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GMAT Syllabus

Updated On - April 13th 2018

GMAT- Graduate Management Admission Test is a computer adaptive test. Computer Adaptive Test means the questions produced by the system in the subsequent levels is a result of the adaptation made by the system according to the questions attempted by the test taker in the initial stages. It is conducted throughout the year in GMAT Test Centers around the world by GMAC-Graduate Management Admission Council.

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GMAT Score is accepted by Business Schools present globally for admission to more than 5200 management and related programs offered by more than 1900 institutions. GMAT Registration process is available all around the year and can be completed in the official website of GMAT.

Being one of the most sought examinations globally for admission to Business schools, cracking the GMAT Exam is not a facile task. Having a detailed knowledge of the GMAT Syllabus is a crucial pre-requisite of GMAT Preparation. Besides, the GMAT aspirants must have a comprehensive idea about the GMAT Exam Pattern also.

Important highlights of the GMAT Exam Pattern

The GMAT Exam Pattern involves four sections that the test taker has to attempt in a duration of 210 minutes. The 210 minutes is segregated into the four sections with two 10 minutes optional break in between. The four sections of the GMAT Exam are:

  1. Analytical Reasoning
  2. Integrated Reasoning
  3. Quantitative Section
  4. Verbal Section
SectionsNumber of QuestionsDuration
Analytical WritingAnalysis of Argument30 minutes
Integrated Reasoning Section12 questions30 minutes
Optional Break 10 minutes
Quantitative Section37 questions-75 minutes
15 data sufficiency
22 Problem Solving
Optional Break 10 minutes
Verbal Section41 MCQs75 minutes
12 Critical Reasoning 
14 Reading Comprehension 
15 Sentence Correction

GMAT Quantitative Section

It is an assessment test of the candidates’ ability to reason quantitatively and accordingly solve the problems and interpret the given data. The GMAT Quantitative section evaluates the fundamental mathematical skills and their reasoning skills.

This section involves two types of Multiple Choice Questions-

  1. Problem solving
  2. Data sufficiency

GMAT Verbal Section

The GMAT Verbal Section evaluates the test takers ability to read and then interpret the given excerpt, put forward arguments in the context of the given materials. It also requires checking the efficiency of the written English in comparison to the Standard English. In the Verbal section of the GMAT, the candidates are evaluated for—

  • Reading and understanding the written material
  • Reasoning out and appraising the arguments
  • Rectifying the written material in accordance with standard written English

GMAT Integrated Reasoning (IR) Section

This section is a test for measuring the ability of the test takers to assess and evaluate the given information. For this section, an online basic calculator is allowed to use.

In the IR section, the GMAT evaluates the following skills of the test taker:

  • Decoding important information presented in text, numbers, and graphics.
  • Evaluating necessary information from different given sources.
  • Accumulating and arranging the information and establishing the relationships among them and cracking complex problems to arrive at an adequate conclusion.

GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

This section assess the ability of the candidates to analyze and reproduce a given argument. It is basically a measure of critical thinking and portraying the ideas and formulating a detailed account of the given argument. In this section the candidate has to type the assessment answer in a computer keyboard.

In the AWA section, the GMAT Exam evaluates the following skills:

  • The candidates’ writing skills and abilities
  • Their clarity and logic in the argument produced
  • Importance of the essay in context of the given topic.

GMAT Syllabus

GMAT Syllabus covers topics from these four sections- Analytical Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Section and Verbal Section. The GMAT aspirants can go through the detailed sub topics in the sections below:

GMAT Syllabus Analytical Writing Assessment GMAT Syllabus (AWA)

This is the first section of the GMAT Exam. This section includes either one of the two types of Essay

  1. Argument essay: In this section the test takers will be given a paragraph on a particular subject. The candidates have to read and extract the contradictions and irregularities presented by the author in the given passage and produce it in around 350 words.
  2. Issue essay: in this section the candidate has to write an essay on a given issue. The issue will be given in the form of a one or two –line statement. The test taker has to either support the statement or set a counter opinion in around 600 words. While stating their opinion, they must follow a proper organizational structure and support their opinions with suitable examples and logic.

GMAT Syllabus Integrated Reasoning

This is the second section of the GMAT. These are the type of questions asked in the integrated reasoning section.

  1. Multi-Source Reasoning: This question is presented in the form of multiple tabs which the test taker can navigate among. The questions involved are generally from critical reasoning and sometimes quantitative reasoning might also be involved.
  2. Table Analysis: A table is given to the test taker along with 3 questions and each question will have 2 choices. The test taker must be able to accumulate the useful data and exclude the unimportant data in order to solve the question in a short period of time.
  3. Graphics Interpretation: A form of graphic will be presented- either a chart or a graph. The candidate will have to analyze the information present in the graphic image. Two questions will be asked against each graphic form and the test taker will be given a minimum of 3 answer choices which they have to select form the dropdown menu.
  4. Two-Part Analysis: A question prompt is given and has a small table related to it. The test taker has to choose 2 answers out of 6.

GMAT Syllabus Quantitative Reasoning

This is the third section of the GMAT Test. There will be two types of questions:

  • Problem solving (PS)
  • Data Sufficiency (DS)

The various sub-topics under the Quantitative section are as follows: 


  • Number Systems & Number Theory
  • Multiples and factors
  • Ratio & Proportion
  • Real Numbers
  • Fractions
  • Decimals
  • Percentages
  • Averages
  • Powers and roots
  • Profit & Loss
  • Simple & Compound Interest
  • Speed, Time, & Distance
  • Pipes, Cisterns, & Work Time
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Mixtures & Alligation
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Sets
  • Probability 


  • Permutation & Combination
  • Monomials, polynomials
  • Algebraic expressions and equations
  • Functions
  • Exponents
  • Arithmetic & Geometric Progression
  • Quadratic Equations
  • Inequalities and Basic statistics
  • Equations
  • Solving Linear Equations with one Unknown
  • Solving Linear Equations with two Unknowns
  • Solving Equations by Factoring
  • Simplifying Algebraic Expressions
  • Solving Quadratic Equations 


  • Lines and angles
  • Triangles
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Circles
  • Rectangular solids and Cylinders
  • Coordinate geometry

GMAT Syllabus Verbal Section

This is the last section that the GMAT Test takers have to attempt in a duration of 75 minutes. It will include multiple choice questions and include the following sub-sections.  

There will be 3 types of questions: Reading Comprehension (RC): The test takers will be given a passage which they have to read and comprehend and answer the questions related to it. 

  • Critical Reasoning (CR):  The test takers will be given a short passage and they will have to provide a premise and conclusion.
  • Sentence Correction (SC): A sentence will be underlined and the test taker has to determine the mistake in the sentence. 

For this the candidates must have the knowledge on following Grammar related topics

  • Pronoun Agreement
  • Pronoun Ambiguity
  • The Test Masters Catalog of Idioms
  • Misplaced Modifiers

Parallel Construction

  • Verb
  • Tenses
  • Subject/Verb Agreement
  • Noun Agreement
  • Comparison Words
  • Quantity Words
  • Redundancy
  • The Subjunctive Mood
  • Indirect and Direct Speech
  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Sentence Structure
  • Punctuation

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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