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GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme and Weightage of Topics

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Nikkil Visha

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GATE Production and Industrial Engineering exam pattern has been revised. This year, the distribution of marks has been changed and candidates are also allowed to sit for a maximum of two papers. As per the new pattern, the weightage of Engineering Mathematics is 13%, of General Aptitude is 15%, and of PI is 72%.

  • Candidates who will appear for GATE PI paper can also appear for GATE XE as their second paper because from this year candidates can sit for a maximum of two papers.
  • Moreover, if you are planning to appear for GATE XE as your first paper the for the second paper you can select from AE/ CH/ ME/ MN/ MT/ PE/ PI/ TF. 
  • The syllabus of GATE PI has also been revised with the addition of new topics. Some of the major topics included in the syllabus are Work System Design, Facility Design & Product design & development, Metal forming, Welding, Metal cutting, Powder Metallurgy etc. Check Here  GATE 2021 PI Syllabus

GATE 2021 PI paper will have 65 multiple choice, multiple select, and numerical answer type questions. After qualifying GATE 2021, candidates can pursue B.E. or B.tech in production engineering to fulfill the emerging need of the industries. Read the article to know more about distribution of marks, weightage of sections, marking scheme, and much more. 

Must Read:

Highlights of GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering Exam Pattern 

Feature Description
Mode of the exam Online
Duration of the Exam A total of 3 hours (180 minutes)
Number of Questions 65
Total Marks 100 Marks
Question Type
  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) and
  • Numerical based Questions
Total sections
  • General Aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Subject-specific part (Production & Industrial Engineering section)
Marking Scheme
  • For 1 Mark MCQs (1/3rd marks will be deducted for wrong answers)
  • For 2 Mark MCQs (2/3rd marks will be deducted).
  • There will be no negative marking

Why is Knowledge of Exam Pattern important?

A large percentage of students take admission in engineering colleges especially in India. Therefore these examinations are earmarked for cut throat competition among aspirants to excel. A student should have complete knowledge about not only the syllabus but also exam pattern and marking scheme that is followed. 

By focusing on the syllabus the student must create a study schedule or timetable that they should ardently follow. This will help them to be prepared for their upcoming exams. It will also allow students to have a better understanding of the examination and what it expects from the test-takers. In this day of age, it is pivotal to “study smarter than study harder”. Referring to GATE previous year question papers are one of the effective methods for preparation.

GATE PI Exam Pattern

Details of GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering Exam Pattern

Time Duration:

  • GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering will be a 3-hour long computer based test. 
  • The exam will be conducted in the English language only.

Total Marks:

  • The total marks in GATE are 100 and the total number of questions is 65.
  • The paper will have both 1 mark and 2 mark questions. 

Type of Question: 

  • There will be 3 types of questions that will come in the exam including Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions.
  • In MCQs, candidates are provided with 4 choices out of which one answer is correct.
  • Each question will have choice of four answers. Out of which, one or more than one choice(s) are correct.
  • NAT includes questions with a value or a real number as their answer.

Number of Sections: 

  • General aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Subject selected by the candidates ( Production and Industrial Engineering)
  • Engineering Mathematics carrying 13% of the total marks, General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, and Production and Industrial Engineering subject carrying 72% of the total marks.

Know More GATE 2021 Exam Pattern 


Marking Scheme of GATE PI

GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering Marking Scheme

  • For the MCQs that hold one mark; 1/3rd marks will be deducted for the incorrect attempts while the MCQs questions carry 2 marks, the deduction will be of two third marks.
  • Negative marking: No marks will be deducted in case the candidates give wrong answers in NAT and MSQ questions.
  • Zero marks will be deducted for unanswered/unattempted questions
  • In GATE 2021, General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics will be compulsory sections which together hold 28% weightage.
  • The Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) holds the major 72% weightage in the GATE Mechanical Engineering exam.

