CLAT logo

CLAT 2021 English Syllabus, Preparation Strategy, Tips and Tricks

Exam: 13 June `21
See all dates
Urvashi Singhal logo

Urvashi Singhal

Exams Prep Master

CLAT 2021 will consist of 5 sections overall, with each section carrying different weightage.

The English section is one of the more important sections of the exam as it carries a lot of weightage (20% of the total marks). Read CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern in detail

A big advantage of the english section is that it is not very hard, and with enough practise and dedication will be a very scoring subject. However, a lot of candidates struggle with this subject as language is not their strong suit. Read below to find out some great study tips and preparation strategies for CLAT 2021 English Section.

CLAT 2021 UG Exam Pattern

CLAT 2021 UG Exam Pattern

Subjects Marks Allotted Number of Questions
English (with Comprehension) 40 40
Current Affairs 50 50
Legal Reasoning 50 50
Logical Reasoning  40 40
Quantitative Techniques 20 20
Total 200 200
  • Each Question will carry 1 mark for the right answer. 
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. 
  • There will be a total of 200 Objective (MCQ) type questions in the test. 
  • CLAT Exam Duration will be 2 hours. 

UG English Syllabus

CLAT 2021 UG English Syllabus

Subject Passage Word Count Topics Covered
English 450 words each Passages, Reading, Comprehension, Inference and Conclusion, Summary, Vocabulary, etc.
  • CLAT UG English Section will have a few passages of 450 words each. 
  • You will have to answer questions based on these passages. 
  • The questions will be objective(MCQ’s)
  • The passages will be of class 12 level.
  • You will have to complete each passage within 5 to 7 minutes. 
  • The questions will test your language ability, not your ability to memorise. 
  • There will not be any subjective type questions.

Click here to get CLAT 2021 Syllabus

Questions Asked

CLAT UG English - Questions Asked

Here is a list of the question types asked in previous CLAT UG English Sections - 

Subject Subtopics
Grammar Articles
Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences
Active and Passive Voice
Direct and Indirect Speech
Vocabulary Synonyms and Antonyms
Phrase Replacement
Prefixes and Suffixes

CLAT UG 2020 English Paper Analysis

  • The overall difficulty level of the English section in CLAT 2020 was Moderate. 
  • There were around 30 questions, due to the changed exam pattern.
  • The passages were reportedly long, but questions were not very difficult to attempt. 
  • Passages were based on several issues of concern such as the Bois Locker Room Controversy, Virtual Reality and Climate Change. 

Check CLAT 2020 Paper Analysis

How to Prepare for English?

How to Prepare for CLAT English?

CLAT English is one of the time consuming sections of the CLAT exam due to its nature. So, having a good strategy while preparing for the exam will be very beneficial. This is especially true if you are weaker in languages. To help in preparing for the exam, here are some tips and tricks for CLAT 2021 English - 

CLAT 2021 English General Tips and Tricks

  • Practise - Take out the time to practise for each type of question. Do not ignore any question just because you think you are good at it. Solve mock tests and sample papers and time yourself. Do not take too much time to solve any specific type of question. 
  • Learn from your mistakes - If there's a word that you did not know the meaning of, look it up in the dictionary. If you have taken too much time on a specific question, work on reducing the time taken to solve the question. 
  • Read - This is extremely important, as it can greatly help in managing your time during the exam. If you have a habit of reading, it will reduce the time it takes for you to solve a question during CLAT. You can start with the basics and pick up a good book to read during your breaks. It will not only help you for the exam but it is a good practise to read regularly. 
  • Make use of every resource - Due to the wonderful internet, there are a lot of different resources that are available to you just at the touch of a button. Most of the resources are free as well. You can access several mock test papers, questions and other study materials online. 
  • Read the newspaper everyday - This is not only helpful for the english section but also the General Knowledge/Current Affairs section. Remember to read the opinion pieces, as it will help you understand how to put out your opinion clearly. 

