CAT 2020 DATA INTERPRETATION AND LOGICAL REASONING

NATIONAL LEVEL ONLINE TEST

    CAT Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning: Important Topics, Section Wise Syllabus, Analysis and Tips

    Anam Shams Anam Shams
    Content Curator

    Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR) is a very important section of CAT. It has been the hardest section of the three in CAT during the recent years. To maximize your efficiency, you have to be ready to understand the paper's difficulty level and adjust to it. CAT DILR evaluates the candidates' aptitude for logical thinking and is the closest to the types of problems that one might face as a manager. With a moderate to high level of difficulty, CAT Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (CAT DILR) is a section that requires a comprehensive CAT Preparation Strategy

    CAT has overall three sections -

    • Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC): Comprehension passages given in this section are followed by a couple of questions. Apart from that, a few grammar-based questions such as completion of sentences and jumbled sentences are asked.

    • Quantitative Aptitude (QA): The CAT quantitative aptitude syllabus primarily covers topics from class 8-10 such as geometry, algebra, number system and so on.

    • Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR) contains a wide variety of questions based on seating arrangement and direction sense test. The section on data interpretation includes questions based on caselets and graphs of data.

    CAT (Common Admission Test) is a computer-based selection examination administered by the Indian Management Institutes (IIMs) as a precondition for admission to their business administration programmes. In this article, you will find all the information needed about the CAT DILR section.

    Overall CAT Pattern

    • CAT has three sections - Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC) Data Interpretation, and Logical Reasoning (DILR), and Quantitative Ability (QA)

    • The total number of questions is 100, in the formats of MCQs and non-MCQs.

    • To answer these questions, the total time allocated is 180 minutes (3 hours).

    • The mode of the examination is online.

    Highlights of CAT DILR Section

    Section NameData Interpretation and Logical Reasoning
    Allotted Time60 minutes
    Total Number of Questions32
    Number of Data Interpretation Questions16
    Number of Logical Reasoning Questions16
    Total Marks96
    Type of QuestionsMCQs (24 questions); Non-MCQs (8 questions)
    Marks Awarded for Each Correct Answer+ 3
    Negative Marks for Each Wrong Answer-1
    Difficulty Level of QuestionsModerate to Difficult

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    Topic-Wise Syllabus of CAT DILR

    Topic-Wise Detailed Syllabus of CAT Data Interpretation

    Tables and Charts - Comparison of data for various years and ages

    Graph, Bar diagram - Data analysis, comparison of various years, groups, and classes

    Tables, Pie chart - Decoding and determining the data of missing period, taking clues, and interpreting the missing links

    Graphs, Charts - Data analysis and finding conclusions, making future projections


    Topic-Wise Detailed Syllabus of CAT Logical Reasoning

    Arrangements/Rankings/Team Formation - Seating arrangement, ranks, types of team formation

    Quantitative Reasoning/Puzzles - Arithmetic, geometrical data, puzzles on words, letters, arrangements, seating

    Syllogisms/Logical Deduction - Questions based on statements and arguments

    Venn Diagrams/Binary Logic - Questions on set theory and network diagrams


    Expected Topics in CAT 2020 from DILR and Number of Questions

    Expected TopicsExpected Number of QuestionsDifficulty Level
    Blood Relations2 to 3 QuestionsModerate
    Puzzles1 to 2 QuestionsModerate
    Data Sufficiency3 to 5 QuestionsModerate
    Graphs Related5 to 8 QuestionsModerate
    Seating Arrangement, and Data Arrangement5 to 6 QuestionsModerately difficult
    Tables and Caselets3 to 5 QuestionsModerately difficult
    Clocks & Calendars1 to 2 QuestionsModerately Easy
    Assumption and Binary Logic1 to 2 QuestionsEasy
    Syllogisms and Venn Diagrams1 to 2 QuestionsEasy

    Weightage of Important Topics in DILR

    Weightage of Important Topics in DILR

    Important TopicsWeightage (in percentile)
    Tables and Charts12.5
    Graph, Bar diagram12.5
    Tables, Pie chart12.5
    Graphs, Charts12.5
    Arrangements/Rankings/Team Formation12.5
    Quantitative Reasoning/Puzzles12.5
    Syllogisms/Logical Deduction12.5
    Venn Diagrams/Binary Logic12.5

    Preparation Tips for CAT DILR

    Preparation Tips to Ace Questions in CAT DILR

    Tips for Data Interpretation (DI)

    • Work to improve your ability to comprehend voluminous data.