Marking Scheme:

Type of question Negative marking for wrong answer Marking for correct answer
MCQs 1/3 for 1 mark questions 2/3 for 2 marks questions 1 or 2 marks
NATs No negative marking  1 or 2 marks

Important Topics in GATE PI

Important Topics in GATE 2021 Production & Industrial Engineering 

Industrial Engineering main topics are- Work System Design, Facility Design & Product design & development, Engineering economics & Production Control, Quality Management & Reliability, Taylor’s scientific management, Gilbreths’s contributions; productivity – concepts and measurements, Principles of good product design, tolerance design; quality and cost considerations

Production Engineering main topics are Casting, Metal forming, Welding, Metal cutting, Powder Metallurgy, Non-traditional machining process, CAD & Polymers, Meteorology, Product Design and Development

General Engineering the main topics are basics of Strength of Material, Theory of Machine, Thermodynamics & Fluid mechanics, Engineering mechanics – equivalent force systems, free body concepts, equations of equilibrium

Mathematics & Aptitude- Matrices and Determinants. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables; Poisson, Linear and non-linear first order Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE); Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients,Limit, continuity and differentiability; partial derivatives; maxima and minima. Students can refer to previous question papers.

Based on the marks distribution your focus should be on Production , Industrial and Mathematics & Aptitude(Scoring). However, general engineering does play a crucial role in top rankers scores.


Previous Year Sample Questions

Sample Questions from GATE 2021 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI)

One Mark Questions :

Question: Which of the following options is the closest in meaning to the word given below?

MITIGATE

  1. Denote

  2. Divulge

  3. Diminish

  4. Dedicate

Question: What is the sting process?

(A) Hot tear 

(B) Porosity 

(C) Blister 

(D) Central burst

Question: In an The machines and auxiliary facilities are located according to processing sequence of the product (produced in very large quantities) in

(A) Process Layout 

(B) Fixed Position Layout 

(C) Product Layout

Two Mark Questions: 

Questions: Consider the analytic function f ( z ) = x 2 - y 2 + i 2 xy of the complex variable z = x + iy , where i = - 1. The derivative f ′ ( z ) is

(A) 2 x + i 2 y 

(B) x 2 + iy 2 

(C) x + iy 

(D) 2 x - i 2 y 

Question: In order to evaluate the integral ∫ e x dx with Simpson’s 1/3rd rule, values of the function 0 ex are used at x=0.0, 0.5 and 1.0. The absolute value of the error of numerical integration is

(A) 0.000171 

(B) 0.000440 

(C) 0.000579 

(D) 0.002718

Question: If u = 2( x 2 - y 2 ) and v = - axy represent the x- and y-components of the two-dimensional velocity field of an incompressible flow, the value of the constant a is ______.

Download GATE PI Practice Papers


Weightage of Sections

Weightage of Sections in GATE 2021 Production & Industrial Engineering 

Paper Exam pattern Number of Questions Marks
Production and Industrial Engineering (IP) GA (General Aptitude) 10 15
Engineering Mathematics 10 13
Production and Industrial Engineering 45 72
Total 65 100

Check Here  Production and Industrial Engineering Paper Analysis

What is Production & Industrial Engineering and its Scope?

Production Engineering is a specialized field of Mechanical Engineering. The objective of this is to enable engineers to enhance their effectiveness and efficiency of manufacturing and service sector industries. The curriculum includes basic mechanical engineering subjects such as engineering mechanics, machine design, heat transfer, thermodynamics, the strength of material, etc. 

The course makes graduates appropriate with the existing and emerging needs of the industry. B.E. or B.Tech in Industrial and Production Engineering is a four-year programme. Those who have pursued these courses would understand existing technological trends and help to add new technology to the existing system.

