36 Alagappa University, Karaikudi INR 4,500
62 Cochin University of Science and Technology -
69  Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad INR 14,500
72 Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Srivilliputtur INR 30,000
82 Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra INR 5,950
95  Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi -


 

Master Vocational Courses

Master Vocational Courses

  • Masters program in vocational studies awards the candidates with an M.Voc degree. It is a 2-year program and specially designed to offer higher studies to the B.Voc holders.
  • M.Voc can be pursued after completion of B.Voc or any bachelor's degree in a related field.
  • Like B.Voc, M.Voc also has multiple entries and exit points. If a candidate leaves the course after 1 year then they will be awarded a PG Diploma degree.
  • To earn an M.Voc Degree, it is mandatory to complete the course of 2 years.
  • The average course fee ranges around INR 5,000-90,000 per annum.

The BVoc degree holders should pursue this course if they want to learn more or expect a salary increase. The B.Voc holders can also choose to specialize deeper in their field of study with an MVoc program.

The MVoc degree holders can initially expect a salary around INR 2-5 lakh per annum.

Top MVoc Courses in India

Some of the top MVoc courses are mentioned below in the table.

Course Name Top Institutes Duration Annual Course Fee
M.Voc in Food Processing
  • BHU
  • Dayalbagh Educational Institute
2 years INR 87,764
M.Voc in Hospitality Management
  • BHU
2 years INR 87,764
M.Voc in Medical Laboratory Technology
  • BHU
2 years INR 87,764
M.Voc in Fashion Technology
  • Alagappa University -Dayalbagh Educational Institute
2 years INR 7,000
M.Voc in Software Technology
  • Alagappa University
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
2 years INR 7,000

How to Get Admission in Master Vocational Courses in India?

The admissions into the M.Voc courses are based on a written examination.

  • The examination is conducted by various reputed colleges offering M.Voc courses.
  • The examination will be usually 2 hours and would consist of questions of B.Voc level or NSQF Level 7 on the area concerned.
  • The shortlisted candidates will be called for counseling or interview.
Note: NSQF stands for National Skills Qualifications Framework. This framework is designed to organize all the education qualification levels on the basis of the knowledge and learning they offer. The framework has been developed by the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), Government of India.


Master Vocational Courses Entrance Exams

Some of the examination conducted for admission into M.Voc courses are:

  • BHU PET - It is a university level entrance examination for admission into various PG courses offered by Banaras Hindu University. It is an online examination of 2 hours held once a year.
  • AMU Entrance Exam - It is an entrance exam conducted by Aligarh Muslim University, for admission into various courses, including M.Voc courses.
Exam Name Application Period Exam Date
BHU PET To be announced To be announced
AMU Entrance Exam March 2021 May 2021

Top Colleges of Vocational Studies in PG Courses

Some of the top institutes that offer M.Voc courses in various areas of study are mentioned in the table below. The ranking of the institutes is taken from NIRF.

NIRF Ranking College Name Annual Course Fee
BHU Varanasi INR 87,762
36 Alagappa University, Karaikudi INR 7,500
62 Cochin University of Science and Technology INR 21,240
69 Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad INR 19,500
82 Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra INR 5,950
95  Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi -
- Loyola College, Chennai -
PhD Vocational Courses

PhD Vocational Courses

PhD Vocational courses mainly focus on research and development (R&D) in the vocational specializations field.

  • IGNOU is the only college that offers PhD in Vocational Education right now. The short form of this course is PHDVET.
  • The course duration ranges from 6 months years and the fee charged is INR 16,800.
  • In order to be eligible for this course, students need to have completed their masters education with at least 55% marks. 5% relaxation is offered to reserve categories and PwD students.

Admissions in this course are done through the entrance exam conducted by IGNOU.

Check: IGNOU Admission 2021

Jobs After Vocational Courses

Jobs After Vocational Courses

Jobs and Salary after Vocational Sources?

Source: PayScale

Photographer

Their work is to capture pictures of people, food, places, animals, etc. They are usually hired by companies to take pictures of their product and models. They even work independently as photographers in events like marriage, birthday, and graduation.

Average Salary: INR 3,66,358

Skills Required

  • Product Photography
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Video Editing
  • Adobe Lightroom
  • Social Media Marketing

Carpenter

Carpenter’s work is to create products out of wood like furniture, artwork, foundations, doors, and window framing. They either work for bigger firms or they work independently and fulfill the client’s requirements. 

Average Salary: INR 2,97,243

Skills Required

  • Cabinetry Installation
  • Flooring Installation
  • Window or Door Installation

Mechanic

They diagnose, repair, and perform maintenance on automobiles like cars, trucks, bikes, etc. They use electronic testing equipment to identify a problem and find solutions for them

Average Salary: INR 2,22, 278

Skills Required

  • Automotive Engine Repairs
  • Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Electronic Troubleshooting
  • System Repairs

Web Designer

Their work is to develop, create, and code web pages and associated apps for companies, individuals, and other entities. They work to provide technical and graphical aspects of the application or website.

Average Salary: INR 2,78,387

Skills Required

  • Web Design
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • HTML5
  • HTML
  • Cascading Style Sheets

Electrician

Electricians are required in almost all sectors to maintain, troubleshoot, and repair all power generation. They also assist in performing and interpreting power calculations, insulation tests, etc.