    • Familiarize yourself with different forms of charts.

    • Improve your skills in analytical maths.

    • Practice increasing your pace while solving problems.

    • Learn to calculate the percentage increase or decrease or the comparison ratio. This will be an effective time-saving skill.

    • Regularly solve DI sets that require reasoning skills and grow your knowledge of these sets.

    • Have a good understanding of the DI sets by answering as many questions as possible well in advance.

    • Do not leave out DI sets that seem big on data volume. More data does not automatically mean a difficult set.

    • Do not try to solve all the problems at once. Try to answer a bulk of easy questions and a few difficult ones at a time.

    • Attempt questions that you can answer confidently in 2 to 2.5 minutes. This would help you score better.

    • Most importantly, practice as many DI problems as you can.

    Aiming to Appear for CAT 2020Know Online Resources and Tips

    Tips for Logical Reasoning (LR)

    • Invest a few seconds and carefully study the question. A quick clarification of why any option is right or wrong would go through your mind. If you are willing to practice this tip in sample questions of logical reasoning, you can do well in the actual examination.

    • Do not presume or use any information which is not provided to you by the question. This is not an assessment of how much you generally know about a topic. Consider only the information given when choosing among the alternative answers to each reading passage.

    • Carefully read the factual passage and the instruction for sentence completion. Both have to be taken into account when making your choice.

    • Be sure to carefully read all answer options before eliminating or choosing one of them.

    • In questions that ask you to choose a valid conclusion, always choose the one conclusion that certainly follows from the information given to you. In questions that ask you to find the incorrect alternative, select the one conclusion that definitely does not fit the Information given to you.

    • Once you read the factual details each question gives, pay particular attention to words like "all", "none", and "some". Other terms like "other than," "only" or "unless" are also relevant. These terms will play a critical role in deciding exactly the facts to be used in your reasoning.

    • Please pay attention to negative prefixes like non—, un-, or dis-. These may be critical in defining the basic facts of the paragraph.

    • You should also be very cautious of any answer choices containing the "all" or "zero" quantifiers. In general, these terms are not indicators of incorrect answer choices in the sample practice questions and the real CAT evaluation. They will appear in choices for both correct and incorrect answers.

    • Be vigilant about the word "only" and the expression "if and only if".


    Best Books for CAT DILR Preparation

    Best Books for CAT DILR Preparation

    How to Prepare for Data Interpretation for CAT

    • Author - Arun Sharma

    • Publisher - McGraw Hill

    DI forms a significant component of the CAT. This new comprehensive book by Arun Sharma on Data Interpretation is aimed at effectively equipping aspirants to answer all possible types of questions that may be asked on this subject.

    How to Prepare for Logical Reasoning for the CAT

    • Author - Arun Sharma

    • Publisher - McGraw Hill

    Designed and written by Arun Sharma, ‘How to Prepare for Logical Reasoning for the CAT’ is a detailed text dedicated exclusively to equipping students to answer all kinds of questions that can be asked in CAT on Logical Reasoning.

    Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation for CAT

    • Author - Nishit K. Sinha

    • Publisher - Pearson Education

    This book has fundamental and advanced topics of DILR along with examples for a better explanation. The levels of preparation in this book are - foundation, moderate, and advance.


    Online Resources for DILR Preparation

    Online Resources for DILR Preparation

    The newspapers and magazines mentioned earlier are all available as online versions.

    Apart from them, you can also refer to the following online resources -

    1. The Economist - This is a great online journal that reports on different issues including business and economics. The style of data interpretation and logical reasoning in this journal can help in preparing for the CAT DILR section.

    2. Cracku Video - This is a one-hour long video that can help you master CAT DILR. It is recommended that you watch it in multiple sittings and absorb as much information as you can while making notes of important points. To access the Cracku Video.

    3. Academy of Management Journal - Published by Academy of Management, this online journal contains empirical work in the field of management. It particularly focuses on findings that directly apply to the practice of management.

