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GATE 2021 Mining Engineering (MN) Syllabus, Preparation Tips and Books

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Nikkil Visha

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Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth. GATE 2021 Mining Engineering Syllabus has been revised and is divided into 6 major sections. 

  • The syllabus is based on the topics studied at the graduation level. It consists of three sections, viz General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and core subject
  • There will be a total of 65 multiple-choice questions that need to be completed in 3 hours. The weightage of questions in the exam from the core syllabus is 72%. Check GATE 2021 Exam Pattern
  • Candidates who are appearing for MN as their first paper can only opt from GG or XE for the second paper. 

The eligibility criteria of GATE 2021 have also been relaxed which enables 3rd-year candidates to sit for the exam. After qualifying GATE candidates will become eligible to get admission in M.Tech courses offered by prestigious colleges like IITs, NITs, etc. Read the article to know more about the revised syllabus, exam pattern, weightage of important topics, important books, and much more.  

Must Read: 

GATE Mining Engineering Syllabus

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Mining Engineering

GATE syllabus for Mining Engineering is given section-wise in the tables below. 

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Vector Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Numerical Methods

Section 2: Mining Geology, Mine Development and Surveying

  • Mining Geology: Minerals, Rocks and their Origin, Classification, Ore Genesis; Structural Geology.
  • Mine Development: Methods of access to deposits; Underground drivages; Drilling methods and machines; Explosives and energetics, blasting devices, blast design practices; Rock-Tool Interaction applicable to mechanical cutting systems and their selection.
  • Mine Surveying: Levels and levelling, theodolite, tacheometry, triangulation; Contouring; Errors and adjustments; Correlation; Underground surveying; Curves; Photogrammetry; EDM, Total Station, GPS, Basics of GIS and remote sensing.

Section 3: Geomechanics and Ground Control

  • Engineering Mechanics: Equivalent force systems; Equations of equilibrium; Two dimensional frames and trusses; Free body diagrams; Friction forces; Particle kinematics and dynamics; Beam analysis.
  • Geomechanics: Geo-technical properties of rocks; Rock mass classification; Instrumentation and in-situ stress measurement techniques; Theories of rock failure; Ground vibrations; Stress distribution around mine openings;
    Subsidence; Slope stability.
  • Ground Control: Design of pillars; Roof supporting systems; Mine filling. Strata Control and Monitoring Plan.

Section 4: Mining Methods and Machinery

  • Mining Methods: Surface mining: layout, development, loading, transportation and mechanization, continuous surface mining systems; highwall mining; Underground coal mining: bord and pillar systems, room and pillar
    mining, longwall mining, thick seam mining methods, Underground metal mining: open, supported and caved stoping methods, stope mechanization, ore handling systems.
  • Mining Machinery: Generation and transmission of mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic power; Materials handling: wire ropes, haulages, conveyors, face and development machinery, hoisting systems, pumps;comminution methods and machinery.

Section 5: Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards

  • Surface Environment: Air, water and soil pollution: Standards of quality, causes and dispersion of contamination and control; Noise pollution and control; Land reclamation; EIA.
  • Mine Ventilation: Underground atmosphere; Heat load sources and thermal environment,; air cooling; Mechanics of airflow, distribution, natural and mechanical ventilation; Mine fans and their usage; Auxiliary ventilation; Ventilation survey and planning; Ventilation networks.
  • Underground Hazards: Mine Gases, Methane drainage; Underground hazards from fires, explosions, dust and inundation; Rescue apparatus and practices; Safety management plan; Accident data analysis; assessment; Mine lighting; Mine legislation; Occupational health and safety.

Section 6: Mine Economics, Mine Planning, Systems Engineering

  • Mineral Economics: Mineral resource classification; Discounted cash flow analysis; Mine valuation; Mineral taxation.
  • Mine Planning: Sampling methods, practices and interpretation; Reserve estimation techniques: Basics of geostatistics and quality control; Optimization of facility location; Mine planning and its components, Determination of mine size and mine life; Ultimate pit configuration and its determination, Optimum mill cut-off grade and its determination, Stope planning, Design of haul road, Selection of mining system vis-à-vis equipment
  • Systems Engineering: Concepts of reliability; Reliability of simple systems; Maintainability and availability; Linear programming, transportation and assignment problems; Network analysis; Inventory models; Queuing theory; Decision trees.

