GATE 2021 Syllabus for Biotechnology (BT), Preparation Tips and Books

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    Biotechnology is covered in various engineering branches like Bioinformatics, Biomedical engineering and in biotechnology itself. GATE 2021 Biotechnology Syllabus include Engineering Mathematics, Biotechnology, Recombinant DNA Technology, Plant and Animal Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology.

    The exam will consist of a total of 65 questions and a candidate can score a maximum of 100 marks in the exam. The total time duration to complete the paper will be 3 hours. It is very important for a candidate to know the exam pattern so that he or she can know the type and number of questions asked in the exam.  Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

    All GATE qualified candidates can apply for admission in M.Tech courses at IITs, NITs, etc. Other than admission in prestigious institutes candidates can also apply for  GATE PSU Recruitment  based on their GATE scores.

    Also Read IIT Delhi Admission Process

    GATE 2021 Biotechnology Syllabus

    GATE 2021 Biotechnology Syllabus

    GATE Biotechnology paper will have questions from topics:

    • Section 1 – Engineering Mathematics
    • Section 2 – Biotechnology
    • Section 3 – Recombinant DNA Technology
    • Section 4 – Plant and Animal Biotechnology
    • Section 5 – Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology

    Direct link to download GATE Biotechnology (BT) Syllabus PDF 

    Weightage of Topics for GATE 2021 Biotechnology Paper

    Weightage of Topics for GATE 2021 Biotechnology Paper 

    • Sample Question 1: The hexapeptide P has an isoelectric point (pI) of 6.9. Hexapeptide Q is a variant of P that contains valine instead of glutamate at position 3. The two peptides are analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis at pH 8.0. Which one of the following statements is CORRECT?
    • Sample Question 2: In pea plants, the purple color of flowers is determined by the dominant allele while white color is determined by the recessive allele. A genetic cross between two purple flower-bearing plants results in an offspring with white flowers. The probability that the third offspring from these parents will have purple flowers is _______ (rounded off to 2 decimal places).
    • Sample Question 3: DNA synthesis in eukaryotes occurs during which phase of the mitotic cell cycle?

    Weightage of Sections/Topics

    Important TopicsWeightage (Marks)
    General Aptitude10
    Engineering Mathematics10-15
    Plant and Animal Biotechnology15-20
    Bioprocess Engineering10-15

    Check GATE Paper Analysis

    GATE 2021 Exam Pattern of Biotechnology

    GATE 2021 Exam Pattern of Biotechnology (BT) Paper

    • Mode of Examination: Online
    • Duration of exam: 3 hours
    • Type of questions: MCQs & NATs 
    • Total Sections: 3 sections i.e. General Aptitude, Mathematics, Subject-based
    • Total questions: 65
    • Total marks: 100 marks
    • Negative marking: for MCQs only
    Section Distribution of Marks  Total MarksTypes of questions
    General Aptitude5 questions of 1 mark each
    5 questions of 2 marks each
    15 marks MCQs
    Subject Paper (BT)25 questions of 1 mark each
    30 questions of 2 marks each 
    85 marksMCQs and NATs

    Marking scheme

    Type of questionNegative marking for wrong answer
    MCQ1/3 for 1 mark questions
    2/3 for 2 marks questions
    NATNo negative marking 

    Check Detailed GATE 2021 Exam Pattern 

    Important Books for GATE 2021 Biotechnology

    Recommended Books for GATE 2021 Biotechnology

    Candidates can practice from some of the best books recommended for GATE mentioned below:

    gate books
    Book Author/Publication
    GATE Guide BiotechnologyG.K.P; Publisher- G.K. Publisher
    Biotechnology GATEB.M. Agarwal, Akanksha Singhal, Vidhika Goel; Publisher-Arihant Publications
    Biotechnology for CSIR- NET, SET, GATE, JNU, AIIMS, JAMVinita Thakur; Publisher- Himalaya Publication House

    How to Prepare for GATE 2021 BT Paper?

    Preparation Tips for GATE 2021 Biotechnology Paper

    1. Solving Previous Years Papers

    • It is very important for a candidate to solve previous year papers for Biotechnologyso that they can idea regarding the type of questions asked in the exam.
    • It also helps in improving the speed of the candidate.
    • The candidate must practice using a stopwatch to improve the speed.
    • Take a note of the mistakes done and try not to repeat them again.
    • You can also get an idea about how to use the virtual calculator for calculations.

    Download GATE Practice Papers

    2. Improve Speed and Accuracy

    • First of all, you have to work on the accuracy of the answers. 
    • Once you master accuracy then you can automatically gain speed.
    • Both speed and accuracy matters a lot in the exam. 
    • Your accuracy will help in improving your performance in the exam along with your speed.

    3. Do not Mix Topics/Sections

    • Candidates are advised not to juggle between two topics or sections at the same time. By doing so you will lose your concentration and confidence.
    • First complete one topics then move for the next topic.
    • The best way to start your preparation is to begin from the basics. Once your basics topics or sections are clear in mind then you can easily solve other relevant topics easily.
    • Do not panic and try to complete your syllabus 2-3 weeks before the exam so that you have ample time for revisions.

    4. Follow a Strict Time Table

    Time AllotmentActivities to Do
    5:00 AM to 8:00 AMRevision of Topics
    8:00 AM to 10:00 AMTake a Break
    10:00 AM to 1:00 PMPick up a Major Topic
    1:00 PM to 5:00 PMTake a Break
    6:00 PM to 9:00 PMPick up next/incomplete topic
    10:00 PMRevise again

    5. Maintain Good Health

    • Candidates are advised not to exhaust or overburden themselves. 
    • Try to take frequent breaks for relaxation of body and mind.
    • Do not come under peer pressure. Focus on your preparation only.
    • Eat healthy, exercise and take proper sleep.

    Read Preparation Tips from GATE Topper

    GATE 2021 Syllabus Of Other Papers

    GATE 2021 Syllabus Of Other Papers

     GATE judges a candidate’s expertise in various fields. Candidates can go through the syllabus of other papers as well from the table below:  

    Aerospace EngineeringAEMechanical EngineeringME
    Agricultural EngineeringAGMetallurgical EngineeringMT
    Civil EngineeringCEMining EngineeringMN
    Chemical EngineeringCHPetroleum EngineeringPE
    Engineering SciencesXEProduction and Industrial EngineeringPI
    Electronics and CommunicationECTextile Engineering and Fibre ScienceTF
    Electrical EngineeringEEComputer ScienceCS

    GATE 2021 will have Virtual Calculator for the candidates for doing calculations during the exam. Apart from practicing previous years’ papers, candidates must also learn to use GATE 2021 Virtual Calculator. It was first introduced last in 2019 for the candidates as they brought a physical calculator for making calculations during the exam and also to reduce the chances of cheating through unfair means. Candidates can go through the syllabus of their respective subjects from the links provided above. 

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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