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KCET 2019 Syllabus - Important Topics with Weightage

Updated On - March 14th 2019 by SONAL ROHATGI

KCET Syllabus 2019 – Department of Pre- University Education prescribes the syllabus of KCET each year. Question paper of Karnataka CET will be based on the First and Second PUC (Pre-university course) syllabi. KCET 2019 is scheduled for April 29, 30 – May 5, 2019 in offline mode.

Important Points –

Aspirants preparing for the state level examination, have to prepare from the syllabus prescribed for the respective papers they are appearing for.
+ For Medical & Farm Sci. degree - go through the syllabus for PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology).
+ For Engineering – go through the syllabus for PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics).
+ PUC or Pre University College in Karnataka is equivalent to 10+2 or H.S.C. as prevalent in most of the education boards in India.
KCET 2019 Exam PatternKCET Sample PapersKCET Participating Colleges

KCET 2019 Exam Dates

KCET will be held on two days in four different sessions for four subjects.

  • KCET Day 1 – Biology and Mathematics test will be conducted in two sessions
  • KCET Day 2 – Physics and Chemistry paper will be conducted in two sessions
DateSubjectsSession/ Timings
April 23, 2019Biology10.30 am – 11.50 pm
Mathematics02.30 pm – 03.50 pm
April 24, 2019Physics10.30 am – 11.50 pm
Chemistry02.30 pm – 03.50 pm
Note: Kannada language test will be conducted only in Bangalore on April 20 from 11.30 pm – 12.30 pm for Horanadu and Gadinadu Kannadiga candidates.

KCET 2019 Syllabus – Mathematics

Mathematics paper will have 60 objective type questions. Each question will be if 1 mark and no provision of negative marking for incorrect/ unattempt/ double answered answers. The following infographic indicates the most important topics having a weightage of more than 10%.

KCET Syllabus 2018, KCET Mathematics Important Topics in KCET

Other KCET Important Topics – Mathematics PUC (1st Year)

Introduction to 3D GeometryCoordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula and problems.7
Mathematical ReasoningDefinition of proposition and problems, Logical connectives, compound proposition, problems, Quantifiers, negation, problems, proving a statement by the method of contradiction by giving counter example.6
StatisticsMeasure of dispersion, range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances.7
Principle Of Mathematical InductionProcess of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers, The principle of mathematical induction and simple problems based on summation only, etc.5
Complex Numbers And Quadratic EquationsNeed for complex numbers, especially √, to be motivated by inability to solve every quadratic equation. Brief description of algebraic properties of complex numbers. solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system, Square-root of a Complex number given in supplement and problems, etc.9
Linear InequalitiesLinear inequalities, Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line and examples, Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables and examples Solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables -graphically and examples7
Permutation And CombinationFundamental principle of counting. Factorial n Permutations: Definition, examples, derivation of formulae nPr, Permutation when all the objects are not distinct, problems. Combinations: Definition, examples Proving nCr= nPr r!, nCr = nCn-r; nCr +nCr-1 = n+1Cr, Problems based on above formulae.9
Binomial TheoremHistory, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. Pascal’s triangle, general and middle term in binomial expansion, Problems based on expansion, finding any term, term independent of x, middle term, coefficient of xr .8
SetsEmpty set, Finite and Infinite sets, Equal sets, Subsets, Subsets of the set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations), Power set, Universal set, Union and intersection of sets, Difference of sets, Complement of a set, Properties of Complement sets, Simple practical problems on union and intersection of two sets, etc,8

Other KCET Important Topics – Mathematics PUC (2nd Year)

Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsDefinition, range, domain, principal value branches. Mentioning domain and range of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, Conversion of one inverse trigonometric function to another, etc.8
MatricesColumn matrix, row matrix, rectangular matrix, square matrix, zero matrix, diagonal matrix, scalar matrix and unit matrix, Equality of matrices, Addition, multiplication, scalar multiplication of matrices, Transpose of a matrix, Symmetric and skew symmetric matrices, Concept of elementary row and column operations, etc.9
Application Of IntegralsArea under the curve: area under simple curves, especially lines, arcs of circles/parabolas/ellipses, Area bounded by two above said curves: problems8
Linear ProgrammingIntroduction of L.P.P. definition of constraints, objective function, optimization, constraint equations, non- negativity restrictions, Mathematical formulation-mathematical formulation of L.P.P, Different types of L.P.P, etc.7

KCET 2019 Syllabus – Physics

KCET Physics Syllabus, KCET Physics Important Topics

Other KCET Important Topics – Physics PUC (1st Year)

