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MHT CET Biology Syllabus, Topics, Weightage, Sample Questions

Admit Card: 30 Apr `21
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Karishma Khatri

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MHT CET curriculum is based on the Maharashtra State Secondary Education Curriculum of Class 11 and Class 12. MHT CET syllabus consists of physics, mathematics, chemistry, and biology chapters and themes focused on subjects selected during registration. With MHT CET 2021, the standard XI curriculum will be weighted by 20% and the standard XII curriculum will be weighed by 80%. Candidates can choose between PCM and PCB based on the stream of subjects they studied at the 11th and 12th levels. In the form of an official notification, DTE Maharashtra will issue an updated MHT CET 2021 curriculum to help candidates better prepare for the exam.

The Government of Maharashtra has notified the rules regulating the admission of full-time technical graduate courses for the first and second years in the exercise of the powers conferred by Article 23 of the Maharashtra Uneidi Specialist Educational Institutions Act (Mah. XXVIII of 2015) (Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy, Pharm D., Architecture, Hotel Management, and Catering Technology). Also Check MHT CET Exam Dates

The State CET Cell, Mumbai Exam Coordinator of Engineering Education, shall serve as the Nodal Officer of MHT-CET 2020.

Syllabus 2021

MHT CET 2021 Syllabus

A comprehensive program is very useful for preparing candidates. You may describe the exact subjects that need to be prepared. In addition, MHT CET 2021 Syllabus would encourage applicants to consider relevant issues and ensure that no subject is missed. MHT CET Syllabus for Engineering, Pharmacy, and Agriculture will take effect in accordance with the 11th and 12th curriculum. MHT CET no longer includes the Mathematical Complex Numbers chapter. 

  • All 12th Math/Physics/Chemistry/Biology topics are included in this syllabus. 
  • Class 11 topics to be discussed by the students are listed below: 
MHT CET 2021 Syllabus
  • The level of difficulty for JEE Key Maths, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are very similar to NEET. Difficulty level The exam consists of three pages, each of which has 100 marks and will not be assessed negatively. 
  • The subject-specific curriculum for the CET 2021 is as follows:

MHT CET Biology Class XI and XII Syllabus

Class XI Syllabus

  • Biology (Botany) Syllabus: Diversity in organisms, Biochemistry of cell, Plant Water Relations and Mineral Nutrition, Plant Growth and Development.
  • Biology (Zoology) Syllabus: Organization of Cell, Animal tissues, Human Nutrition, Human Respiration.

Class XII Syllabus

  • Biology (Botany) Syllabus: Genetic Basis of Inheritance, Gene: its nature, expression, and regulation, Biotechnology: Process and Application, Enhancement in Food Production, Microbes in Human Welfare, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Reproduction in Plants, Organisms and Environment -I. 
  • Biology (Zoology) Syllabus: Origin and the Evolution of Life, Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance, Genetic Engineering and Genomics, Human Health and Diseases, Animal Husbandry, Circulation, Excretion and osmoregulation, Control and Coordination, Human Reproduction, Organisms, and Environment-II.

Weightage of Topics

MHT CET Biology Topic-wise Weightage

A rough idea of the weightage of different parts is given in the following table, based on documents from previous years. You may gain insight into the importance of various problems by weighing up the different subjects.

Biology Chapters and topics Average no. of Questions from the chapter Weightage of the chapter and topic (In percentage)
Plant Diversity 7 12%
Plant Anatomy 2 4%
Plant Morphology 4 7%
Cell Biology & Cell Division 6 10%
Bio-molecule 2 3%
Plant Physiology 8 13%
Plant Reproduction 5 9%
Genetics & Biotechnology 15 24%
Biology in Human Welfare 1 2%
Ecology 10 16%
Total  100%
Animal Diversity 3 10%
Animal Tissue 1 3%
Structural Organisation in animals 1 2%
Human Physiology 13 45%
Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health 5 18%
Origin & Evolution 3 10%
Animal husbandry 1 3%
Human Health & Diseases 3 9%
Total 100%
Weightage of Important Topics

The most important chapters in Biology for MHT CET 2021 are as follows –

Human Reproduction Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Principles of Inheritance and Variation Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Evolution Human Health and Disease
Photosynthesis in Higher Plants Respiration in Plants
Body Fluids and Circulation Excretory Products and their Elimination
Neural Control and Coordination Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
Biotechnology and its Applications Biotechnology Principles and Process

Also Check: MHT CET Exam Pattern

Difficulty Level

MHT CET Difficulty Level

  • The overall difficulty was easy to moderate. There were not many difficult questions, and 60 percent of the question paper was transparent on all changes or slots. The most difficult topic for all improvements in science was mathematics, while the straightforward subject was physics.
  • Once the evaluation is completed, the test participants will use the CollegeDunia MHT CET Rank Predictor tool to determine their rankings and values. The MHT CET Rank Predictor is also a good tool for allowing applicants to learn how to perform the MHT CET test.
  • The next stage for further selection is the consultation process after the applicants have taken the exam. Applicants for MHT-CET consultation and the seat assignment process will be invited on the basis of MHT CET scores. Only those individuals who meet the limits of the Maharashtra engineering colleges will be admitted. 

