GATE 2021 Life Science Syllabus, Books and Preparation Tips

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    GATE 2021 Life Sciences (XL) syllabus will consist of 3 sections. The first section will be General Aptitude and the second section will be Chemistry. Chemistry is tagged as section P and will be compulsory for candidatesThe third part comprises sections Q to U and candidates have to choose any two sections to appear for the exam.

    The weightage of General Aptitude will be 15% and the remaining 85% will be reserved for chemistry & sections (two) selected by the candidates. The question paper will consist of 65 questions which will be divided into three sections worth 100 marks and the duration of the exam is three hours.  Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

    GATE 2021 Life sciences XL section comprises the following subjects/codes:

    • XL-P – Chemistry
    • XL-Q – Biochemistry
    • XL-R – Botany
    • XL-S – Microbiology
    • XL-T – Zoology
    • XL-U – Food Technology

    NOTE: Each subject (chosen ones) will carry 30 marks.

    After qualifying GATE candidates will be able to get admission in M.Tech courses offered at NITs, IITs, etc. Only candidates with a valid GATE score can apply for the admission process.

    Must Read:  IIT Bombay Admission Process


    GATE 2021 XL-P Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-P Chemistry Syllabus (compulsory)

    • Atomic Structure and Periodicity
    • Structure and Bonding
    • s, p & d Block Elements
    • Chemical Equilibria
    • Electrochemistry
    • Reaction Kinetics
    • Thermodynamics
    • Structure Reactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-P Chemistry Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Chemistry

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    Gate Guide Life Science Chemistry & General AptitudeG K Publications
    A Logical Approach to ChemistryPragati Publications
    3,000 Solved Problems In Chemistry (Schaum’s Outline Series)David E Goldberg

    GATE 2021 XL-Q Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-Q Biochemistry Syllabus

    Section 1 – Organization of life; Importance of water; Structure and function of biomolecules: Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids; Protein structure, folding and function: Myoglobin, Hemoglobin, Lysozyme, Ribonuclease A, Carboxypeptidase and Chymotrypsin.

    Section 2 – Enzyme kinetics including its regulation and inhibition, Vitamins and Coenzymes; Metabolism and bioenergetics; Generation and utilization of ATP; Metabolic pathways and their regulation: glycolysis, TCA cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phosphorylation, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fatty acid metabolism; Metabolism of Nitrogen containing compounds: nitrogen fixation, amino acids and nucleotides. Photosynthesis: Calvin cycle.

    Section 3 – Biochemical separation techniques: ion exchange, size exclusion and affinity chromatography, Characterization of biomolecules by electrophoresis, UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry.

    Section 4 – Cell structure and organelles; Biological membranes; Transport across membranes; Signal transduction; Hormones and neurotransmitters.

    Section 5 – DNA replication, transcription and translation; Biochemical regulation of gene expression; Recombinant DNA technology and applications: PCR, site directed mutagenesis and DNA-microarray.

    Section 6 – Immune system: Active and passive immunity; Complement system; Antibody structure, function and diversity; Cells of the immune system: T, B and macrophages; T and B cell activation; Major histocompatibilty complex; T cell receptor; Immunological techniques: Immunodiffusion, immune electrophoresis, RIA and ELISA.

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-Q Biochemistry Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Biochemistry

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    Biochemistry Satyanarayana
    Principles and Techniques of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyWilson/Walker
    Practical BiochemistryDamodaran Geetha K

    GATE 2021 XL-R Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-R Botany Syllabus

    • Plant Systematics
    • Plant Anatomy
    • Morphogenesis & Development
    • Physiology and Biochemistry
    • Genetics
    • Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification
    • Economic Botany
    • Plant Pathology
    • Ecology and Environment

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-R Botany Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Botany

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    A Text Book Of BotanySingh Pande Jain
    A Textbook Of Botany Vol-3S.N Pandey
    Principles Of GeneticsGardner

    GATE 2021 XL-S Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-S Microbiology Syllabus

    • Historical Perspective
    • Methods in Microbiology
    • Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity
    • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
    • Microbial Growth
    • Control of Micro-organisms
    • Microbial Metabolism
    • Microbial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction
    • Antibiotics
    • Microbial Genetics
    • Microbial Ecology

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-S Microbiology Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Microbiology

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    Microbiology(fifth edition)Micheal Pelczar, E.C.S Chan, Noel R. Krieg
    Prescott’s MicrobiologyJoanne M. Willey, Christopher J. Woolverton, Linda M. Sherwood
    Smart Study Series MicrobiologyAnkit Gupta, Prafulla Songara

    GATE 2021 XL-T Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-T Zoology Syllabus

    • Animal World
    • Evolution
    • Genetics
    • Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology
    • Gene Expression in Eukaryotes
    • Animal Anatomy and Physiology
    • Parasitology and Immunology
    • Development Biology
    • Ecology
    • Animal Behaviour

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-T Zoology Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Zoology

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    Animal Cell Culture MethodsJennie P Mather, David Barnes
    Modern Text Book Of Zoology VertebratesR.L.Kotpal
    ZoologyStephen A Miller and John P Harley

    GATE 2021 XL-U Syllabus & Books

    GATE 2021 XL-U Food Technology Syllabus

    • Food Chemistry and Nutrition 
    • Food Microbiology
    • Food Products Technology
    • Food Engineering

