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CLAT 2021 Preparation Tips: Check Section-Wise Preparation Tips

Exam: 13 June `21
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Urvashi Singhal

Exams Prep Master

A lot depends on a candidate’s preparation strategy when it comes to the question of clearing CLAT. It is not an easy nut to crack and requires a rigorous amount of effort. The right balance between your work and play will help you fetch better marks.

As per the previous trend, CLAT 2021 will be conducted in the 2nd week of May, 2021. CLAT registrations will start in January 2021 and end in Match 2021. We recommend you to devote this crucial time to practise as many CLAT Practice papers as possible to ace the examination.However, before beginning with the preparation, candidates are advised to go through the exam pattern and syllabus of the exam. Read More on CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

The success rate of CLAT is way too low than any other national level entrance test like JEE Main, NEET or CAT. If one picks up CLAT 2019 records, one can see that around 55,000-60,000 students appeared for the test. The total number of available seats (excluding category reserved and domicile seats) were roughly around 700-800. If one calculates this ratio, the success rate of CLAT will come around 1.86%. This is the reason why candidates are advised to adopt a well-informed CLAT Preparation Strategy to clear the exam.

Preparation Guide 2021

CLAT 2021 Preparation Guide

CLAT 2021- UG Sectional Preparation Tips

While one sits down to pen the study plan, it is important for him/her to know the exact exam pattern and syllabus, and how the paper will actually look like. This technique will not only help in devising a proper preparation strategy, but will make one familiar with the paper and help in analysing and understanding the weak areas where extra effort is required. In the below image we have described the new paper pattern and the kind of questions that will be asked. 

After getting thorough with the CLAT 2021 UG program paper pattern, let’s come up to how one needs to address the questions, what approach should be followed, and what preparation strategies can be the most suitable.

English Language

The main aim of the section is to test the reader’s ability to understand and analyse text that is at 12th standard level. The topic of the passage can vary; it can be technical, scientific topics, or current issues, or historical events of significance. However, prior expert knowledge in such a field is not required.

How to approach questions?

  1. Usually, a passage will have one point. In addition, there will be arguments or statements supporting or countering the main point. Now the job of the reader is to discern the main point and understand which arguments or statements are in favour, and which are against.
  2. Once this is done, focus on 5W’s- Who, What, Why, When, and Where. This will help you while answering.
  3. Vocabulary questions will broadly be of 2 types: i) General meaning of a word or phrase; ii) Meaning of a word or phrase in “context of passage”. To attempt such questions, read one or two lines before and after the given word or phrase.
  4. Pay close attention to the wordings of the question. At times the paper setters will frame a simple question into a complex one just to test whether the reader is paying attention or not.

Preparation Strategy

  1. Read newspapers and magazines religiously along with books used by question setters to create questions. Memorization of the entire book is not required. The editorial section of the newspapers should be well read to know different opinions on one topic which will help in understanding the arguments and statements laid down in the passage.
  2. Regular group discussions with your peers can prove to be a blessing as this is a fun and innovative way of engaging and learning.
  3. Practice grammar from good 10th standard grammar textbooks. It is difficult to develop vocabulary at this point of time, but note down the words and meanings you come across while reading.
  4. Going through all practice papers and sample papers is a must for this section.

Know more on English Preparation Tips

Current Affairs and General Knowledge

Passages of upto 450 words each derived from news and journalistic sources will be asked. The purpose of the passage will be to test the reader’s in-depth understanding of issues and events of significance, rather than knowing mere facts. Questions in this section will include:

  • Fill in missing information in the blanks.
  • Identify causes and consequences of the events described in the passage.
  • Answer questions about personalities and events associated with the event in the passage.
  • Answer questions about award, recognitions, and other events of significance associated with persons mentioned in the passage.

How to approach questions?

  1. Since the questions can vary from any topic, make sure you read the entire passage carefully. Certain valuable clues may be hidden in the passage while you answer questions.
  2. In this section you may not be tested for vocabulary, but you might be asked the meaning of certain statements in line with the topic of the passage.
  3. The overall theme of UG CLAT is to test the reading abilities. Thus, understand and decode the information well in the passage.

