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GATE 2021 Geology & Geophysics (GG) Syllabus, Books and Preparation Tips

Exam: 05 Feb `21
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Nikkil Visha

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Geology is the study of the Earth. It includes composition and material, structure, processes, and history. Geophysics is the study of the Earth by quantitative physical methods. It is an applied science and includes the Earth’s interior, crust, oceans, atmosphere, and magnetosphere.

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Geology & Geophysics has been revised and divided into 2 parts i.e. Part A and B. Further Part B will be divided into two sections. Candidates will have to attempt the questions of Part A and questions of either Section-1 or Section-2 in Part-B. 

  • Part A: Common Section to Geology & Geophysics (GG)
  • Part B: Section 1 – Geology
  • Part B: Section 2 – Geophysics
  • Also, if you are planning to appear fro GG as your first paper then you can opt for second paper from MN, PE, or PH.

In GATE GG paper, 85% of the questions will be asked from subject topics and 15% of the questions will be from the general aptitude section. The duration of the examination will be three hours and candidates will have to attempt 65 questions of 100 marks.  Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

Candidates qualifying GATE 2021 will become eligible to get admission in M.Tech courses offered at various institutes of the country like IITs, NITs, etc. Read the article to know more about syllabus, exam pattern, books, and much more. 

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GATE GG Syllabus of Common Section

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Common Section in GG

  • Earth and planetary system – terrestrial planets and moons of the solar system; size, shape, internal structure and composition of the earth; concept of isostasy; elements of seismology – body and surface waves, propagation of body waves in the earth’s interior; Heat flow within the earth; Gravitational field of the Earth; geomagnetism and paleomagnetism; continental drift; plate tectonics – relationship with earthquakes, volcanism and mountain building; continental and oceanic crust – composition, structure and thickness.
  • Weathering and soil formation; landforms created by river, wind, glacier, ocean and volcanoes.
  • Basic structural geology - stress, strain and material response; brittle and ductile deformation; nomenclature and classification of folds and faults.
  • Crystallography – basic crystal symmetry and concept of point groups. Mineralogy – silicate crystal structure and determinative mineralogy of common rock forming minerals.
  • Petrology of common igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
  • Geological time scale; Geochronology and absolute time. Stratigraphic principles; major stratigraphic divisions of India.
  • Mineral, coal and petroleum resources of India.
  • Introduction to remote sensing.
  • Engineering properties of rocks and soils.
  • Elements of hydrogeology.
  • Principles and applications of gravity, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, seismic and radiometric methods of prospecting for oil, mineral and ground water; introductory well logging.

