NEET 2020 CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS

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    NEET 2020 Chemistry Syllabus

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    The first step towards preparation is the right knowledge of syllabus. NEET 2020 Chemistry syllabus is based on the topics studied in class XI and XII. The syllabus is prepared by MCI by taking into consideration the syllabus of all state boards.

    NTA has also cleared the rumours of changes in the syllabus by releasing an official notice. The syllabus is still the same as it is mentioned in the official brochure. 

    • NEET chemistry syllabus is divided into various subsections which require thorough preparation. However, most of the candidates find chemistry to be an easy and scoring subject. 

    • In NEET 2020, a total of 45 questions will be asked from chemistry. All candidates are advised to go through the exam pattern. Check NEET Exam Pattern

    To help candidates in their preparations, we are providing the unit wise detailed syllabus of chemistry for both class XI and XII. Along with the syllabus, we have also provided the weightage of questions, the difficulty level of questions, and much more. Candidates are advised to read the article to get a better understanding of NEET chemistry syllabus. 

    Must Read:

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus from Class XI

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus from Class XI

    The syllabus of class XI include 14 units and all the sub topics of these units are provided in the table below:

    CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
    Unit NumberTopicSub-Topics
    UNIT ISome Basic Concepts of ChemistryGeneral Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules Atomic and molecular masses: Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry
    UNIT II Structure of AtomAtomic number, isotopes and isobars Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light de Broglie’s relationship Heisenberg uncertainty principle Concept of orbital, quantum numbers Shapes of s,p and d orbitals Rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals 
    UNIT IIIClassification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesModern periodic law and long form of periodic table Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electrone gativity, valence
    UNIT IVChemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) Hydrogen bond
    UNIT V States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsThree states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law Ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation Avogadro number, ideal gas equation, Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature Liquid State - Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)
    UNIT VI ThermodynamicsFirst law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction
    UNIT VIIEquilibriumEquilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium- Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea) Buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)
    UNIT VIIIRedox ReactionsConcept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers
    UNIT IXHydrogenOccurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure
    UNIT X s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)Group I and group 2 element General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca
    UNIT XISome p-Block ElementsGeneral Introduction to p-Block Elements Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses
    UNIT XIIOrganic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesGeneral introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions
    UNIT XIIIHydrocarbonsAlkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution-Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity
    UNIT XIVEnvironmental ChemistryEnvironmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus from Class XII

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus from Class XII

    The syllabus of class XII include 16 units and all the sub topics of these units are provided in the table below:

    CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS 
    Unit NumberTopicSub-Topics
    UNIT ISolid StateClassification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators
    UNIT IISolutionsTypes of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor. 
    UNIT IIIElectrochemistryRedox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion
    UNIT IVChemical KineticsRate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation
    UNIT VSurface ChemistryAdsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions
    UNIT VIGeneral Principles and Processes of Isolation of ElementsPrinciples and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron
    UNIT VII p- Block ElementsGroup 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only) Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses
    UNIT VIIId and f Block ElementsGeneral introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids
    UNIT IXCoordination CompoundsCoordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems)
    UNIT XHaloalkanes and HaloarenesHaloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only) Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT
    UNIT XIAlcohols, Phenols and EthersAlcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses
    UNIT XIIAldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsAldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses
    UNIT XIIIOrganic Compounds Containing NitrogenAmines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places. Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry
    UNIT XIVBiomoleculesCarbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance. Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure). Vitamins- Classification and function. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
    UNIT XVPolymersClassification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers
    UNIT XVIChemistry in Everyday LifeChemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines. Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants. Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action

    Download NEET Practice Papers

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus - Weightage of Important Topics

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus - Weightage of Important Topics

    In NEET 2020, there will be a total of 45 questions. Moreover, chemistry is divided into 3 parts that is inorganic, organic and physical chemistry. The weightage of these 3 sections in the paper is almost the same. Candidates can refer to the table below to know the weightage of topics from these 3 sections:

    Inorganic Chemistry: The major topics in this section are Hydrogen elements, p, d, and f block elements, Periodic table, Periodicity, etc. The approximate weightage of total number of questions asked from this section is 34%.