Preparation Strategy

  1. Inculcate a long term habit of reading newspapers and magazines, especially the editorial sections. These sources often let you know new events and get a grasp on various opinions.
  2. Along with it, you can also read journals and periodicals available over the internet, accompanied by certain research papers and blogs of known personalities.
  3. With such a short span of time it is difficult to gain all knowledge under the sun. Thus, get into a habit of discussing issues in groups. The advantage of this will be that you will cover your non-touched areas which others might have covered.

Know more on General Knowledge Preparation Tips

Legal Reasoning

Passages of around 450 words each based on fact situations or scenarios- may be in relation with legal matters, public policy, or moral philosophical enquiries will be asked. Though prior knowledge of law is not required, a candidate will benefit if s/he possesses a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues.

How to approach questions?

  1. The questions in this section can be associated with news articles and books of law, and certain passages created specifically for the exam.
  2. From this year, candidates will have to dig in to find the principle and facts from the passage. Factual context will not be presented like previous years’.
  3. Break down the principle into smaller parts keeping in mind the words like ‘AND’ and ‘OR’. Similar case needs to be repeated with facts.
  4. Avoid applying any pre-existing knowledge of law as the question setters do not consider you as all-grown lawyers. They are simply testing your practical understanding of implying laws in a given situation with constraints.

Preparation Strategy

  1. Since this year's Legal Reasoning section is different from that of previous year, not attempting last year question papers will be a mistake. The format of the questions has changed, however, the basic understanding behind posing questions remain the same.
  2. Legal Reasoning, English Language, and Logical Reasoning fall under the same line. Therefore, the way you prepare for the other two sections, the same strategy can be implied here. But an extra cult over legal matters is required.
  3. Sample papers and model test papers provided by The Consortium should be attempted first, and then from other sources.

Know more on Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips

Logical Reasoning

This section will include a series of short passages of around 300 words each. The source of the passage could be opinion and editorial pieces from newspapers and magazines, and essays on moral philosophy available online and in various books.

How to approach questions?

  1. Carefully identify the various premises and conclusions given in the passage.
  2. With the help of premises and conclusions, try and identify the overall theme of the passage.
  3. Identify and separate the number of argument sets placed in the passage, as some may be in support and some may contradict each other.
  4. Certain questions will be assumption based wherein you will be asked to assume a situation to be true even when you know it is false. At this moment, it is necessary for you to follow the instructions given as it will help you in answering correctly.

Preparation Strategy

  1. There are chances that the same sources be used to prepare questions for English Language, Logical Reasoning and Legal Reasoning. Thus, devise a way in which you can prepare for all the three sections together.
  2. Though the format of this section is different from previous year, questions from logic games or syllogisms can be included. Do practice previous years’ questions sets.
  3. Sample papers and model test papers provided by The Consortium should be attempted first, and then from other sources.

Know more on Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips

Quantitative Techniques

This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of quantitative information, followed by a series of questions. The questions and passages of this section have been created afresh by the question setters, however certain graphs, or pictorial representations can be taken from other sources like that of Reserve Bank Of India.

Typical questions require you to answer 10th standard mathematics questions from areas like: Number theory and basic arithmetic, ratio and proportion, mixture and allegations, probability, etc.

How to approach questions?

  1. Read the passage carefully and analyse every aspect of it before attempting questions.
  2. Keep in mind the question setters have moved from formulae-based questions to more logic-based questions, which means they are not only testing simple mathematical calculations, but also the ability to analyse the passages and graphical information.
  3. Keep your rough notes sheet handy and neat, as what you might have solved for previous questions may help you in solving other questions.

Preparation Strategy

  1. The best way to prepare for this section is to go back to your basic 10th and 12th standard mathematics books to clear all your basics.
  2. The key to this section is how much you practice. Attempt previous year papers, mock tests, sample papers regularly.
  3. Do not worry much about the time you are taking to attempt a question as it is more important to answer accurately than answering in record time.