Direct link to download GATE Mining Engineering (MN) syllabus PDF 

GATE Exam Pattern of MN

GATE 2021 Exam Pattern of Mining Engineering

Candidates must go through the exam pattern and the marking scheme before preparing for the exam. 

  • Mode of Examination: Online
  • Duration of the exam is 3 hours.
  • There will be 2 types of questions in GATE - MCQs and NATs.
  • There will be three sections in the exam – General Aptitude, Mathematics and Subject- wise
  • The total no. of questions in the exam will be 65. 
  • Total Marks of 100
Sectional Weightage
General Aptitude 15% of the total marks
Engineering Mathematics 13% of the total marks
MN – Subject-Based 72% of the total marks

Marking Scheme:

Type of question Negative marking for wrong answer Marking for correct answer
MCQs ⅓ for 1 mark questions⅔ for 2 marks questions 1 or 2 marks
NATs No negative marking  1 or 2 marks

Check Detailed GATE 2021 Exam Pattern

Previous Year Sample Questions

Sample Questions of GATE Mining Engineering

  • Sample Question 1: A flat longwall panel is mined out at an area having subsidence factor a. The measured maximum subsidence on the surface is S for a mining height of m. The subsidence is subcritical if ________?
  • Sample Question 2: A low-grade deep-seated ore body dipping at 70° has a strike length of 2 km, and width of 100 m. The ore body and wall rocks are weak and fractured. The preferred method of mining is _________?
  • Sample Question 3: In a slake durability test, mass of the drum with samples before the test and mass of the drum with oven-dried samples after the test are 1.52 kg and 1.48 kg respectively. If the mass of the drum is 1.05 kg, slake durability index in percentage (rounded off to two decimal places) is _________?

Check GATE Paper Analysis

Books for Mining Engineering

Important Books for GATE 2021 Mining Engineering

Mining Books
 Title of the book       Name of the Author/ Publication
Objective English for Competitive Examination 5th Ed Hari Mohan Prasad
Advanced Engineering Mathematics RK Jain, SRK Iyengar
Elements of Mining Technology DESHMUKH

How to Prepare for GATE MN Paper?

Preparation Tips for GATE 2021 Mining Engineering Paper

1. Prepare Topic Wise

  • Candidates are advised to prepare topic wise.
  • Do not start 2 topics at one time. First, try to finish one topic then move for the next topic.
  • Candidates should not leave any topic for the end days. 
  • Each topic should be completely done by the candidates one week before the exam. 
  • Last week should be dedicated to revisions.

2. Mock Test

  • Take the help of mock tests to check your preparation level.
  • You can also practice previous papers or model papers.
  • This way you can increase your accuracy and speed.
  • You can also get an idea about the type and difficulty level of questions.

Download GATE Practice Papers

3. Time Management

  • Time management is a very crucial factor during preparations.
  • Those who will strictly follow the time table will be able to complete their syllabus in time.
  • 6-8 hours of time is required daily for preparation. 
  • Candidates can take breaks after 2-3 hours.
  • 1-2 hours of time should be dedicated to revisions only.

4. Use to Best Study Material

  • Refer the best books while preparing for the exam. Candidates are advised to consider the graduation level books.
  • Take help from UG notes to clear your basics.
  • Watch video lectures for better understanding.
  • Go through the syllabus and exam pattern again and again so that you won't miss any important points.

GATE Syllabus of Other Papers

GATE 2021 Syllabus of Other Papers

GATE judges a candidate’s expertise in specific fields. Candidates can go through the syllabus of other papers as well from the table below: 

Candidates must note that the syllabus for all the 25 papers of GATE is different. Candidates can check the Mining Engineering subject syllabus, exam pattern, important books, preparation tips, etc from above.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

GATE 2021 : 43 answered questions


Ques. What do you prefer, the GATE or the IES?