    Common Mistakes to Avoid while attempting CAT DILR Section

    1. Not formulating a proper study strategy

    Students often tend to jump into the preparation of random topics without establishing a proper study plan. It is important to go through the syllabus and understand the weightage of the most important topics. In the CAT DILR section, all topics have an equal weightage. Therefore, plan to study your strong areas before moving on to the weak areas. This will give a confident start in preparation.

    2. Not attempting a sufficient number of practice questions

    Students usually solve one mock test in one month. However, to prepare intensely and score well in the CAT DILR section, you have to attempt at least one mock test every week. Continuously solve problems relating to CAT DILR. This will give you the practice to increase the speed and accuracy required for solving questions from this section.

    3. Not analyzing the results of practice questions

    While attempting practice questions for CAT DILR, make sure that you analyze your performance. This will help you identify your weak areas so that you can work on them.


    Topper Tips to Attempt DILR in CAT

    Topper Tips to Attempt DILR in CAT

    1. Rahul Manglik (100% in CAT 2019)

    • He highly recommends that students practice a lot of questions from all the topics because they bear the same weightage.

    • He says that students must analyze their performance on mock tests so that they can identify their weak areas and improve them.

    ReadPreparation Tips by CAT Topper Rahul Manglik

    2. Lakshya Kumar (99% in CAT 2019)

    • He says that you must allot a specific time duration for every question. He allotted 8 minutes to puzzle questions irrespective of whether or not he got stuck while solving them.

    • He suggests that students should spend some time at the beginning of the test to categorize the questions to be easy, moderate, or difficult.

    • He recommends analyses of mock tests to enhance practice in the CAT DILR section.

    Read How Rishi Mittal Scored Perfect 100 Percentile in CAT

    Collegedunia Tip: Desirable Question Attempt to Score 95+ Percentile in DILR

    DILR has a total of 32 questions which can give you a maximum of 96 raw marks. To obtain a 95+ percentile, you will have to obtain 45 - 50 raw marks. By attempting 20 - 22 questions with 90% accuracy, you can achieve that score.


    CAT DILR Cutoff for IIMs

    CAT DILR Cutoff for IIMs

    IIMSDILR Cut-off (in percentile)
    IIM Ahmedabad70
    IIM Bangalore75
    IIM Calcutta80
    IIM Kozhikode75
    IIM Shillong75
    IIM Lucknow85
    IIM Raipur80
    IIM Rohtak70
    IIM Kashipur80
    IIM Ranchi80
    IIM Indore80
    IIM Tiruchirapalli80
    IIM Udaipur80
    IIM Bodh Gaya80
    IIM Amritsar75
    IIM Nagpur72
    IIM Jammu80
    IIM Visakhapatnam80
    IIM Sambalpur80
    IIM Simraur80

    KnowCAT Score vs Percentile: How they are Calculated

    CAT 2019 Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR) Analysis

    Slot 1 Analysis Overview

    Number of questions32 (24 MCQs, 8 Non-MCQs)
    Allotted time limit60 minutes
    Total marks96
    Difficulty levelModerate to difficult
    Cut-off97 - 99%
    • CAT DILR has 32 questions.
    • Non-MCQs in CAT DILR are 10 in number without negative marking unlike 8 the previous year.
    • There were a few new types of question sets such as - Radar chart-based questions, street map with straight lines and intersection angles, tables, and horizontal graphs.
    • Desired attempts in the DILR section would be 20 - 22 questions with 90% accuracy.
    • 45 - 50 marks fetched a percentile between 97-99
    • Difficulty Level - Moderate to Difficult

    Slot 1 Topic-wise Analysis

    Topic NameNumber of QuestionsDifficulty Level
    Radar chart-based problem set for 5 vendors4Difficult; new type of question set
    Government’s study on different types of crime rate in States & UTs4Moderate; based on horizontal graph and data inputs
    Street map-based problem set with straight lines & intersections4Moderate
    Coding based Problem set4Moderate to difficult; based on codes & calculation to alphabets
    Other problem sets included tables, direction, & others16Moderate

    Slot 1 CAT 2019 DILR Cut-off Analysis

    Section NameCut-off (in percentile)Raw Score Required
    Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR)97-9945 - 50

