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GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering (MT) Syllabus, Preparation Tips and Books

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Nikkil Visha

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Metallurgical engineering is the study of metals. It is the combination of theory and practicals programs that covers topics like mining, extraction, design, and processing of metals, as well as how metals react to environmental changes or stress. GATE 2021 Metallurgical engineering syllabus has been revised with the addition of new topics. 

  • The syllabus is based on the topics studied at the graduation level. 85% of the questions will be asked from the core subject plus engineering mathema and the remaining 15% questions from the general aptitude section.
  • The question paper will consist of 65 questions worth 100 marks. Candidates can attempt all the NAT questions because there will be no negative marking for these questions.  Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern
  • MT as your primary paper choice, you can opt from PH or XE as your second paper. The second choice of paper is predecided by the authorities depending on the primary paper. 

Candidates who will qualify GATE 2021 will become eligible to take admission in M.Tech courses offered at various institutes like IITs, NITs, etc. Moreover, GATE scores are also used by more than 50 Public Sector Undertaking companies for  GATE PSU Recruitment  process. Candidates are advised to go through the syllabus of Metallurgical Engineering provided below along with the preparation tips and important books. 

Must Read: 

GATE Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus

GATE 2021 Syllabus for Metallurgical Engineering

GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus is divided into 6 sections as mentioned below:

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics: 

  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Vector Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Numerical Methods. 

Section 2: Metallurgical Thermodynamics

  • Laws of thermodynamics: First law – energy conservation, Second law - entropy; Enthalpy, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energy; Maxwell’s relations; Chemical potential; Applications to metallurgical systems, solutions, ideal and regular solutions; Gibbs phase rule, phase equilibria, binary phase diagram and lever rule, free-energy vs. composition diagrams; Equilibrium constant, Activity, Ellingham and phase stability diagrams; Thermodynamics of point defects, surfaces and interfaces, adsorption and segregation phenomena.
  • Electrochemistry: Single electrode potential, Electrochemical cells, Nernst equation, Potential-pH diagrams

Section 3: Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes

  • Momentum transfer: Concept of viscosity, shell balances, Bernoulli’s equation, mechanical energy balance equation, flow past plane surfaces and through pipes.
  • Heat transfer: Conduction, Fourier’s Law, 1-D steady state conduction
  • Convection: Heat transfer coefficient relations for forced convection
  • Radiation: Black body radiation, Stefan-Boltzman Law, Kirchhoff’s Law
  • Mass transfer: Diffusion and Fick’s laws, Mass transfer coefficients
  • Dimensional analysis: Buckingham Pi theorem, Significance of dimensionless numbers
  • Basic laws of chemical kinetics: First order reactions, reaction rate constant, Arrhenius relation, heterogeneous reactions, oxidation kinetics
  • Electrochemical kinetics: Polarization

Section 4: Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy

  • Comminution techniques, Size classification, Flotation, Gravity and other methods of mineral beneficiation; Agglomeration: sintering, pelletizing and briquetting
  • Material and Energy balances in metallurgical processes; Principles and processes for the extraction of non- ferrous metals – aluminum, copper and titanium
  • Iron and steel making: Material and heat balance in blast furnace; Structure and properties of slags and molten salts – basicity of slags - sulphide and phosphate capacity of slags; Production of metallurgical coke
  • Other methods of iron making (COREX, MIDRE)
  • Primary steel making: Basic oxygen furnace, process dynamics, oxidation reactions, electric arc furnace
  • Secondary steel making: Ladle process – deoxidation, argon stirring, desulphurization, inclusion shape control, principles of degassing methods; Basics of stainless steel manufacturing
  • Continuous Casting: Fluid flow in the tundish and mould, heat transfer in the mould, segregation, inclusion control