● Top Answer By Keshav Jindal on 25 Feb 21

Ans. I would prefer GATE or IES because in GATE the ratio is 10:1 whereas in IES the ratio is 300:1. This makes IES a very tough competitive exam but in GATE it is easier to get good marks and rank higher as the paper is easy and less competitive compared to IES.  The IES exam is tougher than GATE because here a candidate has to excel both in academics and personality. In GATE the questions are concept based and it is easier to solve if all the concepts are clear. Also in the GATE exam, there are 65 questions and the time limit is 3 hours but in the IES exam there are 120 questions and the time limit is 2 hours. So you get less time to solve all the questions.  After qualifying for your GATE exam with good marks, you can apply to any of the big companies with higher packages and it also opens your gate to apply for PSU.   After qualifying for your IES exam, you will get a job as an assistant executive engineer and after 3-4 years of experience, you will get promoted to executive engineer post. Then after many years of experience of like 20+ years, you will get Chief Engineer posts.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the pattern for the written test for M.Tech at IIT Gandhinagar?

● Top Answer By Kumar Shiwam on 24 Feb 21

Ans. The admission for M. Tech at IIT Gandhinagar is done on the basis of academic records, written test, personal interview, and valid GATE scores. Those students who have a good academic record along with good GATE scores are not supposed to appear in the written test and personal interview.  The pattern of the written test is as follows: 10 questions of General aptitude questions consisting of logical analytical and reasoning ability and engineering mathematics are asked. 15-20 questions are asked related to basic courses in various disciplines up to the third year of an undergraduate program. The total duration of the written test is 1 hour for 80 marks. A total of 40 marks for general aptitude and 40 for basic knowledge. There is a negative marking and very basic questions are asked in the test. For branch subjects, all questions are asked related to SOM, fluid mechanics, etc.  The reservation category will get relaxation in the cut-off marks as per the norms. You will also be entitled to and fro sleeper class train tickets for the shortest route from your hometown to the institute. If you pass the test then you will attend the interview on the same day.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What are the best coaching centres for GATE and IES in Civil Engineering?

● Top Answer By Sabeer Chalana on 23 Feb 21

Ans. There are many coaching centers throughout the country for IES and GATE coaching. However, these 2 institutes enjoy a huge reputation and recognition at the national level due to their experienced faculty and their study material quality. Made Easy: It is one of the best in the field when it comes to GATE and IES coaching. They have the best faculty teaching the subjects for the students.  Their specialty lies in their high quality and concise presentation. One of my friends enrolled in the Delhi center weekend coaching program, which he claimed to be good. Their online test series is one of the best you can opt for. They are prepared keeping the present pattern in mind. The number of students enrolled is hefty and gives you a clear picture of the competition. Some criticize that their teaching lacks depth compared to other institutes. Their courses and tests require analytical knowledge and are more than enough to crack GATE/IES exams. IES Masters: This institute is one of the best in this field and has earned respect for its excellence and quality coaching within a short span of its inception. All the major subjects for all batches are handled by Mr. Kanchan Thakur who is the director of the institute. He has a brilliant command over all the subjects in Civil engineering. The study material of this institute is best and is even recommended for those who choose civil engineering as an optional subject in UPSC exams. One small setback is that other faculties than the director are not on par when compared with the faculties of Made Easy. For the GATE Online test series, you can opt for Made easy test series, and for the IES test series you can opt for IES Masters. If you plan to join made easy to enroll in Super Talent Batch which has all top faculties teaching in this batch. For Classroom coaching for civil engineering in GATE/IES, Super talent batch can be preferred if not then IES Masters. For Postal study course, one can opt for IES masters.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. Which will be a better career for ECE engineers, IBPS SO or PSU via the GATE?

● Top Answer By Vaishnavi Agrawal on 19 Feb 21

Ans. Some of my friends work in both the departments and based on their experience, I can answer this. If you look at the position of an IBPS SO, it's that of a specialist officer. You'd technically be a network administrator of all of the intra networks of the bank. You'd be a database administrator/database manager who would have the entire intra network of that particular bank under your supervision.  Now if you look at the PSU job, you'd be someone who would be responsible for sustaining the technicalities concerning PSU. Your enquiry on which one is better entirely is up to you and where your interest lies. While some might opt for GATE which concerns their core subjects entirely, others simply might find their area of interest in networking. So, decide for yourself and choose what suits you and not the rest.Read more
1 Answer

Ques. What is the difference between IES and GATE?

