CLAT Preparation Tips: Check Section-Wise Preparation Tips

    Urvashi Singhal Urvashi Singhal
    Exams Prep Master

    A lot depends on a candidate’s preparation strategy when it comes to the question of clearing CLAT. It is not an easy nut to crack and requires a rigorous amount of effort. The right balance between your work and play will help you fetch better marks.

    CLAT 2020 will now be conducted on August 22, 2020 in SD-CBT (Social Distanced Computer Based Testing) mode. CLAT registrations have already extended till July 10, 2020. We recommend you to devote this crucial time to practise as many CLAT Practice papers as possible to ace the examination.However, before begining with the preparation, candidates are advised to go through the exam pattern and syllabus of the exam. Read More On CLAT Exam Pattern

    The sucess rate of CLAT is way too low than any other national level entrance test like JEE Main, NEET or CAT. If one picks up CLAT 2019 records, one can see that around 55,000-60,000 students appeared for the test. The total number of available seats (excluding category reserved and domicile seats) were roughly around 700-800. If one calculates this ratio, the success rate of CLAT will come around 1.86%. This is the reason why candidates are advised to adopt a well-informed CLAT Preparation Startegy to clear the exam.

    This article will aid all CLAT aspirants thorugh their preparation journey. Read on to know the how can one approach the questions.Click here to know about CLAT SD-CBT Mode

    CLAT Preparation Guide

    CLAT UG- Sectional Preparation Tips

    While one sits down to pen the study plan, it is important for him/her to know the exact exam pattern and syllabus, and how will the paper actually look like. This technique will not only help in devising a proper preparation startegy, but will make one familiar with the paper and help in analysing and understanding the weak areas where extra effort is required. In the below image we have described the new paper pattern and the kind of questions that will be asked. 

    After getting thorough with CLAT 2020 UG program paper pattern, let’s come up to how one needs to address the questions, what approach should be followed, and what preparation strategies can be the most suitable.

    English Language

    The main aim of the section is to test the reader’s ability to understand and analyse text that is at 12th standard level. The topic of the passage can vary; it can be technical, scientific topics, or current issues, or historical events of significance. However, prior expert knowledge in such field is not required.

    How to approach questions?

    1. Usually, a passage will have one point. In addition, there will be arguements or statements supporting or countering the main point. Now the job of the reader is to discern the main point and understand which areguements or statements are in favour, and which in against.
    2. Once this is done, focus on 5W’s- Who, What, Why, When, and Where​. This will help you while answering.
    3. Vocabulary questions will broadly be of 2 types: i) General meaning of a word or phrase; ii) Meaning of a word or phrase in “context of passage”. To attempt such questions, read one or two lines before and after the given word or phrase.
    4. Pay close attention to the wordings of the question. At times the paper setters will frame a simple question into a complex one just to test whether the reader is paying attention or not.

    Preparation Strategy:

    1. Read newspapers and magazines religiously along with books used by question setters to create questions. Memorization of entire book is not required. The editorial section of the newspapers should be well read to know different opinions on one topic which will help in understanding the arguements and statements laid down in the passage.
    2. Regular group discussions with your peers can prove to be a blessing as this is a fun and innovative way of engaging and learning.
    3. Practice grammar from good 10th standard grammar textbooks. It is difficult to develop vocabulary at this point of time, but note down the words and meanings you come across while reading.
    4. Going through all practice papers and sample papers is a must for this section.

    Know more on English Preparation Tips

    Current Affairs and General Knowledge

    Passages of upto 450 words each derived from news and journalistic sources will be asked. The purpose of the passage will be to test the reader’s in-depth understanding of issues and events of significance, rather than knowing mere facts. Questions in this section will include:

    • Fill in missing information in the blanks.
    • Identify causes and consequences of the events described in the passage.
    • Answer questions about personalities and events associated with the event in the passage.
    • Answer questions about award, recognitions, and other events of significance associated with persons mentioned in the passage.

    How to approach questions?