Section 5: Physical Metallurgy

  • Chemical Bonding: Ionic, covalent, metallic, and secondary bonding in materials, Crystal structure of solids – metals and alloys, ionic and covalent solids, and polymers
  • X-ray Diffraction – Bragg’s law, optical metallography, principles of SEM imaging
  • Crystal Imperfections: Point, line and surface defects; Coherent, semi-coherent and incoherent interfaces
  • Diffusion in solids: Diffusion equation, steady state and error function solutions; Examples- homogenization and carburization; Kirkendall effect; Uphill diffusion; Atomic models for interstitial and substitutional diffusion; Pipe diffusion and grain boundary diffusion
  • Phase transformation: Driving force, Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, growth kinetics
  • Solidification in isomorphous, eutectic and peritectic systems, cast structures and macrosegregation, dendritic solidification and constitutional supercooling, coring and microsegregation
  • Solid state transformations: Precipitation, spinoidal decomposition, ordering, massive transformation, discontinuous precipitation, eutectoid transformation, diffusionless transformations; Precipitate coarsening, Gibbs-Thomson effect
  • Principles of heat treatment of steels, TTT and CCT diagrams; Surface hardening treatments; Recovery, recrystallization and grain growth; Heat treatment of cast iron and aluminium alloys
  • Electronic, magnetic and optical properties of materials
  • Basic forms of corrosion and its prevention

Section 6: Mechanical Metallurgy

  • Strain tensor and stress tensor, Representation by Mohr’s circle, elasticity, stiffness and compliance tensor, Yield criteria, Plastic deformation by slip and twinning
  • Dislocation theory: Edge, screw and mixed dislocations, source and multiplication of dislocations, stress fields around dislocations; Partial dislocations, dislocation interactions and reactions
  • Strengthening mechanisms: Work/strain hardening, strengthening due to grain boundaries, solid solution, precipitation and dispersion
  • Fracture behaviour, Griffith theory, linear elastic fracture mechanics, fracture toughness, fractography, ductile to brittle transition
  • Fatigue: Cyclic stress strain behaviour - low and high cycle fatigue, crack growth
  • Mechanisms of high temperature deformation and failure; creep and stress rupture, stress exponent and activation energy

Section 7: Manufacturing Processes

  • Metal casting: Mould design involving feeding, gating and risering, casting practices, casting defects
  • Hot, warm and cold working of metals: Metal forming – fundamentals of metal forming processes of rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal forming, defects in forming
  • Metal joining: Principles of soldering, brazing and welding, welding metallurgy, defects in welded joints in steels and aluminum alloys
  • Powder metallurgy: production of powders, compaction and sintering
  • Non-destructive Testing (NDT): Dye-penetrant, ultrasonic, radiography, eddy current, acoustic emission and magnetic particle inspection methods

Direct link to download GATE Metallurgical Engineering (MT) syllabus PDF 

GATE General Aptitude Syllabus for Metallurgical Engineering

Verbal Ability Numerical Ability
  • English grammar
  • Sentence completion, Instructions
  • Verbal analogies, Word groups
  • Critical reasoning, Verbal deduction. 
  • Numerical computation
  • Numerical reasoning
  • Numerical estimation
  • Data interpretation. 

Weightage of Important Topics

Important Topics from GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering

Candidates can check the sample questions and weightage of the general aptitude and engineering mathematics section.

Weightage of GA & Engineering Mathematics

  • Sample Question 1: The fishermen, _______ the flood victims owed their lives, were rewarded by the government.
  • Sample Question 2: The radius as well as the height of a circular cone increases by 10%. The percentage increase in its volume is ______?
  • Sample Question 3: Until Iran came along, India had never been ________________ in kabaddi.
General Aptitude 15%
Engineering Mathematics 13%

Read GATE Paper Analysis

Weightage of Metallurgical Engineering

  • Sample Question 1: In a tensile creep test of metal, Nabarro-Herring mechanism is favored over Coble mechanism for ____________?
  • Sample Question 2: A FCC crystal with a lattice parameter of 0.3615 nm is used to measure the wavelength of monochromatic X-rays. The Bragg angle for the reflection from (111) planes is 21.68. The wavelength of X-rays (in nm, rounded off to three decimal places) is ________?
  • Sample Question 3: A material, made up of alternating layers of metals A and B, is loaded as shown below. If the volume % of B is 25%, the elastic modulus (in GPa, rounded off to one decimal place) of the material is _______?
mt paper

