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NEET 2018 Exam Pattern- Questions, Weightage, Books & Syllabus

Updated On - May 5th 2018 by KRITIKA GUPTA

NEET 2018 is an offline paper comprising 180 questions divided equally among Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The exam will cover both, class 11 and class 12 syllabus of these 3 subjects. There will be no change in NEET exam pattern and syllabus this year. The duration of NEET 2018 is 3 hours. Candidates will be awarded +4 marks for every correct answer, while -1 will be deducted for every incorrect answer.

CBSE has scheduled NEET 2018 for May 6. This year Urdu has been added to the list of vernacular languages. Read on to check detailed exam pattern of National Eligibility Entrance Test.     

NEET Syllabus (Revised)NEET Sample PapersNEET Answer 2018 KeysNEET Syllabus in Tamil

NEET Exam Pattern At a Glance

Number of Questions | Total Marks180 | 720 Marks
No. of questions in each sectionPhysics- 45, Chemistry- 45, Botany- 45, Zoology- 45
Marking Scheme+ 4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Exam ModeOffline (pen and paper based)
Duration3 hours
NEET 2018 Exam DateMay 6, 2018


NEET Exam Pattern

The exam will be conducted in offline mode i.e. candidates have to answer on specially designed machine-gradable sheet using Ball Point Pen provided by CBSE at examination center only. The following infographic indicates the paper pattern of the medical and dental entrance examination:

NEET Pattern, NEET Exam Pattern
  • Students have to mark their responses on an OMR sheet.
  • The paper will have only multiple-choice questions. 
  • 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • For each correct answer, 4 marks will be awarded.
  • 45 questions are assigned to Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology, each.

Pattern of NEET Question Paper 

The exam includes questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology syllabus of class XI and XII. Both Physics and Chemistry have 45 questions each. Biology has 90 questions divided equally among Botany and Zoology.

SubjectNo. of QuestionsMaximum Marks

NEET Marking Scheme

  • No marks will be awarded for unanswered questions.
  • Changing answer is not allowed.
  • Multiple answers will be considered as incorrect response and will be negatively marked.
  • Check out the marking scheme given below for a better idea of NEET Marks distribution.
Correct Answer+4
Incorrect answer-1
No answer0
More than one answer marked0

How to calculate NEET Score?

  • For every correct answer, the candidate is awarded 4 marks and for every incorrect answer, 1 mark is deducted.
  • NEET Score= (Correct answers X 4) – (Incorrect answers X 1)
  • Practice these sample question papers for a better understanding of NEET Pattern.

Paper Analysis for Physics

  • Mechanics is the most important topic carrying maximum weightage.
  • From Electrodynamics you can expect almost 9-10 questions.

Check out Paper Analysis for Physics for scoring well in this section.

  • The difficulty level of this section is expected to be high this year.
  • Most of the questions involve calculations that are lengthy.
  • It is imperative to remember all the formulas.

Pro Tip – Do not ignore the ‘Points to Ponder’ section at the end of each chapter and the examples given in NCERT.

Paper Analysis for Chemistry

  • Chemistry is regarded as a moderately difficult section in the paper.
  • Over the years, application based questions have increased in number.
  • NEET 2017 saw more questions from the class XII syllabus.
  • Organic Chemistry has gradually gained more prominence than Inorganic Chemistry, almost 16-17 questions are expected from it this year.
  • Few questions are formed taking two different concepts together.

Take a look at Paper Analysis of last 10 Years for Chemistry

Pro Tip – Pay more attention to Chemical Bonding and Coordination Compounds. They take a lot of time and carry maximum weightage. Refer to some extra books for a better understanding of the concepts.

Paper Analysis for Biology

  • Biology is relatively easier than the other two subjects.
  • The paper includes 45 questions each from Botany and Zoology.
  • NEET 2017 saw more questions from class XII syllabus, almost 46 out of 90.
  • Maximum questions are asked from NCERT so students should spend more time on that instead of reference books.

Here are a fewtips to prepare for the Biology paper in NEET.

Pro Tip –  Human Physiology is an extremely important topic carrying high weightage. Genetics too has been a hot favourite of NEET and along with Human Physiology, they both cover almost 30 questions in the Biology section.

Important topics for NEET

To meet NEET Cutoff, prepare well by prioritizing your study schedule. Give more emphasis on the topics carrying heavy weightage. The list given below includes the most important topics from each subject. 


These 6 topics make up for a major chunk of the Physics paper. Candidates can expect both, theoretical as well application-based questions from these topics.

