GRE Result 2020: Scorecard, Validity, Percentile Score

    Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
    Study Abroad Expert

    GRE Scores reflect a candidate’s ability to successfully pursue a graduate course. Accepted by thousands of universities in 94 countries, GRE exam scores are the world’s most widely used admission determining factor in graduate and professional schools across the globe.

    Hence, it is crucial for each and every candidate to be familiarized with the GRE’s latest exam pattern, its scoring methodology, reporting policy, and other factors that have an effect on their GRE scores and graduate admission aspirations.

    • GRE Scores are valid for 5 years following the test date
    • GRE results for computer-based General Test are released 10-15 days after the exam date
    • Candidates can take the GRE online test 5 times a year with a minimum gap of 21 days between two tests
    • Scoreselect feature of GRE allows candidates to send desired scores (usually the test with highest score) to the designated institutes

    Candidates can use their GRE scores to apply for mba, master’s, specialized masters in business, Juris Doctor, and Ph.D. programs worldwide. GRE scores can be sent to 4 institutions with the fees paid for registration. However, sending GRE scores to additional graduate institutions costs 27 USD per recipient.

    In case of discrepancies for GRE 2020 candidates can request for Score review online in their ETS account.

    Sample Test-taker GRE Score Report 

    GRE Result Availability

    When are GRE Test Scores Available?

    Scores for the GRE computer-based test can be witnessed instantly after the exam at the test centre. At the end of the test, candidates have the option to view their unofficial scores for the Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning sections. Scores for the Analytical Writing section cannot be accessed at this point because of the essay scoring policy.

    The official test scores for computer-based GRE are available 10-15 days after the test on candidates’ ETS account. GRE sends the official test scores to the designated institutes provided by the test takers in the same time period.

    For the paper-delivered GRE test, scores are available 5 weeks after the test date in candidates’ ETS account.

    Important dates for Paper-delivered GRE General and Subject Test scores are as follows:

    GRE Score Dates for Paper Delivered Testing for General Test are:

    Test DateOnline Score AvailabilityApprox Score Report Mailing Date
    November 9, 2020*December 9, 2020December 20, 2020
    February 1, 2021*March 2, 2020March 13, 2021

    GRE Score Dates for Paper Delivered Testing for Subject Test are:

    Test DateOnline Score AvailabilityApprox Score Report Mailing Date
    April 4, 2020May 4, 2020May 15, 2020
    September 14, 2020*October 14, 2020October 25, 2020
    October 26, 2020*November 25, 2020December 6, 2020
    • *Note: Dates mentioned above are tentative and based on the GRE 2019-2020 calendar.

    GRE Registration process for Computer delievered General Test is available throughout the year. It is the discretion of the candidates to choose the GRE Exam dates and locations during the registration process. GRE is one of the most competitive examinations. Hence getting a decent GRE Score requires extensive preparation and having a detailed knowledge about the GRE Exam Pattern. Taking various GRE Pratice Tests is an integral part of the GRE Preparation.

    GRE Score Calculation

    How are the GRE Scores Calculated?

    The three sections of the GRE General Test include Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning. Scoring range for each one of them is defined below.

    Section Score Scale
    Analytical Writing0-6
    Verbal Reasoning130-170
    Quantitative Reasoning130-170

    Analytical Writing is scored in half-point increments whereas the other two sections are scored in 1-point increments.

    Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning units of the computer-based GRE General are section-level adaptive. What this means is that the questions that appear on your screen will have a difficulty level based on how you performed on the previous section of the same unit..

    The exam pattern for GRE computer-based test includes 2 sections for Verbal and Quantitative Reasoning. In simpler words, the difficulty level of the latter section in each unit is decided by how well you fared in the first section. If you solved most questions in the first section, the next section will have a higher difficulty level and vise-versa.

    GRE General Test- Scoring Methodology

    GRE general test is scored in a manner that ensures accuracy and fairness for all test-takers. Details of how the scores of GRE general test are calculated is mentioned below:

    Analytical Reasoning & Verbal Reasoning

    • A raw score is calculated based on the number of correct answers
    • The number of questions answered correctly is the same as your raw score
    • The raw score is converted into a scaled score(130-170) by a process known as equating
    • Equating considers changes in difficulty level among questions and adaptive sections of the GRE before giving the scaled score

    Analytical Writing

    • A trained reader checks your essays and scores it out of 6 using a holistic process
    • Each essay is scored on the basis of overall performance & writing proficiency
    • A computerized program created by the ETS (e-rater) then scores both the essays
    • If the scores of the e-rater and human match closely, their average is considered as the final score
    • If the scores do not match, a second trained reader is asked to score the essays, and the average of both human rated scores are considered final
    Parameters for analytical writing

    Note: For the paper-based GRE General test, the analytical section of the exam is checked by 2 human raters. If the scores closely agree (difference not more than one point), the average of scores obtained from both human raters are considered final. If discrepancy is detected in both the scores, a third GRE reader resolves the issue and finalizes the score.

