CLAT 2020 PATTERN & SYLLABUS
NATIONAL LEVEL OFFLINE TEST
Major changes have been announced in CLAT 2020 exam pattern by The Consortium of NLUs.The number of questions have been reduced to 150 from 200, including more of comprehension based questions. This means, that questions from quantitative techniques will also be asked in a series of graphical presentation or comprehension based on a case study. The duration of the paper will be 120 minutes (2 hours).
CLAT 2020 has been further postponed by the authorities on account of the difficult situation due to COVID-19. Dates for the law entrance test will be announced by July 1, 2020, registration for which has also been extended till the same date.
With further extension in exam, it is time when candidates adapt best strategy to prepare for the test. Though all law aspirants appearing this year may be familiar with CLAT exam pattern. However, it is necessary to not even miss out minutest details in concern with exam pattern and syllabus for students who will be appearing on June 21, and even for those who will sit for the test in upcoming years. Read the article to know what’s inside CLAT exam pattern and syllabus.
Certain features that remain unchanged in the new CLAT exam pattern are:
|Undergraduate Law Programme (LL.B)||Postgraduate Law Programme (LL.M)|
|English (Comprehension & grammar-based)||Law of Torts|
|Legal Aptitude||Family Law|
|Logical Reasoning||Criminal Law|
|Elementary Mathematics (Including Numerical Ability)||International Law|
|General Knowledge and Current Affairs||Property Law|
|-||Law of Contracts|
|-||Intellectual Property Law|
The paper for LLB course is divided into five sections. The first section aims to check a candidate’s ability to logically solve a situation. The second section tests a candidate’s interest and knowledge for Law. Other sections evaluate candidate’s passage comprehension ability, mathematics and Basic English knowledge.
Section-wise questions distribution is given below:
|English (including Comprehension)||28-32 questions||20%|
|GK and Current Affairs||35-39 questions||25%|
|Elementary Mathematics||13-17 questions||10%|
|Legal Aptitude||35-39 questions||25%|
|Logical Reasoning||28-32 questions||20%|
Syllabus for the UG program covers questions from General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude, English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning. The GK and Legal Aptitude section will carry the highest weightage in the law entrance exam. The details regarding each course in order of their weightage is provided below:
The syllabus is usually very vast and varied for this section. This section will include questions from both General Knowledge as well as Current Affairs. The questions on GK will test the static knowledge of candidates on some of the prominent aspects of national and international level.
Some of the frequently asked topics are:
This section will test candidates’ ability and interest towards understanding and solving issues of legal nature. They will have to apply their research aptitude and reasoning to solve various legal propositions.
This section will cover the following topics:
This section aims to test the grammatical knowledge of candidates. The questions will focus on making corrections in sentences that are grammatically incorrect, jumbled sentences, idioms, and phrases etc. It will also include passage of approximately 300 – 400 words. Candidates have to answer questions based on the main theme of the passage as well as some of the keywords present in the passage.
Some of the important topics to be covered under this section are:
The section on Logical Reasoning is aimed at checking a candidate’s ability to analyze patterns and arguments. This would include questions on syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. Understand and analyse various conditions set in questions and deduce correct conclusions.
The important topics under this section are:
In this section, candidates will be asked to answer questions based on class 10th Mathematics syllabus (elementary mathematics). It will test candidate’s accuracy with numbers and calculations.
The key topics in this section are:
Exam Pattern for CLAT LLM program will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. Sectional distribution of questions is indicated below:
|Section||Total Questions||Total Marks|
|Constitutional Law||100 MCQ + 2 Essay type Questions on Topics of Law or Contemporary issues.|
100 MCQ – 1 mark each
2 Essay – 25 marks each
|Other Law Subjects||Total – 150 marks|
Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence will both have an equal weightage of 50 marks each in the question paper. Whereas, the rest of the questions will be coming from different topics like Criminal law, International Law, etc. The details regarding Constitutional law and Jurisprudence is given below for reference:
Constitutional Law consists various rules, practices, and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Candidates will be asked questions based on concepts that they have studied in their graduation.
Jurisprudence in a broad sense can be called the “philosophy of law”. It is classified into three branches - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. The questions in this section will be set on the basis of the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.
