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CDS 2018


CDS II 2018 Answer Key, Admit Card, Dates, Result and Cut off

Updated On - November 23rd 2018 by KRITIKA GUPTA

The Combined Defence Services Examination is conducted biannually in February and November. The first session concluded in March 2018. UPSC has successfully conducted CDS II for November 18 in offline (pen-paper) mode. Registration for this session concluded on September 4, successfully registered candidates can download their hall ticket from October 25 from Download CDS II Admit Card

Latest:UPSC has released CDS 2019 (Session 1) Application Forms.Register Now!

Latest: CDS II Answer Key by various coaching institutes are available now. Click Here to Download

CDS is a 3 stage exam consisting written examination, personal interview round followed by medical examination. For the second session, the written exam will be held in approximately 41 CDS exam centers across India. Candidates qualifying the national level examination, conducted for recruitment of officer cadre in Army, Air Force and Military are given a fixed stipend of INR 21000 every month.

After 6th and 7th pay commission, pay scale offered has been increased. The payband of top CDS officers’ profile after the revision are:-

RankPayband (INR)
Lt. to Major15,600-39,100
Lt. Col. to Maj Gen.37,400-67,000
Lt. Gen. HAG Scale67,000 (annual increment@3%) – 79.000
HAG Scale* (* Admissible to 1/3rd of total strength of Lt. Gens)75,500 (annual increment@3%) – 80,000
VCO/AS/Army Cdr/Lt Gen(NFSG)80,000 (Fixed)

90,000 (Fixed)


Check Detailed CDS II Exam Pattern

Highlights of CDS 2018 Exam 

Exam NameCombined Defence Services Exam
Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission
Exam TypeNational Level Recruitment Test
Exam DateNovember 18, 2018
Eligibility CriteriaBachelor’s degree in Engineering required for IMA, INA and AFA
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Exam ModeOffline
CDS Helpdesk011-23098543 / 23385271 / 23381125 / 23098591

CDS 2018 Exam Dates

UPSC announces exam dates for CDS exam. Candidates can check the following table for CDS 2018 Exam dates as mentioned below:

EventsFebruary 2018November 2018
Release of Official NotificationNovember 8, 2017August 8, 2018
Commencement of Online ApplicationNovemver 8, 2017August 8, 2018
Closing date for receipt of application formDecember 4, 2017 September 4, 2018
Issue of CDS 2018 Admit cardJanuary 10, 2018October 25, 2018
CDS Written ExamFebruary 4, 2018November 18, 2018
Declaration of resultMarch 2018December 2018

CheckCDS II Important Dates

CDS Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must fulfill the minimum eligibility requirements at the time of applying for CDS 2018. Check below educational qualifications, age criteria and marital status required for appearing in CDS Exam.

Educational Qualification

The eligibility criteria are different for all the posts. Candidates must check the required eligibility before applying for the exam.  If a candidate is pursuing final year/ semester of their Degree course at present are also eligible to apply for CDS Exam 2018 on provisional basis.

  • For Indian Military Academy (INA): Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.
  • For Indian Naval Academy (INA): Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology from a recognized university or equivalent.
  • For Air Force Academy (AFA): Bachelor’s degree of Engineering/Technology from a recognized university OR degree from a recognized university with Physics & Mathematics as subjects.
  • For Officers Training Academy (OTA): Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university or equivalent.
  • For Officers Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical course): Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.

Read CompleteCDS Eligibility

Age Limit

Candidate should be not less than 19 years to apply for any academy. The age limit will be calculated as on January 01, 2018.

For IMA – 19 years to 24 years

For AFA – 19 years to 23 years

For INA – 19 years to 22 years

For OTA – 19 years to 25 years


  • Candidates must be citizens of India.
  • Subjects of Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Burma, Sri Lanka & various East African Countries are also eligible.
  • Candidates will have to produce a certificate issued by authorities of Government of India certifying the claim.

Marital Status

  • Candidate should be unmarried to apply for IMA, INA & AFA.
  • Male Applicants at OTA are exempted from this restriction.
  • Unmarried women, issueless widows and divorcees can apply for OTA.

Physical Standards

  • Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2018 as per guidelines of UPSC.

CDS 2018 Application Form

As per CDS II Official notification released at, the registration began from August 8 and ended on September 4 (6pm). Candidates interested has to visit UPSC’s website in order to access the application form. For each session, the form is available in two parts. i.e. registration part I and registration part II. Make note that CDS 2018 Application Form in any other mode will not be accepted.