Weightage of Questions

Topic Weightage (Marks)
Casting 10
Heat Transfer 5
Iron and Steel Making 3-5
Physical metallurgy 4-5
Material testing 10
Mechanical behavior 8

Know IIT Bombay Admission Process

GATE Exam Pattern of MT

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern of Metallurgical Engineering

GATE Exam Pattern will be defined paper wise depending upon candidates’ discipline. 

  • GATE consists of 3 sections namely General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and specific subject of the paper
  • The question paper comprises a total 65 questions.
  • There are two types of questions in GATE i.e. Multiple Choice type (MCQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT).
  • Questions will be asked in random order and one has to select the answer (for MCQ type) and enter the answer for numerical answer type question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard.
  • Students have to attempt all the questions in a duration of three hours. 
  • The maximum number of questions in GATE 2021 is from the core subject.

Metallurgical Engineering Marking Scheme

Subject Total No. Of Questions Questions Division Marks Negative Marking
General Aptitude 10 Questions Question No: 1-5 05 Marks (1 Mark for Each Question)
  • 1/3 for 1 mark question
  • 2/3 for 2 mark question
  • No Negative Marking for NAT
Question No: 6-10 10 Marks (2 Marks for Each Question)
MT + Engineering Mathematics 55 Questions Question No: 1-25 25 Marks (1 Mark for Each Question)
Question No: 26- 55 60 Marks (2 Marks for Each Question)
Total 65 Questions - 100 Marks

Best Books for GATE MT

Best Books for GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering

Candidates are suggested to prepare from the best books. Refer good study material of renowned authors or publications. Some of the best books are:

 Title of the book Name of the Author/ Publication
GATE 2020 – Metallurgical Engineering – Guide  GKP
Metallurgical Engineering Solved Papers GATE 2020  Amritansh Frank
GATE 2020 – Solved Papers – Metallurgical Engineering GKP

How to Prepare for GATE MT Paper?

How to Prepare for GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering Paper?

First of all, candidates are advised to go through the syllabus, exam pattern, marking scheme, books, etc because they all are very important while preparing for the exam. After that you can follow the preparation tips provided below:

1. Target Based Study Plan

  • Daily Target: Set a target to complete 1-2 topics in a day. This will help you in completing your syllabus early. 
  • Weekly Target: Your weekly target should include completion of 6-7 topics, revisions of all these topics, attempting the mock tests or solving previous years papers related to these topics. Observe the level of your performance. 
  • Monthly Target: If you are following a daily or weekly plan then you can skip monthly plans. However, if you want to set a monthly goal then you must divide your whole syllabus into months. For example, if your syllabus has 16 major topics and you have 5 months left for preparation then you can complete 4 topics in 1 month i. e. 4 topics X 4 months = 16 topics. 

Also Read Preparation Tips from GATE Topper

2. Management of Time

Time plays an important role during preparation. By managing the time you can easily complete your syllabus with revisions. You can take help from the time table provided below:

Division of Time Plan
5:00 AM to 8:00 AM Revision 
8:00 AM to 10:00 AM Take a Break
10:00 AM to 1:00 PM Study Major Topic
1:00 PM to 5:00 PM Take a Break
6:00 PM to 9:00 PM Complete your Topic/ Go for Next Topic
10:00 PM Revision/ Sleep Early

3. Practice Papers

  • Download previous years practice papers.  
  • Try to solve one paper every 2 or 3 days.
  • Do not panic if you are not able to solve all the questions. This could be because you need to put more effort into that section or topic.
  • You will come to know about the exam pattern and type of questions. It will help you in molding your preparation strategy as per the difficulty level of the paper.