    TopicNumber of Questions
    Chemical Bonding 4
    p-block3
    Coordination Compounds3
    Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties2
    d-block & f-block Elements2
    Hydrogen1
    s-block1
    Metallurgy1
    Qualitative Analysis1

    Organic Chemistry: Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the structure, properties and reactions of organic compounds. The major topics from this section are Hydrocarbons, Haloalkane, etc. The weightage of questions asked from organic chemistry is around 34%. Candidates can check the topic wise number questions asked from this section in previous year below:

    TopicNumber of Questions
    Aromatic Compounds3
    IUPAC & Isomerism2
    Chemistry in Everyday Life2
    Organic Compounds containing nitrogen2
    Carbonyl Compounds2
    Biomolecules2
    Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether2
    Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids2
    Hydrocarbons2
    General Organic Chemistry2
    Haloalkane & Polymer2
    Environmental chemistry & Practical Organic Chemistry2

    Physical Chemistry: Physical chemistry includes the study of macroscopic objects, concepts of physics such as energy, motion, force, time, etc. Some of the important topics are Ionic Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Solutions, etc. The weightage of questions asked from this section is 32%. 

    TopicNumber of Questions
    Ionic Equilibrium2
    Mole Concept2
    Chemical Kinetics2
    Solution & Colligative Properties2
    Surface Chemistry1
    Solid State1
    Electrochemistry1
    Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry1
    Gaseous State1
    Redox Reactions1
    Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry1
    Chemical Equilibrium1

    Check NEET Paper Analysis

    Difficulty Level of NEET Chemistry Syllabus Questions

    Difficulty Level of NEET Chemistry Syllabus Questions

    Based on the experience of test takes who had appeared for NEET in the year 2019 the difficulty level is provided below:

    • More than 50% of questions (i.e. 20 to 22 questions) were easy to answer.

    • The remaining questions were a little difficult to answer.

    Section/Difficulty LevelNumber of Easy Questions Number of Moderate Questions Number of Difficult Questions 
    Organic831
    Inorganic1150
    Physical854

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus Content Based Lectures by NTA

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus Content Based Lectures by NTA

    NTA has provided the facility to prepare for NEET 2020 with the video lectures from Subject Experts. Candidates can access these videos by following these simple steps:

    • Visit the official website of NTA i.e. nta.ac.in.
    • Click on the “Students” tab/button. 
    • There you can see one option of “Content Based Lectures”. Click on that option.
    • You will be redirected to a new page where you can see subject wise options for video lectures.
    • Choose the subject of your choice to take the benefit of video lectures from experts.

    Check NEET Video Lectures by NTA


    NEET Chemistry Syllabus Mock Test 

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus Mock Test 

    The official mock test of NEET 2020 can be accessed by visiting the official website of NEET i.e. nta.ac.in. 

    • Mock tests are available in online mode.
    • Candidates have to register in order to take these mock tests. 
    • Candidates can also download the mock tests. 

    With the help of NEET mock test candidates can improve their speed and accuracy level of answering the questions. These mock tests will also help you in getting a fair idea about the type of questions asked, difficulty level of questions, exam pattern, marking scheme etc. Candidates are advised to analyse their performance very carefully so that you can work on your weaknesses. 

    How to Access NEET Chemistry syllabus Mock Tests?

    Follow the steps provided below to access the mock tests:

    • Visit the official website of NTA i.e. nta.nc.in.
    • Click on the “Students” tab/button.
    • There you can see 2 options - Mock Tests and Download Mock Test. 
    • To take the online mock test you have to click on that option and register yourself. 
    • In the second option you can directly download the mock tests by clicking on the link.

    BIE Telangana Online Test Facility

    BIE Telangana has launched a unique platform that provides free online mock tests for candidates who are appearing for NEET 2020. 