CDS Application Fee:

  • General & OBC category: INR 200
  • SC/ ST and Females: Exempted

Part 1 Registration

  • Log on to the official site of UPSC Online and click on the Examination tab.
  • Select the option of ‘Combined Defense Services Examination (II)’.
  • The Part I Registration page will open.
  • Provide general details such as Name, Date of birth, E-mail ID, Category, etc.
  • Choose preference for IMA, INA, AFA and OTA. Preference for the various fields should be indicated using numbers 0/1/2/3/4 with 1 being the highest preference.
  • Specify if you have obtained or are likely to obtain NCC ‘C’ certificate (Sr. Division).
  • Also specify whether you are serving the armed forces.
  • Verify the information mentioned in the Application form and modify it in case of any mismatch/ discrepancy.
  • No changes or modifications will be permitted after this stage.
  • After Part 1 Registration obtain unique Registration ID and other details for reference.

Part 2 Registration

  • Select the option of ‘Part II Registration’ after completing the first part. Enter the Registration ID and Date of Birth.
  • First pay the application fee through online or offline mode.
  • Choose any 1 out of the 3 options- Pay by Cash, Card or Pay by Net banking to pay the fees.
  • Next, upload scanned images of Photograph and Signature in the specifications as given in the notification.
  • From the drop down menu, select the exam centers for CDS II 2018 Examination. All the exam centers will be allotted on first come first serve basis.
  • After all the above steps are completed, a confirmation page will be generated. Candidates should take a print out of this page for future correspondence.

CDS 2018 Admit Card

The hall ticket for November session has been released on October 25 by UPSC. Candidates who have successfully registered for the exam can visit the official website to download the document. CDS 2018 Admit Card will not be sent to the applicants via post. Enter the issued registration number and password to access the document. The admit card of CDS 2018 will have candidate’s details like:

  • Name and address of the allotted exam centre
  • Roll number
  • Category
  • Photograph
  • Signature
  • Name, etc.

Candidates are advised check all the entries in the admit card. In case of any discrepancy, candidate should immediately inform the authority. For personality test, the commission will issue separate admit card.

Steps to download CDS 2018 Admit Card are:

  • Visit the official website of UPSC-
  • Click on the link given to download ‘Combined Defence Services Examination (II), 2018.
  • Enter the particulars required in the empty fields such as Registration Number and Date of Birth.
  • After filling all the details click on submit.
  • The e- admit card for CDS 2018 will appear on the screen, download it after verifying all the details.

CDS 2018 Exam Centers

CDS 2018 exam will be held across the country. The distribution of exam centers will be done on the basis of total number of appearing candidates. They are recommended to apply on early basis so that they could get an examination center of their choice. To check complete List of CDS Exam Centers Click Here.

CDS Exam Pattern

The CDS 2018 will be conducted in pen and paper based mode. The exam will be conducted in both in morning and forenoon session.

  • CDS 2018 question booklet will have multiple choice questions as per the prescribed syllabus.
  • The total mark allotted to written test is 300 marks.
  • The written test for admission to OTA will be of 200 marks.
  • CDS 2018 will be conducted for 2 hours/paper with the provision of negative marking for wrong answers.
  • The exam will comprise questions from Elementary Mathematics, English and General knowledge.
  • The standard of the papers in Elementary Mathematics will be of Matriculation level while the standard of papers in other subjects will be of a graduate of an Indian University.

Check CDS Exam Pattern Here

SubjectsNo. of questionsMax. MarksDuration
General Knowledge120100120 minutes
English Language120100120 minutes
Elementary Mathematics100100120 minutes

CDS exam pattern for admission to OTA

SubjectsNo. of questionsMax. MarksDuration
English Language120100120 minutes
General Knowledge120100120 minutes

Know Details of CDS OTA Exam Pattern

CDS 2018 Syllabus

The syllabus of CDS 2018 will be prepared by UPSC. The syllabus helps the candidates while their preparation for exam. Candidates who wish to appear for in CDS 2018 should go throughthe complete syllabus carefully. Here, we are discussing the topics from which questions are asked in the examination.

English Syllabus – Synonyms, Antonyms, Reading Comprehension, Para Jumbles, Error Spotting, Jumbled Sentences, Sentence Correction & Fill in the Blanks.

General Knowledge Syllabus – General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper also includes questions on History of India and Geography of a nature.

Mathematics Syllabus – Arithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry, Mensuration & Statistics.

CDS 2018 Result

The result of CDS 2018 will be declared only for those candidates who will score minimum qualifying marks in the written examination as fixed by the Commission in their discretion. The written exam result of CDS I 2018 will be declared in December 2018 in a pdf file format.

