GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme and Weightage of Topics

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    GATE has recently introduced Biomedical Engineering as a new subject. GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering paper will be conducted online. There will be a total of 65 questions in GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering examination out of which 55 are from core subject syllabus and Engineering Mathematics syllabus. The remaining 10 questions will be from the General Aptitude Section. 

    • GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering paper will be divided into two major parts i.e. General Aptitude and Core Subject. Check GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Syllabus

    • Candidates will get three hours to complete the exam.

    • GATE 2021 will contain multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type Questions (NAT). The negative marking does not apply to questions of NAT.

    GATE 2021 results will be used to admit students into various postgraduate programmes. GATE 2021 scores will also be used to recruit graduate engineers at Public Sector Undertakings. All details regarding the GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering exam pattern, marking scheme, etc can be found in this article.

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    Highlights of GATE 2021 Biomedical Exam Pattern

    • GATE 2021 BM paper will consist of question types - MCQs and NAT.

    • The MCQs will have 4 options from which you must choose 1 correct answer.

    • As an answer, NAT questions allow you to provide or enter a numerical value.

    • -1/3 and -2/3 marks shall be deducted according to the marks assigned for every incorrect answer to an objective type question.

    Biomedical Engineering Paper CodeBM
    Exam ModeOnline
    Total Marks100
    Number of Questions65
    Types of QuestionsMCQs and NAT
    Number of Sections3 (General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, Biomedical Engineering Subject Questions)
    Weightage by SectionGeneral Aptitude – 15% of total marks Engineering Mathematics – 15% of total marks Biomedical Engineering Subjects – 70% of total marks
    Total Time Duration3 hours (180 minutes)
    Sectional Time-LimitNone

    Why is the knowledge of Exam Pattern important?

    GATE is taken by thousands of students from all over India to apply for admissions to the best postgraduate programs and top career opportunities. Biomedical Engineering has been offered for the first time as a UG course in IIT Hyderabad. This will serve as a model for other IITs and provide a good base for students looking to pursue M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering. 

    This is an emerging discipline with a lot of scope and GATE has introduced changes to this paper for the first time in 2020, owing to the very high difficulty level. The pass percentage earlier was only 15-17%. As the paper pattern has changed, students will need to go through the revised paper pattern to understand how to answer it best. 

    The paper pattern shows the duration of the test, the type and number of questions to be answered throughout the syllabus, the weightage of each section, and the marks assigned to each subject to be evaluated. Therefore, awareness of the paper pattern will be very useful, since you can organize your study time according to the allocated marks for each topic and section.

    Details of GATE Biomedical Engineering Pattern

    Details of GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Exam Pattern

    • Time Duration: GATE 2021 BM paper will be a 3-hour computer-based paper. 

    • Language of Paper: English is the language used to take the test.

    • Total Marks: The highest marks one can get in GATE BM are 100, and the total number of questions is 65.

    • Type of Questions: GATE BM will consist primarily of the question forms - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT).

    • Marking Scheme: MCQs are objective questions asked in all parts, each bearing 1 or 2 marks. Every question will have four choices, with one correct answer.

    • In each segment, NAT questions bear one or two marks. The answers to these questions are numerical values you will need to enter with a virtual keypad. There are no options given for these questions.

    • Total Sections: The biomedical engineering paper of GATE 2021 will have three sections - General Aptitude with 15 % of the total marks, Engineering Mathematics with 15 % of the total marks, and Biomedical Engineering Subject Questions with 70 % of the total marks. 

    GATE Biomedical Engineering Marking Scheme

    GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Marking Scheme

    DisciplineSubjectNumber of QuestionsMarks
    Biomedical Engineering (BM)General Aptitude1015
    Engineering Mathematics1015
    Biomedical Engineering Subjects4570

    Know More GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

    Important Topics from GATE Biomedical Engineering

    Important Topics from GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering

    Section 1- General Aptitude

    • Numerical Ability 
    • Verbal Ability 

    Section 2 – Engineering Mathematics

    • Linear Algebra
    • Calculus
    • Differential Equations ( ODE and PDE)
    • Vector Analysis
    • Complex Analysis
    • Numerical Methods
    • Probability and Statistics
    • Limits and Continuity

    Section 3 – Biomedical Engineering

    • Electrical Circuits
    • Signals and Systems 
    • Analog and Digital Electronics
    • Measurements and Control Systems 
    • Sensors and Bio-instrumentation
    • Human Anatomy and Physiology
    • Biomechanics
    • Medical Imaging Systems 
    • Biomaterial

    Check Detailed GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Syllabus

    Sample Questions from GATE Biomedical Engineering

    Sample Questions from GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering Important Topics:

    Section 1 – General Aptitude

    Q. 1. Although he has a string of poor performances, the chances of K.L Rahul being selected to the team are ____.

    (A) slim (B) bright (C) obvious (D) certain

    Q.2. Choose the word that fits the analogy.

    Cover: Uncover :: Associate:

    (A) Unassociate (B) Inassociate (C) Misassociate (D) Dissociate

    Sections 2 and 3 – Engineering Mathematics and Biomedical Engineering Subject Questions

    Q. 1. m1 and m2 are the roots of a linear second order physical system’s characteristic equation. Match the nature of the given roots with the systems’ natural responses.

