GATE logo

GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme and Weightage of Important Topics

Nikkil Visha logo

Nikkil Visha

Exams Prep Master

GATE Mechanical Engineering is rated as one of the best branches to pursue higher studies in, the stream is the first option for most of the engineering interested candidates. Every year the maximum number of candidates appear for GATE Mechanical engineering paper only. 

  • GATE ME paper will be divided into 3 sections and consists of a total of 65 questions. The 3 sections are General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and core subject. However, the General Aptitude section is common for every candidate.
  • The weightage of core subjects is 72%, 15% of General Aptitude & 13% Engineering Mathematics.  Check GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
  • The exam pattern has also been revised and candidates can now sit for a maximum of 2 papers. If you have opted for ME as your first paper then you can only sit for XE as your second paper. 
  • Also, if you are appearing for XE as your first paper then also you can sit for ME as your second paper. 

GATE 2021 papers include MCQs, MSQs, and NAT questions. Negative marking does not apply to the NAT, MSQ questions. The marks obtained in GATE ME examination are not only valid for admissions in IITs or NITs but these scores are also used by various PSUs for recruitment. Read the article to know more about GATE 2021 ME exam pattern, marking scheme, weightage of questions, sample questions, and much more. 

Must Read 

Highlights of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern

  • The types of questions asked in the exam consist of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), Multiple Select Questions (MSQs)​ and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions. 
  • Marks will not be deducted in case of the wrong attempt for NAT questions
  • The Mechanical Engineering paper will have three parts including General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Subject-specific part (Mechanical Engineering).
  • The papers of GATE 2021 will include questions related to the General Aptitude (Language and Analytical Skills) & Engineering Mathematics in addition to the main subject of the paper.
  • In the GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper, 72% weightage is given to the Mechanical Engineering section, 15%, to General Aptitude and 13% to Engineering Mathematics.

Feature

Description

Duration of the exam

A total of 3 hours (180 minutes)

Number of Questions

65

Total Marks

100

Questions Type

3 Types of Questions:

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) and Numerical based Questions (NAT)

Total sections

3: General Aptitude, General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Subject-specific part (Mechanical Engineering)

Marking Scheme

1 Mark MCQs (one-third marks will be deducted in case of wrong attempt) 

2 Mark MCQs (two third marks will be deducted).

GATE Mechanical Engineering Pattern

Details of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern

Type of Question: 

  • There will be two types of questions asked in the exam which includes Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions.
  • The paper will have a general aptitude part which all the candidates have to attempt. The section will have 10 questions out of which half of the questions carry a weightage of one mark while the remaining ones will be of 2 marks.
  • 72 marks are dedicated to the core subject questions.

Total Number of Sections: 

There will be three sections in the question paper including:

  • General aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Subject selected by the candidates (Mechanical Engineering Subjects)
  • General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, Engineering Mathematics carrying 13% of the total marks, and Mechanical Engineering Subject Questions carrying 72% of the total marks.

Total Marks and Time Duration:

  • The total marks in GATE CE are 100 and the total number of questions is 65.
  • GATE CE is a 3-hour long computer-based paper.
  • The language of the paper is English.

Know More GATE Exam Pattern

Marking Scheme of GATE ME

Marking Scheme GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

  • For 1 Mark MCQs, one third marks will be deducted for the incorrect attempts while for 2 Mark MCQs, the deduction will be of two third marks. 
  • The questions that are left unanswered, no marks will be given nor any marks will be deducted.
  • Negative marking: No marks will be deducted for the wrong answers in Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.
  • There is no negative marking for a wrong answer in MSQ questions.
  • However, there is no partial credit for choosing partially correct combinations of choices or any single wrong choice.

