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CLAT 2021 Logical Reasoning Syllabus, Preparation Strategy, Tips and Tricks

Exam: 13 June `21
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Urvashi Singhal

Exams Prep Master

CLAT Logical Reasoning section is one of the sections of the paper that requires application more than rote learning. CLAT 2021 is an examination that will open up a lot of opportunities for a law aspirant. The major objective of the test is to gauge the candidates aptitude to study and practise law. Click here to check CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

CLAT Logical Reasoning is an easy and scoring section if you put enough hard work into it and practise regularly. It carries a significant portion of the entire weightage out of the 5 sections. Logical Reasoning accounts for 20% of the total weightage so it is a good idea to put some effort into preparing for this section. In order to optimise the preparation, here is the CLAT 2021 Logical Reasoning Syllabus, Preparation Strategy and some Tips and Tricks.

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UG Exam Pattern

CLAT 2021 UG Exam Pattern

Subjects Marks Allotted Number of Questions
English (with Comprehension) 40 40
Current Affairs 50 50
Legal Reasoning 50 50
Logical Reasoning  40 40
Quantitative Techniques 20 20
Total 200 200
  • Each Question will carry 1 mark for the right answer. 
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. 
  • There will be a total of 200 Objective (MCQ) type questions in the test. 
  • CLAT Exam Duration will be 2 hours. 

UG LR Syllabus

CLAT UG Logical Reasoning Syllabus

Subject Passage Word Count Topics Covered
Logical Reasoning  300 Words each Argument - Premise and Conclusion, Inference, Relationships and Analogies, Contradictions and Equivalence, etc. 
  • CLAT UG Logical Reasoning Section will have a few passages of 300 words each. 
  • You will have to answer questions based on these passages. 
  • The questions will be objective(MCQ’s)
  • You will have to complete each passage within 10 to 12 minutes. 
  • This section will test your ability to understand and make logical arguments. 

Questions Asked

CLAT UG Logical Reasoning - Questions Asked

Question Type  2019
Arrangements 14
Blood Relations 1
Coding-Decoding 2
Number Series 4
Alpha-numeric series 2
Alphabet series 1
Directions 1
Odd one Out 4
Analogies 3
Syllogisms 5
Connectives 3

CLAT UG 2020 Logical Reasoning Paper Analysis

  • The overall difficulty level of CLAT Logical Reasoning was easy. 
  • There were a total of 30 questions in this section, same as the english section. 
  • The total number of questions was lower because of the changed exam pattern for CLAT 2020. 
  • Most of the candidates were able to attempt questions worth at least 30 marks. 
  • The topics asked included syllogisms, coding and decoding, blood relations, seating arrangements, and so on. 
  • Passages related to work from home during COVID-19, Anti-Alcohol Movement and Social Journalism and class XII results were asked. 

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How to Prepare for Logical Reasoning?

How to Prepare for CLAT Logical Reasoning?

CLAT Logical Reasoning tests your knowledge and ability to understand, critically analyse, Infer and identify arguments. This section is easily one of the most scoring sections, as it has been comparatively easier than the other sections in the previous years papers. The key to giving the best attempt in this paper is to understand the rationale and logic behind each type of question. Read below to find out the best way to prepare for CLAT Logical Reasoning.