    Direct Link to Download GATE XL-U Food Technology Syllabus PDF

    Important Books for Food Technology

    Books NameAuthor/Publication
    Food TechnologyNeil Morris
    Food Technology and NutritionSunetra Roday
    Textbook of Food Science and TechnologyAvantina Sharma

    GATE 2021 Life Sciences Exam Pattern 

    • Exam Mode: Online
    • Duration: 3 hours
    • Types of questions: MCQs and NAT
    • Sections: 3 sections – General Aptitude, Mathematics and Subject-based
    • Total questions: 65 questions
    Section Distribution of MarksTotal MarksTypes of questions
    GA5 questions of 1-mark each
    5 questions of 2-marks each

       15 marks 

         MCQs
    Section P – Chemistry (compulsory)5 questions of 1-mark each
    10 questions of 2-marks each

       25 marks 

    MCQs and NATs
    Sections Q to U (Any two)10 questions of 1-mark each 
    10 questions of 2-marks each

       30 marks 

    MCQs and NATs

    Marking scheme

    • Total marks: 100 marks
    • Negative Marking: For MCQs only
    Type of questionNegative marking for wrong answers.
    MCQ

    1/3 for 1 mark questions

    2/3 for 2 marks questions

    NATNo negative marking 

    Preparation Tips for GATE 2021 Life Sciences Paper 

    • Knowledge of Syllabus: In life sciences paper, candidates must go through the syllabus of there respective subjects only. Choose the subjects based on your graduation levels otherwise, you will not be able to prepare for the exam properly.
    • Know your Exam Pattern: The exam pattern of this paper is different from other papers of GATE. In this paper, there is no engineering mathematics section. The weightage of the core subject syllabus is 85% which is further divided into parts where Chemistry (compulsory paper) is of 25 marks and the subjects (two) selected by candidates are of 30 marks each.
    • Download Practice Papers: Candidates are advised to download the practice papers so that they can solve the same. With the help of papers, you test your preparation level and work on your weaker sections. These papers will also help you in getting a better idea about the exam pattern, type of questions, difficulty level of questions and much more.  Download GATE Practice Papers
    • Focus on Your Preparation: Candidates are advised not to get influenced by their friends' preparation level or plan. Study as per your plan and do not lose your confidence level. You must do revisions on a daily basis. Prepare handwritten especially for revisions. 
    • Stay Fit: Focus on your health also. Do not overburden yourself. Take frequent breaks to relax the body and mind. Take a healthy diet.

    Read Preparation Tips of GATE Topper

    GATE 2021 Syllabus of Other Subjects

    Candidates who are [planning to appear for GATE 2021 can check the syllabus their respective subjects from the links provided in the table below:

    PaperCodePaperCode
    Aerospace EngineeringAEMechanical EngineeringME
    Agricultural EngineeringAGMetallurgical EngineeringMT
    Civil EngineeringCEMining EngineeringMN
    Chemical EngineeringCHPetroleum EngineeringPE
    Engineering SciencesXEProduction and Industrial EngineeringPI
    Electronics and CommunicationECTextile Engineering and Fibre ScienceTF
    Electrical EngineeringEEBiotechnologyBT

    GATE 2021 Life Sciences Syllabus FAQs

    Ques: What will be options provided to select the subjects in GATE 2021 Life Sciences syllabus?

    Ans: GATE 2021 Life sciences XL section comprises the following subjects/codes:

    • XL-P – Chemistry
    • XL-Q – Biochemistry
    • XL-R – Botany
    • XL-S – Microbiology
    • XL-T – Zoology
    • XL-U – Food Technology

    Ques: What will be marking scheme and weightage of sections in GATE 2021 Life Sciences syllabus?

    Ans: The weightage of General Aptitude will be 15% and the remaining 85% will be reserved for chemistry & sections (two) selected by the candidates. 

    Section Distribution of MarksTotal Marks
    GA5 questions of 1-mark each
    5 questions of 2-marks each

       15 marks 
    Section P – Chemistry (compulsory)5 questions of 1-mark each
    10 questions of 2-marks each

       25 marks 
    Sections Q to U (Any two)10 questions of 1-mark each 
    10 questions of 2-marks each

       30 marks 

    Ques: Can I opt for Food Technology & Zoology sections as my 2 optional sections along with Chemistry in GATE 2021 Life Sciences paper?

    Ans: Yes. You can opt for any 2 sections from Q to U. The sections P that is chemistry will remain compulsory for all the candidates. The rest of the 2 sections can be selected as per preference of candidates.  

    Ques: What will be major topics for GATE 2021 Life sciences microbiology sections that is XL-S section?

    Ans: The major topics for this sections are mentioned below:

    • Historical Perspective
    • Methods in Microbiology
    • Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity
    • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
    • Microbial Growth
    • Control of Micro-organisms
    • Microbial Metabolism
    • Microbial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction
    • Antibiotics
    • Microbial Genetics
    • Microbial Ecology

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

    GATENews

    SEE MORE NEWS
    April 28, 2020GATE 2020

    NFL Recruitment through GATE ..

    NFL recruits Management Trainees through GATE 2020 ...

    ×

    Comments

    Comments



    No Comments To Show