To check their results, candidates must perform the following steps:

  • Go to the official website of UPSC-
  • Click on the link given for CDS II 2018 Result OR
  • Go to the examination tab and click on “Active Examination” and navigate to CDS II 2018 Result link.
  • Click on it, a pdf will appear with the names of qualifying candidates.

Candidates who will qualify the CDS 2018 written exam will be called by Service Selection Board for psychological aptitude test, intelligence test and interview.

  • Candidates have to secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in CDS 2018 written examination and CDS 2018 SSB test.
  • The examination authority will prepare merit list of all the qualified candidates based on the total marks secured by them and accordingly they will be selected for the CDS 2018 courses.

CDS 2018 Cutoff

Candidates have to secure the cut off score as per their category to qualify the entrance exam. The exam conducting body UPSC will release CDS 2018 cut off score after the completion of CDS 2018 recruitment process.

The result will be declared for only those candidates who will score the subject wise as well as overall cut off score.

Here, we are providing the previous year cutoff for applicants that will give an idea of expected cutoff for this year. Candidates can check last year CDS cut off score from the table given below.

AcademyWritten ExamFinal Marks
OTA (Male)86168
OTA (Female)86172

CDS SSB Interview 2018

The selection of candidates will be based on the written test, personal interview and personality test. Candidates will have to qualified all stages of the selection process. The document verification will be done after deciding the selection status of a candidate. The final merit list will be prepared on the basis of total marks secured in the written examination and in the SSB Interview.

  • Candidate who will qualify the written test will be called for Service Selection Board which includes psychological aptitude test, intelligence test and interview.
  • Note that those who qualify in the written test will have to register themselves for SSB Interview at
  • SSB board evaluates intelligence, personality, compatibility and potential of prospective candidates for recruitment in the Army, Navy and Air Force.
  • SSB interview is a five days process which includes two stage of testing- Stage 1 being Psychological Aptitude Test and Stage 2 is Intelligence test.
  • Stage 1 of SSB Interview will be conducted on the first day of the SSB interview process.
  • Candidates clearing aptitude test will only proceed to the second stage, otherwise, they will be sent back on the very first day.
  • Candidates who wish to join Air Force and Naval Aviation will have to appear for Pilot Aptitude Test.

Stage 1: SSB Interview

  • The stage 1 of SSB Interview is Officer’s Intelligence Rating and Picture Perception and Description Test. Read Officer’s Intelligence Rating Test in SSB Interview
  • Candidates will be tested on the basis of 2 sections- Verbal Reasoning and Non-Verbal Reasoning
  • The test is conducted in the span of approximately 1 hour.
  • Verbal section is to be complete in 30 minutes with 50 compulsory questions.
  • 50 questions are to be answered in non-verbal reasoning section in 25 to 30 minutes’ time.
  • The picture perception and description test is to examine candidate’s memory retention abilities.
  • In this test, candidates are shown a hazy picture for 30 seconds and based on it the further exercise is carried out.

Stage 2: SSB Interview

Stage 2 of SSB Interview is a 5-day process involving Psychological test, Group Task, Personal Interview and Conference.

  • Psychological Test- This tests aspirant’s emotional and behavioral reactions through TAT (Thematic Appreciation Test),  WAT (Word Association Test), SRT (Situation Reaction Test) and Self- Description. Know More About Psychological Test in SSB Interview
  • Group Task- candidates are judged for their officer like qualities in group task along with their physical and mental prowess.
  • Personal Interview- Personal Interview session is conducted on the third day of the SSB Interview process in front of the senior officials. Candidate’s personal abilities, behavior and thought exercises are put to test.
  • Conference- This is the conclusive stage of the CDS SSB Interview, wherein candidates appear in front of the Board Committee. This committee consists of members from President of the board, Deputy President, Group Testing Officers, Psychologists.

Read What Happens in CDS SSB Interview


Ques. What is CDS?

Ans. CDS is Combined Defense Services examination, conducted to recruit eligible candidates for Indian Military Academy, Officers' Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy.

Ques. Who conducts CDS 2018?

Ans. CDS 2018 is conducted twice annually by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) which is India's central recruiting agency.

Ques. Where will candidates be posted if they crack CDS 2018 examination?

Ans. There are few reputed government organizations, where candidates who have qualified CDS 2018 will be posted. They are listed below:

  • Indian Military Academy, Dehradun
  • Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala
  • Air Force Academy, Hyderabad
  • Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai
  • Officers Training Academy, Chennai Women (Non-Technical) Course

Ques. What is the age limit to get recruited through CDS 2018?