  • Understand, don’t memorise: Your ability to memorise is not at all beneficial for this section. To score well in this session you will have to be thorough with each kind of question. Make sure that you understand the logic behind each type of question, as the questions that are asked in the exam might be confusing to a lot of people. If you understand how to solve each question quickly, this will help save time as well as give you the best chance at scoring well. 
  • Practice: Each section requires plenty of practice, but it is especially required for the logical reasoning section and the quantitative techniques section of CLAT. Given that you have a solid understanding of the method in which the question has to be solved, practising will help solidify the method into your brain which will in turn help you solve questions instantly. This not only saves time, but also makes the process of learning easier. 
  • Make Studying Fun: If you are the kind of person that enjoys challenges, this section is definitely for you. Once you have got the crux of the question and have enough practise, you will be able to solve the question rather quickly and you can try harder questions. Since this section relies solely on your ability to understand the logic of the passage, it can be quite interesting to solve. 
  • Start with easy questions, then move on to harder ones: If you are starting a certain kind of question, start with very easy ones. You can also start with questions that are already solved, as this will give you an idea of how to do it correctly. Once you get the hang of the question start solving harder ones. However, do not take up something that is too complex as it might confuse you and lower your confidence. 
  • Use Shortcuts: For each kind of question, there is a way to solve it faster by using shortcuts. These can include making a mind map, diagrams etc. This is especially helpful for questions like blood relations, syllogisms etc. You can find very good tutorials on these online, on YouTube and other such platforms. 
  • Solve CLAT Mock Tests and Sample Question Papers: This is very important, as CLAT has a rather unique question pattern as opposed to other exams. You will be given questions based on passages, which no other exam has. So, it is important to understand how well you fare at reading passages. This will also help improve your timing and improve confidence.

Read CLAT 2021 Preparation Tips


LR Preparation Books

CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Books

Name of Book Publisher/Author
Universal’s Logical Reasoning for CLAT, LSAT and other Law Entrance Exams Jain Prateek
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning RS Agarwal
Analytical Reasoning MK Pandey
Analytical and Logical Reasoning RS Agarwal
Logical Reasoning R K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta

Logical Reasoning Mock Tests

CLAT Logical Reasoning Sample Papers and Mock tests


CLAT Logical Reasoning FAQ’s

CLAT Logical Reasoning FAQ’s

Q1. How important is the CLAT Logical Reasoning Section? Is it okay if I skip it? 

Ans. CLAT Logical Reasoning is extremely important as it is worth over 20% of the total weightage. It is worth 40 marks. You have to prepare well for this section, as it is very scoring once you get the method and basics right. 

Q2. Is it necessary to practise only Comprehension type questions?

Ans. It is preferable to practise comprehension type LR questions as it is the format that is asked in CLAT 2021. You can however practise objective type questions from other books and sample papers as it will help you prepare. 

Q3. Are you required to attempt every question?

Ans. It is not necessary to attempt every single question. Only attempt the questions that you know you can solve. This is because for every wrong answer, there is a penalty of 0.25 marks.

Q4. Will this section require lots of studying?

Ans. CLAT LR requires plenty of practise, but you can easily solve it once you have clarity about the subject and methods.

Q5. What does the Logical Reasoning section in CLAT test?

Ans. CLAT Logical Reasoning will test your knowledge in the following areas: 

  • Arguments: Recognition, Premise and Conclusion. 
  • Critical Analysis: Ability to understand and critically evaluate reasons, conclusions and premise or evidence. 
  • Inference: Identification and Application. 
  • Identification: of Relationships, Analogies, contradictions and equivalence

CLAT 2021 : 5 answered questions

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Ques. How should I prepare for CLAT in two months?

● Top Answer By Meghdeepa Mondal on 20 Jan 21

Ans. For a CLAT aspirant, it is essential to be clear about one’s own goal. For some students the goal is NLS. While others aim for NLU, even the lower-ranked ones. According to the need, preparation is required in all five critical areas. The table below gives the subjects and marks division in them. Subjects No. of Questions Allotted Marks Legal Aptitude 50 50 Logical Reasoning 40 40 English Including Comprehension 40 40 General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 50 Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability 20 20 Preparation Tips: English medium students have little advantage in preparation, having a better grasp of comprehensive skills. General Knowledge and Current Affairs, which is 25% of the examination and is not a conceptual or analytical subject, needs to be mugged up with regular information gathering. Legal Reasoning contains questions generally from a certain number of topics only. These topics need to be sorted according to the previous year's question papers and practiced, which is possible in two months. For the Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability and Logical Reasoning part, it is obvious that the aspirant needs practice, and two months is too short for the same. For maths, concepts must be cleared before problem-solving. Taking help from YouTube, Unacademy, Khan Academy, and other resources from the internet can help a lot in preparation. R.S. Aggarwal and M.K. Pandey are two excellent books for Logical Reasoning practice sets. For English including Comprehension, the candidate needs to understand the type and pattern of questions present in the previous papers and learn the way to tackle them. Having finished all the initial preparation, revision needs to be done in all five divisions. Candidates weak in Mathematics, English including Comprehension or Logical Reasoning must practice a lot in the limited time available.Read more
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Ques. What is the career after CLAT?