Scope of Production & Industrial Engineering 

  • Industrial and production engineers use principles of engineering, mass production and technology to help organizations find ways to offer services or manufacture a product efficiently. Check  GATE PSU Recruitment 
  • The Industrial Engineers work to improve the product through better management and quality control. 
  • One can pursue M.Tech in Industrial and production Engineering after successful completion of B.Tech/B.E. 
  • The job profiles available for Industrial and production engineers are tabulated below:
Manufacturing Engineering Quality Engineers
Project Management Plant Engineers
Process Engineers and Industrial Engineers Make/Buy Analysis and Cost Estimation
Root Cause Analysis and process improvement Manufacturing, Production and Distribution Ergonomics and Human Factors

Important Instructions for candidates

Important Instructions for Candidates

  •  Students are prohibited to carry any handwritten textual material inside the examination hall.
  • Students are prohibited to carry mobile phones (even in the switched-off mode) or any other electronic device in the hall. It may lead to disqualification.
  • Candidates appearing for the exam must carry Admit Card and original valid photo-identity proof with them.
  • Any kind of communication within the examination hall is prohibited.
  • The invigilators will provide for a scribble pad to the students for their rough work.
  • They should not tamper with the computers provided to them in the hall.

Last-Minute Tips For Students

  • Practise and get equipped using a virtual calculator. (in case you need to use it ).  Check How to use GATE 2021 Virtual Calculator?
  • Give yourself sufficient breaks. Listen to music for relaxation.
  • Understand the paper pattern well. This will enable students to chalk out the most suitable strategy.
  • Work on time management skills. Don’t give too much time to a question with less marks.

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

Ques: What are the second paper options if I opt for GATE Production & Industrial Engineering as my first paper?

Ans: Candidates who will appear for GATE PI paper can also appear for GATE XE as their second paper because from this year candidates can sit for a maximum of two papers. Moreover, if you are planning to appear for GATE XE as your first paper the for the second paper you can select from AE/ CH/ ME/ MN/ MT/ PE/ PI/ TF. 

Ques: Will there be any negative marking in GATE 2021 Production & Industrial Engineering paper?

Ans: Yes. There will be negative marking in the case of MCQs but for NAT questions no negative marking will be there. Candidates can check the details from the table below:

Type of question Negative marking for wrong answer Marking for correct answer
MCQs 1/3 for 1 mark questions 2/3 for 2 marks questions 1 or 2 marks
NATs No negative marking  1 or 2 marks

Ques: What type of questions will be asked in GATE 2021 Production & Industrial Engineering paper?

Ans: There will be 3 types of questions that is Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), Multiple Select Questions (MSQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions. All the questions will be based on 3 major sections: General aptitude, Engineering mathematics, and Core subject syllabus. 

Ques: How many sections will be there in GATE GATE 2021 Production & Industrial Engineering paper?

Ans: There will be three sections in the question paper including:

  • General aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • The subject selected by the candidates (Production and Industrial Engineering)

The weightage of all the sections will be different. Engineering Mathematics carrying 13% of the total marks, General Aptitude carrying 15% of the total marks, and Production and Industrial Engineering subject carrying 72% of the total marks.

Ques: What will be the major topics under production and industrial engineering?

Ans: Industrial Engineering main topics are- Work System Design, Facility Design & Product design & development, Engineering economics & Production Control, Quality Management & Reliability, Taylor’s scientific management, Gilbreths’s contributions; productivity – concepts and measurements, Principles of good product design, tolerance design; quality and cost considerations

Production Engineering main topics are Casting, Metal forming, Welding, Metal cutting, Powder Metallurgy, Non-traditional machining process, CAD & Polymers, Meteorology, Product Design, and Development

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.

GATE 2021 : 44 answered questions

VIEW ALL

Ques. Can I get a seat in PEC Chandigarh (MTech CSE) with a GATE score of 400 Gen in the CAT?