CLAT English Reading Comprehension Study Guide

  • Read the questions before you read the passage. This way, you will have an idea of what to look for before you attempt the questions. Reading the questions will also help you reduce the time as you will already know what to look for in the passage. 
  • Solve the factual questions first, that is the questions that ask for something directly from the passages. Examples of such questions include Dates, Phrases etc. Answer the subjective or interpretative answers at the end as they take more time to think. 
  • No need to memorize the passage. Understanding the premise, structure and theme of the passage is enough to answer most of the questions asked. 
  • If you find that the passage is too difficult for you to understand, solve it at the end. Solve the passage that you think is simpler and keep the difficult one for the end.
  • The correct option is always going to be one of the options that are given to you. Do not think that the correct option is out of the scope of the options given. Do not focus on the options that distract you. 
  • Mark the lines which you think are important. This will help when you come back to the passage to look for an answer as the answer will be in your line of sight. 
  • Focus on the Introduction and conclusion of the passage. This is usually where the premise of the passage and the main takeaway of the passage is given. 
  • Do not skim through the passage. Read it attentively. 
  • If you are asked for a suitable title for the passage, you will have to identify the premise of the passage first. Attempt this question towards the end, as you will have an idea of what the passage is all about. 

Read CLAT 2021 GK Syllabus

CLAT English Grammar Study Guide

  • Learn all the rules of grammar. This is the first and most important rule while studying for grammar.
  • Recognise the parts you are weakest in. This can be done by taking mock tests. Put a pin on the questions that you did not understand, or got wrong, or take too much time to solve. 
  • When you have a doubt, refer to the rules once again and make sure you got them correctly. 
  • Understand the questions and do not memorise grammar. 
  • Grammar is very much like maths, as you will never understand it or get the hang of it without practising a lot. 
  • CLAT English is an exam that tests your understanding of complex arguments or passages and not about how well read or eloquent you are. Remember that while preparing. 

English Preparation Books

CLAT English Section Preparation Books

Name of Book Publisher/Author
Word Power Made Easy Norman Lewis
High School English Grammar and Composition Key Wren & Martin 
A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning RS Agarwal
English Is Easy Chetananand Singh
Pocket Guide to Vocabulary Barron

CLAT English Mock tests

CLAT English Sample Papers and Mock tests

CLAT 2021 English FAQ's

CLAT 2021 English Language FAQ’s

Q1. How important is the CLAT English Section?

Ans. CLAT English is extremely important, as it carries over 20% of the total marks. It is one of the more time consuming but scoring parts of CLAT UG. 

Q2. How many questions will the CLAT English section have?

Ans. There will be 40 questions in CLAT English. Each question will be worth 1 mark, and for every wrong answer 0.25 marks will be deducted from your total score. 

Q3. What are the most important topics for CLAT English?

Ans. Some of the most important topics for CLAT English are Vocabulary (Synonyms and Antonyms, Word Meanings etc.) Fill in the blanks, and Grammar questions. 

Q4. Where will the passages come from?

Ans. The passages will be derived from fictional articles, or real life events, journalistic pieces, history etc. For CLAT 2020, Passages based on Bois Locker Room Controversy, Virtual Reality and Climate Change were asked. 

Q5. What do I do if I take too much time in English Section?

Ans. The best way to reduce time taken to solve the paper is to practise that section very well. You will have to focus on the questions that take more time and the ones that you get wrong. 

CLAT 2021 : 9 answered questions


Ques. What is the benefit of CLAT?

● Top Answer By Ankita Sarkar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT is a law entrance exam consisting of both UG and PG courses. The selection in CLAT will allow a student to study in National Law Universities (NLUs). As Law is a dynamic subject, hence it cannot be studied in isolation without any association with other subjects like political science, economics, etc. Getting into an NLU will provide students the best environment and platform to study this dynamic field. The following are some of the benefits of CLAT. You will stop seeing movies as mere entertainment. You can analyze the facts discussed in movies like Article 15, Jokar - Dark Knight, are true or not. Law courses open up a lot of different avenues. You will get to learn many things.  Lawyers are not taught only about Law. You will get to learn how to make decisions based on facts and reasoning.  You can choose any specialization you want, such as Criminal, Civil, Corporate, etc. You also do not need to restrict yourself to a single specialization. Getting into top NLUs brings students to the center of attraction of the law firms and corporate. This NLU tag helps in securing well-paid jobs in most reputed companies. These NLUs prepare students for the real-life world, be it practice in court or judiciary. It inculcates students with skills and training to succeed in every career path they choose. Thus, CLAT is not only just getting an NLU tag, it has a lot to offerRead more
1 Answer

Ques. How do I prepare math for CLAT?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The math section of CLAT is known as quantitative techniques which consist of charts, diagrams, comprehension questions to gauge students’ inference and interpretation skills. The questions are based on elementary mathematics. Thus, a student does not need to be an expert in mathematics. It requires regular practice to get a good score in this section. The following are some preparation tips for the math section.  Previous Year’s Paper:  Go through the previous year’s question paper. Try to figure out the pattern of the examination.  Clear Basics:  Follow a good mathematic book to clear your basics. R.S Aggarwal is quite popular among students for clearing basics. Practice as much as possible. Memorize some tips and tricks: CLAT is all about speed and accuracy. Thus, to attend the entire question in the math section within the stipulated time, it is important for students to memorize some quick formulas which will help in the faster calculation. But do not skip to short cut without knowing the longer method. Many questions asked in CLAT only require a couple of lines for calculation. Do not be scared of Mathematics. Try your best. Even if you can’t score well even after good preparation, you can secure a decent score by working hard in other subjects.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the syllabus of maths in CLAT?