● Top Answer By Kanu Priya on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT, being a 5-year program for Law studies, opens up a wide variety of career opportunities. After completing CLAT, you can work in all three sectors of the Government, i.e. Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary. The legal industry has a wide variety of average pay scales. Top Law school graduates are expected to get jobs ranging from 3 to 15 lakhs per annum across India Law firms and organizations. The table below provides an estimate of the pay scales for different career opportunities. Types Pay Scale (per month) Law Firms 50,000-1,50,000 Corporate Law 45,000-1,00,000 Litigation <50,000 NGOs 25,000-50,000 Top Law firms that hire graduates AZB, Luthra & Luthra, Amarchand Mangaldas, JSA, Trilegal, Khaitan & Co. Corporate Houses that hire graduates are ICICI, ITC, HUL, Ernst & Young, PWC. IP firms that hire graduates are Lall and Sethi, Remfry and Sagar, Anand, and Anand. Other than these, there are several LPOs such as OSC, CPA Global, and Clutch Group, Pangea3 who provide global exposure to lawyers. Qualities required: A good analytical skill, along with research, drafting, and excellent written and oral communication skills are necessary. Experience in moot courts and achievements established internships, publications, etc create an impact in the interviews for selection. Relevant qualifications as needed for the industry, whether it is business administration, science, or a foreign language, are essential and helps in shortlisting. Opportunities in Government Sector: To be a practicing lawyer in India, the candidate must pass the All India Bar Exam (AIBE) after completing his/her law degree. Eligible candidates are then admitted as advocates by the State Bar Council. After that, these candidates are eligible for a certificate of enrolment. By clearing PSC (Public Service Commission), a graduate can become a judge. There are multiple divisions for the graduate to opt for: Civil Litigation lawyer, Criminal lawyer, and Government Lawyer. A graduate can also apply for the Judge Advocate General (JAG) department for the three defense services: Army, Navy, and Air Force. Therefore, CLAT is considered to have a large number of opportunities, and most of them are discussed above. Other than those, a graduate can be a Legal advisor, Legal journalist, Legal analyst, etc.Read more
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Ques. Which are the best Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) coaching centres in India?