● Top Answer By Arunima Sethi on 05 May 21

Ans. No, it is not possible to get a seat in PEC Chandigarh for M.Tech CSE at the GATE score of 400, being in General Category.  For Round 1, GATE 2020 opening score for CSE was 402 and the closing score was 523.  While, during Round 2, the score was between 379-395 for the General category.  The total seats for CSE at PEC Chandigarh is also limited. There are only 30 seats available for the program, out of which only 19 are for General candidates. Seeing my friend’s experience there, I would strongly recommend you to re-attempt the exam and score well. Try to get an opportunity in top engineering institutes like IITs/NITs.  It is not that PEC is a worse institute, but if you prepare well and give GATE again, you might land into your dream college. Also, a Master's is usually the last stage of academic learning for all. So, it is better to invest your Master's degree time in an excellent institute.Read more
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Ques. Is a stipend available in PEC Chandigarh University through a valid GATE score card?

● Top Answer By Rohini Mishra on 02 May 21

Ans. To put it short, yes, you do get a stipend at the PEC Chandigarh University, but it depends on certain terms and conditions.  Getting an SGPA of at least 6.5 in the semesters is the most important condition. If it is less than required in any semester, your next stipend will not come for the next adjacent half. If you fail to do so in the 1st semester, the stipend for the second semester would be lost.  If you score SGPA more than 6.5 in the second sem, the stipend of third and fourth in the second semester combined will re-continue.  And if you fail to reach 6.5 in the second sem, the stipend of the third and fourth sem will discontinue. As there are no separate examinations for the 3rd and 4th sem to judge the eligibility of stipend.  The stipend for the first semester is received by the students without any conditions, so you need not worry about this, as this depends on your GATE score. Read more
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Ques. What do you prefer, the GATE or the IES?

● Top Answer By Keshav Jindal on 25 Feb 21

Ans. I would prefer GATE or IES because in GATE the ratio is 10:1 whereas in IES the ratio is 300:1. This makes IES a very tough competitive exam but in GATE it is easier to get good marks and rank higher as the paper is easy and less competitive compared to IES.  The IES exam is tougher than GATE because here a candidate has to excel both in academics and personality. In GATE the questions are concept based and it is easier to solve if all the concepts are clear. Also in the GATE exam, there are 65 questions and the time limit is 3 hours but in the IES exam there are 120 questions and the time limit is 2 hours. So you get less time to solve all the questions.  After qualifying for your GATE exam with good marks, you can apply to any of the big companies with higher packages and it also opens your gate to apply for PSU.   After qualifying for your IES exam, you will get a job as an assistant executive engineer and after 3-4 years of experience, you will get promoted to executive engineer post. Then after many years of experience of like 20+ years, you will get Chief Engineer posts.Read more
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Ques. What is the pattern for the written test for M.Tech at IIT Gandhinagar?

● Top Answer By Kumar Shiwam on 24 Feb 21

Ans. The admission for M. Tech at IIT Gandhinagar is done on the basis of academic records, written test, personal interview, and valid GATE scores. Those students who have a good academic record along with good GATE scores are not supposed to appear in the written test and personal interview.  The pattern of the written test is as follows: 10 questions of General aptitude questions consisting of logical analytical and reasoning ability and engineering mathematics are asked. 15-20 questions are asked related to basic courses in various disciplines up to the third year of an undergraduate program. The total duration of the written test is 1 hour for 80 marks. A total of 40 marks for general aptitude and 40 for basic knowledge. There is a negative marking and very basic questions are asked in the test. For branch subjects, all questions are asked related to SOM, fluid mechanics, etc.  The reservation category will get relaxation in the cut-off marks as per the norms. You will also be entitled to and fro sleeper class train tickets for the shortest route from your hometown to the institute. If you pass the test then you will attend the interview on the same day.Read more
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Ques. What are the best coaching centres for GATE and IES in Civil Engineering?