● Top Answer By Debdeep Majumder on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT or Common Law Admission Test is a national level law entrance exam. The new pattern CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections – English language, current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques. The question paper is designed to test the reasoning and interpretation skills of candidates. Topics: The quantitative techniques section consists of questions based on graphs, pie charts, and tables. The students have to infer and derive answers to the questions from the information provided in those diagrams. This section contains around 13-17 questions. To answer questions in this section, candidates have to apply 10th standard mathematical operations.  Some of the topics which are quite scoring in Mathematics are as follows. Arithmetic: Percentage, Profit & Loss, Average, Ratio-Proportion, Time & Work, Pipe & Cisterns, Time, Speed and Distance, Mixtures & Allegations, Simple & Compound Interest, Number System (HCF - LCM, Recurring Digits & Calculation of Unit Digits). Algebra: Simplification, Linear and Quadratic Equation. Modern Mathematics: Trigonometry ( Height & Distance), Probability, Permutations & Combinations, Stocks & Shares. Geometry & Mensuration: Triangle, Circles, Polygons, Solids. Speed Mathematics: Calculation Technique, Approximation Technique, Square and Cubes. To know more about the syllabus in detail visit the official website.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Is CLAT a difficult exam?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level law entrance examination. It is conducted every year by the consortium of NLUs. CLAT question paper is based on MCQ format and consists of 150 questions. The exam tests the critical thinking ability of law aspirants. CLAT is not a difficult exam to crack. Anyone who is well prepared can get into an NLU. However, it can be a bit tough to get into the top five NLUs. The difficulty level of an exam depends on two things, which are as follows. Pattern and level of preparation: The CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections. The five sections are – English language, Current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques.  ALL the questions are comprehension based. So, a candidate has to read the entire passage to solve a set of questions. What makes the exam scary is the time frame. Candidates have to complete the entire paper within two hours.  However, practicing a lot of mocks will help overcome this difficulty. Candidates having the habit of reading newspapers will have an edge in this exam.  So, solving various questions, mocks, reading newspapers, and staying updated about the happenings around the world are the keys to achieve success in CLAT. Level of Competition: Every year around 65,000 candidates apply for this exam and the number keeps increasing with each passing year. However, the ratio of selection in CLAT is higher as compared to JEE. In nutshell, CLAT requires planned and smart preparation, and the rest will find its way.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. How should I prepare for CLAT in two months?

● Top Answer By Meghdeepa Mondal on 20 Jan 21

Ans. For a CLAT aspirant, it is essential to be clear about one’s own goal. For some students the goal is NLS. While others aim for NLU, even the lower-ranked ones. According to the need, preparation is required in all five critical areas. The table below gives the subjects and marks division in them. Subjects No. of Questions Allotted Marks Legal Aptitude 50 50 Logical Reasoning 40 40 English Including Comprehension 40 40 General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 50 Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability 20 20 Preparation Tips: English medium students have little advantage in preparation, having a better grasp of comprehensive skills. General Knowledge and Current Affairs, which is 25% of the examination and is not a conceptual or analytical subject, needs to be mugged up with regular information gathering. Legal Reasoning contains questions generally from a certain number of topics only. These topics need to be sorted according to the previous year's question papers and practiced, which is possible in two months. For the Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability and Logical Reasoning part, it is obvious that the aspirant needs practice, and two months is too short for the same. For maths, concepts must be cleared before problem-solving. Taking help from YouTube, Unacademy, Khan Academy, and other resources from the internet can help a lot in preparation. R.S. Aggarwal and M.K. Pandey are two excellent books for Logical Reasoning practice sets. For English including Comprehension, the candidate needs to understand the type and pattern of questions present in the previous papers and learn the way to tackle them. Having finished all the initial preparation, revision needs to be done in all five divisions. Candidates weak in Mathematics, English including Comprehension or Logical Reasoning must practice a lot in the limited time available.Read more
1 Answer

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.