    GRE Subject Test- Scoring Methodology

    The GRE Subject Test is a paper-based exam held thrice in a year(September, October, April) across test centres worldwide. It is meant to evaluate the candidates’ ability in a particular field of study and test their readiness for graduate school.

    • GRE Subject Tests are scored on a 200-990 scale with 10-point increments.
    • Biology & Psychology Tests also have sub-scores on a 20-99 score scale with one-point increments.
    • A raw score is calculated based on the number of correct answers
    • There is no negative marking for incorrect answers or unattempted questions
    • The raw score is converted into a scaled score through a process called equating

    Equating is a process that considers the difficulty of the questions across different test editions and converts the raw score into a scaled score keeping these differences in mind. Therefore, the final scaled score of candidates’ represent their ability regardless of the test edition they took.

    What is a Good GRE Score?

    What is a Good GRE Score?

    Many test takers of GRE contemplate whether their scores are good enough to get them into their desired graduate program. When it comes to GRE scores, it is important to target getting more than the minimum requirements (if they are mentioned). While many universities in the US and other popular study abroad destinations state the minimum GRE requirements for their business and other graduate programs, it is not always the case.

    Given below is a table showing average GRE scores for graduate students at some of the top Business Schools in the US.

    UniversityQuantitative Reasoning Verbal Reasoning
    Harvard Business School145-170 Median- 163147-170 Median- 163
    Stanford Graduate School of Business149-170 Avg. 165149-170 Avg. 165
    Yale School of Management159-168 Median- 165160-170 Median- 165
    Tuck School of Business154-170 Avg. 161150-170 Avg. 163
    Wharton School of the University of PennsylvaniaAvg. 162Avg. 162

    The schools mentioned above are some of the most competitive business schools in the world. GRE aspirants should not feel discouraged if their scores do not match the above mentioned ones. There are a variety of schools in the US and at other destinations that accept lower GRE scores.

    An average score for test takers of GRE who appeared for the exam between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2018 are given below.

    Gre General Test average Scores

    GRE Scores in Percentile

    GRE Scores are converted into percentile to better analyze how a candidate has performed compared to other test takers.

    GRE Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning Percentile

    Gre Verbal & Quantitative Score in Percentile

    GRE Analytical Writing Percentile

    GRE Analytical Score
    GRE Score Validity

    How Long are GRE Scores Valid?

    Validity for GRE test scores is 5 years from the test date. For instance, scores of a GRE test taken on March 2, 2020 will be valid till March 1, 2025.

    GRE tests taken before July 1, 2016 are valid for five years following the testing year. GRE’s testing year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30. Hence, GRE scores for a test taken on February 6, 2015 will be valid upto June 30, 2020.

    GRE scores received before July 2014 are no longer valid. Candidates who took the test in July 2014 can report their test scores till June 30, 2020.

    GRE subject test (Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology) which was discontinued in December 2016 will follow the same reporting policy as tests taken before July 1.

    Steps to Check your GRE Score

    The GRE test takers have to follow the below mentioned steps in order to check the GRE score in the official website of GRE.

    1. Go to the official website of GRE.
    2. Click on ETS Account.
    3. The candidates will be directed to the login portal.
    4. Enter the following details-
    5. If the candidates wish, they can take a print out of their score report.

    Note: ETS send the official GRE Score Report to the institutes and programs chose by the candidate during the GRE Registration process. See a sample Graduate Institution Score Report

    GRE Score Record (Official)

    The official GRE Score Report will include the following details:

    • The designated recipients
    • The cumulative record reported at that time

    Note: This score report is only for the test taker’s information and personal records.

    The official GRE Institution Score Report which is sent to the designated recipients, will include the following details: 

    • Name
    • Address
    • email address
    • Phone number
    • Intended graduate major
    • GRE test scores
    • Associated percentile ranks.

    See a sample Graduate Institution Score Report


    • It will not contain any information about the other score recipients that the candidates have chosen. Further, it will include only the scores that the candidate has selected to send to the recipients using the ScoreSelect option. 
    • If an institution that you have designated to receive your scores requests information in ETS's files to be sent to that institution, ETS will send information to that institution as necessary to detect or prevent unlawful activity and to protect the integrity of the GRE test.
    • If you are sending scores and your name has changed since you took the test, contact GRE Services for assistance.