Physical worldScope and excitement of physics, Physics, technology and society, Mention of fundamental forces in nature, Nature of physical laws, etc.2
Units and measurementUnit of measurement, System of units, SI units, Fundamental and derived units, Length, mass and time measurements, Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Dimensions of physical quantities - Dimensional analysis and its applications, etc.3
Motion in a straight lineDefinitions of path length and displacement, Definitions of average speed and average velocity, instantaneous speed and instantaneous velocity & uniform and non-uniform motion, Uniformly accelerated motion, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, etc.7
GravitationKepler’s laws of planetary motion, Acceleration due to gravity: Derivation of relation between g and G, Gravitational potential energy: Derivation of gravitational potential energy, Earth satellites, etc.8
Mechanical properties of solidsElasticity and plasticity, Elastic behavior of solids, Stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Stress-strain curve, Elastic moduli: Definitions and expressions of Young’s modulus, Bulk modulus, etc.4
Mechanical properties of fluidsPressure, Derivation of pressure at a point inside a liquid, Gauge pressure, Pascal’s law: Statement and its applications, Streamline flow, Bernoulli’s principle, Viscosity, Reynolds number, Surface tension, etc.4
ThermodynamicsThermal equilibrium, Laws of Thermodynamics, Adiabatic process, Heat engines, Refrigerators, Reversible and irreversible processes, etc.7
Kinetic theoryEquation of state of a perfect gas, Kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy: Statement and application to specific heat capacities of monatomic, diatomic and polyatomic gases, Concept of mean free path, etc.4
OscillationsPeriodic and oscillatory motion: Definitions of Period and Frequency, Displacement as a function of time, Periodic functions, Simple harmonic motion, Oscillations due to a spring, etc.7

Other KCET Important Topics – Physics PUC (2nd Year)

Magnetism and MatterBar magnet: Properties of magnetic field lines, Gauss law in magnetism, Earth’s magnetic field and its elements, Magnetic properties of materials, Hysteresis, Hysteresis loop, definitions of retentivity and coercivity, etc.7
Electromagnetic InductionExperiments of Faraday and Henry, Lenz’s law, Inductance - Mutual inductance, Self-inductance, AC generator, etc.6
Alternating CurrentMention of expression for instantaneous, peak and rms values of alternating current and voltage, AC voltage applied to a resistor, AC voltage applied to an inductor, AC voltage applied to series LCR circuit, Mention of expression for power in ac circuit, LC oscillations, etc.7
Electromagnetic WavesDisplacement current, need for displacement current, expression for displacement current, expression for Ampere-Maxwell law, Electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum, etc.2
AtomsAlpha particle scattering, Schematic diagram of Geiger-Marsden experiment, Rutherford’s model of an atom, Atomic spectra, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Derivation of energy of electron in stationary states of hydrogen atom, etc.5
NucleiDefinition of atomic mass unit, Isotopes, isobars and isotones, explanation of mass defect and binding energy, Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, Radioactivity, etc.6
Communication SystemsBlock diagram of generalized communication system, Transducer, Signal, Noise, Transmitter, Receiver, Attenuation, Amplification, Range, Bandwidth, bandwidth of transmission medium for coaxial cable, free space and optical fibers, Propagation of electromagnetic waves, etc.3

KCET 2019 Syllabus – Chemistry

KCET Chemistry Syllabus, KCET Chemistry Important Topics

Other KCET Important Topics – Chemistry PUC (1st Year)

Some Basic Concepts of ChemistryGeneral introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry, Properties of matter and their measurement, Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory, Atomic and molecular masses, Avogadro constant, mole and molar mass, Reactions in solutions, etc.8
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesSignificance of classification, Mendeleev periodic law, Henry Moseley observation based on X- ray spectra of elements, account of groups, periods, s, p, d and f blocks, Periodic trends in properties of elements with reason, etc.8
ThermodynamicsThermodynamic terms – concepts of system, surroundings, Internal energy: as a state function, work and heat, Exothermic and endothermic reactions, Heat capacity, specific heat, Thermochemical equations- examples , enthalpy of a reaction, Spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, etc.4
Redox reactionsConcept of oxidation and reduction, Redox reactions, Oxidation number, Oxidation, reduction, oxidizing agent/oxidant, Types of redox reactions, etc.4
HydrogenPosition of hydrogen in periodic table, reaction with halogens, dioxygen, physical properties, chemical properties, dinitrogen, Hydrides – classification, Dihydrogen as a fuel – meaning of hydrogen economy3
s – Block ElementsGroup – I & Group – II: elements electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in ionization enthalpy, hydration enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii, Anomalous properties of lithium, Preparation and properties of some compounds, Biological importance of sodium and potassium, etc.6
Some p – Block ElementsGeneral introduction to p– block elements-electronic configuration, oxidation states, inert pair effect, anomalous behaviour of first member of each group, Group 13 elements, Group – 14 elements, Carbon: anomalous behaviour, reason, catenation, allotropic forms, etc.7
Environmental chemistryEnvironmental pollution, Air pollution or troposphere pollution, Stratospheric Pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Strategies to control environmental pollution, Green chemistry: Introduction, green chemistry in day-to-day life, etc.2