MHT CET 2018 Paper Reviews

  • The paper was considered extremely simple by the candidates who took part in the 2018 MHT-CET exam on 10 May. The first reaction of students and experts was that the paper had no conceptual problems in physics and chemistry. Almost every question put to the entrance test was based on information or a formula. 
  • In addition, the students said that MHT-CET 2018 was one of the easiest entrance exams in engineering. Some say, in comparison to the 2018 JEE Mains, the difficulty level in this paper was not even half as high. 
  • Another input from the students was that they were not presented with time management problems in both papers this year. Fewer calculations have been made and certain problems are not even numerical.
  • The number of applicants from the state of Maharashtra increased by almost 14 percent in 2018. Approximately 4.34 lakh candidates registered for the examination this year. MHT-CET is extended to candidates seeking entries in Maharashtra State Engineering, Pharmacy, Agriculture, and Hotel Management Colleges.

MHT CET Section-wise Difficulty level

  • The three sections Math/Biology, Physics, and Chemistry were all moderately difficult. 
  • 80 percent of the questions came from the 12th class curriculum in all three grades, while just 10 percent came from the 11th class curriculum. 
  • As there was no derogatory marking, all 150 questions should have been considered. 
  • It was not very difficult for a well-prepared student to try 130 of the 150 questions with an accuracy of between 85 and 90 percent.
  • This could lead to the 150 plus ranking, which is an excellent score for securing a seat in colleges such as the Veermata Jijabai Technical Institute (VJIT), KJ Somaiya, and the Engineering College of Pune. 
  • With a score of 130, a rank of almost 6,000 can be expected, so that the top engineering colleges and universities will be available to these students.
  • A score of 100 is also a high enough score to secure a seat in the top 30 Maharashtra Engineering Colleges.

Sample Questions

MHT CET Biology Sample Questions

Below are the examples of questions from the previous year questions paper: 


  1. What will be the genotype of parents of a child with ‘O’ blood group?
    1. IA IA × IA IA
    2. IB IB × IB IB
    3. IA IA × IB IB
    4. IA i × IB i 
  2. In Angiosperms, megaspores formed after meiosis of megaspore mother cell are arranged in _________ 
    1. Isobilateral tetrad
    2. Linear tetrad 
    3. Tetrahedral tetrad
    4. T-shaped tetrad 
  3. During replication of DNA, the two strands of the double helix are separated from each other under the influence of enzyme _________ 
    1. rep-protein
    2. SSBP 
    3. initiator protein
    4. DNA polymerase 
  4. Identify the INCORRECT statement from the following with reference to lac operon. 
    1. It is a unit of gene expression and regulation for lactose sugar metabolism in Coli
    2. Lactose sugar enters the cell due to the activity of enzyme permease. 
    3. Operators are present between promoters and structural genes. 
    4. The structural gene ‘z’ codes for β -galactosidase, ‘y’ for transacetylase, and ‘a’ for permease. 
  5. High levels of Aspartic acid, low nitrogen and sugar content in maize plants prevent the attack by ____________ 
    1. Aphids
    2. Jassids 
    3. Boll worms
    4. Stem borers 
  6. The common feature in CAM and C4 plants is __________ 
    1. Stomata open only during the night 
    2. Acid concentration increases during the night 
    3. Both C3 and C4 pathway occur 
    4. Having Kranz anatomy 
  7. Which one of the following electron acceptors is present in the respiratory chain? 
    1. Cytochrome f
    2. Cytochrome a3
    3. Plastocyanin
    4. Ferredoxin
  8. The codon sequence on the coding strand of the transcription unit is ATG GTG AGC TAC GCG. What will be the codon sequence on mRNA formed on template strand? 
  9. A cross between two pea plants tall with axial flowers and dwarf with terminal flowers produced offsprings tall with axial flowers and tall with terminal flowers in the ratio 1:1. What will be the genotype of parents? 
    1. TTAa × ttaa
    2. TtAa × ttaa 
    3. TtAA × ttaa
    4. TTAA × ttaa 
  10. Which one of the following is used by green sulfur bacteria for the reduction of CO2 to CH2O? 
    1. H2S
    2. H2O 
    3. CH4
    4. NH4
  11. The CORRECT sequence of events during double fertilization in Angiosperms is 
    1. Triple fusion, syngamy, porogamy 
    2. Syngamy, triple fusion, porogamy 
    3. Porogamy, syngamy, triple fusion 
    4. Syngamy, porogamy, triple fusion 
  12. When genomic DNA is fragmented and cloned, the screening of the desired gene is done by using 
    1. Plasmid DNA
    2. DNA probes 
    3. Southern blotting
    4. PCR technique 
  13. The guano deposits are obtained from the excreta of __________
    1. Reptiles
    2. Human 
    3. Marine birds
    4. Micro-organisms 
  14. In an angiosperm a female plant having 2n = 24 is crossed with a male plant having 2n = 12. What will be the chromosome number of the endosperm? 
    1. 12
    2. 18 
    3. 24
    4. 30 
  15. Two alternative forms of a gene or alleles are located on __________
    1. Identical loci of the same chromosome 
    2. Non-identical loci of the same chromosome 
    3. Identical loci of homologous chromosomes 
    4. Non-identical loci of homologous chromosomes
  16. In Krebs cycle Guanosine Triphosphate is formed during the conversion of
    1. Isocitrate to oxalosuccinate
    2. Oxalosuccinate to α-ketoglutarate 
    3. Succinyl CoA to succinate
    4. Fumarate to malate 
  17. Mycorrhiza is __________ 
    1. Alga
    2. Fungus 
    3. Bacteria
    4. Virus 
  18. During the PCR technique, the pairing of primers to ssDNA segment is called ________ 
    1. Denaturation
    2. Annealing 
    3. Polymerisation
    4. Isolation 
  19. ___________ is the most convenient and cheap method of artificial vegetative propagation. 
    1. Grafting
    2. Budding 
    3. Cutting
    4. Micropropagation 
  20. Glycosidic bond exists in DNA molecule between __________ 
    1. Sugar and phosphate 
    2. Any two nitrogen bases 
    3. Sugar and a nitrogen base
    4. Purines and pyrimidines 
  21. Which of the following wall layer of anther shows fibrous thickenings of callose? 
    1. Epidermis
    2. Tapetum 
    3. Middle layer
    4. Endothecium 
  22. Photosynthesis is considered as an oxidation reaction because __________
    1. CO2 is oxidised
    2. H2O is oxidised 
    3. O2 is released
    4. CH2O is oxidized 

