GMAT Verbal Questions

Sayantani Barman Sayantani Barman
Study Abroad Expert

The verbal section in GMAT tests a candidate's ability to read, and comprehend the given statements or passages. The idea is to evaluate and provide logical arguments in the three subsections of the exam - 

According to the GMAT verbal questions, candidates have to answer 36 questions in a time frame of 65 minutes. Of the 36 questions, 13 questions are from the reading comprehension section, 11 questions and 12 questions will be asked from the critical reasoning and sentence correction sections respectively.

In this article, we have come up with details around the types of questions asked in GMAT English section and some sample GMAT questions to help you understand the pattern to expect. 

GMAT Verbal Critical Reasoning Section

In the critical reasoning section of Verbal Reasoning in GMAT questions, candidates have to attempt questions to strengthen the argument, find a flaw in the argument, draw conclusions from the argument, find the assumptions, or find the paradoxes and discrepancies in the given statements.

Here are some of the sample for GMAT Verbal Questions in Critical Reasoning Section

Question 1. One food writer wrote that reducing the number of animal products in one's diet can contribute to better health and well-being. Based on this claim, some people are completely eliminating meat from their diets in order to be healthier.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

  1.  Increasing the number of vegetables and grains in one's diet can contribute to better health.
  2. There will be no corresponding increase in the number of dairy products in the diets of those who are eliminating meat.
  3. Most food writers believe that some amount of animal products is necessary for a healthy diet.
  4. Not all healthy lifestyles require a vegetarian diet.
  5. Many people who do not eat animal products make decisions for health reasons.

Questions 2. The Americans with disabilities act (ADA) was designed to ensure that there is no discrimination against and unfair termination of differently-abled workers in the workplace. However, after the act was introduced, there has been a marked increase in unemployment among the differently-abled.

Which of the following best explains this seeming discrepancy?

  1. A number of differently-abled people chose not to work
  2. Not willing to deal with the issues of workplace discrimination of the differently-abled, several companies recruited fewer of them in the first place
  3. Knowing that the act was about to be enforced, companies terminated some of the differently-abled while they had a chance
  4. There was no act introduced that would guarantee a job for the differently-abled
  5. The unemployment among the able-bodied has remained consistently high

Question 3. During the last 50 years in England, the national football team has had at least 60℅ of its players born during the months January to March. Similarly, in Germany, at least 50% of the team has been born during the first three months of the year. In fact, this statistic holds true for most European countries. This shows that in most European countries, parents with kids born early in the year are more likely to encourage a football career.

Which of the following best explains why the conclusion need not be the best explanation for the statistic?

  1. Of the remaining members, 60℅ or more tend to be born between the months of April and June.
  2. Parents of kids born in the second half of the year have displayed a measurable intent to promote scholarly careers
  3. The age cut-off for kids to try out for a team in most European countries is calculated as on December 31 of any year and older the kid during trials, greater the chances of getting the right opportunities.
  4. The school year usually begins in April in most European countries and many parents are known to encourage students to work on their academics and not sports during the school year.
  5. During the last 50 years, on average 30℅ of the kids have been born during the first three months of the year.

GMAT Verbal Sentence Correction Section

GMAT Verbal practice questions for the sentence correction section will test language proficiency in terms of expression and sentence structure, and choosing an answer that effectively expresses an idea or relationship clearly, concisely, and grammatically.

A few practice questions from sentence correction section of GMAT verbal are as follows:

Question 1. The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, has led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

  1. have lead to a significant decrease in the number
  2. have lead to significant decreases in the number
  3. Has to lead to a significant decrease in the number
  4. has been significant in the decrease in the number
  5. has significantly decreased the number

Question 2. In order to better differentiate its product from generic brands, the cereal company first hired a marketing firm that specializes in creating campaigns to build brand awareness and then retools its factory to produce a variety of different shapes of cereal.

  1. then retools its factory to produce a variety of different shapes of cereal
  2. retools its factory to produce a variety of different shapes of cereal
  3. then retooled its factory to produce a variety of different shapes of cereal
  4. then will retool its factory to produce a variety of different shapes of cereal
  5. then produces a variety of different shapes of cereal through retooling its factory

Question 3. Unlike other primates, which are born with fully formed craniums, a newborn human baby's cranium consists of eight bones that take years to fuse together fully, allowing the brain to grow much larger during those early years.

