NEET 2021 Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme, Important Topics and Paper Analysis

    Nikkil Visha Nikkil Visha
    Exams Prep Master

    NTA is expected to release NEET Exam Pattern 2021 with the release of official notification tentatively in the month of Dec 2020. Based on the previous year exam pattern, the entrance exam comprises of 180 multiple choice questions divided among Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

    NEET 2021 will be conducted in offline mode. Physics and Chemistry sections include 45 questions each, while the Biology section comprises 90 problems to be solved in a total time of 180 minutes. The exam covers both Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology of the NCERT curriculum. Check NEET 2020 Syllabus

    Table of Contents

    The question paper in NEET 2021 examination will be available in 11 languages. candidates can opt for 1 language during the time of application process. As per NEET 2020 Marking Scheme, test-takers will be awarded 4 marks for each correct answer while 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.

    NEET Exam Pattern Highlights 2021

    Number of Questions 180 Questions
    Total Marks720 Marks
    No. of questions in each sectionPhysics- 45, Chemistry- 45, Biology- 90 (Botany- 45, Zoology- 45)
    Marking Scheme+ 4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer
    Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
    Exam ModeOffline (Pen and Paper Test)
    Duration3 hours
    NEET 2021 Exam DateMay 2021

    NEET 2021 Exam Pattern

    The exam will be conducted in offline mode i.e. pen-paper based mode only. Students will have to mark their responses on an OMR sheet. 

    NEET Exam Pattern

    As given in the image above, it can be understood that the exam will principally consist of 3 sections – Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology) 

    • The paper will include multiple-choice questions. 
    • 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
    • For each correct answer, 4 marks will be awarded.
    • 45 questions are assigned to Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology, each. 

    The exam includes questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology curriculum of class XI and XII. Both Physics and Chemistry sections have 45 questions each whereas, the Biology section has 90 questions divided into two sections uniformly i.e. Botany and Zoology.

    SubjectsNo. of QuestionsMaximum Marks
    Biology (Zoology + Botany)90 (45 + 45)360 (180 + 180)
    Total180 Questions720 Marks

    Must Read on NEET Exam Pattern:

    NEET 2021 Marking Scheme 

    ParticularsMarks Allotted
    Correct Answer+4
    Incorrect answer-1
    No answer/ Multiple answers0
    • One correct answer fetches 4 marks and one incorrect answer will cost 1 mark.
    • It is not mandatory to attempt all questions.
    • There is no negative marking for unattempted questions.
    • Once you mark an answer, it is not possible to change it.
    • Multiple answers will be considered as an incorrect response and will be negatively marked.

    Languages/ Medium for NEET 2021 

    NEET LanguagesNEET Examination Cities
    English, Hindi and UrduAll States and Cities
    TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
    BengaliWest Bengal and Tripura
    GujaratiGujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli
    TamilTamil Nadu

    NEET 2021 will be conducted in 11 languages. Candidates will be able to select medium of NEET 2021 from Hindi, English and Urdu in all the centers. However, if the candidate has chosen a vernacular language, then the center will be allotted accordingly. 

    What to Expect from NEET 2021 Question Paper?

    Based on the previous year analysis of NEET Question Paper, here are some section-wise observations for NEET 2021 aspirants:

    NEET Paper Analysis for Physics

    • Mechanics is the most important topic carrying maximum weightage.
    • From Electrodynamics you can expect almost 9-10 questions.
    • Physics is the most difficult section in NEET exam. 
    • Most of the questions involve lengthy calculations.
    • It is imperative to remember all the formulas.

    Pro Tip – Do not ignore the ‘Points to Ponder’ section at the end of each chapter and the examples given in NCERT Books. 

    NEET Paper Analysis for Chemistry

    • Chemistry is regarded as a moderately difficult section in the paper.
    • Over the years, application-based questions have increased in number.
    • NEET 2019 saw more questions from the class XII syllabus.
    • Organic Chemistry has gradually gained more prominence than Inorganic Chemistry, expect 16-17 questions from Organic Chemistry in the paper.
    • Few questions are formed taking two different concepts together.

    Pro Tip – Pay more attention to Chemical Bonding and Coordination Compounds. They take a lot of time and carry maximum weightage. Stick to NCERT books of class 11 and 12. Take a look at Paper Analysis of last 10 Years for Chemistry.

    NEET Paper Analysis for Biology

    • Biology is relatively easier than the other two subjects.
    • The paper includes 45 questions each from Botany and Zoology.
    • NEET 2019 saw more questions from class XII syllabus, almost 46 out of 90.
    • Maximum questions are asked from NCERT so students should spend more time on that instead of reference books.

    Pro Tip – Human Physiology is an extremely important topic carrying high weightage. Genetics too has been a hot favourite of NEET and along with Human Physiology, they both cover almost 30 questions in the Biology section. Here are a few tips to prepare for the Biology paper in NEET.

