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CLAT 2021 Legal Reasoning Syllabus, Preparation Strategy, Tips and Tricks

Exam: 13 June `21
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Urvashi Singhal

Exams Prep Master

One of the most important sections for CLAT 2021 is the legal reasoning section, which alone carries 25% of the total weightage in the exam. A lot of aspirants are confused about the exam, as many have had no prior exposure to the subject. While it is a new subject for many, with enough practise and exposure the candidate can gain confidence and easily score well in this section. One thing to note is that this section does not require knowledge of all the laws. Now, to help you prepare for this section, here is the CLAT 2021 Legal Reasoning Syllabus, Preparation Strategy, Tips and Tricks. 


UG Exam Pattern

CLAT 2021 UG Exam Pattern

Subjects Marks Allotted Number of Questions
English (with Comprehension) 40 40
Current Affairs 50 50
Legal Reasoning 50 50
Logical Reasoning  40 40
Quantitative Techniques 20 20
Total 200 200
  • Each Question will carry 1 mark for the right answer. 
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. 
  • There will be a total of 200 Objective (MCQ) type questions in the test. 
  • CLAT Exam Duration will be 2 hours.

Read CLAT 2021 English Syllabus


UG Legal Aptitude Syllabus

CLAT UG Legal Aptitude Syllabus

Subject Passage Word Count Topics Covered
Legal Reasoning 450 words each Rules and Passages of Law, Application of the rules and passages, etc. 
  • CLAT UG Legal Reasoning Section will have a few passages of 450 words each. 
  • You will have to answer questions based on these passages. 
  • The questions will be objective(MCQ’s)
  • You will have to complete each passage within 5-8 minutes at most, depending on the number of passages asked. 
  • The questions will test your ability to apply law to various situations. 
  • While you do not need knowledge of law beyond the passage, it is recommended to have some basic legal literacy so that you know how to better apply it. 
  • There will not be any subjective type questions.

Read CLAT 2021 Syllabus in detail


Questions Asked

CLAT UG Legal Aptitude Questions Asked

Question Type  2019 2018 2017
Law of Torts 22 7 6
Contract Law 15 6 13
Constitution of India 3 4 7
Indian Penal Code (IPC) 6 1 10
Legal Knowledge - 17 -
Miscellaneous 4 15 15

Paper Analysis

CLAT UG 2020 Legal Aptitude Paper Analysis

  • CLAT 2020 Legal Reasoning was reported to be moderately difficult. 
  • There were 8 passages, so each passage had to be solved within 5-8 minutes. 
  • Each passage had 4 to 5 questions worth 1 mark each. 
  • The passages were elementary, or very basic and did not require any advanced knowledge. 
  • Passages were asked on topics such as Palghar Lynching, Obscenity, Vizag Gas Leak, Natural Justice, Arnab Goswami vs. the Union of India, Article 20(Ex-Facto Post Laws), etc. 

Check CLAT 2021 General Knowledge and Current Affairs Syllabus


How to prepare for LA?

How to Prepare for CLAT Legal Aptitude?

Legal Aptitude can be a new subject for many people, especially those who are in the science background and have no prior exposure to law. Law is a very vast subject, but you do not need to know everything to attempt most questions. However, some knowledge of law and legal arguments is recommended. Here are some things to keep in mind while preparing for CLAT Legal Aptitude - 

  • Read: This is one of the most important things to do while preparing for CLAT. Having good reading skills will drastically reduce the time it takes to solve the questions. The entire paper will consist of several passages, so it will affect all the sections uniformly. 
  • Solve Mock Tests, Sample Papers and Previous year question papers: You should make sure to solve several practise papers. This will not only help you familiarize yourself with the exam pattern but also help you improve the time it takes for you to prepare for the exam and solve it quickly. 
  • Prepare the important topics thoroughly: Have a good understanding of the topics such as Torts law, Contract Law, Indian Penal Code, and Legal Maxims. You do not need to memorise it, but having an understanding of how the law works is more than enough. Remember, the exam is not about your knowledge of law; it is about how well you can apply it. Besides, any and all important information regarding the law will be presented to you in the passage itself. 
  • Time Management Tips: Each question should not take more than 45-55 seconds for the questions that require reasoning, and legal knowledge questions can be solved in less than 10 seconds. This nit picking is necessary in order to attempt all the questions, as sometimes it can get rather time consuming. 
  • Discuss: Discussion is the spirit of law. If you have friends or classmates that are also preparing for CLAT, have good and hearty discussions with them about the laws that you are reading about. Formulate an opinion and learn how to present it. If you do not have friends preparing for CLAT, join telegram groups, discord servers or other online forums dedicated to it. 
  • Be aware of legalese: This is a very good tip, as legal jargon can be very confusing especially during the exam. If you see a word term that you are unfamiliar with it will affect the entire flow of the exam and cause you unnecessary stress. This is where reading also comes in, as you will encounter several different terms which you will not know about. Look them up and make notes, which you should use to revise before the exam. 
  • Watch lectures on law by Experts: There are plenty of good resources online which are free and are easily accessible. Before watching their videos and committing your time and attention to them, make sure that they use good sources. Some great resources include lectures by YouTuber Sudhir Sachdeva, Sanyog Vyas Law Classes, Indian Law School, NALSAR University of Law etc. 