The subject wise weightage in GATE ME paper is:

Discipline

Subject

Number of Questions

Marks

Mechanical Engineering (ME)

Engineering Mathematics

10

13

General Aptitude

10

15

Mechanical Engineering Subject

45

72

Total

65

100

Marking Scheme:

Type of question

Negative marking for wrong answer

Marking for correct answer

MCQs

1/3 for 1 mark questions

2/3 for 2 marks questions

1 or 2 marks

NATs

No negative marking 

1 or 2 marks

Nature of Questions in GATE

Nature of GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Questions

Application & Formula Based

  • To solve application based questions you must have good knowledge of basis principles, facts, laws, or formulae.
  • However in formula based questions you can answer the questions from your memory or a one-line computation.
  • You will have to apply learnt knowledge by computing or logical reasoning.

Figures Based Questions

  • Most of the questions in mechanical engineering are figure based. 
  • These questions look tricky but they are usually easy to solve.
  • Based on the figures and some data given, you have to answer the questions.

Questions Based on Core Topics

  • These questions test your understanding of the discipline of mechanical engineering. 
  • You will be required to bring out simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
  • Questions from the core subject will be direct in nature.

Questions based on Analysis or Common Data Questions

  • In this type of questions you will find questions in a linked format where an answer must be given to the first pair of questions in order to be able to answer the question that succeeds it. 
  • Sometimes common data will also be provided that means the same data would be shared by 2 questions that are or might be independent of each other.

Linked Questions

  • You will find a problem statement after which you will have to answer questions. 
  • These questions will be connected to each other, which means that the second question will rely on the first question’s solution.
  • The chances of such questions to be asked in the paper is very less.

Download GATE Mechanical Engineering Practice Papers

Important Topics in ME Syllabus

Important Topics of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

The entire syllabus of Mechanical Engineering syllabus is segregated into 4 broad sections which include Engineering Mathematics, Applied Mechanics and Design, Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, and Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering.

  • GA (General Aptitude) – 15%
  • Engineering Mathematics – 13%
  • Mechanical Engineering. Subjects– 72%

Different topics come under each of the sections out of which many important topics are mentioned below.

Subject

Major Topics

General Aptitude

Numerical Ability

Verbal Ability

Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra 

Differential equations

Calculus 

Probability and Statistics 

Numerical Methods 

Complex variables 

Applied Mechanics and Design

Mechanics of Materials 

Engineering Mechanics 

Theory of Machines

Vibrations

Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences

Heat-Transfer 

Fluid Mechanics 

Applications 

Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

Casting, Forming and Joining Processes

Phase diagrams, heat treatment, etc.

Machining & Machine Tool Operations 

Operations Research 

Inventory Control

Direct link to download GATE Mechanical Engineering (ME) syllabus PDF  

Weightage of Different Sections

Weightage of Different Sections in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering 

Based on the analysis of previous years papers some of the important topics and their weightage is mentioned below in the table:

Topic

Anticipated weightage in marks

Topic

Expected weightage

Engineering Mechanics

2.5

Theory of Mechanics

12.75

Strength of materials

7.8

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning

1.3

Heat Transfer

6

General Aptitude

15

Machine Design

3.75

Industrial Engineering

8

Fluid Mechanics

7.5

Engineering Maths

12.25

Theory of Mechanics

9

Manufacturing Engineering

14.25

GATE Mechanical Engineering Paper is conducted in 2 slots and candidates can check the weightage given to important topics in each slot. The weightage provided in the table is based on the paper conducted last year. 

Topics

Weightage of Marks in Slot 1

(1 Mark + 2 Mark)

Weightage of Marks in Slot 2

General Aptitude

15 (5 + 10)

15

Engineering Mechanics

15 (7 + 8)

15

Theory of Machine & Vibration

8 (4 + 4)

4

Manufacturing

18 (4 + 14)

17

Strength of Material & Machine Design

12 (2 + 10)

9

Fluid Mechanics

8 (2 + 6)

8

Thermodynamics & Application

11 (3 + 8)

13

Heat Transfer

3 (1 + 2)

6

Industrial Engineering

5 (1 + 4)

4

Engineering Mechanics

5 (1 + 4)

4

Besides the above-mentioned topics, there are many other topics that are important from the exam point of view and need to be studied in detail.

