GRE 2020 PATTERN & SYLLABUS
The GRE Exam has a unique pattern which assesses candidates’ overall ability required to successfully pursue a graduate course. The GRE General Test, which is conducted both online and on paper, comprises three sections. The first component of the GRE General Test is Analytical Writing. Interestingly, this section is scaled between 0-6 and is scored separately. Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning sections of the GRE General Test are scored between 130-170.
Candidates who will choose computer-delivered test can take the test maximum five times in a year while a paper-delivered test is only conducted on fixed dates during the year. Check GRE Exam Dates
The GRE Subject Test is meant to assess candidates’ knowledge in a particular field such as Biology, Chemistry, English Literature, etc. A total of six subject tests are available. Meant for students who hold a bachelor’s degree in any of the six disciplines, GRE Subject Test Scores are used by graduate schools to assess the candidates’ performance in a particular field of study.
|GRE Exam Pattern Highlights|
|Types of GRE||2 (GRE General Test & GRE Subjects Test)|
|Mode of Exam||Online & Offline|
|Medium of Exam||English|
|Duration of exam||Varies|
|Number of questions||Varies|
|Type of Question||Subjective & Objective|
Continue reading to know more details about GRE exam pattern, syllabus and recommended books.
As discussed above, the GRE General Exam is held in two modes- computer based and online. Test pattern for both is more or less the same, details for which are mentioned below.
GRE’s Computer-delivered test has three sections:
The Analytical Writing section of the GRE General Test has two separate tasks with 30 minutes allowed for completion of each task. The section assesses your writing skills and ability to clearly present ideas.
Verbal Reasoning includes two 30 minute sections with 20 questions in each section. It determines how accurately you can draw conclusions, distinguish between the important and trivial, understand the relationship between words and concepts, etc.
Quantitative Reasoning has 40 questions evenly divided into two sections with 35 minutes per section. It assesses your ability to solve problems using mathematical formulas, analyze quantitative information, and know elementary level arithmetic, geometry, and data analysis.
|Measure*||Type of Questions||Scoring Range|
|Analytical Writing (one section)||Writing tasks on: Analyzing an Issue; Analyzing an Argument||0-6|
|Verbal Reasoning (two sections)||Reading Comprehension (MCQ’s); Text Completion; Sentence Equivalence||130-170|
|Quantitative Reasoning (two sections)||MCQ’s; Quantitative Comparison Questions; Numeric Entry Questions||130-170|
*Note: Apart from the above mentioned sections, the GRE computer-based exam may also include the following sections:
Unidentified- This section may appear anywhere after the Analytical Writing. It is an unidentified section which has no effect on your total score.
Research- A research question may replace the unscored section in the GRE exam pattern. This section is identified and always placed at the end. Again, the research question will have no impact on candidates’ overall score, its purpose is to assist ETS’s research.
The GRE exam pattern incorporates a fluid sequencing of questions. The Analytical Writing section always appears first. Other sections (Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, Unidentified) may be placed in any manner after the first section
The paper-based GRE General Test follows a similar pattern as the online GRE. Basic difference between the two is outlined below:
GRE Subject Tests assesses a candidate’s knowledge in a particular field of study. GRE Subject Test is conducted only in the paper-delivered format. The exam for each subject is conducted three times a year in April, September and October. The duration of each subject test is 2 hours and 50 minutes. This exam is intended to test what a candidate learned in his/her field of education at the undergraduate level. The subjects are tested in the following way:
The total number of questions in each test is given below:
The syllabus of GRE varies depending upon the type and subject of the test. There is no set syllabus for GRE General Test as it is an aptitude exam and tests candidates on intellectual ability acquired overtime. Topics for GRE Subjects Test, however, are mentioned with their weightage in the exam on the official website of GRE.
There are three major components of GRE General Test and do not have a specified syllabus. The content of each section is as follows:
This section requires a candidate to:
Three types of questions are asked in this section and they are:
Books for Verbal Reasoning
Best books that can help in the verbal reasoning section of GRE exam is given below.
It intends to test if a candidate can:
List of the topics that are asked in the quant section is:
|Ratio and proportion||Profit and loss|
|Simple and compound interest||Speed, distance and time|
|Permutation & combination||Linear equations|
|Quadratic equations||Sets Theory|
|Statistics||Powers and roots|
|Probability||Pipes, cisterns, work, time|
|Lines and angles||Triangles|
|Order of operations||Volume and surface area|
Books for Quantitative Reasoning
Candidates can follow the books given below to ace quantitative reasoning section of GRE exam:
The sections aim at assessing the following abilities in a candidate:
Books for Analytical Writing
The syllabus for each subject of GRE Subjects Test is as follows:
Biology: Biology test is made up of questions on the following topics:
Click here for Biology Test Practice Book
Chemistry: The knowledge of the following topics which are covered in the UG level of education are tested in GRE Chemistry Test:
Click here for Chemistry Test Practice Book
Literature in English: The following categories of the literary works throughout history till the present times are tested in the GRE English Test:
Click here for English Literature Test Practice Book
Mathematics: The following areas of Mathematics are explored and tested by the GRE Mathematics Test:
Click here for Mathematics Test Practice Book
Physics: Candidates’ knowledge of following topics of Physics learned at the undergraduate level is tested in GRE Physics Test:
Click here for Physics Test Practice Book
Psychology: The GRE Psychology Test measures candidates knowledge in the following areas of psychology:
Click here for Psychology Test Practice Book
For the computer-based general test, verbal and quantitative section will be section-level adaptive. This means the computer will choose the second section depending upon a candidate’s performance in the first section. Questions asked in all the sections will contribute to the final raw score calculation. The raw score will be converted into a scaled score.
Candidates are assigned a raw score for only correct responses. Wrong answer, multiple answers and leaving any question unanswered will be considered as incorrect but there is no negative marking for incorrect answers. Raw scores will be then converted into a scaled score through the process called equating. The process helps in calculating a normalised score keeping in mind the difficulty level of the paper.
Ques. Is GRE same for all the branches or it varies depending upon the branch?
Ans. GRE consists of only three sections i.e. Quantitative Analysis, Verbal Reasoning and Analytical Writing. There is no specific technical subject added in GRE exam. Therefore, the exam is the same for all the branches.
Ques. What is the test duration of the computer-based GRE Test?
Ans. The overall test duration for GRE computer-based test is three hours 45 minutes. There is a total of 6 sections with ten minutes break following the third section.
Ques. On what time interval GRE test can be taken?
Ans. GRE Test can be taken throughout the year on an interval of 21 days. Candidates can take GRE test maximum 5 times over a period of 12 months.
Ques. How can I prepare for GRE test?
Ans.GRE is a gateway to many topmost B-schools all across the globe and therefore, the exam is a hard nut to crack. ETS being aware of the difficulty level of the paper offers a variety of low-cost tools available for the preparation of the test. Click Here to know more about GRE Preparation Tools
Ques. Which are the MBA institutes accept GRE score?
Ans.GRE is a standard test that is accepted by the management institutes all across the country. Click to check the list of top management colleges accepting GRE score
Ques. How many times a year can a candidate take GRE paper-based test?
Ans.GRE paper-based test for the general and subject test can be taken three times in a year. It is to be noted that the paper-based general test is offered to only those areas of the world where the computer-delivering test is unavailable.
Ques. What is the subject test in GRE?
Ans. Subject test in GRE is taken to evaluate the proficiency in Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology, Biology, Chemistry, Literature in English, Mathematics, Physics, and Psychology.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
GRE (Graduation Record Examination) is one of the ...
Keeping in mind the public health concerns caused ...
The Graduate Record Examination, commonly referred ...