Ans. Various government organizations that recruit candidates with respect to their CDS 2018 scorecard is bounded with different age limits, which is elaborated below in tabular form:

OrganizationAge limit
Indian Military Academy19-24 years
Air Force Academy19-23 years
Naval Academy19-22 years
Officers’ Training Academy19-25 years

Ques. What is the minimum required qualification to get recruited for Indian Military Academy via CDS 2018 scorecard?

Ans. Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized University or equivalent to get selected for Indian Military Academy after clearing CDS 2018 examination.

Ques. What education qualification is required to get recruited for Indian Naval Academy via CDS 2018 scorecard?

Ans. Candidates must have completed their Bachelor’s in technology aka engineering from a recognized University to get selected for Indian Naval Academy after getting through CDS 2018 examination.

Ques. What academic qualification is required in order to get recruited for Air Force Academy via CDS 2018 scorecard?

Ans. Candidates must either have a Bachelor’s degree in engineering/technology or a qualifying degree for Physics and Mathematics as subjects from a recognized University to get recruited for Indian Military Academy after qualifying CDS 2018 examination.

Ques. What education qualification is required to get recruited for Officers Training Academy through CDS 2018 scorecard?

Ans. Applicants must possess a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized University or equivalent to get selected for Officers Training Academy after qualifying CDS 2018 examination.

Ques. What academic qualification is required to get recruited for Officers Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) through CDS 2018 scorecard?

Ans. Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree from any recognized University or equivalent to work for Officers Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) after qualifying CDS 2018 examination.

Ques. What should be candidate’s marital status for CDS 2018?

Ans. The marital status should be different for recruitment in different CDS affiliated government organizations as listed below:

OrganizationMarital status
Indian Military AcademyUnmarried
Indian Naval AcademyUnmarried
Air Force AcademyUnmarried till 25 years
Officers’ Training AcademyMarried or Unmarried
Officers Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical courses)Unmarried or Widow

Ques. What is the basic exam pattern for Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy, Naval Academy?

Ans. The basic exam pattern for Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy, and Naval Academy is similar. The question paper will be objective type and the test’s syllabus and corresponding marks are listed below:

General Knowledge100
Elementary Mathematics100

Ques. What is the basic exam pattern for Officers’ Training Academy?

Ans. Officers’ Training Academy’s question paper will be objective type (MCQs) and its syllabus along with the corresponding marks are listed below:

General English100

Ques. How can one apply for CDS 2018?

Ans. CDS 2018 application could be made via online mode from the official website of examination conducting authority, UPSC by visiting the link

Ques. What are the documents that are required to fill CDS 2018 Application Form?

Ans. All the pre-requisites for filling CDS 2018 application form are bulleted below:

  • Class 10th Mark sheet and Certificate
  • Class 12th Mark sheet
  • All the graduation Mark sheets for all the semesters
  • Those who are studying in the final year of their degree course, all the Mark sheets up to their final semester should be available.
  • Scanned image of candidate’s photograph and signature.

Ques. What specifications are needs for scanned photograph and signature?

Ans. Candidates need to abide by the below-mentioned specifications for successful submission of scanned photograph and signature:

Candidate’s Photograph.jpg200 dpi3 to 40 kb140 x 110 pixels
Candidate’s Signature.jpg200 dpi3 to 40 kb110 x 140 pixels

Ques. What are the steps to fill in CDS 2018 application/registration form?

Ans. All the steps to fill in CDS 2018 application/registration form are mentioned below:

  • Log in to the official site of UPSC.
  • Locate and click on the examination tab à ‘Combined Defense Services Examination (II)’
  • CDS 2018 registration part 1 will then be displayed.
  • Candidates need to fill in all the details and hit submit.
  • Candidates will come across a registration number which needs to be kept safe.
  • They are also recommended to take a print out of CDS 2018 registration part 1.
  • Select the option Registration part 2.
  • Fill in the form and pay the registration fees
  • Enter submit.
  • A confirmation page will appear which must be saved for future reference.

Ques. What is the mode of payment for CDS 2018 application fees?

Ans. Aspirants can pay the application fees for CDS 2018 exam by cash, card or net banking. The process for rendering fees via each method is given below:

  • Pay by Cash On selecting this option, a system generated bank challan of State Bank of India will appear on the screen. Applicants must print out this challan and submit the requisite fees by cash at any branch of the bank. They must save the student copy of the challan as the proof of payment.
  • Pay by Debit/ Credit Card or Net banking Aspirants can pay the fees through Debit/Credit card or through the Net Banking facility of State Bank of India/ State Bank of Patiala/ State Bank of Travancore/ State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/ State Bank of Hyderabad/ State Bank of Mysore. They must enter the required payment details on the bank page and save the receipt of the transaction.