CLAT Preparation Books

CLAT Preparation Books – Legal Aptitude Section

Name of Book Publisher/Author
Legal Awareness Legal Reasoning Bhardwaj
Legal Aptitude for the CLAT and other Law Entrance Examinations Bhardwaj
Universal’s CLAT Guide Universal
Legal Aptitude RK Gupta
Universal's Constitution of India Bare Act with Short Notes Universal

Recommended Books for CLAT 2021


UG LA Mock tests

CLAT UG Legal Aptitude Sample Papers and Mock tests


CLAT Legal Aptitude FAQs

CLAT Legal Aptitude FAQ's

Q1. Is it necessary to attempt all the questions in legal aptitude?

Ans. No, it is not necessary to attempt all the questions in the legal aptitude section. You should, however, note that for every wrong answer there will be a penalty of 0.25 marks. So, it is recommended that you should attempt the questions that you are confident about. Anywhere between 35-40 questions is a good attempt. 

Q2. How important is the legal aptitude section for CLAT?

Ans. The legal aptitude section is extremely important as it will set the tone for the rest of the academic year as well. The legal aptitude section is 50 marks out of 200, which is over 25% of the total weightage. 

Q3. What would be a good last week preparation strategy for CLAT Legal Aptitude?

Ans. The week before the exam should mostly be set aside for revision only. Go through your notes and make sure you have no other doubts which might confuse you during the exam. Ignore any new developments that might happen the week before the exam. 

Q4. What are some good ways to prepare for Legal Aptitude as a person with no exposure to law?

Ans. The best strategy is to start with the basics and familiarise yourself with it. Then, move on to the harder topics and study that way. Make sure you work on your legal vocabulary. 

Q5. Is it necessary to study all important laws?

Ans. It is important to be familiar with all important laws and legal maxims. However, it is not necessary to memorise or be aware of all the laws. This will only overwhelm you. 

CLAT 2021 : 9 answered questions

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Ques. What is the benefit of CLAT?

● Top Answer By Ankita Sarkar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT is a law entrance exam consisting of both UG and PG courses. The selection in CLAT will allow a student to study in National Law Universities (NLUs). As Law is a dynamic subject, hence it cannot be studied in isolation without any association with other subjects like political science, economics, etc. Getting into an NLU will provide students the best environment and platform to study this dynamic field. The following are some of the benefits of CLAT. You will stop seeing movies as mere entertainment. You can analyze the facts discussed in movies like Article 15, Jokar - Dark Knight, are true or not. Law courses open up a lot of different avenues. You will get to learn many things.  Lawyers are not taught only about Law. You will get to learn how to make decisions based on facts and reasoning.  You can choose any specialization you want, such as Criminal, Civil, Corporate, etc. You also do not need to restrict yourself to a single specialization. Getting into top NLUs brings students to the center of attraction of the law firms and corporate. This NLU tag helps in securing well-paid jobs in most reputed companies. These NLUs prepare students for the real-life world, be it practice in court or judiciary. It inculcates students with skills and training to succeed in every career path they choose. Thus, CLAT is not only just getting an NLU tag, it has a lot to offerRead more
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Ques. How do I prepare math for CLAT?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The math section of CLAT is known as quantitative techniques which consist of charts, diagrams, comprehension questions to gauge students’ inference and interpretation skills. The questions are based on elementary mathematics. Thus, a student does not need to be an expert in mathematics. It requires regular practice to get a good score in this section. The following are some preparation tips for the math section.  Previous Year’s Paper:  Go through the previous year’s question paper. Try to figure out the pattern of the examination.  Clear Basics:  Follow a good mathematic book to clear your basics. R.S Aggarwal is quite popular among students for clearing basics. Practice as much as possible. Memorize some tips and tricks: CLAT is all about speed and accuracy. Thus, to attend the entire question in the math section within the stipulated time, it is important for students to memorize some quick formulas which will help in the faster calculation. But do not skip to short cut without knowing the longer method. Many questions asked in CLAT only require a couple of lines for calculation. Do not be scared of Mathematics. Try your best. Even if you can’t score well even after good preparation, you can secure a decent score by working hard in other subjects.Read more
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Ques. What is the syllabus of maths in CLAT?