The Tort Law is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes including statutes related to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation should be revised in detail.
Contract can be referred to as a piece of legal document which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable by law. Important decisions made by Supreme Court and High Court in relation to modern day commercial activities form a very crucial part of this subject.
Criminal Law, also known as Penal Law is aimed at regulation of Social code of conduct and prohibition of any antisocial activity that poses a threat to the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Significant topics on principles of criminal liability and mens rea (“guilty mind” in Criminal Law) should be given special attention.
International Law as a subject is focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can be broadly classified into Public International law, Private International Law and Supranational Law.
CLAT is a topmost competitive law entrance exam and it requires a thorough revision of all the topics. There is no right time to start for the exam, but it is always better to start as soon as you decide to sit for the exam. Hence, it becomes important for a candidate to prepare a schedule, know where all they should study for CLAT. Check How to prepare for CLAT
Candidates can refer following books to prepare for CLAT 2020:
|Name of CLAT Books||Author||Subject|
|Word Power Made Easy||Norman Lewis||English|
|Objective General English||R. S. Aggarwal|
|Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations||R. S. Aggarwal||Mathematics|
|Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Exam 6th Edition||Abhijit Guha|
|Legal Aptitude For The CLAT - Workbook: A Workbook||A.P. Bhardwaj||Legal Aptitude|
|A Modern Approach To Logical Reasoning||R. S. Aggarwal||Logical Reasoning|
|Analytical Reasoning||M K Pandey|
|Manorama Yearbook 2020 (English)||Mammen Mathew||General Knowledge|
|Quick Reference General Knowledge||Edgar Thorpe|
Ques. Who will be conducting CLAT 2020?
Ans. CLAT is conducted by 19 NLUs as per their year of establishment. Hence, CLAT 2020 will be conducted by the National University of Advanced Legal Studies or NUAL’s on Second week of May 2020.
Ques. Are there any changes introduced in the mode of law examination?
Ans. No, The Common Law Admission Test or CLAT will be conducted in offline mode only.
Ques. What will be the medium of CLAT Exam?
Ans. Like previous years, the medium of the Common Law Admission Test will be English only.
Ques. Are there any changes made in CLAT Exam Pattern by the conducting body?
Ans. No, the authorities have not yet notified any changes in the exam pattern of LLB and LLM paper. The paper pattern is as follows:
|Particulars||LLB Program||LLM Program|
|Mode of Exam||Offline||Offline|
|Medium of Exam||English||English|
|Duration of Exam||120 minutes||120 minutes|
|Type of Questions||MCQs||MCQs + Subjective|
|No. of Questions||150||150|
|Marking Scheme||+1/ -0.25||+1/ 0.25|
Ques. How can I prepare for CLAT online?
Ans. Apart from coaching centers, there are various other mediums through which one can prepare for CLAT. They are as follows:
|Topic Name||Reference Links|
|Prepositions||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Analogies||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Spellings||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Antonyms||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Sentence Correction||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Synonyms||Quiz 1||Quiz 2|
|Para Jumbles||Quiz 1||(-)|
Preparing from these sources will not only help you to analyse the status of your preparation but will also gain confidence for the law entrance examination.
Ques. Is the exam pattern of AILET and CLAT similar?
Ans. No, the exam pattern for both the exams are different. They paper pattern for CLAT and AILET is as follows:
|Mode of Exam||Offline||Offline|
|Number of Questions||For LLB – 150|
For LLM – 100
|For LLB – 150|
For LLM – 100
|Duration of Exam||120 minutes||90 minutes|
|Total Marks||For LLB – 150 marks|
For LLM – 150 marks
|For LLB – 150 marks|
For LLM – 100 marks
Ques. Can the books for AILET be used for preparing for CLAT exam?
Ans. Yes, the books recommended for AILET exam can be used for preparing for CLAT. The only difference between the examinations are the pattern and the conducting bodies. NLU Delhi is the conducting body of AILET, whereas, 19 NLUs holds CLAT on a rotational basis.Check CLAT Syllabus
Ques. Can I refer CLAT recommended books for JMI law entrance exam?
Ans. Yes, the books for the Common Law Admission Test can be referred for preparing for Jamia Milia Islamia law exam.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
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