Know more on Mathematics Preparation Tips

Preparation Books 2021

CLAT 2021 Preparation Books

To prepare for an exam, books are the best source as they enhance knowledge and provide insights about a topic but a candidate often faces plenty of problems to choose the right book. To lighten candidates’ burden, all the books mentioned below are chosen after careful research. These books are the best for section wise as well as overall CLAT Preparation. Given below is the section wise CLAT Preparation books :

English Language
Word Power Made Easy New Revised & Expanded Edition Norman Lewis
Objective General English R.S.Aggarwal
Current Affairs and General Knowledge
Manorama Yearbook 2021 (English) -
Lucent’s General Knowledge -
Quantitative Techniques
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations R. S. Aggarwal
Magical Book On Quicker Maths M.Tyra
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations Abhijit Guha
Logical Reasoning
A Modern Approach To Logical Reasoning R. S. Aggarwal
Analytical Reasoning M. K. Pandey
Legal Reasoning
Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: For the CLAT and LL.B. Entrance Examinations A. P. Bhardwaj

Exam Pattern 2021

CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern

Subjects Marks Allotted
English (with Comprehension) 40
Current Affairs 50
Legal Reasoning 50
Logical Reasoning  40
Quantitative Techniques 20
  • Each Question will carry 1 mark for the right answer. 
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. 
  • There will be a total of 200 Objective (MCQ) type questions in the test. 
  • CLAT Exam Duration will be 2 hours. 
  • UG - CLAT focuses on the ability to study law as opposed to prior knowledge.
  • CLAT Exam Pattern was changed for the year 2020 due to COVID-19 restrictions. 

CLAT PG 2021 Exam Pattern

Section Question Type Number of Questions Marks Allotted
Section 1 Objective 100 100
Section 2 Descriptive 2 50
  • The first section will consist of 100 questions
  • You will be awarded 1 mark for every correct answer.
  • There will be a negative marking of 0.25 for every wrong answer. 
  • The second section will consist of 2 descriptive type questions worth 25 marks each. 
  • Each Essay should be of at least 800 words. 
  • Only the candidates who score 40% in section 1 will be eligible for the correction of section 2. 
  • There is 5% relaxation for SC/ST/PwD candidates. 

Preparation 2021 FAQs

CLAT 2021 Preparation FAQs

Ques. What is the success rate in CLAT?

Ans. To understand the success rate in CLAT, it is wise to dig previous year records and then analyse. For the year 2019, approximately 55,000-60,000 students appeared for CLAT. If one keeps all category seats and domicile seats aside, then roughly around 700-800 seats were available in all NLUs. Once calculated, the CLAT success rate turns out to be roughly 1.86%, which is too less in comparison to other examinations like NEET, JEE Main, and CAT.

Ques. I have not joined any CLAT coaching and am preparing on self-basis. How do I need to plan my self-study?

Ans. Since you haven’t joined any coaching center, it is advisable that you adopt Bang on Target Approach. In this you will have to:

  • Prepare a time table and keep it right in front of your study table to keep you reminding of the schedule.
  • Mark out the topics that you are weak in or have not completed.
  • Also prepare a sub-time table on a daily basis.
  • Adopting this technique can help you in covering all your leftover topics and prepare well for the examination.

Ques. How can I master a topic when I am studying for it?

Ans. While you are preparing for CLAT, it will be an advantage if you have a hold over any topic. For this, at first you need to study the topic like a student learning and knowing all related aspects of the topic (5W’s). After reading, try and explain the same topic to yourself in whichever language you prefer. This will help you in getting all your concepts clear where you get stuck. 

Ques. How to score well in English section if I am from Vernacular Medium?

Ans. The first step towards improving any language is to listen and then speak. Watch English News, Debates, Podcasts etc and then try speaking. Work on vocabulary and practise a lot of reading comprehension exercises. 