    (A) P-L, Q-M, R-K

    (B) P-M, Q-L, R-K

    (C) P-L, Q-K, R-M

    (D) P-M, Q-K, R-L

    Q. 2. Biomaterials possessing shape memory effects are NOT used in -

    (A) Intracranial aneurysm clips

    (B) Arterial blood vessel closure devices

    (C) Orthopedic total joint replacements

    (D) Orthodontic dental arch wires

    Download GATE 2021 Practice Papers

    Weightage of Topics in GATE Biomedical Engineering

    Weightage of Topics in GATE 2021 Biomedical Engineering 

    Section 1 – General Aptitude

    Weightage (2019)Paper 2018 (Weightage)
    Number of Questions (1 Mark + 2 Marks)Total MarksNumber of Questions (1 Mark + 2 Marks)Total Marks
    General AptitudeData Interpretation5+5155+515
    Numerical Computation
    Numerical Reasoning
    English Grammar
    Verbal Reasoning

    Section 2 – Engineering Mathematics

    Weightage (2019)Weightage (2018)
    Number of Questions (1 Mark + 2 Marks)Total MarksNumber of Questions (1 Mark + 2 Marks)Total Marks
    Engineering MathematicsLinear Algebra6+3126+414
    Differential Equations
    Vector Analysis
    Complex Analysis
    Numerical Methods
    Probability and Statistics
    Limits and Continuity

    Section 3 - Biomedical Engineering Subjects

    Number of QuestionsTotal Marks
    Biomedical Engineering SubjectsElectrical Circuits4570
    Signals and Systems
    Analog and Digital Electronics
    Measurements and Control Systems
    Sensors and Bio-instrumentation
    Human Anatomy and Physiology
    Medical Imaging Systems Biomaterials

    What is Biomedical Engineering and its scope?

    Biomedical Engineering, also known as Bioengineering, BioMed or BME is a multidisciplinary STEM field integrating biology and engineering, applying the concepts and materials of engineering to medicine and healthcare. Biomedical Engineers' growing demand is related to the general change of society towards the regular use of machinery and technology in all facets of life. The synthesis of engineering principles and biological understanding to meet medical needs has helped create innovative, life-saving ideas such as:

    • Artificial organs

    • Surgical robots

    • Advanced prosthetics

    • New therapeutic drugs

    • Kidney dialysis

    Biomedical Engineering is a wide field with various focus areas and depending on the details of your job, the exact nature of the work you will find yourself doing will vary. A few examples of some of the Biomedical Engineering subdivisions include:

    • Biomedical Electronics

    • Biomaterials

    • Computational Biology

    • Cellular, Tissue and Genetic Engineering

    • Medical Imaging

    • Orthopaedic Bioengineering

    • Bionanotechnology

    Scope after GATE 2021 BM Paper

    The number of students answering GATE in Biomedical Engineering (BM) is rising high because it is a new addition. The Master's courses now need a GATE score and several companies are using GATE scores for recruitment as well. Some students will be interested in pursuing M.Tech from IITs / NITs in different streams while others will attempt to get a job. Therefore, it is important to understand the importance of the GATE BM exam and the various opportunities it provides through GATE.

    Study M.Tech after GATE

    • The most common way to proceed is to apply for M.Tech at the IITs, IISc, and NITs after having cleared the GATE exam.
    • It can be a very significant step for students who have dreamt of studying at the country's top institutes such as IITs and NITs.
    • You will also be eligible for the MHRD stipend during the two year Master's course, provided you have a high GATE ranking.
    • Also, if you apply to other states, regional, or private colleges that do not have GATE scores as their primary selection criterion, getting a good GATE score will still give you an advantage over the other applicants. Once you have completed M.Tech, you can apply to private jobs that provide good salary packages for biomedical engineers.  Know More GATE Counselling 

    Job opportunities

    • Healthcare manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, and healthcare service sectors are the main recruiters.
    • Government agencies such as the Department of Drugs and state-wise health departments also recruit B.E./B.Tech graduates in Biomedical Engineering.
    • In general, the average starting salary is between INR 3,00,00 - INR 6,00,000 per year.  Check PSU Recruitment through GATE

    Research opportunities

    Research is a field where the biomedical engineers in the country can thrive and succeed. However, many students either apply for M.Tech or take up government or private jobs. Those of you who are more inspired to explore the possibilities of biomedical research can choose a career that is research-oriented and give back to society.

    Note: –  There is no Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) for the biomedical engineering field. These companies do not hire biomedical engineering graduates because they do not manufacture medical devices.

    Important Instructions to Candidates

    Important Instructions to Candidates

    1. GATE 2021 Admit Card must be brought to the examination center with at least one existing and valid evidence of photo ID (Aadhar Card, Passport, College ID, PAN Card, Driver's License, Voter ID, or Employer ID).

    2. GATE Admit Card shall be considered valid only if the applicant has a clearly identifiable signature and photograph.

    3. Candidates are required to report 60 minutes prior to the scheduled test time at the exam center.

    4. Candidates will only be allowed to take the exam if officials at the exam center check their qualifications.

    5. Candidates can take their designated seats 35 minutes before scheduled examination time.

    6. Candidates are required to begin reading the test instructions 20 minutes prior to the scheduled examination time.

    7. No applicant will be allowed to enter the exam center after 09:30 am for the morning session and after 02:30 pm for the afternoon session.

    8. Candidates are not permitted to leave the examination hall until the test finishes.

    9. A virtual scientific calculator will be available on the computer screen for the test.

    10. Scribble pads will be available for the rough work. Candidates will be asked to write their names and registration numbers on the pads before beginning any rough work. These pads have to be returned to the invigilator after the examination.

    11. GATE does not permit mobile phones, personal calculators or other electronic devices to be taken into the examination hall.

    12. Do not carry papers, charts or tables into the examination hall.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College




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