    1. Since the questions can vary from any topic, make sure you read the entire passage carefully. Ceratin valuable clues may be hidden in the passage while you answer questions.
    2. In this section you may not be tested for vocabulary, but you might be asked meaning of certain statements in line with the topic of the passage.
    3. The overall theme of UG CLAT 2020 is to test the reading abilities. Thus, understand and the decode the information well in the passage.

    Preparation Strategy:

    1. Inculcate a long term habit of reading newspapers and magazines, especially the editorial sections. These sources often let you know new events and get grasp on various opinions.
    2. Along with it, you can also read journals and periodicals available over internet, accompanied by certain research papers and blogs of known personalities.
    3. With such short span of time it is difficult to gain all knowledge under the sun. Thus, get into a habit of discussing issues in groups. The advantage of this will be that you will cover your non-touched areas which others might have covered.

    Know more on General Knowledge Preparation Tips


    Legal Reasoning

    Passages of around 450 words each based on fact situations or scenarios- may be in relation with legal matters, public policy, or moral philosophical enquiries will be asked. Though prior knowledge of law is not required, a candidate will benefit is s/he possess a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues.

    How to approach questions?

    1. The questions in this section can be associated with news articles and books of law, and certain passages created specifically for exam.
    2. From this year, candidates will have to dig in to find the principle and facts from the passage. Factual context will not be presented like previous years’.
    3. Break down the principle into smaller parts keeping in mind the words like ‘AND’ and ‘OR’. Similar case needs to be repeated with facts.
    4. Avoid apply any pre-existing knowledge of law as the question setters do not consider you as all-grown lawyers. They are simply testing your practical understanding of implying laws in a given situation with constraints.

    Preparation Strategy:

    1. Since this year Legal Reasoning section is different from that of previous year, not attempting last year question papers will be a mistake. The format of the questions has changed, however, the basic understanding behind posing questions remain the same.
    2. Legal Reasoning, English Language, and Logical Reasoning fall under the same line. Therefore, the way you prepare for other two sections, the same strategy can be implied here. But an extra cult over legal matters is required.
    3. Sample papers and model test papers provided by The Consortium should be attempted first, and then from other sources.

    Know more on Legal Reasoning Preparation Tips

    Logical Reasoning

    This section will include a series of short passages of around 300 words each. The source of the passage could be opinion and editorial pieces from newspapers and magazines, and essays on moral philosophy available online and in various books.

    How to approach questions?

    1. Carefully identify the various premises and conclusions given in the passage.
    2. With the help of premises and conclusions, try and identify the overall theme of the passage.
    3. Identify and separate the number of arguement sets placed in the passage, as some may be in support and some may contradict each other.
    4. Certain questions will be assumption based wherein you will be asked to assume a situation to be true even when you know it is false. At this moment, it is necessary for you to follow the instructions given as it will help you in answering correctly.

    Preparation Strategy:

    1. There are chances that same sources be used to prepare questions for English Language, Logical Reasoning and Legal Reasoning. Thus, devise a way in which you can prepare for all the three sections together.
    2. Though the format of this section is different from previous year, questions from logic games or syllogisms can be included. Do practice previous years’ questions sets.
    3. Sample papers and model test papers provided by The Consortium should be attempted first, and then from other sources.

    Know more on Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips

    Quantitative Techniques

    This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of quantitative information, followed by a series of questions. The questions and passages of this section have been created afresh by the question setters, however certain graphs, or pictorial representations can be taken from other sources like that of Reserve Bank Of India.

    Typical questions require you to answer 10th standard mathematics questions from areas like: Number theory and basic arithematic, ratio and proportion, mixture and allegations, probability, etc.

    How to approach questions?

    1. Read the passage carefully and analyse every aspect of it before attempting questions.
    2. Keep in mind the question setters have moved from formulae-based questions to more logic-based questions, which means they are not only testing simple mathematical calculations, but also the ability to analyse the passages and graphical information.
    3. Keep your rough notes sheet handy and neat, as what you might have solved for previous questions may help you in solving other questions.