● Top Answer By Sabeer Chalana on 23 Feb 21

Ans. There are many coaching centers throughout the country for IES and GATE coaching. However, these 2 institutes enjoy a huge reputation and recognition at the national level due to their experienced faculty and their study material quality. Made Easy: It is one of the best in the field when it comes to GATE and IES coaching. They have the best faculty teaching the subjects for the students.  Their specialty lies in their high quality and concise presentation. One of my friends enrolled in the Delhi center weekend coaching program, which he claimed to be good. Their online test series is one of the best you can opt for. They are prepared keeping the present pattern in mind. The number of students enrolled is hefty and gives you a clear picture of the competition. Some criticize that their teaching lacks depth compared to other institutes. Their courses and tests require analytical knowledge and are more than enough to crack GATE/IES exams. IES Masters: This institute is one of the best in this field and has earned respect for its excellence and quality coaching within a short span of its inception. All the major subjects for all batches are handled by Mr. Kanchan Thakur who is the director of the institute. He has a brilliant command over all the subjects in Civil engineering. The study material of this institute is best and is even recommended for those who choose civil engineering as an optional subject in UPSC exams. One small setback is that other faculties than the director are not on par when compared with the faculties of Made Easy. For the GATE Online test series, you can opt for Made easy test series, and for the IES test series you can opt for IES Masters. If you plan to join made easy to enroll in Super Talent Batch which has all top faculties teaching in this batch. For Classroom coaching for civil engineering in GATE/IES, Super talent batch can be preferred if not then IES Masters. For Postal study course, one can opt for IES masters.Read more
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Comments


10 Comments
A
avinash sahu
Where can I get study material online for preparation?
A
abdul nazir

Hi Avinash, You can access previous year question papers in pdf format which can be downloaded easily and free of cost. There are mock test papers also which are available subject wise on the official website of IIT Bombay which can be accessed by anyone. Also there are other reliable online books which helps in better preparation. Find more details at GATE mock test 2021.

S
saksham mahajan
In which courses can I take admission after clearing this paper?
A
abdul nazir

Hi Saksham, GATE score is accepted by top colleges including IITs and NITs for admission to various PG level courses including M.Tech and Ph.D. The exam is jointly conducted bu different IITs and IISC Bangalore. Also for recruitment to different PSUs, GATE score is accountable. Find more details at GATE 2021.

N
neha thasale
Is the course similar to that of textile engineering?
A
abdul nazir

Hi Neha, There are different subjects in GATE exam and you need to choose 2 for the test. The syllabus for different subject is different and hence you need to choose wisely. Find details of the exam at GATE 2021.

N
nitika
Which type of courses are offered after clearing this paper?
A
abdul nazir

Hi Nitika, You can go for M.Tech/M.E/M.Arch and Ph.d courses after qualifying GATE exam. Those who qualify GATE score need to appear for the counselling process for final seat allotment.  Also several PSUs accept GATE score for recruitment. Find more details at GATE 2021. 

R
riya gupta
How shall I prepare myself for the exam?
R
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi GATE Exam Preparation tips are as follows:

  1. Understanding the GATE syllabus.
  2. Collect important information and resources.
  3. Begin your preparation with dedication.
  4. Make proper revision notes.
  5. Practice tests and Quizzes.
  6. Solve the papers from previous year.
  7. Study only high quality and relevant books.

For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

M
md hussain ansari
How many seats are there for general candidates?
R
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, Total number of seats are available in IIT 10957 (approx),and 4944 seats are available for general category students. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

I
ibashisha mukhim
Which college in India is best for this?
S
surendra

HI Ibashisha

There are lots of colleges where you can pursue this course. Visit on our official website of Top Colleges of Industrial Engineering to get the list of best colleges across INida.

K
kunal thakrar
What is eligibility criteria to give GATE in this subject?
R
rakhisree chatterjee

Hi, To appear in GATE 2021, the eligibility is relaxed from minimum 10+2+4 (appearing) to minimum 10+2+3 (appearing).  Candidates who are pursuing their-year B.Tech or UG course are also eligible to appear for GATE 2021. For more information, please refer, GATE Exam.

N
nitika
Will there be any interview?
S
sandesh kumar
Do I need to submit SOP?

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