Download GATE Practice Papers.  

4. Revision from Notes

  • During the time of preparation of each topic prepare notes of the same.
  • First, understand the topic then prepare the notes.
  • Notes should include all the important facts, formulas, etc. 
  • Daily revise these notes. This way you can remember all the important points.
  • You can also have a quick look at these notes before the exam.

5. Appearing for Mock Tests

  • Mock Test gives the feel of real exam as they are also conducted online with 3 hours time limit.
  • Candidates will also get scores based on the test. You can use these score to predict your rank with of  GATE Rank Predictor
  • With the help of mock test, you can check the level of your preparations.

GATE Syllabus Of Other Papers

GATE 2021 Syllabus Of Other Papers

GATE is a national level exam conducted for admission to M.Tech programs. There are 25 papers in GATE. The exam pattern and syllabus of every paper is different. Candidates can check the complete syllabus of other papers from the links given below.  

With the help of preparation tips, exam pattern, syllabus and sample questions candidates can build their own preparation plan also. To score high in the exam candidates are advised to follow the syllabus prescribed by the authorities in the combination with preparation tips provided above.

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

Ques: What will be the marking scheme of GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering Paper?

Ans: Yes, there will be negative marking in the examination. Negative marking depends on the type and marks of questions. For NAT questions there will be no negative marking but for 1 or 2 marks ½ and 2/3 marks will be deducted respectively for wrong answers. 

Type of question Negative marking for the wrong answer

1/3 for 1 mark questions

2/3 for 2 marks questions

NATs No negative marking 

Ques: How many questions will be asked in each section of GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering Paper?

Ans: The section weightage is as mentioned below:

Subject Total No. Of Questions Questions Division Marks
General Aptitude 10 Questions Question No: 1-5 05 Marks (1 Mark for Each Question)
Question No: 6-10 10 Marks (2 Marks for Each Question)
MT + Engineering Mathematics 55 Questions Question No: 1-25 25 Marks (1 Mark for Each Question)
Question No: 26- 55 60 Marks (2 Marks for Each Question)
Total 65 Questions - 100 Marks

Ques: Are there any reference books to prepare for GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering Paper?

Ans: Yes. Candidates can follow the below-mentioned books to prepare for the exam. Other than these books you are also advised to go through your graduation level books or notes to understand the basic concepts. 

  • Metallurgical Engineering Solved Papers GATE 2020 – By Amritansh Frank
  • GATE 2020 – Metallurgical Engineering – Guide – By GKP

Ques: What are the major topics from GATE 2021 Metallurgical Engineering syllabus?

Ans: the major topics are:

  • Engineering Mathematics:
  • Thermodynamics and Rate Processes
  • Extractive Metallurgy
  • Physical Metallurgy
  • Mechanical Metallurgy
  • Manufacturing Processes

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

GATE 2021 : 43 answered questions


Ques. What do you prefer, the GATE or the IES?

● Top Answer By Keshav Jindal on 25 Feb 21

Ans. I would prefer GATE or IES because in GATE the ratio is 10:1 whereas in IES the ratio is 300:1. This makes IES a very tough competitive exam but in GATE it is easier to get good marks and rank higher as the paper is easy and less competitive compared to IES.  The IES exam is tougher than GATE because here a candidate has to excel both in academics and personality. In GATE the questions are concept based and it is easier to solve if all the concepts are clear. Also in the GATE exam, there are 65 questions and the time limit is 3 hours but in the IES exam there are 120 questions and the time limit is 2 hours. So you get less time to solve all the questions.  After qualifying for your GATE exam with good marks, you can apply to any of the big companies with higher packages and it also opens your gate to apply for PSU.   After qualifying for your IES exam, you will get a job as an assistant executive engineer and after 3-4 years of experience, you will get promoted to executive engineer post. Then after many years of experience of like 20+ years, you will get Chief Engineer posts.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the pattern for the written test for M.Tech at IIT Gandhinagar?