GATE GG Syllabus of Geology

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Geology Section

  • Geomorpholoy - Geomorphic processes and agents; development and evolution of landforms in continental and oceanic settings; tectonic geomorphology.
  • Structural geology – Forces and mechanism of rock deformation; primary and secondary structures; geometry and genesis of planar and linear structures (bedding, cleavage, schistosity, lineation); folds, faults, joints and unconformities; Stereographic projection; shear zones, thrusts and superposed folding; basement-cover relationship. Interpretation of geological maps.
  • Crystallography and mineralogy- Elements of crystal symmetry, form and twinning; crystallographic projection; crystal chemistry; classification of minerals, physical and optical properties of rock- forming minerals.
  • Geochemistry – Cosmic abundance of elements; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the earth; geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor and trace elements in crust and mantle; elements of high temperature and low temperature geochemical thermodynamics; isotopic evolution of the crust and the mantle, mantle reservoirs; geochemistry of water and water-rock interaction.
  • Igneous petrology – Classification, forms, textures and genesis of common igneous rocks; magmatic differentiation; binary and ternary phase diagrams; major and trace elements as monitors of partial melting and magma evolutionary processes. Mantle plumes, hotspots and large igneous provinces.
  • Sedimentology– Texture, structure and sedimentary processes; petrology of common sedimentary rocks; Sedimentary facies and environments, cyclicities in sedimentary succession; provencance and basin analysis. Important sedimentary basins of India
  • Metamorphic petrology – Structures and textures of metamorphic rocks. Physico-chemical conditions of metamorphism and concept of metamorphic facies, grade and baric types; chemographic projections; metamorphism of pelitic, mafic and impure carbonate rocks; role of bulk composition including fluids in metamorphism; thermobarometry and metamorphic P-T-t paths, and their tectonic significance.
  • Paleobiology - Diversity of life through time, mass extinctions- causes and effects; taphonomy – processes of fossilization. Taxonomy. Morphology and functional morphology of invertebrates (bivalves, brachiopods, gastropods, echinoids, ammonites); microfossils (foraminifera, ostracoda, conodonts, bryozoa); Vertebrate paleonology (Equus, Probicidea, Human); Paleobotany (plant, spores, pollens). Basic concepts of ecology/paleoecology; classification - ecological and taxonomic schemes (diversity and richness). Fossils and paleoenvironments.
  • Stratigraphy – Principles of stratigraphy and concepts of correlation; Lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chronostratigraphy. Principles of sequence stratigraphy and applications. Stratigraphy of peninsular and extra-peninsular India. Boundary problems in Indian stratigraphy.
  • Resource geology - Ore-mineralogy; ore forming processes vis-à-vis ore-rock association (magmatic, hydrothermal, sedimentary, supergene and metamorphogenic ores); fluid inclusions as ore genetic tools. Coal and petroleum geology; marine mineral resources. Prospecting and exploration of economic mineral deposits - sampling, ore reserve estimation, geostatistics, mining methods. Ore dressing and mineral economics. Distribution of mineral, fossil and nuclear fuel deposits in India.
  • Global tectonics – Plate motions, driving mechanisms, plate boundaries, supercontinent cycles.
  • Applied geology – Physico-mechanical properties of rocks and soils; rock index tests; Rock failure criteria (Mohr-Coulomb, Griffith and Hoek-Brown criteria); shear strength of rock discontinuities; rock mass classifications (RMR and Q Systems); in-situ stresses; rocks as construction materials; geological factors in the construction of engineering structures including dams, tunnels and excavation sites. Analysis of slope stability. Natural hazards (landslide, volcanic, seismogenic, coastal) and mitigation. Principles of climate change
  • Hydrogeology – Groundwater flow and exploration, well hydraulics and water quality.
  • Basic principles of remote sensing – energy sources and radiation principles, atmospheric absorption, interaction of energy with earth’s surface, aerial-photo interpretation, multispectral remote sensing in visible, infrared, thermal IR and microwave regions, digital processing of satellite images. GIS – basic concepts, raster and vector mode operations.

