GMAT Graphic Integration Solutions

    Sayantani Barman Sayantani Barman
    Study Abroad Expert

    GMAT exam is one of the most popular exams given in the country. It is a computer- adaptive test where the syllabus assesses candidates reading, verbal, quantitative, and analytical skills. This test is given to get admissions into graduate management exams and is considered globally as a standard examination in top B-Schools. Around 2,00,000 candidates take the GMAT exam every year and 9 out of 10 MBA enrolments are through GMAT test.

    Exam Pattern of GMAT consists of four main sections. These are a Verbal Section, a Quantitative Section, an Analytical Writing Assessment Section, and an Integrated Reasoning Section. The Verbal and Quantitative Sections are separately graded. The score ranges from 0 to 60 for each section. Getting a score below 8 and above 51 in these sections is rare. The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) sections are graded on a scale of 0-6. This is evaluated by one human and one computer reader. GMAC does the average of the two grades for the essay and rounds to the nearest 0.5 points. The AWA GMAT score is not included in the overall GMAT score. The Integrated Reasoning section is scored from 1 to 8 and has 1 point increment. There are multiple parts present and you must answer each part correctly to get full credit for the asked question. The Integrated Reasoning score is also not included in the overall GMAT score.

    One of the most vital parts of the GMAT Integrated Reasoning (GMAT IR) section is the Graphics interpretation section. In this section, you are required to interpret line graphs, bar charts, pie charts, scatter plots, segmentation charts, Venn diagrams, and other kinds of custom graphs. There will be around 3 out of 12 integrated reasoning questions of this type in the GMAT exam. Roughly 2 minutes and 30 seconds should be devoted to each question and hence a total of 7 minutes and 30 seconds are required for this section. GMAT IR section, in general, is a mix of quant and logical reasoning questions. You will also need to apply your critical reasoning and reading comprehension skills in this section.

    The GMAT IR section tests some of the important skills like the ability to analyze the data for case studies. All the employers, worldwide, appreciate the people who can sort through realms of data, fetch relevant information, and incorporate into strategic decision making.

    The real challenge of this section does not lie in reading the graph. It comes in the analysis part. It involves working with numbers in different units. Certain numbers might be in billions and others in thousands. It is a challenge to combine multiple numbers in different units. And what happens when you divide that number by .5%?

    Initially this section might seem fun – and it is actually. There will be two parts in the graphic interpretation section. You will have to answer both parts to get credit for each of the three questions present in this section. This scoring pattern makes it more difficult to get the right answer by “luck”. Having said that, there are three answer options for each blank, rather than five answer choices in other typical MCQs.

    Some Important things to know about GMAT IR Questions

    The questions in this section will involve both verbal reasoning and quantitative ability, either separately or a combination of both. Some of the questions may require more than one response.

    • The answer choices for a single question are available on the same screen.
    • The responses should be submitted before proceeding to the next question.
    • All parts of the single question should be answered correctly to get the credit. Partial credit is not given.
    • You may not go back and change the response once you have answered a question.
    • Although this section contains the quantitative elements, it is not a test of calculations. An online calculator will be available for this section for your reference. However, it is advisable to have good calculation skills.
    • One graphic or set of data may have several questions. If some question is incorrectly answered, it will not necessarily affect how the other answers are marked based on the same data.

    GMAT Graphic Interpretation Pros

    • These types of questions will be very practical for your business career. Understanding and interpreting these problems is very important and will be good & helpful in future.
    • The graphs are not too difficult to interpret.
    • Practice of several graphical problems will make you comfortable and you’ll enjoy fetching data from them.

    GMAT Graphic Interpretation Cons

    • Some of the questions will involve a lot of calculations which may consume time.
    • Few questions will make you work with big numbers or percentages which you might not be very comfortable with.
    • There might be a possibility of calculation errors which will result in incorrect answers.
    • Good judgment is required for when and how to use the online calculator. It may not make sense to type into the on-screen calculator 3,500,000 divided by 7.5%.
    • Calculative skills should be improved with no silly errors.

    Some important take from Graphic Interpretation questions

    •  There will always be graphs present in Graphic Interpretation questions. There can be more traditional graphs such as bar charts, pie charts or line charts, but you may also face some unusual graphs. As a thumb rule, always read the introductory text before analyzing the graph.
    • It is not important to learn everything from the graph. Just try to understand what kind of information it gives and how it works. There is no need to take notes and details of the graphs. However, if the question demands, you might have to jot down some notes about how the graph works.
    • This section can be sometimes less dense and hence more faster to answer as compared to some other questions like multi-source reasoning. You will probably spend less time on these questions in order to make time for other difficult questions in different sections.

    Now, let us understand the 5 basic steps for Graphic Interpretation Questions in GMAT exam:

    GMAT Graphic Integration Solutions

    1. Always Start with a Bigger Picture

    It is important to categorize the presented graphic. Suppose a graph may show the change in the cost of textiles per yard over the course of 10 years) Do not randomly skip the graph and go to two statements. This will decrease the accuracy significantly as you must spend the majority of the time understanding and focusing the graph thoroughly in order to interpret it later. All the information or data present in the graph like titles, labels of x and y axes, column names, footnotes and other tiny pieces of writing are crucial for the understanding of the data. Make sure you scroll left-right and up-down and get a catch of everything.

    1. Symbols are Important

    Once you are through the bigger picture, it is vital to take special care of the units used in the graphs (cm, mph, m/sec,m2, etc). The conversion of these units into correct forms and then using them for calculation is the best practice to adopt. This reduces the chances of calculation errors. Are we dealing with hours, minutes, or seconds? Does one graph represent the entire year while the other represents only the month of October? Sometimes, some symbols present in the graphs play an important role. The application of these symbols becomes critical in solving the questions taking these symbols into consideration and applying them correctly.

    1. Identify the Keywords

    It is important to take note of small words which we tend to miss out on. Words like “equates to” or “less than” or “almost” can make a huge difference in understanding and solving the questions. What keywords are present in statements that are also present in graphs? Go through each statement carefully.

    1. Locate the Trend in the Data

    Make a quick note of any relationship given between the variables in the graph. For Venn diagrams, ask yourself where the highest and least percentages lie. Do any or all variables have direct or indirect correlation? Find out the points in the graphs where the data seem to spike or significantly decrease. It will help you understand the overall picture of the graphic visual and will make it easier to interpret the graph.

    1. Predict the Answer First

    Try to come up with your own choice of answer before clicking on the options in the drop-down menu. If you can’t find your answer in the present options, you have likely made a mistake in any of the following: I) Understanding the information- the way it is present, or II) understanding of the specific phrasing of a particular statement. Don’t stress if the predictions are incorrect. Graphic interpretation questions are a bit tricky and sometimes difficult to understand. Read the statement once again and analyze the graph.3

    Some additional strategies for GMAT IR

    For each graphical interpretation question, you will be provided with the data or the graphic visual and some additional information supporting the visual. You will have to then complete statements with the most accurate value from the drop-down menu

    • Pay attention to the unit differences and additional information given in the graph. It will come handy in the interpretation. Familiarize yourself with the data given in the graphic.
    • Read any text carefully which is accompanying the graph. This text will be useful in answering the question given.
    • Do understand clearly what the problem is asking you to do. You will have to interpret and integrate data, discern relationships, and then infer from the data. Don’t start solving randomly.
    • Don’t forget to read all the choices in the drop-down menu. It will help you in predicting the answer. You will get additional information about the assigned task by checking the menu options.
    • Always choose the option that best suits the statement. It is possible that more than one options seem plausible. You have to choose that one option which makes the statement most logical and accurate.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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