● Top Answer By Kumar Shiwam on 24 Feb 21

Ans. The admission for M. Tech at IIT Gandhinagar is done on the basis of academic records, written test, personal interview, and valid GATE scores. Those students who have a good academic record along with good GATE scores are not supposed to appear in the written test and personal interview.  The pattern of the written test is as follows: 10 questions of General aptitude questions consisting of logical analytical and reasoning ability and engineering mathematics are asked. 15-20 questions are asked related to basic courses in various disciplines up to the third year of an undergraduate program. The total duration of the written test is 1 hour for 80 marks. A total of 40 marks for general aptitude and 40 for basic knowledge. There is a negative marking and very basic questions are asked in the test. For branch subjects, all questions are asked related to SOM, fluid mechanics, etc.  The reservation category will get relaxation in the cut-off marks as per the norms. You will also be entitled to and fro sleeper class train tickets for the shortest route from your hometown to the institute. If you pass the test then you will attend the interview on the same day.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What are the best coaching centres for GATE and IES in Civil Engineering?

● Top Answer By Sabeer Chalana on 23 Feb 21

Ans. There are many coaching centers throughout the country for IES and GATE coaching. However, these 2 institutes enjoy a huge reputation and recognition at the national level due to their experienced faculty and their study material quality. Made Easy: It is one of the best in the field when it comes to GATE and IES coaching. They have the best faculty teaching the subjects for the students.  Their specialty lies in their high quality and concise presentation. One of my friends enrolled in the Delhi center weekend coaching program, which he claimed to be good. Their online test series is one of the best you can opt for. They are prepared keeping the present pattern in mind. The number of students enrolled is hefty and gives you a clear picture of the competition. Some criticize that their teaching lacks depth compared to other institutes. Their courses and tests require analytical knowledge and are more than enough to crack GATE/IES exams. IES Masters: This institute is one of the best in this field and has earned respect for its excellence and quality coaching within a short span of its inception. All the major subjects for all batches are handled by Mr. Kanchan Thakur who is the director of the institute. He has a brilliant command over all the subjects in Civil engineering. The study material of this institute is best and is even recommended for those who choose civil engineering as an optional subject in UPSC exams. One small setback is that other faculties than the director are not on par when compared with the faculties of Made Easy. For the GATE Online test series, you can opt for Made easy test series, and for the IES test series you can opt for IES Masters. If you plan to join made easy to enroll in Super Talent Batch which has all top faculties teaching in this batch. For Classroom coaching for civil engineering in GATE/IES, Super talent batch can be preferred if not then IES Masters. For Postal study course, one can opt for IES masters.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Which will be a better career for ECE engineers, IBPS SO or PSU via the GATE?

● Top Answer By Vaishnavi Agrawal on 19 Feb 21

Ans. Some of my friends work in both the departments and based on their experience, I can answer this. If you look at the position of an IBPS SO, it's that of a specialist officer. You'd technically be a network administrator of all of the intra networks of the bank. You'd be a database administrator/database manager who would have the entire intra network of that particular bank under your supervision.  Now if you look at the PSU job, you'd be someone who would be responsible for sustaining the technicalities concerning PSU. Your enquiry on which one is better entirely is up to you and where your interest lies. While some might opt for GATE which concerns their core subjects entirely, others simply might find their area of interest in networking. So, decide for yourself and choose what suits you and not the rest.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the difference between IES and GATE?

