CLAT Exam Pattern 2021: CLAT Question Paper, Sectional Distribution, Important Topics & Recommended Books

    Urvashi Singhal Urvashi Singhal
    Exams Prep Master

    CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 is declared by the consortium of NLU’s at least five to six weeks before the exam dates have been decided. CLAT Exam Pattern for UG and PG is different as they test different areas of knowledge and are of different levels. CheckCLAT 2021 Exam Calendar here

    Table of Contents

    CLAT Exam consists of 200 questions overall. Due to COVID-19, the exam pattern for CLAT 2020 was changed quite a lot. However, the expected CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern is described below. You need to be thorough with the Exam Pattern so as to attempt CLAT 2021 with 100% confidence and improve your timing. 

    CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern Highlights

    1. Exam Mode: Pen and Paper Mode
    2. Descriptive Questions: Only CLAT PG Section 2 will have descriptive essay type questions
    3. Duration of Exam: The paper duration will be of 2 hours

    UG CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

    Mode Offline - Pen and Paper
    Duration120 Minutes
    Nature of QuestionsCLAT UG - Objective
    Number of QuestionsCLAT UG - 200
    Total Marks200
    Marks Awarded1 mark per correct answer
    Negative Marking0.25 marks wrong answer

    PG CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

    Mode Offline - Pen and Paper
    Duration120 Minutes
    Nature of QuestionsCLAT PG - Objective and Descriptive
    Number of QuestionsCLAT PG - 102
    Total Marks200
    Marks Awarded1 mark per correct answer
    Negative Marking0.25 marks wrong answer

    Read Tips for Preparing General Knowledge in CLAT 2021

    CLAT UG/PG 2021 Sections

    Undergraduate Law Programme (LL.B)Postgraduate Law Programme (LL.M)
    English (with Comprehension)Section 1(Objective)
    Current AffairsSection 2(Descriptive)
    Legal Reasoning-
    Logical Reasoning -
    Quantitative Techniques-

    Section-wise Marks Distribution in CLAT UG 2021

    CLAT UG is divided into 5 sections overall. Each section covers a different subject, and each section also carries different weightage. The aim of the Exam is to test the candidates ability to understand law as opposed to prior knowledge of law. CLAT UG also tests for the candidates basic language, general knowledge and mathematical ability. Here is the section wise distribution of marks for CLAT UG 2021 - 

    SubjectsMarks AllottedNumber of Questions
    English (with Comprehension)4040
    Current Affairs5050
    Legal Reasoning5050
    Logical Reasoning 4040
    Quantitative Techniques2020

    CLAT 2021 Syllabus for B.A.LLB

    CLAT 2021 questions will come from 5 different subjects - English, Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques. Quantitative Techniques was previously also called Mathematical Ability. 

    SubjectTopics CoveredFrequently Asked
    EnglishPassages, Reading, Comprehension, Inference and Conclusion, Summary, Vocabulary etc. Comprehension Passages, Subject-Verb Agreement, Noun, Pronoun, Adjective and Determinants, Adverb, Active/Passive Voice
    Current Affairs Contemporary Events of National and International Significance, Art and Culture, International Affairs, Historical Events of significanceOutline of Indian Economy, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure, Major Industries in India, Banking & Finance
    Legal ReasoningRules and Passages of Law, Application of the rules and passages, etc. Legal fundamentals and terms, Legal Maxims and Important Landmarks, Supreme Court Judgments
    Logical Reasoning Argument - Premise and Conclusion, Inference, Relationships and Analogies, Contradictions and Equivalence, etc. Logical Puzzles, Statement, Conclusions, Derivation of Conclusions, Cause & Effect, Reasoning, Statements, Assumptions and Statements, Arguments
    Quantitative TechniquesBasic Algebra, Mensuration, Statistical Estimation, Graphs, Numerical Information, Ratio and Proportion etc. Numbers, HCF and LCM, Fractions, Logarithms, Percentage, Time & Distance, Ratio & Proportion