Check GATE Mechanical Engineering Paper Analysis

Previous Year Sample Questions

Sample Questions from Important GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Major Topics

Section 1 – General Aptitude

1 or 2 Mark Questions:

  • Ques 1. The total and product of two integers are 26 and 165. What is the difference between these two integers?

  • Ques 2. The delegate avoided any mention of the issue of women’s reservation in the private sector.

  • Ques 3. He was accused of __________ the issue.

Section 2 & 3 – Engineering Mathematics & Mechanical Engineering

1 or 2 Mark Questions:

  • Ques 1. Based on the common design practice, the three kinds of hydraulic turbines, in descending order of flow rate, include___________?

  • Ques 2. In a casting process, a vertical channel through which molten metal flows downward from pouring basin to runner for reaching the mold cavity is being referred to as

  • Ques 3. Which welding methods deliver the highest heat flux (W/mm2)?

Read How to Prepare for GATE Mechanical Engineering? 

What is Mechanical Engineering and its Scope?

Mechanical engineering (ME) is the field where the graduates apply engineering, physics, and materials science principles while designing, analyzing, manufacturing, and maintaining mechanical systems. GATE Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest and popular engineering disciplines preferred by lakhs of students each year. 

The students giving GATE2021 Mechanical Engineering exam are advised to study as per the latest exam pattern and syllabus so that they can pursue a master’s program in their desired college or university.

Scope after GATE 2021 ME

1. M.Tech Admission after GATE 2021

The candidates securing a good score in their GATE 2021 exam can apply for admission in various top engineering colleges like IITs, NITs or IIITs that can help them in having a great future ahead. This way Mechanical Engineering graduates can pursue postgraduate engineering courses (MTech) in Mechanical Engineering to enhance their expertise in this particular field. 

There are wider job opportunities for mechanical engineers in India and abroad in industries like Aerospace Industry, Automotive Industry, Chemical Industry, Construction Industry, Electronics Industry, Marine Industry, among others. 

Check GATE COAP Counselling

2. PSU Recruitment after GATE 2021

More than 50 PSUs like BARC, BHEL, IOCL etc consider GATE scores to recruit candidates for the post of management trainees in their organization. A job in a successful PSU means that you keep in touch with recent developments in engineering and work on exciting country development initiatives, as well as obtain security and government job benefits. Check PSU Recruitment through GATE

3. Research Work

Candidates can also opt for research work related jobs in their field after qualifying GATE examination. 

Best Books for GATE ME

Best Books for GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering

Preparing as per the latest books and study materials will help the candidates in improving their preparations. The students preparing using the best books and study material will help them to secure a good score in their GATE test. Some of the important books for preparing for the mechanical engineering paper include:

  • Strength Of Materials by SS Rattan 
  • Theory Of Machines by RS Khurmi
  • Mechanical Vibration by GK Grover
  • Design Of Machine Elements by VB Bhandari
  • Fluid Mechanics by RK Bansal
  • Engineering Thermodynamics by Cengel & Boles
  • Internal Combustion Engine by V Ganesan

Important Instructions for candidates

Important Instructions for candidates

  • GATE is conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test mode).
  • The total duration of the exam is 3 hours and all the questions that are asked in the GATE are based on the latest exam pattern.
  • Candidates must report at the center at least 60 minutes before the starting of the examination.
  • The candidates are allowed to appear for the examination only if their credentials get verified by centre officials.
  • No candidate shall be permitted to enter the examination hall after 09:30 hours for the morning session and after 14:30 hours in the afternoon session.
  • Also they will not be allowed to leave the examination hall before the end of the examination.
  • Scribble pads will be offered to the candidates for doing the rough calculations which must be returned to the invigilator at the end of the examination.