Check: MHT CET Sample Questions

Preparation Tips 2021

MHT CET Preparation Tips

  • Applicants studying for MHT CET 2021 must address the documents in order to better understand the test. 
  • MHT CET 2021 Sample Papers are a good way to improve preparedness and optimize prospects. 
  • In addition to sample papers from the MHT CET, it is also recommended to take mock-exams.
  • The authorities will publish MHT CET 2021 mock examinations in the second week of February. 
  • It's available in online mode. Applicants will gain insight into the type of questions posed in the exam by solving MHT CET sample papers 2021. 
  • The authorities concerned will also publish MHT CET 2021 exam pattern to enable candidates to understand the full pattern of the question paper.

Best Books

MHT CET Biology Best Books

MHT CET is based on the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Education Curriculum of Classes 11 and 12. The majority of queries are sent directly to the Maharashtra State Board of Directors. It is important to learn at least twice from the textbooks of the applicant since it helps to prepare the most basic concepts which guarantee 100 marks during the test. The next 100 points will be reached through the following MHT CET Books as set out below.

Book Author Publication
Objective MHT CET Biology Nikhil M. Srivastava MTG Publication
Biology (MCQ) MHT CET Dr. K. Shankaran
Devki Rama Devi
Marvel Publications
MHT CET prep guide Biology Arihant Experts Arihant Publications

Frequently Asked Questions

MHT CET Biology Syllabus FAQs

Ques. Will the authorities publish mock tests for MHT CET 2021? 

Ans. Yes, in the second week of February, the authorities release preliminary MHT CET mock tests. 

Ques.How useful are MHT CET 2021 sample papers? 

Ans. It can be very beneficial for candidates preparing for MHT CET 2021 to practice the MHT CET 2021 sample papers. This gives them an insight into the trend of the question paper. 

Ques.How do I view sample papers for MHT CET? 

Ans. You can access free MHT CET Practice Papers directly from the CollegeDunia website.

Ques.Does MHT CET 2021 have any negative marking? 

Ans. No. There are no negative points for wrong answers in MHT CET 2021.

Ques.What is the exam pattern for MHT CET?

Ans. Refer to the following table for a basic understanding of MHT CET 2021 exam pattern

Particulars Details
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions
Total number of Questions 150 (50 questions for each subject)
Total Marks 200 marks (100 marks for each section)
Language of Examination Mathematics will be in the English language Physics and Chemistry will be in English/Urdu/Marathi

Ques.What is the difficulty level for MHT CET? 

Ans. MHT CET is easy to moderate in overall difficulty. There aren’t many difficult questions, and 60 percent of the question paper is easy in all shifts or slots.

Ques.What's the cutoff for MHT CET? 

Ans. The opening and closing ranks to which entry is offered shall be MHT CET 2021 Cutoff. 

Percentile Vs Ranks of the MHT CET 2021 (Expected)

Percentile Range Rank Range
39-30 59,001 – 64,000
29-20 64,001 -73,000
19-10 73,001 - 81,000

Ques.What are the recommended MHT CET textbooks? 

Ans. In selecting MHT CET books, candidates should remember to look for the latest edition of the book for updated material and information. It is also very necessary for candidates to choose a book that can be easily read. Refer to the following MHT CET recommended books

Book Author Publication
Objective MHT CET Biology Nikhil M. Srivastava MTG Publication
Biology (MCQ) MHT CET Dr. K. Shankaran
Devki Rama Devi
Marvel Publications
MHT CET prep guide Biology Arihant Experts Arihant Publications

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.