● Top Answer By Himani Arora on 17 Feb 21

Ans. GATE and IES, are very well known among graduate engineers. The IES exam is carried out annually by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and the GATE exam is administered by Bangalore's Indian Institute of Science (IISc) or any of the seven IITs. Syllabus and paper pattern: The complete engineering syllabus is covered by the IES exam, while GATE covers a portion of this syllabus and some other topics useful for higher studies.  While GATE tests problem-solving ability, IES tests conceptual capability.  The IES exam paper contains questions of the objective and subjective type and a total of 4 papers, while the GATE exam paper only contains questions of the objective type and only 1 paper.  Only in the subjective paper, a calculator is allowed. Difficulty Level & Duration: It will be much more difficult to solve the questions you will face in GATE than in IES.  In a single problem, GATE questions require you to apply many concepts. For that, you should have good problem-solving skills.  While most of the questions asked in IES are direct formula or a single concept based. In GATE, in 3 hours, you have to solve 65 questions that are approximately 2.5 minutes per question.  On the other hand, you have 120 questions in 2 hours to solve in IES. So, 1 minute per question which means you get nearly 2.5 times more “time” per question in GATE. But the difficulty level compensates for it. Category of PSUs and Job Scope: UPSC conducts IES examination to recruit candidates under the Govt for different engineering departments (mechanical, electrical, civil, and E&T).  Around India, The departments you get through IES are Indian Railway Service of Engineers, Indian Railway Stores Service, Indian Ordnance Factories Service AWM/JTS., Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service, Geological Survey of India Engineering Service Gr ‘A’, Central Engineering Service (Roads), Gr ‘A’, Central Water Engineering Service Gr ‘A’, Indian Defence Service of Engineers, Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘B’ and so on. The GATE exam is organized for higher studies (, PH. Ed. etc) and for placements in PSUs and Govt. Organizations. From the above-mentioned factual information, the difference between the two should be clear. Rest all depends on your choice what you opt for.Read more
1 Answer


Is there any specific book to revise the complete syllabus?
anuj singh chauhan
In which courses can I take admission after clearing this paper?
abdul nazir

Hi Anuj, You can go for B.E/B.Tech and Ph.D degree courses after qualifying GATE entrance test adn counselling process. Admissions are offered by different counselling process for NITs, IITs and self financing institutes. For more details visit GATE 2021 exam.

nafisa khatoon
Where can I get study material online for preparation?
abdul nazir

Hi Nafisa, There is provision for online coaching of GATE where suitable experienced tutors help students in preparation. Also it is best to prepare by previous year question papers which are readily available online to download.

You will find online mock test series on official website of GATE which can be accessed by anyone free of cost. Find more details at GATE 2021 preparation.

ankita sasmal
Is this a good course to pursue as per career prospective?
abdul nazir

Hi Ankita, GATE is a National level exam conducted annually for admission to PG courses and the same can be used for recruitment to several PSUs. So as a career point of vies, GATE is apt for Govt  recruitments. Find other details at GATE 2021.

Which colleges in India offer admission in metallurgical engineering?
abdul nazir

Hi Prahasti, There are different colleges across India that offers this stream and few of them are listed below:

  • IITM Chennai
  • IIT New Delhi
  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Kanpur

To know more colleges visit GATE 2021 participating colleges.

rinki mahapatra
How shall I prepare myself for the exam?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, GATE Preparation tips are as follows:

  1. Understanding the GATE syllabus.
  2. Collect important information and resources.
  3. Begin your preparation with dedication.
  4. Make proper revision notes.
  5. Practice tests and Quizzes.
  6. Solve the papers from previous year.
  7. Study only high quality and relevant books.

For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

uma goenka
How many seats are there for general candidates?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, Total number of seats are available in IIT 10957 (approx),and 4944 seats are available for general category students. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

arushi thankur
What is eligibility criteria to give GATE in this subject?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, To appear in GATE 2021, the eligibility is relaxed from minimum 10+2+4 (appearing) to minimum 10+2+3 (appearing).  Candidates who are pursuing their-year B.Tech or UG course are also eligible to appear for GATE 2021. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

Which college in India is best for this?

Hi Priya

Visit on our official webiste of Top Metallurgical Engineering Colleges of India to fin the best colleges in India. You will get all the other details related to the college.

ashish singh
What is the eligibility criteria to give this paper?

Hi Ashish

You can visit on our official website of the GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus to check the the exam pattern and syllabus of the exam. You can get all the detail about the exam 

jatin sharma
Do I need to submit SOP?