Things prohibited inside GATE 2021 exam center

  • Personal calculators, mobile phones or any other electronic devices are strictly prohibited inside the examination hall.
  • The candidates must not carry charts/tables/papers into the examination hall as authorities can’t be made liable for any kind of loss of candidates’ personal belongings.
  • These instructions are really important from the exam point of view, so all GATE aspirants are advised to adhere to these instructions carefully.

The candidates preparing for the GATE 2021 exam are advised to check the paper pattern and guidelines that need to be followed on exam day. Knowing the GATE 2021 pattern beforehand will offer numerous benefits to the students in GATE preparation.

If you are an aspiring Mechanical Engineer who is planning to get admission to a master’s program or in a doctoral program in the relevant branches of Science, then you must start your preparation now.

Frequently Asked Questions

GATE 2021 ME Exam Pattern FAQs

Ques: What will be marking scheme in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

Ans: The marking scheme will be as mentioned in the table below:

Type of question

Negative marking for wrong answer

Marking for correct answer

MCQs

1/3 for 1 mark questions

2/3 for 2 marks questions

1 or 2 marks

MSQs, NATs

No negative marking 

1 or 2 marks

Ques: How many sections will be there in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper and what will be the weightage of each section?

Ans: There will be three sections in the question paper including:

  • General aptitude

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Subject selected by the candidates (Mechanical Engineering Subjects)

  • General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, Engineering Mathematics carrying 13% of the total marks, and Mechanical Engineering Subject Questions carrying 72% of the total marks.

Ques: How to prepare for GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

Ans: Some of the important books for preparing for the mechanical engineering paper include:

  • Strength Of Materials by SS Rattan 

  • Theory Of Machines by RS Khurmi

  • Mechanical Vibration by GK Grover

  • Design Of Machine Elements by VB Bhandari

Ques: What will be the difficulty level of question in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

Ans: Based on the paper analysis of the previous year, the difficulty level of the paper was moderate and candidates can expect the same in the coming exam. The application forms for GATE 2021 will release in the month of August 2020 and candidtaes are advised to start their preparation from today so that they can crack the exam.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

GATE 2021 : 43 answered questions

VIEW ALL

Ques. Is a stipend available in PEC Chandigarh University through a valid GATE score card?

● Top Answer By Rohini Mishra on 02 May 21

Ans. To put it short, yes, you do get a stipend at the PEC Chandigarh University, but it depends on certain terms and conditions.  Getting an SGPA of at least 6.5 in the semesters is the most important condition. If it is less than required in any semester, your next stipend will not come for the next adjacent half. If you fail to do so in the 1st semester, the stipend for the second semester would be lost.  If you score SGPA more than 6.5 in the second sem, the stipend of third and fourth in the second semester combined will re-continue.  And if you fail to reach 6.5 in the second sem, the stipend of the third and fourth sem will discontinue. As there are no separate examinations for the 3rd and 4th sem to judge the eligibility of stipend.  The stipend for the first semester is received by the students without any conditions, so you need not worry about this, as this depends on your GATE score. Read more
0
0
1 Answer
●●●

Ques. What do you prefer, the GATE or the IES?

● Top Answer By Keshav Jindal on 25 Feb 21

Ans. I would prefer GATE or IES because in GATE the ratio is 10:1 whereas in IES the ratio is 300:1. This makes IES a very tough competitive exam but in GATE it is easier to get good marks and rank higher as the paper is easy and less competitive compared to IES.  The IES exam is tougher than GATE because here a candidate has to excel both in academics and personality. In GATE the questions are concept based and it is easier to solve if all the concepts are clear. Also in the GATE exam, there are 65 questions and the time limit is 3 hours but in the IES exam there are 120 questions and the time limit is 2 hours. So you get less time to solve all the questions.  After qualifying for your GATE exam with good marks, you can apply to any of the big companies with higher packages and it also opens your gate to apply for PSU.   After qualifying for your IES exam, you will get a job as an assistant executive engineer and after 3-4 years of experience, you will get promoted to executive engineer post. Then after many years of experience of like 20+ years, you will get Chief Engineer posts.Read more
0
0
1 Answer
●●●

Ques. What is the pattern for the written test for M.Tech at IIT Gandhinagar?