CLAT 2021 : 9 answered questions


Ques. What is the benefit of CLAT?

● Top Answer By Ankita Sarkar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT is a law entrance exam consisting of both UG and PG courses. The selection in CLAT will allow a student to study in National Law Universities (NLUs). As Law is a dynamic subject, hence it cannot be studied in isolation without any association with other subjects like political science, economics, etc. Getting into an NLU will provide students the best environment and platform to study this dynamic field. The following are some of the benefits of CLAT. You will stop seeing movies as mere entertainment. You can analyze the facts discussed in movies like Article 15, Jokar - Dark Knight, are true or not. Law courses open up a lot of different avenues. You will get to learn many things.  Lawyers are not taught only about Law. You will get to learn how to make decisions based on facts and reasoning.  You can choose any specialization you want, such as Criminal, Civil, Corporate, etc. You also do not need to restrict yourself to a single specialization. Getting into top NLUs brings students to the center of attraction of the law firms and corporate. This NLU tag helps in securing well-paid jobs in most reputed companies. These NLUs prepare students for the real-life world, be it practice in court or judiciary. It inculcates students with skills and training to succeed in every career path they choose. Thus, CLAT is not only just getting an NLU tag, it has a lot to offerRead more
1 Answer

Ques. How do I prepare math for CLAT?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The math section of CLAT is known as quantitative techniques which consist of charts, diagrams, comprehension questions to gauge students’ inference and interpretation skills. The questions are based on elementary mathematics. Thus, a student does not need to be an expert in mathematics. It requires regular practice to get a good score in this section. The following are some preparation tips for the math section.  Previous Year’s Paper:  Go through the previous year’s question paper. Try to figure out the pattern of the examination.  Clear Basics:  Follow a good mathematic book to clear your basics. R.S Aggarwal is quite popular among students for clearing basics. Practice as much as possible. Memorize some tips and tricks: CLAT is all about speed and accuracy. Thus, to attend the entire question in the math section within the stipulated time, it is important for students to memorize some quick formulas which will help in the faster calculation. But do not skip to short cut without knowing the longer method. Many questions asked in CLAT only require a couple of lines for calculation. Do not be scared of Mathematics. Try your best. Even if you can’t score well even after good preparation, you can secure a decent score by working hard in other subjects.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the syllabus of maths in CLAT?

● Top Answer By Debdeep Majumder on 20 Jan 21

Ans. CLAT or Common Law Admission Test is a national level law entrance exam. The new pattern CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections – English language, current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques. The question paper is designed to test the reasoning and interpretation skills of candidates. Topics: The quantitative techniques section consists of questions based on graphs, pie charts, and tables. The students have to infer and derive answers to the questions from the information provided in those diagrams. This section contains around 13-17 questions. To answer questions in this section, candidates have to apply 10th standard mathematical operations.  Some of the topics which are quite scoring in Mathematics are as follows. Arithmetic: Percentage, Profit & Loss, Average, Ratio-Proportion, Time & Work, Pipe & Cisterns, Time, Speed and Distance, Mixtures & Allegations, Simple & Compound Interest, Number System (HCF - LCM, Recurring Digits & Calculation of Unit Digits). Algebra: Simplification, Linear and Quadratic Equation. Modern Mathematics: Trigonometry ( Height & Distance), Probability, Permutations & Combinations, Stocks & Shares. Geometry & Mensuration: Triangle, Circles, Polygons, Solids. Speed Mathematics: Calculation Technique, Approximation Technique, Square and Cubes. To know more about the syllabus in detail visit the official website.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Is CLAT a difficult exam?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 20 Jan 21