    Preparation Strategy:

    1. The best way to prepare for this section is to go back to your basic 10th and 12th standard mathematics books to clear all your basics.
    2. The key to this section is how much you pratice. Attempt previous year papers, mock tests, sample papers regularly.
    3. Do not worry much about the time you are taking to attempt a questions as it is more important to answer accurately than answering in record time.

    Know more on Mathematics Preparation Tips

    CLAT Preparation Books 

    CLAT Preparation Books 

    To prepare for an exam, books are the best source as they enhance knowledge and provide insights about a topic but, a candidate often faces plenty of problems to choose the right book. To lighten candidates’ burden, all the books mentioned below are chosen after careful research. These books are the best for section wise as well as overall CLAT Preparation. Given below is the section wise CLAT Preparation books :

    English Language
    Word Power Made Easy New Revised & Expanded EditionNorman Lewis
    Objective General EnglishR.S.Aggarwal
    Current Affairs and General Knowledge
    Manorama Yearbook 2020 (English)-
    Lucent’s General Knowledge-
    Quantitative Techniques
    Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive ExaminationsR. S. Aggarwal
    Magical Book On Quicker MathsM.Tyra
    Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive ExaminationsAbhijit Guha
    Logical Reasoning
    A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. Aggarwal
    Analytical ReasoningM. K. Pandey
    Legal Reasoning
    Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: For the CLAT and LL.B. Entrance ExaminationsA. P. Bhardwaj

    CLAT Exam Pattern

    CLAT 2020 Exam Pattern


    CLAT Exam Pattern – LLB Program

    The paper for LLB course is divided into five sections. The first section aims to check a candidate’s ability to logically solve a situation. The second section tests a candidate’s interest and knowledge for Law. Other sections evaluate candidate’s passage comprehension ability, mathematics and Basic English knowledge.

    Section-wise questions distribution is given below:

    SectionTotal Questions
    English (including Comprehension)28-32 questions
    GK and Current Affairs35-39 questions
    Elementary Mathematics13-17 questions
    Legal Aptitude35-39 questions
    Logical Reasoning28-32 questions
    Total150 Questions

    CLAT Exam Pattern – LLM Program

    Exam Pattern for CLAT LLM program will encompass topics from Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. Sectional distribution of questions is indicated below:

    SectionTotal QuestionsTotal Marks
    Constitutional Law100 MCQ + 2 Essay type Questions on Topics of Law or Contemporary issues.

    100 MCQ – 1 mark each

    2 Essay – 25 marks each

    Other Law SubjectsTotal – 150 marks

    CLAT Preparation FAQs

    CLAT Preparation FAQs

    Ques. What is the success rate in CLAT?

    Ans. To understand the success rate in CLAT, it is wise to dig previous year records and then analyse. For the year 2019, approximately 55,000-60,000 students appeared for CLAT. If one keeps all category seats and domicile seats aside, then roughly around 700-800 seats were available in all NLUs. Once calculated, the CLAT success rate turns out to be roughly 1.86%, which is too less in compariosn to other examinaitons like NEET, JEE Main, and CAT.

    Ques. I have not joined any CLAT coaching and is preparing on self-basis. How do I need to plan my self-study?

    Ans. Since you haven’t joined any coaching center, it is advisable that you adopt Bang on Target Approach. In this you will have to:

    • Prepare a time table and keep it right in front of your study table to keep you reminding of the schedule.
    • Mark out the topics that you are weak in or have not completed.
    • Also prepare a sub-time table on a daily basis.

    Adopting this technique can help you in covering all your left over topics and prepare well for the examination.

    Ques. How can I master a topic when I am studying for it?

    Ans. While you are preparing for CLAT, it will be an advantage if you have a hold over any topic. For this, at first you need to study the topic like a student learning and knowing all related aspects of the topic (5W’s). After reading, try and explain the same topic to urself in whichever language you prefer. This will help you in getting all your concepts clear where you get stuck. 

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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