GATE 2020 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PATTERN

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    GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme and Weightage of Important Topics

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is a national-level entrance examination conducted to evaluate the candidate’s educational skills planning to pursue a master’s program of post-graduate program. GATE Mechanical Engineering is rated as one of the best branches to pursue higher studies in, the stream is the first option for most of the engineering interested candidates. 

    • GATE 2021 will be a computer-based test conducted with a time duration of 3 hours. 
    • GATE ME paper will be divided into 3 sections and consists of a total of 65 questions. 
    • The 3 sections are General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and core subject. However, the General Aptitude section is common for every candidate.
    • The weightage of core subjects will be 70% and the remaining 30% weightage will be given to General Aptitude & Engineering Mathematics.  Check GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

    The core syllabus of Mechanical Engineering syllabus will be divided into 4 major sections. GATE ME paper includes multiple-choice and numerical answer type (NAT) questions. Negative marking does not apply to the numerical answer type (NAT) questions. The marks obtained in GATE ME examination are not only valid for admissions in IITs or NITs but these scores are also used by various PSUs for recruitment. Check GATE PSU Recruitment

    Simply put, Mechanical Engineers are required almost everywhere- whether a tool needs to be manufactured, an automobile needs to be modified or a building or heavy machinery needs to be built. To pursue a career in this field candidates must prepare well for the exam.

    Read the article to know more about GATE 2021 ME exam pattern, marking scheme, weightage of questions, sample questions, and much more. 

    Must Read 

    Highlights of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern

    • The types of questions asked in the exam consist of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions. 
    • Marks will not be deducted in case of the wrong attempt for NAT questions
    • The Mechanical Engineering paper will have three parts including General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Subject-specific part (Mechanical Engineering).
    • The papers of GATE 2021 will include questions related to the General Aptitude (Language and Analytical Skills) & Engineering Mathematics in addition to the main subject of the paper.
    • In the GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper, 70% weightage will be given to the Mechanical Engineering section while General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematic will hold the remaining 30% weightage.

    Feature

    Description

    Duration of the exam

    A total of 3 hours (180 minutes)

    Number of Questions

    65

    Total Marks

    100

    Questions Type

    2 Types of Questions:

    Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Numerical based Questions

    Total sections

    3: General Aptitude, General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Subject-specific part (Mechanical Engineering)

    Marking Scheme

    1 Mark MCQs (one-third marks will be deducted in case of wrong attempt) 

    2 Mark MCQs (two third marks will be deducted).

    Why Knowledge of Exam Pattern is important?

    Knowing the exam pattern of GATE 2021 can prove beneficial for the students planning to get admission in top-most engineering colleges and universities. The official brochure released by IIT will help the candidates to prepare as per the latest exam pattern and by taking the references of the previous year sample paper as well.

    GATE exam is designed aiming to test an individual's abilities in various grounds related to the course they are planning to pursue in the future.

    • Since Mechanical Engineering includes a lot of theories, the candidates must have the basic understanding of all the theories which in turn will clear their concepts and topics in the syllabus of GATE 2021 ME syllabus.
    • The more you solve GATE Mechanical Engineering practice questions, the better your understanding will be. The candidates can start preparing with the easy set of questions before moving to the more difficult questions. Once the candidates get familiar with the latest exam pattern, they will be able to complete their test within the allotted time period.
    • Having knowledge of GATE ME previous year questions for each chapter will help in understanding the difficulty level and nature of questions asked in the exam as well.

    Details of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern

    Details of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Exam Pattern

    Type of Question: 

    • There will be two types of questions asked in the exam which includes Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions.
    • The paper will have a general aptitude part which all the candidates have to attempt. The section will have 10 questions out of which half of the questions carries a weightage of one mark while the remaining ones will be of 2 marks.
    • The compulsory Engineering Mathematics section contains 10 questions that carry a total of 15 marks.
    • Remaining 70 marks will be dedicated to the core subject questions.

    Total Number of Sections: 

    There will be three sections in the question paper including:

    • General aptitude
    • Engineering Mathematics
    • Subject selected by the candidates (Mechanical Engineering Subjects)
    • General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, Engineering Mathematics carrying 15% of the total marks, and Mechanical Engineering Subject Questions carrying 70% of the total marks.

    Total Marks and Time Duration:

    • The total marks in GATE CE are 100 and the total number of questions is 65.
    • GATE CE is a 3-hour long computer-based paper.
    • The language of the paper is English.

    Know More GATE Exam Pattern

    Marking Scheme of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

    Marking Scheme GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

    • For 1 Mark MCQs, one third marks will be deducted for the incorrect attempts while for 2 Mark MCQs, the deduction will be of two third marks. 
    • The questions that are left unanswered, no marks will be given nor any marks will be deducted.
    • Negative marking: No marks will be deducted for the wrong answers in Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.