● Top Answer By Debdeep Majumder on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT or Common Law Admission Test is a national level law entrance exam. The new pattern CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections – English language, current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques. The question paper is designed to test the reasoning and interpretation skills of candidates. Topics: The quantitative techniques section consists of questions based on graphs, pie charts, and tables. The students have to infer and derive answers to the questions from the information provided in those diagrams. This section contains around 13-17 questions. To answer questions in this section, candidates have to apply 10th standard mathematical operations.  Some of the topics which are quite scoring in Mathematics are as follows. Arithmetic: Percentage, Profit & Loss, Average, Ratio-Proportion, Time & Work, Pipe & Cisterns, Time, Speed and Distance, Mixtures & Allegations, Simple & Compound Interest, Number System (HCF - LCM, Recurring Digits & Calculation of Unit Digits). Algebra: Simplification, Linear and Quadratic Equation. Modern Mathematics: Trigonometry ( Height & Distance), Probability, Permutations & Combinations, Stocks & Shares. Geometry & Mensuration: Triangle, Circles, Polygons, Solids. Speed Mathematics: Calculation Technique, Approximation Technique, Square and Cubes. To know more about the syllabus in detail visit the official website.Read more
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Ques. Is CLAT a difficult exam?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level law entrance examination. It is conducted every year by the consortium of NLUs. CLAT question paper is based on MCQ format and consists of 150 questions. The exam tests the critical thinking ability of law aspirants. CLAT is not a difficult exam to crack. Anyone who is well prepared can get into an NLU. However, it can be a bit tough to get into the top five NLUs. The difficulty level of an exam depends on two things, which are as follows. Pattern and level of preparation: The CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections. The five sections are – English language, Current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques.  ALL the questions are comprehension based. So, a candidate has to read the entire passage to solve a set of questions. What makes the exam scary is the time frame. Candidates have to complete the entire paper within two hours.  However, practicing a lot of mocks will help overcome this difficulty. Candidates having the habit of reading newspapers will have an edge in this exam.  So, solving various questions, mocks, reading newspapers, and staying updated about the happenings around the world are the keys to achieve success in CLAT. Level of Competition: Every year around 65,000 candidates apply for this exam and the number keeps increasing with each passing year. However, the ratio of selection in CLAT is higher as compared to JEE. In nutshell, CLAT requires planned and smart preparation, and the rest will find its way.Read more
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Ques. How should I prepare for CLAT in two months?

● Top Answer By Meghdeepa Mondal on 20 Jan 21

Ans. For a CLAT aspirant, it is essential to be clear about one’s own goal. For some students the goal is NLS. While others aim for NLU, even the lower-ranked ones. According to the need, preparation is required in all five critical areas. The table below gives the subjects and marks division in them. Subjects No. of Questions Allotted Marks Legal Aptitude 50 50 Logical Reasoning 40 40 English Including Comprehension 40 40 General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 50 Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability 20 20 Preparation Tips: English medium students have little advantage in preparation, having a better grasp of comprehensive skills. General Knowledge and Current Affairs, which is 25% of the examination and is not a conceptual or analytical subject, needs to be mugged up with regular information gathering. Legal Reasoning contains questions generally from a certain number of topics only. These topics need to be sorted according to the previous year's question papers and practiced, which is possible in two months. For the Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability and Logical Reasoning part, it is obvious that the aspirant needs practice, and two months is too short for the same. For maths, concepts must be cleared before problem-solving. Taking help from YouTube, Unacademy, Khan Academy, and other resources from the internet can help a lot in preparation. R.S. Aggarwal and M.K. Pandey are two excellent books for Logical Reasoning practice sets. For English including Comprehension, the candidate needs to understand the type and pattern of questions present in the previous papers and learn the way to tackle them. Having finished all the initial preparation, revision needs to be done in all five divisions. Candidates weak in Mathematics, English including Comprehension or Logical Reasoning must practice a lot in the limited time available.Read more
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*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

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