Ques. Can CDS 2018 application be canceled and requested for a refund, after the submission of the requisite application fee?

Ans. No, UPSC does not refund the application fees for CDS 2018 under any circumstance whatsoever.

Ques. Can a candidate submit multiple forms and the corresponding fees for one form be adjusted to the other?

Ans. Candidates can make multiple forms submit only under some unavoidable circumstances. However, they have to repay the fees as the fees of another form will not be adjusted for the accurate one.

Ques. How many exam centers across India will be allotted to conduct CDS 2018 examination?

Ans. There will be 41 cities in the country that will be selected as exam centers for CDS examination. However, candidates will be given an option to select the preferred center nearest to their place in the CDS 2018 registration form part 2.

Ques. What are the stages of CDS 2018 selection process?

Ans. CDS 2018 selection process includes 4 stages as follows:

  • Written examination
  • Personal Interview
  • Document verification
  • Medical examination

Ques. What does the second stage of CDS 2018 selection procedure, personal interview comprises of?

Ans. After the written CDS 2018 examination, UPSC conducts a personal interview for candidates who have qualified the former. This stage comprises of various activities to shortlist the deserving candidates such as Group discussion, Group activities, and Interview in person.

Ques. What document will be verified by UPSC for CDS 2018?

Ans. Once written examination and personal interview are cleared by the candidate; they are required to submit the below mentioned documents to clear with their 3rd stage of selection procedure:

  • 10th standard mark sheet and certificates
  • 12th standard mark sheet and certificates
  • Graduation mark sheet (all semesters)
  • Graduation provisional and degree
  • Other educational documents
  • Government identity card (PAN card, smart card, voter id card, driving license and suchlike)

Ques. What does the examination conducting authority test in Medical Examination?

Ans. Medical examination is the final stage of the selection procedure for CDS 2018. In this stage, candidates will be tested on their physical fitness. Those who qualify the medical examination, will be further recruited for various government organizations.

Ques. What are the two phases of CDS 2018 results?

Ans. CDS 2018 results are segregated into two phases namely written exam results and SSB (Services Selection Board) / personality test interview. Those who manage to get in the cut off for written test will be called for the personality test.

Ques. What is the estimated cut off for CDS 2018?

Ans. CDS 2018 expected cut off would fall in the ranges of 65-85.

Ques. What are the formulae for calculation of estimated marks for English and General Knowledge?

Ans. Estimated Score = (Total number of correct responses X 0.83) – (Number of wrong Answers X 0.33)

Ques. What are the formulae for calculation of estimated marks for Mathematics?

Ans. Estimated Score = (Total number of correct responses X 1) – (Number of wrong Answers X 0.33).

Ques. What is the time duration of CDS 2018 exam?

Ans. The time duration for CDS 2018 examination will be 6 hours (360 minutes), 2 hours for each section.

Ques. What are CDS expected cut off for Academy-wise?

Ans. The expected CDS 2018 cut -off academy wise is tabulated below:

IAF Training AcademyLocationIAF WingUPSC CDS 2018 Cut offAnnual Vacancies
Indian Military AcademyDehradun, UKIndian Army70-80Around 100
Air Force AcademyHyderabad, APAir Force120-14040-60
Indian Naval AcademyEzhimala, KeralaIndian Navy60-7040-50
Officers Training AcademyChennai, TNIndian Army65-75230-260

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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i have ba hindi degree equivalent with that can i apply for the exams and it from dbhps

06 Nov, 2018 00:20
Komal Chawla

Hi Subramaniankr, the basic eligibility required is graduation, please go through the individual educational qualification required for each institution.

13 Dec, 2018 12:54
Barun Kumar Yadav

my date of birth is 22/07/1995 i get training in ima. if give exam in feb 2019

20 Oct, 2018 00:20
Akansha Expert

Hi Barun, You may please check this link for getting the CDS Exam Eligibility.

20 Oct, 2018 11:18
Abhijit Sahu

What is the difference between CDS(I) & CDS(II) exam?

17 Sep, 2018 00:20
Akansha Expert

Hi Abhijit,CDS exam that is known as Combined Defence Services is conducted twice in ayear that is Known as CDS 1 ,CDS 2. ... The only difference is that your training will start in January (for CDS 1) and in july-august(for CDS 2).

17 Sep, 2018 13:27

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