GATE GG Syllabus of Geophysics

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Geophysics Section

  • Soild-Earth Geophysics - The earth as a planet; different motions of the earth; gravity field of the earth, Clairaut’s theorem, size and shape of earth; geomagnetic field, paleomagnetism; Geothermics and heat flow; seismology and interior of the earth; variation of density, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical and magnetic properties of the earth.
  • Geodesy - Gravitational Field of the Earth; Geoid; Ellipsoid; Geodetic Reference Systems; Datum; Everest (1830) and WGS 84 (1984) systems; GPS and DGPS; Levelling and Surveying.
  • Earthquake Seismology - Elements of elasticity theory- stress and strain tensors, Generalized Hooke’s Law; Body and Surface Waves; Rotational, dilatational, irrorational and equivolumnal waves. Reflection and refraction of elastic waves; Inhomogenous and evanescent waves and bounded waves; Eikonal Equation and Ray theory; earthquakes-causes and measurements, magnitude and intensity, focal mechanisms; earthquake quantification, source characteristics, seismotectonics and seismic hazards; digital seismographs, Earthquake statistics, wave propogation in elastic media, quantifying earthquake source from seismological data. Elements of Seismic Tomography.
  • Potential and Time Varying Fields - Scalar and vector potential fields; Laplace, Maxwell and Helmholtz equations for solution of different types of boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates; Green’s theorem; Image theory; integral equations in potential and time- varying field theory.
  • Gravity Methods - Absolute and relative gravity measurements; Gravimeters; Land, airborne, shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys; Tensorial Gravity sensors and surveys; various corrections for gravity data reduction – free air, Bouguer and isostatic anomalies; density estimates of rocks; regional and residual gravity separation; principle of equivalent stratum; data enhancement techniques, upward and downward continuation; derivative maps, wavelength filtering; preparation and analysis of gravity maps; gravity anomalies and their interpretation – anomalies due to geometrical and irregular shaped bodies, depth rules, calculation of mass.
  • Magnetic Methods - Elements of Earth’s magnetic field, units of measurement, magnetic susceptibility of rocks and measurements, magnetometers and magnetic gradiometers, Land, airborne and marine magnetic and magnetic gradiometer surveys, Various corrections applied to magnetic data, IGRF, Reduction to Pole transformation, Poisson’s relation of gravity and magnetic potential field, preparation of magnetic maps, upward and downward continuation, magnetic anomalies due to geometrical and irregular shaped bodies; Image processing concepts in processing of magnetic anomaly maps; Depth rules; Interpretation of processed magnetic anomaly data; derivative, analytic signal and Euler Depth Solutions. Applications of gravity and magnetic methods for mineral and oil exploration.
  • Electrical Methods - Conduction of electricity through rocks, electrical conductivities of metals, non- metals, rock forming minerals and different rocks, concepts of D.C. resistivity measurement and depth of investigation; Apparent Resistivity and Apparent Chargeability, Concept of Negative Apparent Resistivity and Negative Apparent Chargeability; Theory of Reciprocity, Sounding and Profiling, Various electrode arrangements, application of linear filter theory, Sounding curves over multi-layered earth, Dar-Zarrouk parameters, reduction of layers, Triangle of anisotropy, interpretation of resistivity field data, Principles of equivalence and suppression, self-potential method and its origin; Electrical Resitivity Tomography (ERT); , Induced polarization, time and frequency domain IP measurements; interpretation and applications of SP, resistivity and IP data sets for ground-water exploration, mineral exploration, environmental and engineering applications.
  • Electromagnetic Methods - Geo-electromagnetic spectrum; Biot Savart’s Law; Maxwell’s Equation, Helmotz Equation, Basic concept of EM induction in the earth, Skin-depth, elliptic polarization, in- phase and quadrature components, phasor diagrams; Response function and response parameters; Ground and Airborne Methods, measurements in different source-receiver configurations; Earth’s natural electromagnetic methods-tellurics, geomagnetic depth sounding and magnetotellurics; Electromagnetic profiling and Sounding, Time domain EM method; EM scale modeling, processing of EM data and interpretation; Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Methods; Effect of conducting overburden; Geological applications including groundwater, mineral environmental and hydrocarbon exploration.
  • Seismic methods - Elastic properties of earth materials; Reflection, refraction and CDP surveys; land and marine seismic sources, generation and propagation of elastic waves, velocity – depth models, geophones, hydrophones, digital recording systems, digital formats, field layouts, seismic noise and noise profile analysis, optimum geophone grouping, noise cancellation by shot and geophone arrays, 2D, 3D and 4D seismic data acquisition, processing and interpretation; CDP stacking charts, binning, filtering, static and dynamic corrections, Digital seismic data processing, seismic deconvolution and migration methods, attribute analysis, bright and dim spots, seismic stratigraphy, high resolution seismics, VSP, AVO, multi-component seismics and seismic interferometry. Reservoir geophysics- Rock Physics and Petrophysics. Geophysical Survey Design.
  • Geophysical signal processing - sampling theorem, Nyquist frequency, aliasing, Fourier series, periodic waveform, Fourier and Hilbert transform, Z-transform and wavelet transform; power spectrum, delta function, auto correlation, cross correlation, convolution, deconvolution, principles of digital filters, windows, poles and zeros.
  • Geophysical Well Logging - Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging, SP, resistivity, induction, gamma ray, neutron, density, sonic, temperature, dip meter, caliper, nuclear magnetic resonance- longitudinal and transverse relaxation, CPMG sequence, porosity characterization, cement bond logging, micro-logs. Pulsed Neutron Devices and Spectroscopy; Multi-Array and Triaxial Induction Devices; Quantitative evaluation of formations from well logs; Logging while drilling; High angle and horizontal wells; Clay Quantification; Lithology and Porosity Estimation; Saturation and Permeability Estimation; application of bore hole geophysics in ground water, mineral and oil exploration.
  • Radioactive Methods - Prospecting and assaying of mineral (radioactive and non-radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M counter, scintillation detector, semiconductor devices, application of radiometric for exploration, assaying and radioactive waste disposal.
  • Geophysical Inversion - Basic concepts of forward and inverse problems, Ill-posedness of inverse problems, condition number, non-uniqueness and stability of solutions; L1, L2 and Lp norms, overdetermined, underdetermined and mixed determined inverse problems, quasi- linear and non-linear methods including Tikhonov’s regularization method, Singular Value Decomposition, Backus-Gilbert method, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, swarm intelligence, machine learning and artificial neural networks. Statistics of misfit and likelihood, Bayesian construction of posterior probabilities, sparsity promoting L1 optimization. Ambiguity and uncertainty in geophysical interpretation.