Average Salary: INR 2,39,397

Skills Required

  • Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Electronic Troubleshooting
Vocational Skills

Vocational Skills

The vocational courses are usually based on the teaching of practical skills for a specific trade or profession. There are a handful of vocational skills mentioned below that are usually quite popular and are required in certain industries.

Programming Languages

To find jobs in the field of computer science or the IT industry, the candidates should be aware of the programming languages. Candidates who know to code are highly required in the It industry. The choice of the programming language can depend on the field of study. Some of the programming languages include JavaScript, HTML, Python, SQL, PHP, C, C++, etc.

Programming Language Courses

Course Name Provider Duration Course Fee
Programming Languages Coursera 30 hours Free
Python Programming Coursera 18 hours Free
Introduction to Programming in C Specialization Coursera 5 months Free
Learning PHP LinkedIn Learning 4 hour 25 min Free
Java Programming Master Class for Software Developer Udemy 80 hours INR 8,640
Beginning C++ Programming  Udemy 41.5 hours INR 8,640

Programming Language Syllabus

Since there are various programming languages, they all have a different syllabus. Below, we have mentioned the important topics taught in Python, since it is a language quite trending nowadays and highly preferred by companies.

File Operations in Python Working with Lists
Using Dictionaries Exception Handling
Operators Decorators and Generators
Python Syntax and Semantics Python Libraries
Computer Programming Python Programming

Programming Language Job Profiles

  • Software Developer
  • Web Developer
  • Software System Engineer
  • Database Administrator
  • Computer Systems Analyst

Food Safety

Every food industry or restaurant has to maintain certain food safety standards as suggested by FSSAI and HACCP. Candidates working in the food industry should be aware of the food-handling skills to get a job in the food sector.

Food Safety Courses

Some of the courses that a candidate can take up to develop skills in food safety are mentioned below.

Course Name Provider Duration Course Fee
Food Safety Training & Certification FSSAI - Free
Food Safety Training & Certification IGMPI 3 day INR 2,000
HACCP Certification Udemy 2 hours INR 3,840
Diploma in Food Safety Alison 15-20 hours Free
Health & Safety and Food Safety for Hospitality Operators Udemy 1 hour INR 5,120

Food Safety Syllabus

Some of the topics included in the Food Safety courses are mentioned below.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points Identify Hazards & Control
Establish Critical Limits Implement Monitoring of CCP’s
Identify Critical Control Points Establish Corrective Actions
Food Safety Laws Training and Supervising Employees
Documentation Verification

Food Safety Job Profiles

  • Food Safety Specialist
  • Food Technologist
  • Food and Beverage Controller
  • Quality Officer
  • Food Analyst

SEO and SEM

SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and SEM (Search Engine Marketing) are some of the skills required to make a career in the field of digital marketing. SEO and SEM increase the visibility of the page or website and helps to bring more visits and thus create more leads for the company.

Top SEO and SEM Courses

Course Provider Duration Course Fee
The Ultimate SEO + WordPress Training Course 2020 Udemy 5 hours INR 8,640
SEO Training Udemy 2.5 hours INR 8,640
SEO Specialization Coursera 5 months Free
Introduction to SEO Coursera 20 hours Free
SEO Training Course Hubspot Academy 1 hour Free

SEO and SEM Syllabus

Some of the topics covered in SEO courses are listed below.

Search Algorithm Search Engine Optimization
Semantics Social Media
Mathematical Optimization Keyword Research
Marketing Content Marketing
Social Media Marketing Google AdWords

SEO and SEM Job Profile

  • SEO Specialist
  • SEM Specialist
  • Digital Marketing Specialist
  • Web Developer
Vocational Courses: FAQs

Vocational Courses: FAQs

Ques. Are vocational courses valid?

Ans. Vocational courses are introduced by UGC itself and thus they are very much valid.

Ques. How many vocational courses are offered by UGC?

Ans. There are around 40 courses offered by UGC in the field of Commerce, Engineering, Health, and Paramedics.

Ques. What are the vocational skills?

Ans. Vocational skills are industry-specific skills that a candidate learns while gaining knowledge in a specific trade or profession.

Ques. What is the benefit of vocational courses?

Ans. Some of the benefits of vocational courses are:
  • Hands-on experience
  • Immediate jobs in the area of expertise
  • Convenient, because of Multiple entries and exit points
  • Affordable

Ques. How vocational courses are different from regular or traditional courses?

Ans. Vocational courses are based on manual or practical activities and are related to a specific trade or occupation. Whereas the regular courses offer an in-depth theoretical study on a specific field of study.

Ques. Are vocational courses good to opt-in to India?

Ans. Yes, it is a good course, if students are willing to be skilled and need immediate jobs. Currently, India is facing a demand-supply mismatch for skilled professionals and that is why UGC has introduced vocational courses to fill the gap. Therefore students opting for vocational courses have huge opportunities to find jobs.

Ques. Is it important to study professional and vocational courses?

Ans. The bigger companies don’t just look for degrees, but they also look for experience. The traditional courses usually educate us in a specific field of study, but do not help with the practical skills. Therefore the degree holders have to look for internships, training, etc. This is where a professional or vocational course can help them with.

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