Other KCET Important Topics – Chemistry PUC (2nd Year)

Solid StateGeneral characteristics of solids: amorphous and crystalline solids, Classification of crystalline solids, Definitions – lattice point, crystal lattice, unit cell, coordination number, Close packing in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, Point defects-types, Electrical properties, etc.7
SolutionsTypes of Solutions – binary – gaseous, liquid and solids, Solution of liquid in liquid, Solution of a solid in a liquid, Raoult’s law, Numerical problems on determination of molar mass using colligative properties, Abnormal molar mass, etc.7
Surface chemistryAdsorption: adsorbate, adsorbent, examples, distinction between adsorption and absorption, Physisorption and chemisorption, Catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, Classification of colloids-types of colloidal systems, Properties of colloids: Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, etc.6
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsPrinciples and methods of extraction: concentration of ores, hydraulic washing, magnetic separation, froth floatation, leaching of alumina from bauxite, roasting and calcination, extraction of different metals, Refining: principles and examples each for distillation, etc.4
Coordination CompoundsGeneral introduction to salts, difference between double salt and coordination, Coordination entity, central metal ion, coordination number, Werner’s theory, CFT (crystal field theory), Spectrochemical series, compare weak field ligand, Isomerism, Stereoisomerism, Importance of coordination compounds, etc.6
Haloalkanes and HaloarenesClassification based on hybridization of carbon, Preparation from alcohols, Physical properties, Reactions of haloalkanes, Nucleophilic substitution reactions, Optical isomerism, Elimination reaction ( ß elimination, Haloarenes, Electrophilic substitution reactions for chlorobenzene, Reaction with metals, etc.6
Alcohols, Phenols and EthersClassification: mono, di, tri ,allylic, and benzylic alcohols, mono, di and trihydric phenols, Preparation of alcohols, Preparation of phenol, Physical and Chemical properties of primary alcohols, Esterification and acylation of alcohols/phenols, Reactions of phenol, etc.7
Organic Compounds Containing NitrogenAmines: Structure of amines, classification, Methods of preparation: Reduction of nitrobenzene, reduction of nitrile and amide, Physical and Chemical properties, Diazonium salts¸ Retention of diazo group, etc.5
BiomoleculesCarbohydrates: classification-based on hydrolysis, Glucose, Disaccharide, Polysaccharides, Proteins, Classification of α-amino acids, Hormones, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc.6
PolymersPolymer, monomer, polymerization, macromolecule, Classification: source, structure, types (mode) of polymerization, Methods of polymerization, Name of monomer/s and partial structure for the polymers, Rubber, Non-biodegradable polymers, etc.5
Chemistry in Everyday LifeChemicals in medicines: drugs, chemotherapy - different classes of drugs- antacids, etc.; Chemicals in food: artificial sweetening agents, preservatives; Cleansing agents: soaps, process of saponification with equation, etc.4

KCET 2019 Syllabus – Biology

KCET Biology Syllabus, KCET Biology important topics

Other KCET Important Topics – Biology PUC (1st Year)

Body fluids and CirculationComposition of blood, Blood groups, Coagulation of blood, Composition and functions of Lymph, Human circulatory system, Structure of human heart and blood vessels, Disorders of circulatory system Hypertension, etc.4
Excretory Products and their EliminationModes of excretion Amn1onoteiism. Ureotelism, uricotelism, Human excretory system-structure and function, Urine formulation, Osmoregulation, Regulation of kidney function, Disorders: Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi and Nephritis, etc.3
Locomotion and MovementTypes of movement ciliary, flagellar, muscular, Skeletal muscle - contractile proteins and muscle, Disorders of muscular and skeletal system, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis. Osteoporosis and Gout, etc.4
Neural Control and Co-ordinationHuman nervous system, Central Nervous system, Peripheral Nervous system and Visceral Nervous system, Structure of a neuron, Generation and conduction of nerve impulse, etc.5
Photosynthesis in Higher PlantsAutotrophic Nutrition, Priestley’s Experiment, Site of. photosynthesis, structure of chloroplast, Photosynthetic pigments (Elementary idea), light reaction, Cyclic Chemiosmotic and non-cyclic hypothesis, Photorespiration, etc.5
Respiration in PlantsCellular respiration glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic), Respiration balance sheet, Respiratory quotient of nutrients, etc.5
Plant Growth and DevelopmentPhases and rate of plant growth, Condition of growth, Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation, Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, Photoperiodism, Vernalisation, etc.5
Digestion and AbsorptionHuman alimentary canal and Digestive glands, Role of digestive enzymes, Digestion, absorption and assimilation of digested food, Nutritional and digestive disorders, Indigestion, constipation, vomiting, Jaundice, etc.3
Morphology of Flowering PlantsMorphology and functions of different parts of flowering plants, Root. Stem. leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed, modification of root, stem and leaf, etc.4
Anatomy and Flowering PlantsTissues and tissue system, anatomy of root, stem and leaves of dicot and monocot plant, (Anatomy of root and stem to be studied in practical)4
BiomoleculesDefinition, types and functions of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, nucleic acids, Enzymes types, properties, factors affecting enzyme action, etc.5
Cell Cycle and Cell DivisionCell cycle, Mitosis and meiosis, significance of and differences, between Mitosis and meiosis, etc.5
Living WorldDefinition of living organisms, Characteristics of living organisms, Diversity In the living world- biodiversity definition, Nomenclature, Binomial nomenclature, rules, Taxonomic categories, taxonomical aids-herbarium, botanical garden, museum, zoological park, etc.3
Biological ClassificationClassification of living organisms, Five kingdoms of life and basis of five kingdom classification, Salient features and Classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups, Virus, Viroids and Lichens, etc.2
Plant KingdomSalient feature and classification of plants into major group Algae, Bryophytes. Pleridophytes, Gymnosperms and features of each category, Angiosperms Classification up lo class, characteristic features and examples, etc.5
Breathing and Exchange of GasesRespiratory organs in animals, Human respiratory system, Mechanism of Breathing and its regulation, Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, Disorders related to respiration Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders, etc.3