Direct link to download GATE Geology and Geography (GG) syllabus PDF 

Important Questions of Geology & Geophysics

  • Sample Question from Part A: The plunge of the normal to the axial planes of vertical and upright folds is_______?
  • Sample Question from Part B – Section 1 –  Geology: In metamafites, which one of the following mineral assemblages is stable under greenschist facies conditions?
    (A) Albite + Chlorite + Actinolite + Epidote
    (B) Andesine + Biotite + Hornblende
    (C) Oligoclase + Biotite + Hornblende
    (D) Oligoclase + Epidote + Biotite + Hornblende
  • Sample Question from Part B – Section 1 –  Geophysics​: Hydrogeological setup of a hypothetical alluvial area (where contact X-Y between two sands is vertical) is given in the schematic section. Hydraulic heads are indicated as h1, h2
    and hydraulic conductivities as K1 and K2. The hydraulic head at the contact (X-Y) is __________ m. (round off to 2 decimal places).

Check GATE Paper Analysis


GATE Exam Pattern of GG

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern of Geology & Geophysics

GATE Exam Pattern is defined paper wise depending upon candidates’ branch. The exam includes 2 types of Questions - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) & Numerical Answer Type (NAT).

  • GG paper will consist of two parts: Part – A and Part – B.
  • Part – A is compulsory for the candidates.
  • Part – B will consist of two sections: Section 1 – Geology & Section 2 – Geophysics. 
  • Candidates will have to attempt the questions of Part A and questions of either Section – 1 or Section – 2 from Part – B.
Section  Distribution of Marks Total Marks Types of questions
GA 5 questions of 1 mark each
5 questions of 2 marks each
  15 marks            MCQs
Part A (compulsory) 25 questions of 1 mark each   25 marks   MCQs and NATs
Part B – Section 1 (Geology)/ Section 2 (Geophysics)
30 questions of 2 marks each 

  60 marks

   MCQs and NATs
  • The total number of questions in GATE paper is 65.
  • Applicants have to attempt all the questions in a duration of three hours.
  • The maximum marks for the paper is 100.
  • There is no negative marking for NAT but it is applicable for MCQs.  For 1 mark MCQs, 1/3 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer. Likewise, for 2 marks MCQs, 2/3 marks will be deducted.

Read More GATE Exam Pattern


Best Books for GATE GG

Recommended Books for GATE 2021 Geology & Geophysics

GATE Geology & Geophysics Preparation Books
Book Name Author Name
Engineering Geology R. Nagarajan, A. Parthasarathy, V. Panchapakesan
Principals of Engineering Geology K M Bangar
A text book of Geology G. B. Mahapatra
Engineering and General Geology Parbin Singh
Structural Geology Marland P Billings

How to Prepare for GATE GG Paper?

GATE 2021 Preparation Tips for Geology & Geophysics

1. Know your Syllabus and Exam Pattern

  • Before starting your preparation, you must go through the syllabus and exam pattern.
  • The syllabus and exam of GG paper is a little different from other subjects. Hence you must have all the necessary information related to the same.
  • With the knowledge of the syllabus, you can easily divide the topics for preparations.
  • The exam pattern will help you in getting all the information about marking scheme so that you can prepare your sections/topics as per that.

2. Solve Practice Papers

  • Solving practice papers will help you to get a much idea about the difficulty level of questions, type of questions, weightage of sections, etc.
  • You can also judge the level of your performance by calculating your score.
  • Observe your weaker areas and put more effort to improve those areas.

Download GATE Practice Papers

3. Practice to Improve Accuracy Level

  • With daily practice, you can improve your accuracy level.
  • After getting the accuracy you much start working on your speed of attempting the questions.
  • In any case, you are not able to maintain a good speed then you must focus on accuracy only.
  • You can attempt mock tests as they are like real exams and will help you in getting more clarity about your accuracy level and speed.

4. Attend Video Lectures

  • Some time candidates can afford coaching classes. In that case, you can go for free videos on Youtube.
  • You can attend free lectures related to your topics. 
  • These lectures will help you to clear the doubts if any.

Read Preparation Tips of GATE Topper

5. Revision is Must

  • Candidates are advised not to leave any topic for the end days. 
  • You must save the last 2 weeks for revisions only.
  • Regular revisions are also important as they help you in memorizing things.
  • Do not compare your preparations with your friends. Stick to your plan only

GATE Syllabus of Other Subjects

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Other Subjects

Candidates can check the syllabus of their respective subjects from the links provided in the table below:

Frequently Asked Questions

GATE 2021 Geology & Geophysics FAQs

Ques: What are various sections or parts in GATE 2021 Geology and Geophysics syllabus?