    GRE Percentile Rank

    Each GRE test score is reported with a corresponding percentile rank. A percentile rank for a score indicates the percentage of examinees who took that test and received a lower score. Regardless of when the reported scores were earned, the percentile ranks for General Test and Subject Test scores are based on the scores of all examinees who tested within a recent time period.

    Sending your GRE Score Report and ScoreSelect Option

    The official online portal of GRE has a ScoreSelect Option which allows the candidates to choose which GRE Test Score should be sent to their desired institutions. The ScoreSelect® option facilitates the candidates participating in GRE to approach the test with ease and confidence as the latter know that they have the provision to use their personal best score. This tool can be availed by anyone with valid GRE Scores from the last 5 years. With the help of scoreselect you can retake the test and send only the scores you want your schools to see. It works in the following way:

    Decide on Test Day: When you get your score at the test day, you can choose not to send your score at this time or you can use any of the following options:

    • Most Recent option: Send your scores from your current test date.
    • All option: Send your scores from all test dates in the last five years. 

    Decide After Test Day: At any time, you can send additional score reports for a fee and select from the following available options:

    • Most Recent option: Send your scores from your most recent test date.
    • All option: Send your scores from all test dates in the last five years.
    • Any option: Send your scores from one or as many test dates as you like from the last five years.

    The schools you designate will only see the scores you selected to send them. There will be no special indication if you have taken additional GRE tests. The process for entering the score recipients for both the formats is as follows:

    Computer-delivered GRE General Test

    • Having completed the GRE Exam and having viewed you unofficial GRE scores for Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning, you will be allowed to designate which score recipients you want to receive your General Test scores.
    • If any institution is not included in the list then ask the test center administrator to hand over the appropriate form to indicate the unlisted institution.
    • The test taker has to complete the form and submit it before leaving the GRE Exam center.
    • Once you have left the center you will not be allowed to submit the form.

    Paper-delivered GRE General Test

    During the GRE Registration process, the candidates will be asked to enter the Score recipients. 

    Additional GRE Score Reports (ASRs)

    There are 3 available ways to order and additional GRE Score Report (ASR)- online, by mail and by fax. The test taker has the provision to send the Most Recent, All or Any specific test administration of the GRE General Test and/or GRE Subject Tests. The fee charged for ASRs is US$27 per score recipient.

    Steps to order GRE ASR

    • Order online: Log in to your ETS account and order the additional GRE Score report. Score reports will be sent to your designated institutions approximately five business days after your order is placed.
    • Ordering ASRs by Mail or Fax: Fill the Additional Score Report Request FormScore reports will be sent to your designated institutions approximately ten business days after your request is received.

    Note: Request once made cannot be changed or cancelled or refunded. If any change is made to the mailing address of the score recipient then the candidates have to contact the GRE Services for assistance.

    GRE Result FAQs

    Ques.  Is GRE Diagnostic service chargeable?

    Ans. No, GRE Diagnostic service is free and is available for Computer delivered tests only. The service is available 15 days after you’ve taken the test and for six months from when your test was conducted. You can use this service to see your performance in Verbal and Quantitative reasoning sections that you took. It includes information about your right and wrong answers, the time you spent answering every question, and the difficulty level of each question. 

    Ques.  How can I send my GRE scores to various institutions?

    Ans. You can request for your scores to be sent up to four graduate institutions, this facility is included in your test fee. You can use the scoreselect option to decide which test score should be sent to your chosen institutions. For computer-delivered test, you can select the score recipients at the test center. For paper-delivered test, you can select the score recipients at the time of registration. 

    Ques.  How can I order Additional Score Reports (ASRs)?

    Ans. You can order Additional Test Reports online, by mail or by fax for upto five years following your test date. Ordering ASRs involves a fee payment. You can order through your ETS accounts. For online orders score reports are sent to the assigned institutions in about five business days after your order is placed. For orders by mail or fax, score reports will be sent to assigned institutions in about ten business days after your order is placed. 

    Ques. What if I am sending scores and my name has changed?

    Ans. Name changes can be processed by the submission and approval of required documents to ETS. If after your test, you’re sending your scores and your name has changed, you can contact GRE Services

    Ques.  Who can avail the GRE Question and Answer Review service?

    Ans. This service is only available to test takers in New York  during one of the eight weeks listed below:

    • July 14-20
    • September 18-21
    • October 13-19
    • November 10-16
    • December 15-21
    • January 12-18
    • April 12-18
    • May 10-16

    Ques. Can I get a refund, if I’m unable to take the test on the chosen date?

    Ans. In case of absence from the test center, your test fee will be forfeited. Institutions won’t receive any information regarding your absence or your previous test scores, if any. 

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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