ElectrodynamicsWave OpticsSemi-Conductors
Modern PhysicsRigid Body DynamicsKTG & Thermodynamics

Check Important Chapters for NEET 2018


A variation has been there in Chemistry over the last couple of years. Questions from Class XII syllabus have increased and Organic Chemistry has gained more prominence over Inorganic Chemistry. These topics should be practiced well before appearing for NEET 2018.

Chemical BondingCoordination Compounds
Carbonyl CompoundsOrganic Chemistry- I


Preparation for Biology is not tough since most of the questions are asked from NCERT. The table given below includes topics from both, Botany and Zoology.

Plant AnatomyPollinationDNA ReplicationPhotosynthesis
PAGE TheoryEndocrine SystemExcretory and Nervous SystemDigestive System

Language of Question Paper

  • The question paper will be available in Hindi and English in all the centers.
  • However, if the candidate has chosen a vernacular language, then the center will be allotted accordingly.

Here is a list of languages and the centers in which they are available.

LanguagesExamination Cities
English and HindiAll examination cities
English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal
English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka
English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman, Dadar & Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
English, Hindi and AssamAssam
English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha

NEET Exam Pattern FAQs

Ques. Will the exam be conducted online?

Ans. No, till now, NEET is an offline exam. In other words, it is a pen and paper based test in which you will have to mark your answers on an OMR sheet.

Ques. Will NEET have descriptive questions?

Ans. NEET only has Multiple Choice Questions as of now. Each question will be followed by 4 options out of which one will be correct.

Ques. I am not comfortable with English language; can I take NEET exam in any other language?

Ans. Yes, apart from English, NEET can be taken in Hindi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya and Kannada.

Ques. Can I opt for Bengali medium if I am appearing for the exam in Delhi?

Ans. No. As per the current rules, the vernacular mediums of NEET are subject to geographical restrictions related to examination centers. A particular regional language can only be opted in the examination centers as prescribed in NEET notification. Take a look at the following table for this: -

LanguageCenters available in
English and HindiAll India
English, Hindi and AssameseAssam
English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal
English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha
English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka

Ques. How many questions will be there in NEET?

Ans. NEET will have a total of 180 questions.

Ques. How many questions from Physics will be asked in the exam?

Ans. NEET has 4 sections, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. Each of these sections will have 45 questions each. So physics will have 45 questions.

Ques. What are the total marks in NEET exam?

Ans. Each question in NEET will have 4 marks. Therefore, maximum marks in the exam are 720.

Ques. Is there any negative marking for incorrect questions in NEET?

Ans. Yes, for each incorrect response, 1 mark will be deducted from your total score.

Ques. Is there any negative marking for un-attempted questions?

Ans. No, there is not negative marking for leaving questions. No mark will be added to or deducted from your score for leaving any question.

Ques. How much time will I be given to complete the exam?

Ans. You will be given 3 hours (180 minutes) to complete the exam.

Ques. Are there any sectional time limits in NEET?

Ans. No, there are no such sectional limits in NEET. You can spend any amount of time (from total time given) on any particular section or question.

Ques. Will I be provided stationery inside the exam hall?

Ans. Yes, you do not need to carry anything except Admit Card and Photographs inside the examination hall. A pen to mark your answers will be provided inside the exam hall.

Ques. Where can I do rough work during the exam?

Ans. You will be provided your test booklet on which you can do rough work. You cannot do rough work on Answer Sheet, Admit card or anything else.

Ques. What if I opt for English medium and I am unable to understand a question in the exam? Will I be given a translated version of such questions?

Ans. If someone opts for English medium, the test booklet will be provided in English only. Therefore, if you are facing any problem with the meaning of question, translated version of such question will not be provided. However, If a candidate opts for any other medium than English, then he/she will be provided the booklet in both English and the language chose by candidate.

Ques. I opted for Hindi medium, but the translation of a question is not done properly (into English). What will be done in this situation?

Ans. In a situation where there is any ambiguity in the translation of any question, the English version of it will be considered final and correct.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College



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1 Comment
Minaksha Jha

In neet and aiims exam in chemistry section out of all 45 questions what is the number of questions asked from physical chemistry , organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry ?

05 Apr, 2018 00:20
Richa Sharma

Hi Minaksha, in NEET it is not fixed that how many question will be asked from physical chemistry , organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry. you can refer previous year papers to know about how many questions were asked from which part, check this link: Practice Papers.

03 May, 2018 18:33

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