Ans: GATE 2021 Syllabus of Geology & Geophysics will be divided into 2 parts i.e. Part A and B. Further Part B will be divided into two sections. Candidates will have to attempt the questions of Part A and questions of either Section-1 or Section-2 in Part-B. 

  • Part A: Common Section to Geology & Geophysics (GG)
  • Part B: Section 1 – Geology
  • Part B: Section 2 – Geophysics

Ques: What will be the marking scheme in GATE 2021 Geology and Geophysics syllabus?

Ans: The marking is mentioned below in the table:

Section  Distribution of Marks Total Marks
GA 5 questions of 1 mark each
5 questions of 2 marks each
  15 marks 
Part A (compulsory) 25 questions of 1 mark each   25 marks
Part B – Section 1 (Geology)/ Section 2 (Geophysics)
30 questions of 2 marks each 

  60 marks

Ques: Is it compulsory to select one section from Part B?

Ans: Yes. It is mandatory to select one section from Part B. General Aptitude and Part A are compulsory sections to attempt wherefrom two sections of part B candidates can select one i.e either Geology or Geophysics. The cut off will also be declared separately for both subjects. 

Ques: What will be the syllabus of General Aptitude n GATE 2021 Geology and Geophysics syllabus?

Ans: The syllabus of general aptitude will include topics like Grammer, Sentence completion, FInd the errors, Antonyms, Synonyms, etc. 

GATE 2021 : 37 answered questions

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Ques. Which is the best coaching for GATE or IES in Allahabad?

● Top Answer By Aniket Atul Mahulikar on 15 Jan 21

Ans. GATE and IES both exams have almost the same syllabus. If you are residing in Allahabad and looking for the best coaching institute, then you have limited options. Both the papers are highly competitive and require experienced faculty for mentorship.  A few of the coaching institutes have associated industry experts to help GATE or IES aspirants. The top choices from which you can opt for includes:  Mechasoft AIEFA Mechasoft:  It is a good coaching institute with trusted faculty like Mr. A.K. Tripathi. Tripathi Sir is an expert in Control Systems who also teaches some other electronics subjects.  AIEFA:  AIEFA had a collaboration with Gateforum before. Now it’s a separate coaching center. It has poor management and the class schedule is not fixed. They teach in extremely long hours sometimes.  You can also go for self-studies and take the help of online guides. If you find it essential to opt for a coaching institute, you can opt for Mechasoft because the batches are small, and doubt clearing sessions are effective. For online classes, you can opt for Made easy, Times, or Ace academy.Read more
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Ques. Is it good to prepare for the GATE and the IES simultaneously?

● Top Answer By Sandip Pal on 14 Jan 21

Ans. If you are preparing for IES then you can also simultaneously prepare for GATE as well with just a little extra effort. The syllabus of IES is quite vast as compared to the GATE syllabus. If your primary goal is to crack IES, concentrate more on the IES and study for GATE parallelly. If you are more interested in GATE, you need to make some extra effort. However, if you are equally interested in both you can follow the strategy given below for preparation. IES Preparation:  Read class notes and solve the workbook regularly.  Make short notes for each subject containing formulas, facts, and the new concepts you learned while reading. Solve previous year’s questions for IES and GATE. Note down the important questions you come across. During revision, go through the short notes you made and the questions too.  Give online and offline mock tests regularly.  GATE Preparation: If you follow a smart study plan you can complete the GATE preparation in just one and a half months. The syllabus for GATE is just like a subset of the IES syllabus. Both of them have several topics in common. You can follow this strategy to crack the exam: One month before GATE, thoroughly read all the class notes. Solve previous year’s question paper as much as possible. Take as many mock tests as you can. 10-12 days before the exam, revise the short notes daily. You can prepare for IES for the whole year and do the major chunk of preparation for GATE in the last 1-2 months. One of my friends followed this pattern for his preparation and was successful. But you don’t have to follow this plan blindly, you can make up your own strategy too.Read more
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Ques. What is the difficulty level of the BITS HD exam compared to the GATE?