● Top Answer By Kumar Shiwam on 24 Feb 21

Ans. The admission for M. Tech at IIT Gandhinagar is done on the basis of academic records, written test, personal interview, and valid GATE scores. Those students who have a good academic record along with good GATE scores are not supposed to appear in the written test and personal interview.  The pattern of the written test is as follows: 10 questions of General aptitude questions consisting of logical analytical and reasoning ability and engineering mathematics are asked. 15-20 questions are asked related to basic courses in various disciplines up to the third year of an undergraduate program. The total duration of the written test is 1 hour for 80 marks. A total of 40 marks for general aptitude and 40 for basic knowledge. There is a negative marking and very basic questions are asked in the test. For branch subjects, all questions are asked related to SOM, fluid mechanics, etc.  The reservation category will get relaxation in the cut-off marks as per the norms. You will also be entitled to and fro sleeper class train tickets for the shortest route from your hometown to the institute. If you pass the test then you will attend the interview on the same day.Read more
0
0
1 Answer
●●●

Ques. What are the best coaching centres for GATE and IES in Civil Engineering?

● Top Answer By Sabeer Chalana on 23 Feb 21

Ans. There are many coaching centers throughout the country for IES and GATE coaching. However, these 2 institutes enjoy a huge reputation and recognition at the national level due to their experienced faculty and their study material quality. Made Easy: It is one of the best in the field when it comes to GATE and IES coaching. They have the best faculty teaching the subjects for the students.  Their specialty lies in their high quality and concise presentation. One of my friends enrolled in the Delhi center weekend coaching program, which he claimed to be good. Their online test series is one of the best you can opt for. They are prepared keeping the present pattern in mind. The number of students enrolled is hefty and gives you a clear picture of the competition. Some criticize that their teaching lacks depth compared to other institutes. Their courses and tests require analytical knowledge and are more than enough to crack GATE/IES exams. IES Masters: This institute is one of the best in this field and has earned respect for its excellence and quality coaching within a short span of its inception. All the major subjects for all batches are handled by Mr. Kanchan Thakur who is the director of the institute. He has a brilliant command over all the subjects in Civil engineering. The study material of this institute is best and is even recommended for those who choose civil engineering as an optional subject in UPSC exams. One small setback is that other faculties than the director are not on par when compared with the faculties of Made Easy. For the GATE Online test series, you can opt for Made easy test series, and for the IES test series you can opt for IES Masters. If you plan to join made easy to enroll in Super Talent Batch which has all top faculties teaching in this batch. For Classroom coaching for civil engineering in GATE/IES, Super talent batch can be preferred if not then IES Masters. For Postal study course, one can opt for IES masters.Read more
0
0
1 Answer
●●●

Ques. Which will be a better career for ECE engineers, IBPS SO or PSU via the GATE?

● Top Answer By Vaishnavi Agrawal on 19 Feb 21

Ans. Some of my friends work in both the departments and based on their experience, I can answer this. If you look at the position of an IBPS SO, it's that of a specialist officer. You'd technically be a network administrator of all of the intra networks of the bank. You'd be a database administrator/database manager who would have the entire intra network of that particular bank under your supervision.  Now if you look at the PSU job, you'd be someone who would be responsible for sustaining the technicalities concerning PSU. Your enquiry on which one is better entirely is up to you and where your interest lies. While some might opt for GATE which concerns their core subjects entirely, others simply might find their area of interest in networking. So, decide for yourself and choose what suits you and not the rest.Read more
0
0
1 Answer
●●●

Comments



NO COMMENTS TO SHOW