● Top Answer By Praver Katyal on 20 Jan 21

Ans. There are many coaching centers across India that provide excellent teaching and preparation for CLAT online and offline. CLAT is a competitive exam in which around 5 lakh candidates compete for a few seats in National Law Colleges and some good private colleges, offering 5 year integrated Law degrees. For the preparation of CLAT, the self-preparation of the candidates is not enough due to the extremely technical nature of the syllabus, the need for certain hacks and practice techniques. So, CLAT coaching centers find an essential role in making a candidate prepared for the entrance. There are a number of CLAT coaching institutes in the market. Here is a list of some of the renowned institutes and their highlights. LegalEdge: Provides only CLAT coaching. All modules are available online with a flexible timeline. Social media educational groups are very effective. Students can get their subjective queries solved, give mock tests, etc. CLAT crackers and mentors give in-depth knowledge about the subjects. PRATHAM:  A mixture of young and experienced faculties, including NLU graduates. Offers maximum coaching hours among its competitors. Engaging learning methodologies like e-lectures, small batch sizes for maximum interaction, etc. Offers selective content, not following the unnecessary chapters. It has a Student Information System for all kinds of the classified data needed for preparation, and a separate CLAT support for solving queries. CLATapult: Run by National Law School graduates and provides an effective course and experienced teaching. Provides both 1 and 2-year courses. The program contains a large number of modules in need of the students and synced up according to the current syllabus. A good system of mock tests is provided. All modules and tests are provided online. LEGALIGHT: Provides preparation for CLAT, AILET, SET, DU. LLB and other law entrance tests. Test module courses and online mock exams, along with private tutoring are provided. Personalized help and admission counseling is available. Claims to provide the best classroom learning experience. Provides an efficient way of blueprint methodologies for solving problems. SmartPrep: Legal Reasoning and GK are taught with a special preference for maximum efficiency. Online and offline mock tests based on the latest exam pattern. Study materials, worksheets, and home exercises, and past and model question papers are given. Excellent faculty with NLU qualified teachers deliver lectures. Online support is being provided as a material in need of practice tests. These are some of the reputed coaching institutes for CLAT. LegalEdge is quite popular among the students preparing for CLAT.Read more
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Ques. What is your CLAT or AILET strategy?

● Top Answer By Janvi Bhambri on 14 Jan 21

Ans. AILET is an examination where you need good speed with excellent conceptual knowledge. A good strategy and smart work plan while preparing can really help you clear the exam.  Strategy: The very first step is to get familiar with each subject and topic asked in each section of AILET. The next step is to have a time table. It will help you give a head start. Do not overstress yourself. You can follow the pattern given below with little alteration to suit your personal requirement. Mock Test – Start attempting 1 mock test per week followed by a thorough analysis of the questions asked and your answers. You can do it along with your CBSE preparation. This will help you to determine your weak and strong areas. Once you have given a few mocks, only after that you can be in a position to come up with your strategy. Initially, you should emphasize the time management part and not scoring.  When you take the mocks, you will be inclined towards attempting the sections first that you have always preferred over the rest, and taking your strong subjects first will help you get in the flow and will be a morale booster too. Irrespective of the order in which you take the paper, you will still have to divide the time wisely among the five subjects according to your weak and strong subjects.  You can follow the following pattern. General knowledge 10-12 minutes English  25 minutes Legal reasoning 30-35 minutes Logical reasoning 30 minutes Mathematics  18-20 minutes First, take a few mocks and analyze your weak areas. Do not worry about losing your marks based on negative marking. It will help you to have a fair idea of the time you need per section and make alterations accordingly. This exercise will make you realize the number of questions you can attempt without being hassled by the negative marking. Keep your primary focus on Time management and reading speed.Read more
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Ques. Which exam is tougher to crack: CLAT or AILET?

● Top Answer By Jyotshna Ranjan on 14 Jan 21

Ans. AILET is a tougher exam compared to CLAT. AILET is held by the National Law University of Delhi while the CLAT exam is for admission in NLUs, IP University, and many more. Reasons: The number of applicants for the AILET exam is more than for CLAT. Thus, the difficulty level and the competition increases.  Number of seats: 80 seats are offered in the AILET exam while in CLAT, there are around 2538 seats in which 724 seats are available in CLAT PG. The seats are divided according to the reservation policy of the NLUs.There is only one participating institute under AILET, that is, the National Law University, Delhi. AILET is a cut-throat examination and chances to get a seat in NLU Delhi is minimal. Around 17000 candidates apply for the exam for only 80 seats thus, the difficulty level gets higher every year.  In CLAT, almost 18 students compete for a seat whereas, in AILET, there are around 203 students competing for a seat in NLU, Delhi. Although the same students who apply for AILET also apply for CLAT, the competition to get admission in NLU Delhi is tough, since it is one of the top 5 National Law Universities in India.Read more
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*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

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