    Go Through

    Slot 2 Analysis Overview

    Number of questions32 (24 MCQs, 8 Non-MCQs)
    Allotted time limit60 minutes
    Total marks96
    Difficulty levelModerate to difficult
    Cut-off97 - 99%
    • CAT DILR has 32 questions.
    • Non-MCQs in CAT DILR are 10 in number without negative marking unlike 8 the previous year.
    • There were a few new types of question sets such as - Radar chart-based questions, street map with straight lines and intersection angles, tables, and horizontal graphs.
    • Desired attempts in the DILR section would be 21 - 23 questions with 90% accuracy.
    • 47 - 50 marks fetched a percentile between 97-99
    • Difficulty Level - Moderate to Difficult

    Slot 2 Topic-wise Analysis

    Topic NameSet DescriptionNumber of QuestionsDifficulty Level
    Data Interpretation problem based on reasoning3 x 3 Matrix Coins- pouches4Medium
    Scheduling based Logical ReasoningTable – 3 doctors schedule4Difficult
    Data Interpretation – Reasoning basedCaselet on two proposals being considered in a college– Mathematical reasoning4Medium
    Logical Reasoning - ACaselet – professors setting papers for Mid-Term and Final exams.4Difficult
    Data Interpretation – Calculation basedSpiderweb chart- Revenue and Cost of three products over three years4Easy
    Data Interpretation – Observation basedScatterplot – Rainfall in 16 cities4Easy
    Logical Reasoning - GamesSet on Rifle Shooting tournament4Medium
    Logical Reasoning – Grouping & Conditionalities5 people speaking different languages and formation of teams4Medium

    Slot 2 CAT 2019 DILR Cut-off Analysis

    Section NameCut-off (in percentile)Raw Score Required
    Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR)97-9947 - 50

    CAT DILR FAQs

    CAT DILR FAQs

    Question: What is data interpretation and logical reasoning?

    Ans. Data interpretation and logical reasoning is a section in CAT that tests the decision-making ability and speed of students using limited information. Data interpretation involves analyzing given data while logical reasoning involves the use of logic to arrive at a conclusion.

    Question: How do you score a 99 percentile in DILR?

    Ans. To score a 99 percentile in DILR, students must prepare an effective study strategy, practice as many problems as they can, and solve mock tests regularly.

    Question: What is the most important topic in DILR?

    Ans. All the topics in DILR are equally important because they carry equal weightage. The topics are - Tables and Charts, Graph, Bar diagram, Pie chart, Arrangements/Rankings/Team Formation, Quantitative Reasoning/Puzzles, Syllogisms/Logical Deduction, and Venn Diagrams/Binary Logic.

    Question: What are the best books to prepare for CAT DILR?

    Ans. The best books to prepare for CAT DILR are -

    • ‘How to Prepare for Data Interpretation for CAT’ by Arun Sharma

    • ‘How to Prepare for Logical Reasoning for the CAT’ by Arun Sharma

    • ‘Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation for CAT’ by Nishit K. Sinha

    Question: Is ‘How to Prepare for Data Interpretation for CAT’ good for DILR?

    Ans. Yes, ‘How to Prepare for Data Interpretation for CAT’ by Arun Sharma is good for DILR. It explains Data Interpretation tricks and concepts adequately along with offering practice questions for students.

    Question: How to prepare for Data Interpretation?

    Ans. Practice as many Data Interpretation questions as you can. Ensure that you refer to newspapers and magazines for business interpretation examples. This will help you prepare for Data Interpretation.

    Ques. What are the most important topics for Data Interpretation?

    Ans. The most important topics for Data Interpretation are - Tables and Charts, Graphs, Bar diagrams, and Pie charts.

    Ques. What are the expected topics for Logical Reasoning?

    Ans. The expected topics for Logical Reasoning are - Arrangements/Rankings/Team Formation, Quantitative Reasoning/Puzzles, Syllogisms/Logical Deduction, and Venn Diagrams/Binary Logic.

    Question: How many questions should I attempt to get a 95+ percentile in DILR?

    Ans. To get 95+ percentile in DILR, you must attempt 20 - 22 questions with 90% accuracy.

    Question: Where can I find the best DILR preparation resources online?

    Ans. The best online resources for DILR preparation can be found from the websites of newspapers like The Economic Times and magazines like Business Today.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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