    The subject wise weightage in GATE ME paper is:

    Discipline

    Subject

    Number of Questions

    Marks

    Mechanical Engineering (ME)

    Engineering Mathematics

    10

    15

    General Aptitude

    10

    15

    Mechanical Engineering Subject

    45

    70

    Total

    65

    100

    Marking Scheme:

    Type of question

    Negative marking for wrong answer

    Marking for correct answer

    MCQs

    1/3 for 1 mark questions

    2/3 for 2 marks questions

    1 or 2 marks

    NATs

    No negative marking 

    1 or 2 marks

    Nature of GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Questions

    Nature of GATE 2021 Civil Engineering Questions

    Application & Formula Based

    • To solve application based questions you must have good knowledge of basis principles, facts, laws, or formulae.
    • However in formula based questions you can answer the questions from your memory or a one-line computation.
    • You will have to apply learnt knowledge by computing or logical reasoning.

    Figures Based Questions

    • Most of the questions in mechanical engineering are figure based. 
    • These questions look tricky but they are usually easy to solve.
    • Based on the figures and some data given, you have to answer the questions.

    Questions Based on Core Topics

    • These questions test your understanding of the discipline of mechanical engineering. 
    • You will be required to bring out simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.
    • Questions from the core subject will be direct in nature.

    Questions based on Analysis or Common Data Questions

    • In this type of questions you will find questions in a linked format where an answer must be given to the first pair of questions in order to be able to answer the question that succeeds it. 
    • Sometimes common data will also be provided that means the same data would be shared by 2 questions that are or might be independent of each other.

    Linked Questions

    • You will find a problem statement after which you will have to answer questions. 
    • These questions will be connected to each other, which means that the second question will rely on the first question’s solution.
    • The chances of such questions to be asked in the paper is very less.

    Download GATE Mechanical Engineering Practice Papers

    Important Topics of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

    Important Topics of GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Paper

    The entire syllabus of Mechanical Engineering syllabus is segregated into 4 broad sections which include Engineering Mathematics, Applied Mechanics and Design, Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, and Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering.

    • GA (General Aptitude) – 15%
    • Engineering Mathematics – 15%
    • Mechanical Engineering. Subjects– 70%

    Different topics come under each of the sections out of which many important topics are mentioned below.

    Subject

    Major Topics

    General Aptitude

    Numerical Ability

    Verbal Ability

    Engineering Mathematics

    Linear Algebra 

    Differential equations

    Calculus 

    Probability and Statistics 

    Numerical Methods 

    Complex variables 

    Applied Mechanics and Design

    Mechanics of Materials 

    Engineering Mechanics 

    Theory of Machines

    Vibrations

    Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences

    Heat-Transfer 

    Fluid Mechanics 

    Applications 

    Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

    Casting, Forming and Joining Processes

    Phase diagrams, heat treatment, etc.

    Machining & Machine Tool Operations 

    Operations Research 

    Inventory Control

    Direct link to download GATE Mechanical Engineering (ME) syllabus PDF 

    Weightage of Different Sections in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering 

    Weightage of Different Sections in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering 

    Based on the analysis of previous years papers some of the important topics and their weightage is mentioned below in the table:

    Topic

    Anticipated weightage in marks

    Topic

    Expected weightage

    Engineering Mechanics

    2.5

    Theory of Mechanics

    12.75

    Strength of materials

    7.8

    Refrigeration & Air Conditioning

    1.3

    Heat Transfer

    6

    General Aptitude

    15

    Machine Design

    3.75

    Industrial Engineering

    8

    Fluid Mechanics

    7.5

    Engineering Maths

    12.25

    Theory of Mechanics

    9

    Manufacturing Engineering

    14.25

    GATE Mechanical Engineering Paper is conducted in 2 slots and candidates can check the weightage given to important topics in each slot. The weightage provided in the table is based on the paper conducted last year. 

    Topics

    Weightage of Marks in Slot 1

    (1 Mark + 2 Mark)

    Weightage of Marks in Slot 2

    General Aptitude

    15 (5 + 10)

    15

    Engineering Mechanics

    15 (7 + 8)

    15

    Theory of Machine & Vibration

    8 (4 + 4)

    4

    Manufacturing

    18 (4 + 14)

    17

    Strength of Material & Machine Design

    12 (2 + 10)

    9

    Fluid Mechanics

    8 (2 + 6)

    8

    Thermodynamics & Application

    11 (3 + 8)

    13

    Heat Transfer

    3 (1 + 2)

    6

    Industrial Engineering

    5 (1 + 4)

    4

    Engineering Mechanics

    5 (1 + 4)

    4

    Besides the above-mentioned topics, there are many other topics that are important from the exam point of view and need to be studied in detail.

    Check GATE Mechanical Engineering Paper Analysis

    Sample Questions from Important GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Major Topics

    Sample Questions from Important GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering Major Topics

    Section 1 – General Aptitude

    1 or 2 Mark Questions:

    • Ques 1. The total and product of two integers are 26 and 165. What is the difference between these two integers?

    • Ques 2. The delegate avoided any mention of the issue of women’s reservation in the private sector.

    • Ques 3. He was accused of __________ the issue.

    Section 2 & 3 – Engineering Mathematics & Mechanical Engineering

    1 or 2 Mark Questions:

    • Ques 1. Based on the common design practice, the three kinds of hydraulic turbines, in descending order of flow rate, include___________?