  1. fully formed craniums, a newborn human baby's cranium
  2. fully formed craniums, newborn human babies have craniums that
  3. a fully-formed cranium, a human baby's cranium
  4. fully formed craniums, a human is born with a cranium that
  5. a fully-formed cranium, the cranium of a newborn human baby

GMAT Verbal Reading Comprehension Section

The reading comprehension section can possess some tough GMAT verbal questions. Candidates are expected to answer questions based on a 250- 300 words passage. Questions can be put up in a mixture of general, specific, and critical questions. 

Have a look at the sample questions for the Reading Comprehension section.

Passage: Although oft-maligned in modern culture, the pigeon once stood not only for speed and reliability but also for grace and beauty. Darwin himself became a pigeon fancier after beginning to work with the humble Columbia Livia, discovering them to be more fascinating than he had formerly believed. During the Victorian age, in fact, raising show pigeons was a popular hobby, with new breeds continuously arising as amateur (and not-so-amateur) ornithologists crossed animals in the hopes of creating ever more fantastic creatures. One of the most sought-after varieties was known as the Almond Tumbler, a name presumably derived from the color of the birds combined with the distinctive flight style. Over the course of many generations, this bird was so manipulated as to have a beak so small as to prevent the adult birds from feeding their offspring. And yet, it was wildly popular, drawing high prices at auctions and high prizes at competitions.

How then did an animal once so well-loved come to be so loathed? As recently as World War II, the military used pigeons to carry messages but today, many people would kick a pigeon before they would feed one. Perhaps it is just a problem of population density - a lack of esteem for that which is ubiquitous. Pigeons have become our constant urban companions and, as such, have been transformed from symbols of peace, plenty, and prosperity, to representatives of disease and decay.

Question 1. The primary purpose of this passage is to

  1. convince the reader of the nobility of the pigeon, based on its history as a symbol of virtue.
  2. dissuade the reader from mistreating a once-majestic animal that has fallen from favor.
  3. rebut claims that the pigeon carries disease any more frequently than do other domestic animals.
  4. promote a renewal of pigeon fancying and a resurgence of breeds such as the Almond Tumbler.
  5. suggest that there might be more to the story of some urban wildlife than is commonly known

Question 2. The case of the Almond Tumbler is most analogous to which of the following?

  1. a strain of wheat that can be grown in plentiful quantities but loses much of its nutritional value in the process
  2. Arabian horses that are able to run at phenomenal speeds due to centuries of careful breeding designed to enhance those physical attributes
  3. vitamins that were purported to provide all of the necessary nutrients but have since been found not to be very effective
  4. the dachshund, a popular breed of dog that is nonetheless prone to severe back problems, due to weaknesses exacerbated by targeted breeding
  5. the wild rock doves that are most commonly found nesting in the faces of cliffs far from human habitation

Question 3. The passage suggests that

  1. pigeons were once known for flying with celerity
  2. the Almond Tumbler was the most beautiful breed of pigeon
  3. Darwin was infatuated with his fancy pigeons
  4. modern pigeons are dirtier than the fancy pigeons of yore
  5. only scientists should breed new kinds of animals

How to Score In GMAT Verbal Section?

Since an overview of the type of questions that can be asked in the GMAT Verbal Reasoning section has been given, candidates might want to know how to score well in this section. Here are a few preparation tips to score better in GMAT Verbal section:

  • Practice vocabulary on a daily basis. Whenever you come across any difficult word, jot it down with you and keep a dictionary handy to look for their meaning.
  • Try and understand the meaning of sentences and words used in the questions according to their context and usage.
  • Take notes of the main point or agenda addressed in the question.
  • Work on your grammar and pay special attention to verbs, tenses, idioms, pronouns, etc. 

Ultimately, candidates must try to solve as many sample papers as possible for the best results. 

Gmat Verbal Questions

Verbal Section

Reasoning and Data Sufficiency

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