● Top Answer By Sahil Sachdeva on 14 Jan 21

Ans. GATE exam focuses on how much the students' concepts are clear and how they can apply them for solving the questions. Most importantly, it contains numerical questions, so it would be better to expect fewer theory questions in the GATE exam. Whereas, BITS HD exam contains the majority of theory questions. You are required to solve more problems in less time. You also have to prepare for aptitude and English. These sections are quite scoring and help to get a better score.  Difficulty Level - Comparison: GATE consists mostly of numerical, while 80 to 90% of the questions in BITS HD are theoretical.  You will hardly find 10 to 15 numerical questions in HD paper out of hundred questions. Numerical questions are not like GATE. These are mostly the formula and solve type. Nevertheless, some numerical may be found very tricky.  You need to have a thorough understanding of your syllabus for BITS HD. Theoretical questions will come from anywhere, and they will test your understanding of the respective topic. BITS HD consists of 15 maths questions that are way more difficult than GATE, 15 general English, and 70 engineering discipline questions. One most important thing to add is that BITS have also started admitting students by accepting their GATE score. If you have a 55+ GATE score, you can get admission to BITS.Read more
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Ques. What should be the proper strategy to excel in both GATE and ESE simultaneously?

● Top Answer By Angana Nath on 08 Jan 21

Ans. GATE and ESE (Engineering Service Exam) are almost similar, so preparing for one exam ensures complete preparation of at least one portion of the other. Given below is the strategy of preparing simultaneously for GATE and ESE. ESE: Technical Subjects: Read the theory properly and solve ESE objective questions. Solve all the previous year Gate questions of ECE, EE, IN streams. Solve ESE Test series only, do not start with the GATE test series. Non-Technical Subjects: For these subjects, students must put in the daily effort. Each day 15-20 minutes for this is enough. If you keep up this practice sincerely for 5-6 months, there is a good chance you will be able to score more than 300 in ESE prelims.  GATE: Now that ESE is dealt with, go for the GATE test series. As the theory portion has already been covered, start with solving questions. Give at least 10 full syllabus mock tests for GATE.  How to Attempt GATE questions: Attempt all the 1 mark questions. Go for the aptitude and English section. This will provide a break from all the formula questions which have been solved. For the last 30 questions, attempt which questions are easier so that there is time to get back to questions that could not be solved. After the prelims of GATE, you will have 4-5 months to prepare for Mains. In the meantime attempt the previous years’ question paper of UPSC to get an idea about what is asked in the examination. Read standard books to clear basic concepts. Practice is the key to score well in these exams. So, attempt mack-tests for Main as well.Read more
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Ques. What is the minimum score of GATE one should secure to get into PSUs?

● Top Answer By Poorva Chourasia on 08 Jan 21

Ans. The GATE cutoff for PSU recruitment is quite high. Only top rankers in the GATE examination have a chance of getting a call for an Interview. PSUs invite almost 4 times the candidates they actually recruit. As only the top rankers have the privilege of choosing the company they want to work in. PSU Recruitment Details: More than 50 PSUs recruit students based on their scores in GATE. To be recruited, candidates must score above the GATE-cutoff and also the cut-off mentioned by the company of choice. Some companies directly recruit candidates through their GATE scores while some only shortlist. Some PSUs conduct an additional test for recruiting candidates. Some of the companies that accept PSU scores are AAI, BARC, BBNL, BHEL, BPCL, CEL, CIL, DMRC, NBCC, NTPC, HPCL, ONGC, Powergrid, THDC, etc. PSU-Cutoff: Given below are the branch and category-wise cut-offs for some of the major companies, for PSU-GATE. PSU Branch/Post For General Category HPCL Mechanical  68.45 Civil 70.04 Electrical 58.64 Instrumentation 44.33 E&TC 73.05 Chemical 56.67 ONGC(2019) Geologist 557 Chemist 690 AEE Production Petroleum 703 AEE Cementing Mechanical 895 AEE Electronics 868 Surface Geophysicist 621 Programming Officer 840 AEE Production Chemical 689 AEE Cementing Petroleum 873 AEE Electrical 841 Well Geophysicist 697 AEE Mechanical 856 AEE Drilling Mechanical 845 Transport Officer 899 AEE Instrumentation 730 AEE Reservoir 847 AEE Production Mechanical 867 AEE Drilling Petroleum 803 MM Officer 923 AEE Civil 915 The GATE Cutoff for ONGC may vary with each vacancy. Candidates must score a minimum of 65% in their BTech graduation to appear for GATE. The salaries offered are almost the same for PSUs that recruit through GATE, but the salaries offered to people recruited for senior positions may differ.Read more
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*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

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