Ans. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level law entrance examination. It is conducted every year by the consortium of NLUs. CLAT question paper is based on MCQ format and consists of 150 questions. The exam tests the critical thinking ability of law aspirants. CLAT is not a difficult exam to crack. Anyone who is well prepared can get into an NLU. However, it can be a bit tough to get into the top five NLUs. The difficulty level of an exam depends on two things, which are as follows. Pattern and level of preparation: The CLAT question paper consists of 150 questions spread over five sections. The five sections are – English language, Current affairs including general knowledge, legal reasoning, logical reasoning, and quantitative techniques.  ALL the questions are comprehension based. So, a candidate has to read the entire passage to solve a set of questions. What makes the exam scary is the time frame. Candidates have to complete the entire paper within two hours.  However, practicing a lot of mocks will help overcome this difficulty. Candidates having the habit of reading newspapers will have an edge in this exam.  So, solving various questions, mocks, reading newspapers, and staying updated about the happenings around the world are the keys to achieve success in CLAT. Level of Competition: Every year around 65,000 candidates apply for this exam and the number keeps increasing with each passing year. However, the ratio of selection in CLAT is higher as compared to JEE. In nutshell, CLAT requires planned and smart preparation, and the rest will find its way.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. How should I prepare for CLAT in two months?

● Top Answer By Meghdeepa Mondal on 20 Jan 21

Ans. For a CLAT aspirant, it is essential to be clear about one’s own goal. For some students the goal is NLS. While others aim for NLU, even the lower-ranked ones. According to the need, preparation is required in all five critical areas. The table below gives the subjects and marks division in them. Subjects No. of Questions Allotted Marks Legal Aptitude 50 50 Logical Reasoning 40 40 English Including Comprehension 40 40 General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 50 Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability 20 20 Preparation Tips: English medium students have little advantage in preparation, having a better grasp of comprehensive skills. General Knowledge and Current Affairs, which is 25% of the examination and is not a conceptual or analytical subject, needs to be mugged up with regular information gathering. Legal Reasoning contains questions generally from a certain number of topics only. These topics need to be sorted according to the previous year's question papers and practiced, which is possible in two months. For the Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability and Logical Reasoning part, it is obvious that the aspirant needs practice, and two months is too short for the same. For maths, concepts must be cleared before problem-solving. Taking help from YouTube, Unacademy, Khan Academy, and other resources from the internet can help a lot in preparation. R.S. Aggarwal and M.K. Pandey are two excellent books for Logical Reasoning practice sets. For English including Comprehension, the candidate needs to understand the type and pattern of questions present in the previous papers and learn the way to tackle them. Having finished all the initial preparation, revision needs to be done in all five divisions. Candidates weak in Mathematics, English including Comprehension or Logical Reasoning must practice a lot in the limited time available.Read more
1 Answer

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.


Can you provide some practice papers?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, You can download CLAT previous year papers from CLAT official website.

saksham mahajan
Can you suggest books for preparation of all the sections?

Dear Saksham Mahajan

Greetings from Collegedunia. There are a lot of books that have been suggested by us for the preparation of CLAT Examination subject-wise. For more details, kindly go through this link – CLAT Syllabus

shiya devi
Which coaching centres in Mumbai are good for preparation?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi Shiya, Some of the coaching centres in Mumbai are:

  1. Endeavour Career
  2. IMS Learning Resources
  3. NK Law Classes
  4. Career Launcher
deep jyoti das
Can you suggest some books for preparation of CLAT?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi Deep Jyoti, 

Recommended Books for CLAT 2020 Preparation

  • Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis.
  • Word Power Made Easy New Revised & Expanded Edition (English) by Norman Lewis.
  • The Pearson Guide to the CLAT (English)
  • Objective General English (English) by RS Aggarwal.
  • Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning by RS Agarwal.
laxmi mishra
Suggest online classes for preparation?

Dear Laxmi Mishra

Greetings from Collegedunia. You can take Online Preparation with us by our Practice Papers online for CLAT Examination. You can take online classes for QUANT and GK with us. Kindly go through this link – CLAT Preparation Tips

shruti verma
Can I prepare for CLAT exam within 4 months?
arvind kumar

Hi Shruti, you should devote more time but with rigorous preparation you can prepare in 4 months. For more details vsiit: CLAT PREPARATION