    • Telangana state Education Department will hold daily, weekly and grand mock tests series for candidates. 
    • BIE has also launched a smartphone application (android app). With the help of this application candidates can take the mock tests conveniently using their phones.
    • To take benefit of this facility you have to register yourself at tscie.rankr.io

    Direct Link for BIE Mock Online Test

    Best Reference Books for NEET Chemistry Syllabus

    Best Reference Books for NEET Chemistry Syllabus

    There is no doubt that NCERT books of class XI and XII are the best source or medium to prepare for the examination but still, we have provided some of the best reference for the preparation of chemistry syllabus:

    Author/PublisherBook
    O.P. TandonPhysical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry
    Seema Saini and K.S. SainiBull’s Eye Chemistry NEET Edition 2020
    Sudhanshu Thakur40 Days Chemistry for NEET
    R.K. GuptaObjective Chemistry for NEET Vol. 1&2
    Morrison and BoydOrganic Chemistry

    Preparation Tips for NEET 2020 Chemistry Paper

    Preparation Tips for NEET 2020 Chemistry Paper

    If we go through the paper analysis of previous year NEET chemistry paper then most of the test takers rated the subject to be easy in terms of difficulty. If a candidates is well prepared for all the 3 sections i.e. Organic, Inorganic, and Physical section of chemistry then he/she can score very well in this section. Here are some of the preparation tips for candidates who planning to appear for NEET 2020:

    Tip 1: Practice Papers and Mock Tests:

    • With the help of practice papers or mock tests you can work on the speed and accuracy of answering the questions. 
    • Candidates are advised to focus on accuracy first and then on speed. 
    • By taking mock tests you can judge your performance level and work on your weaker areas or topics. 

    Direct Link for NEET Mock Test by NTA

    Tip 2: Preparing Notes for Revision:

    • Candidates should prepare handwritten notes for revision. 
    • Revision will help you in memorizing the topics for a longer period of time. 
    • You must note down all the important formulas, facts etc and revise them daily. 

    Tip 3: Managing your Time:

    • Prepare a proper plan or time table and only follow that plan. Do not come under peer pressure and focus on your preparations. 
    • Your time table should include frequent breaks so that you can relax your body and mind. 
    • Set some monthly or weekly goals so that you can complete your syllabus on time. For example, you can divide 8 topics into 2 topics a week. But in order to achieve these goals you have to stick to your time table. 

    Tip 4: Divide syllabus based on Difficulty Level:

    Candidates can divide the sections or topics for preparation based on the difficulty level or number of questions asked from that particular section. 

    • High Priority Topics - Around 20 to 25 questions can be asked from these topics: General Organic Chemistry, Hydrocarbons, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Amines, Periodic Table, Metallurgy, Hydrogen, s, p, d, f-block, Surface Chemistry. 
    • Medium Importance - Around 10 to 15 questions can be asked from these topics: Chemistry in everyday life, Environmental chemistry, Polymers, Some basic concepts, Solid states, Coordination. 
    • A Few Questions - Around 1 to 5 questions can be asked from these topics: Thermodynamics, Chemical kinetics, Equilibrium, States of matter, Electrochemistry, Solution.

    Check Mobile App and Online Resources for NEET Preparation


    Frequently Asked Questions

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus FAQs

    Question: Are there any changes in the syllabus of chemistry for NEET 2020?

    Ans. No. NTA has released the notice on April 3, 2020 clearing all the rumours about the changes in NEET chemistry syllabus. The syllabus of NEET 2020 is still the same as mentioned in the official brochure. Candidates are advised to go through that syllabus only.

    Question: Should I give importance and more preparation time to class XI chemistry syllabus or not?

    Ans. Candidates should give equal importance and time to prepare for class XI and XII syllabus. The number of questions or weightage of questions from topics of class XI and XII varies every year. Based on the paper analysis of the previous year, equal weightage was given to the syllabus of both classes.

    Question: What is the weightage of chemistry in NEET 2020?

    Ans. In NEET 2020 candidates have to attempt 45 questions based on chemistry. For every correct answer you will get 4 marks and for wrong answers 1 mark will be deducted. The mode of examination will be offline i.e. pen paper based and candidates will get 3 hours to complete the whole paper. 

    Question: What are the best books to prepare for chemistry?

    Ans. There is no doubt that NCERT books of class XI and XII are the best source or medium to prepare for the examination but still we have provided some of the best reference for the preparation of chemistry syllabus:
    • Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry - By O.P Tandon
    • 40 Days Chemistry for NEET - By Sudhanshu Thakur

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College

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