● Top Answer By Himani Arora on 17 Feb 21

Ans. GATE and IES, are very well known among graduate engineers. The IES exam is carried out annually by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and the GATE exam is administered by Bangalore's Indian Institute of Science (IISc) or any of the seven IITs. Syllabus and paper pattern: The complete engineering syllabus is covered by the IES exam, while GATE covers a portion of this syllabus and some other topics useful for higher studies.  While GATE tests problem-solving ability, IES tests conceptual capability.  The IES exam paper contains questions of the objective and subjective type and a total of 4 papers, while the GATE exam paper only contains questions of the objective type and only 1 paper.  Only in the subjective paper, a calculator is allowed. Difficulty Level & Duration: It will be much more difficult to solve the questions you will face in GATE than in IES.  In a single problem, GATE questions require you to apply many concepts. For that, you should have good problem-solving skills.  While most of the questions asked in IES are direct formula or a single concept based. In GATE, in 3 hours, you have to solve 65 questions that are approximately 2.5 minutes per question.  On the other hand, you have 120 questions in 2 hours to solve in IES. So, 1 minute per question which means you get nearly 2.5 times more “time” per question in GATE. But the difficulty level compensates for it. Category of PSUs and Job Scope: UPSC conducts IES examination to recruit candidates under the Govt for different engineering departments (mechanical, electrical, civil, and E&T).  Around India, The departments you get through IES are Indian Railway Service of Engineers, Indian Railway Stores Service, Indian Ordnance Factories Service AWM/JTS., Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service, Geological Survey of India Engineering Service Gr ‘A’, Central Engineering Service (Roads), Gr ‘A’, Central Water Engineering Service Gr ‘A’, Indian Defence Service of Engineers, Central Power Engineering Service Gr ‘B’ and so on. The GATE exam is organized for higher studies (, PH. Ed. etc) and for placements in PSUs and Govt. Organizations. From the above-mentioned factual information, the difference between the two should be clear. Rest all depends on your choice what you opt for.Read more
1 Answer


ankit kumar
Is there any specific book to revise the complete syllabus?
ashish singh
How many times can I give this paper?
abdul nazir

Hi Ashish, GATE exam is conducted once in a year and there is no particlar limit to number of attempts. Also, there is no maximum age limit for appearing for GATE as well. For PSU recruitment, however there might be age limit with GATE score. To know details visit GATE 2021.

saurav kumar
Do I need to give any kind of physical test also after clearing this exam?
abdul nazir

Hi Saurav, No there is no physical test applicable for GATE exam. Those who qualify the cut off will be called for counselling round that includes document verification and seat allotment as per the rank. To get more details visit GATE 2021.

ankita sasmal
Where can I get previous years' papers of mining engineering?
abdul nazir

Hi Ankita, Previous year question papers are the most efficient source of preparation and you can find previous year question papers in pdf format which can be downloaded free of cost and very easily. To download the same you can visit GATE sample papers 2021.

Can I give this paper along with metallurgical engineering in GATE?
abdul nazir

Hi Prahasti, Please specify the paper as for paper 2 there are certain combinations that are not possible. Also for different subjects option for of paper 2 is not available as well. Find more details at GATE 2021 exam pattern.

rinki mahapatra
How shall I prepare myself for the exam?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, GATE Preparation tips are as follows:

  1. Understanding the GATE syllabus.
  2. Collect important information and resources.
  3. Begin your preparation with dedication.
  4. Make proper revision notes.
  5. Practice tests and Quizzes.
  6. Solve the papers from previous year.
  7. Study only high quality and relevant books.

For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

uma goenka
How many seats are there for general candidates?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, Total number of seats are available in IIT 10957 (approx),and 4944 seats are available for general category students. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam. 

sheetal chib
What is eligibility criteria to give GATE in this subject?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, To appear in GATE 2021, the eligibility is relaxed from minimum 10+2+4 (appearing) to minimum 10+2+3 (appearing).  Candidates who are pursuing their-year B.Tech or UG course are also eligible to appear for GATE 2021. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

Which college in India is best for this?

Hi Neha

Visit on our official webiste of Top Mining Engineering Colleges of India to get all the top ranked colleges in India. You will get all the details related to the college.

ashish singh
What is the cutoff in IIT for this subject?
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, GATE Cut Off for Mining Engineering is 31.5 for General category candidates and 28.4 for OBC Candidates. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam Preparation.

saurav kumar
What is the exam pattern?

Hi Saurav

You can visit on our official website of of GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus to know the exam pattern and syllabus of the whole exam. You will get all the details of the exam and the preparation tips.