Other KCET Important Topics – Biology PUC (2nd Year)

Microbes in Human WelfareMicrobes in household products, Microbes In Industrial Product, Microbes In Sewages Treatment, Microbes In The Production Of Biogas, Microbes As Biocontrol Agents, Microbes As Biofertilizers, etc.6
Biotech: Principles and ProcessesPrinciples of Biotechnology, Tools of Recombination DNA Technology, Restriction Enzymes, Cloning Vectors, Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology, Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA), Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product, etc.6
Biotech: ApplicationBiotechnology Applications in Agricultural BT Cotton, Biotechnological Applications in Medicine, Genetically Engineered Insulin, Gene Therapy, etc.5
Organism and PopulationOrganisms and its Environment, Major Abiotic Factors, Responses to Abiotic Factors, Adaptations, Population attributes, Population Growth, Population Interactions, etc.6
EcosystemEcosystem structure and function, Productivity, Decomposition, Ecological Pyramids, Succession of Plants, Nutrient Cycling, Ecosystem Carbon Cycle, Ecosystem services, etc.6
Biodiversity and ConservationBiodiversity types, Biodiversity of World and India, The importance of species diversity to the ecosystem, Loss of biodiversity, Biodiversity Conservation, etc.4
Environmental IssuesAir Pollution and its Control, Water Pollution and its Control, Domestic Sewage and industrial effluents, Agrochemicals and their effects, Radioactive waste, Greenhouse effect and Global warming, Ozone depletion and the stratosphere, Deforestation, etc.6
Reproduction in OrganismsAsexual Reproduction, Budding, Binary Fission, Vegetative Propagation, Sexual Reproduction, Events in Sexual Reproduction, Pre-fertilization events and Post-Fertilization Events, Gametogenesis, Gamete Transfer, etc.5
Human ReproductionThe male reproductive system, The female reproductive system, Gametogenesis, Menstrual Cycle, Fertilisation and Implantation, Pregnancy and Embryonic Development, Parturition and Lactation, etc.7
Reproductive HealthReproductive Health Problems and Strategies, Population Explosion and Birth Control, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Infertility, etc.5
EvolutionOrigin of Life, Evolution of Life Forms, Evidences for Evolution, Mechanism of Evolution, Hardy-Weinberg Principle, Origin and Evolution of man, etc.5

KCET 2019 Previous Years Question Papers

Candidates preparing for KCET 2019 can go through the previous year question papers for checking the pattern of questions and topics. Click on the link below to download the KCET Previous Year question paper.

Previous Years Question Papers
KCET 2015 Question Papers
Download Physics Question PaperDownload Chemistry Question PaperDownload Biology Question PaperDownload Mathematics Question Paper
KCET 2014 Question Papers
Download Physics Question PaperDownload Chemistry Question PaperDownload Biology Question PaperDownload Mathematics Question Paper
KCET 2013 Question Papers
Download Physics Question PaperDownload Chemistry Question PaperDownload Biology Question PaperDownload Mathematics Question Paper
KCET 2012 Question Papers
Download Physics Question PaperDownload Chemistry Question PaperDownload Biology Question PaperDownload Mathematics Question Paper

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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1 Comment
Samarth Viswanath

what last day revision should i do for kcet

18 Apr, 2018 00:20
Bhawna Vedwal

You should revise main topics & check out previous question paper

31 May, 2018 16:16

- No more comments -