    • Ques 2. In a casting process, a vertical channel through which molten metal flows downward from pouring basin to runner for reaching the mold cavity is being referred to as

    • Ques 3. Which welding methods deliver the highest heat flux (W/mm2)?

    Read How to Prepare for GATE Mechanical Engineering? 

    What is Mechanical Engineering and its Scope?

    Mechanical engineering (ME) is the field where the graduates apply engineering, physics, and materials science principles while designing, analyzing, manufacturing, and maintaining mechanical systems. GATE Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest and popular engineering disciplines preferred by lakhs of students each year. 

    The students giving GATE2021 Mechanical Engineering exam are advised to study as per the latest exam pattern and syllabus so that they can pursue a master’s program in their desired college or university.

    Scope after GATE 2021 ME

    1. M.Tech Admission after GATE 2021

    The candidates securing a good score in their GATE 2021 exam can apply for admission in various top engineering colleges like IITs, NITs or IIITs that can help them in having a great future ahead. This way Mechanical Engineering graduates can pursue postgraduate engineering courses (MTech) in Mechanical Engineering to enhance their expertise in this particular field. 

    There are wider job opportunities for mechanical engineers in India and abroad in industries like Aerospace Industry, Automotive Industry, Chemical Industry, Construction Industry, Electronics Industry, Marine Industry, among others. Check GATE COAP Counselling

    2. PSU Recruitment after GATE 2021

    More than 50 PSUs like BARC, BHEL, IOCL etc consider GATE scores to recruit candidates for the post of management trainees in their organization. A job in a successful PSU means that you keep in touch with recent developments in engineering and work on exciting country development initiatives, as well as obtain security and government job benefits. Check PSU Recruitment through GATE

    3. Research Work

    Candidates can also opt for research work related jobs in their field after qualifying GATE examination. 

    Best Books for GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering

    Preparing as per the latest books and study materials will help the candidates in improving their preparations. The students preparing using the best books and study material will help them to secure a good score in their GATE test. Some of the important books for preparing for the mechanical engineering paper include:

    • Strength Of Materials by SS Rattan 
    • Theory Of Machines by RS Khurmi
    • Mechanical Vibration by GK Grover
    • Design Of Machine Elements by VB Bhandari
    • Fluid Mechanics by RK Bansal
    • Engineering Thermodynamics by Cengel & Boles
    • Internal Combustion Engine by V Ganesan

    Important Instructions for candidates

    Important Instructions for candidates

    • GATE is conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test mode).
    • The total duration of the exam is 3 hours and all the questions that are asked in the GATE are based on the latest exam pattern.
    • Candidates must report at the center at least 60 minutes before the starting of the examination.
    • The candidates are allowed to appear for the examination only if their credentials get verified by centre officials.
    • No candidate shall be permitted to enter the examination hall after 09:30 hours for the morning session and after 14:30 hours in the afternoon session.
    • Also they will not be allowed to leave the examination hall before the end of the examination.
    • Scribble pads will be offered to the candidates for doing the rough calculations which must be returned to the invigilator at the end of the examination.

    Things prohibited inside GATE 2021 exam center

    • Personal calculators, mobile phones or any other electronic devices are strictly prohibited inside the examination hall.
    • The candidates must not carry charts/tables/papers into the examination hall as authorities can’t be made liable for any kind of loss of candidates’ personal belongings.
    • These instructions are really important from the exam point of view, so all GATE aspirants are advised to adhere to these instructions carefully.

    The candidates preparing for the GATE 2021 exam are advised to check the paper pattern and guidelines that need to be followed on exam day. Knowing the GATE 2021 pattern beforehand will offer numerous benefits to the students in GATE preparation.

    If you are an aspiring Mechanical Engineer who is planning to get admission to a master’s program or in a doctoral program in the relevant branches of Science, then you must start your preparation now.

    GATE 2021 ME Exam Pattern FAQs

    Ques: What will be marking scheme in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

    Ans: The marking scheme will be as mentioned in the table below:

    Type of question

    Negative marking for wrong answer

    Marking for correct answer

    MCQs

    1/3 for 1 mark questions

    2/3 for 2 marks questions

    1 or 2 marks

    NATs

    No negative marking 

    1 or 2 marks

    Ques: How many sections will be there in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper and what will be the weightage of each section?

    Ans: There will be three sections in the question paper including:

    • General aptitude

    • Engineering Mathematics

    • Subject selected by the candidates (Mechanical Engineering Subjects)

    • General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, Engineering Mathematics carrying 15% of the total marks, and Mechanical Engineering Subject Questions carrying 70% of the total marks.

    Ques: How to prepare for GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

    Ans: Some of the important books for preparing for the mechanical engineering paper include:

    • Strength Of Materials by SS Rattan 

    • Theory Of Machines by RS Khurmi

    • Mechanical Vibration by GK Grover

    • Design Of Machine Elements by VB Bhandari

    Ques: What will be the difficulty level of question in GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering paper?

    Ans: Based on the paper analysis of the previous year, the difficulty level of the paper was moderate and candidates can expect the same in the coming exam. The application forms for GATE 2021 will release in the month of August 2020 and candidtaes are advised to start their preparation from today so that they can crack the exam.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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