    Read Tips for preparing Elementary Mathematics in CLAT 2021

    Section-wise Marks Distribution for CLAT PG 2021

    The questions for CLAT PG 2021 will cover various topics at undergraduate level. The subjects are from several different legal topics such as Contract Law, Property Law, Family Law etc. This section broadly tests the candidates ability to make legal arguments and knowledge of laws. This is a highly theoretical and application based test. Here is the section wise breakdown of the CLAT PG 2021 - 

    SectionQuestion TypeNumber of QuestionsMarks Allotted
    Section 1Objective100100
    Section 2Descriptive250

    CLAT LLM 2021 Syllabus

    CLAT LLM consists of two sections, descriptive and objective. The objective section will consist of several different objective type questions from any of the below topics of law. The next section is the descriptive section, for which two questions will be asked each worth 25 marks. You will only be able to attempt Section 2 of CLAT LLM if you clear the first section of objective type questions. Here are the topics that may come for PG CLAT 2021 - 

    • Constitutional Law
    • Jurisprudence
    • Administrative Law
    • Law of Contract
    • Torts
    • Family Law
    • Criminal Law
    • Property Law
    • Company Law
    • Public International Law
    • Tax Law
    • Environmental Law
    • Labour & Industrial Law.
    • Other Mandatory subjects from Undergraduate level

    CheckCLAT 2021 Syllabus in detail

    CLAT 2021 Recommended Books

    CLAT is one of the most competitive and tougher law exams in India. The competition is very high, as a large number of students attempt CLAT every year. To optimise your preparation and improve your chances at CLAT 2021, go through these books - 

    UG CLAT 2021 Recommended Books

    SubjectName of BookPublisher/Author
    EnglishWord Power Made EasyNorman Lewis
    High School English Grammar and Composition KeyWren & Martin 
    Current Affairs Manorama Yearbook 2021Manorama 
    Current Affairs Yearly 2021Arihant 
    Legal ReasoningLegal Awareness Legal ReasoningBhardwaj
    Legal Aptitude for the CLAT and other Law Entrance ExaminationsBhardwaj
    Logical Reasoning Universal’s Logical Reasoning for CLAT, LSAT and other Law Entrance ExamsJain Prateek
    Verbal and Non-Verbal ReasoningRS Agarwal
    Quantitative TechniquesUniversal's Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)Jain Prateek
    Quantitative AptitudeRS Aggarwal

    Know CLAT 2020 Paper Analysis

    PG CLAT 2021 Recommended Books

    SubjectName of Book
    Constitutional LawIndian Constitutional Law by M.P. Jain
    The Constitution of India by P.M. Bakshi
    JurisprudenceIntroduction to Jurisprudence Avtar Singh and by Harpreet Kaur
    The Elements of Jurisprudence for BSL & LL.B by Noshirvan H. Jhabvala
    Legal Eagles by Indu Bhan
    Administrative LawAdministrative law by I P Massey
    The Indian Administrative Law by Mangal Chandra Jain Kagzi
    Law of ContractContract Law in India by Akhileshwar Pathak
    The Indian Contract Law Act by Mulla
    Indian Contract Act by Dr. Paras Diwan
    TortsThe Law of Torts by Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
    Law of Torts by R K Bangia
    Law of Torts by P. Jaganathan and Usha Jaganathan
    Family LawModern Indian Family Law by Werner Menski
    Criminal LawThe Code of Criminal Procedure by Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
    Criminal Law by P.S.A Pillai
    The Indian Penal Code by Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
    Property LawProperty Law by Poonam Pradhan Saxena
    Company LawCompany Law by B.K. Goyal
    Public International LawAn Introduction to Public International Law by S. K. Verma
    Tax LawKanga and Palkhivala's The Law and Practice of Income Tax by Jamshedji Behramji Kanga and Nanabhoy Palkhivala
    Accounting Standards & IFRS by CA Kamal Garg
    Environmental LawIndian Environmental Law: Key Concepts and Principles by Shibani Ghosh

    CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 FAQs

    Q1. What is the acceptance rate of CLAT?

    Ans. The acceptance rate is very low, at only around 3% as there is a limited amount of seats. A new NLU was added for the year 2020, Dr. BR Ambedkar National Law University, Haryana (DBRANLU). This has increased the chances for admission

    Q2. What is the medium of CLAT 2021?

    Ans. CLAT 2021 Medium of instruction is English. However, sources indicate that the Bar Council of India is mulling the decision to include vernacular languages as a mode of instruction in the future. 

    Q3. How many National Law Universities are there? 

    Ans. There are 22 National Law Universities as of 2020. A New addition was made in 2020, DBRANLU. Considering the demand for seats, the number of NLU’s may increase in the future. 

    Q4. What is the level of questions asked in CLAT?

    Ans. As for CLAT UG, the questions asked will be from 12th standard. The Quantitative Techniques section will be from 10th standard level. Whereas CLAT PG will be of Undergraduate level. 

    Q5. What are the alternatives to CLAT? 

    Ans. Here are a few alternatives to CLAT:

    1. Law School Admission Test (LSAT)
    2. Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)
    3. Banaras Hindu University Law Admission test (BLAT)
    4. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET LLB)
    5. AILET

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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    ym akshatha

    is CLAT compulsion to study a law

    17 Mar, 2020 00:20
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Akshatha, this depends on the college/university in which you are applying for admission as some of the universities conduct their own entrance exam too for providing admission.

    17 Mar, 2020 18:15

    How to should i prepare gk according to new pattern for clat

    08 Dec, 2019 00:20
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Pratiksha, following are the books that you may refer to for preparing well in CLAT exam:

    • For static GK you can refer to LUCENT GK (Subjective) or General Knowledge by Arihant.
    • Also, you can read NCERT of the related subjects from class 6 to 10.
    • For Current Affairs, magazines can be read such as Manorama Year Book, Pratiyogita Darpan etc can be referred.

    09 Dec, 2019 15:35

    is constitution of india in clat syllabus2019

    20 Sep, 2019 00:20
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Haider, you can check the Syllabus for the exam in detail from here.

    20 Sep, 2019 11:09
    Simran Prasad

    Is there any upper age limit for CLAT-2020 UG programme?

    17 Sep, 2019 00:20
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Simran, you can check the Eligibility Criteria for this exam from here to know the desired info.

    17 Sep, 2019 12:43
    Ishita Roy choudhury

    I have query relating to the changes made to the clat llm examination 2019. Whether the exam pattern will be subjective in all or just a part of it will be subjective and if it is so then are there any changes made to the syllabus for the examination and how to get the question pattern for the same.

    20 Oct, 2018 15:13
    Akansha Expert

    Hi Ishita, You may please check the official website i.e.

    20 Oct, 2018 15:29
    Yashika Khandelwal

    I have finished my HIgh Schooling with a Canadian diploma and it only goes up to Grade 11. DO you think I am eligible for CLAT 2019??

    05 Oct, 2018 00:20
    Akansha Expert

    Hi Yashika, You may please check this link for getting the CLAT Entrance eligibility.

    05 Oct, 2018 13:11
    Surbhi Sen

    how to prepare for clat what are the more law courses

    25 Jun, 2018 00:20
    Garima Bansal

    Hi Surbhi, To know how to prepare you may check this link:- Preparation tips and to know law courses you may check this link;- Law courses

    25 Jun, 2018 11:15

    how to prepare for clat what are the more law courses

    06 Mar, 2017 11:59

    Hi Deepraj, to know the procedure for application for CLAT exam, please find the link

    11 May, 2017 15:05
    Ayush Mandekar

    What are the chances of clearing CLAT exams for SC quota candidates?

    06 Mar, 2017 11:59

    Hi Ayush, to get the idea on SC quota candidates score, you may go through the CLAT category wise cut off. Please find the link for the same

    11 May, 2017 15:01

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