    NEET Section-wise Syllabus 2021

    Candidates must be thoroughly aware of NEET 2021 Syllabus in order to succeed in the exam, NEET class XI and XII for each of the 3 sections is given in the tables below:

    NEET Physics Syllabus

    Physics of Class 11th Physics of Class 12th
    Sr. No. Topics Sr. No.Topics
    1Physical world and measurement 1Electrostatics 
    Kinematics Current Electricity 
    3Laws of Motion 3Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
    4Work, Energy and Power 4Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 
    5Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 5Electromagnetic Waves 
    6Gravitation 6Optics 
    7Properties of Bulk Matter 7Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation 
    8Thermodynamics 8Atoms and Nuclei
    9Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 9Electronic Devices 
    10Oscillations and Waves

    Must Read:

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus

    Chemistry of Class 11th Chemistry of Class 12th 
    Sr. No. Topics Sr. No.Topics 
    1Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 1Solid State 
    Structure of Atom Solutions 
    3Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 3Electrochemistry 
    4Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureChemical Kinetics 
    States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 5Surface Chemistry 
    6Thermodynamics 6General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 
    Equilibrium 7p-Block Elements 
    8Redox Reactions 8d and f Block Elements 
    9Hydrogen 9Coordination Compounds 
    10 s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 10Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 
    11Some p-Block Elements 11Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
    12Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques 12Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acid 
    13Hydrocarbons 13Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 
    14Environmental Chemistry 14Biomolecules 
    16Chemistry in Everday Life 

    NEET Biology Syllabus

    Biology of Class 11th Biology of Class 12th
    Sr. No. Topics Sr. No. Topics 
    Diversity in Living World 1Reproduction 
    2Structural Organization in Animals and Plants2Genetics and Evolution
    3Cell Structure and Function 3Biology and Human Welfare 
    4Plant Physiology 4Biotechnology and Its Applications 
    5Human Physiology 5Ecology and environment

    Must Read: 

    Important Topics for NEET 2021

    To meet NEET Cutoff, prepare well by prioritizing your study schedule. Give more emphasis on the topics carrying heavy weightage in respective sections. The below-given list includes the most important topics from each subject. 

    Important Topics in Physics for NEET 

    These 6 topics make up for a major chunk of the Physics paper. Candidates can expect both, theoretical as well as application-based questions from these topics. Read NEET Physics Syllabus

    ElectrodynamicsWave OpticsSemi-Conductors
    Modern PhysicsRigid Body DynamicsKTG & Thermodynamics

    Important Topics in Chemistry for NEET

    A variation has been there in Chemistry over the last couple of years. Questions from Class XII syllabus have increased and Organic Chemistry has gained more prominence over Inorganic Chemistry. These topics should be practised well before appearing for NEET 2021. Read NEET Chemistry Syllabus

    Chemical BondingCoordination Compounds
    Carbonyl CompoundsOrganic Chemistry- I

    Important Topics in Biology for NEET

    Preparation for Biology is not tough since most of the questions are asked from NCERT. The table given below includes topics from both, Botany and Zoology. Read NEET Biology Syllabus

    Plant AnatomyPollinationDNA ReplicationPhotosynthesis
    PAGE TheoryEndocrine SystemExcretory and Nervous SystemDigestive System

    NEET 2021 Instructions for filling OMR Sheet

    • Answers have to be marked using a ballpoint pen,  which shall be provided in NEET Exam hall.
    • Candidate must mark the test booklet code on the OMR sheet. 
    • Rough work should be done using the space in the test booklet only.
    • Candidates must not change answers in the OMR sheet, erasing any information printed on the OMR sheet is a punishable offence.

    How is NEET Score calculated?

    • For every correct answer, the candidate is awarded 4 marks and for every incorrect answer, 1 mark is deducted.
    • NEET Score = (Correct answers X 4) – (Incorrect answers X 1)
    • Normalization is used to nullify the effects of the varying difficulty level of question papers in various exam sessions.

    Physics is expected to be a difficult section in NEET this year. Students are advised to go through the paper Analysis for Physics to score optimum marks in the topic.  

    NEET Exam Pattern 2021 FAQs

    Ques. Will the exam be conducted online?

    Ans. NEET is an offline exam. In other words, it is a pen and paper based test in which you will have to mark your answers on an OMR sheet.

    Ques.Will NEET have descriptive questions?

    Ans. NEET only has Multiple Choice Questions as of now. Each question will be followed by 4 options out of which one will be correct.

    Ques. I am not comfortable with the English language; can I take NEET exam in any other language?

    Ans. Yes, apart from English, NEET can be taken in Hindi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Urdu and Kannada.

    Ques. Can I opt for Bengali medium if I am appearing for the exam in Delhi?

    Ans. No. As per the current rules, the vernacular mediums of NEET are subject to geographical restrictions related to examination centers. A particular regional language can only be opted in the examination centers as prescribed in NEET notification. Take a look at the following table for this: -

    LanguageCenters available in
    English, Hindi and UrduAll India
    English, Hindi and AssameseAssam
    English, Hindi and BengaliWest Bengal and Tripura
    English, Hindi and GujaratiGujarat, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
    English, Hindi and MarathiMaharashtra
    English, Hindi and TamilTamil Nadu
    English, Hindi and TeluguAndhra Pradesh and Telangana
    English, Hindi and OriyaOdisha
    English, Hindi and KannadaKarnataka

    Ques. How many questions will be there in NEET?

    Ans. NEET will have a total of 180 questions.

    Ques. How many questions from Physics will be asked in the exam?

    Ans. NEET has 4 sections, Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology. Each of these sections will have 45 questions each. So, Physics will have 45 questions.

    Ques. What are the total marks in NEET exam?

    Ans. Each question in NEET will have 4 marks. Therefore, maximum marks in the exam are 720.

    Ques. Is there any negative marking for incorrect questions in NEET?

    Ans. Yes, for each incorrect response, 1 mark will be deducted from your total score.

    Ques. Is there any negative marking for un-attempted questions?

    Ans. No, there is no negative marking for leaving or skipping any question.

    Ques. How much time will I be given to complete the exam?

    Ans. You will be given 3 hours (180 minutes) to complete the exam.

    Ques. Are there any sectional time limits in NEET?

    Ans. No, there are no such sectional limits in NEET. You can spend any amount of time (from the total time given) on any particular section or question.

    Ques. Will I be provided stationery inside the exam hall?

    Ans. Yes, you do not need to carry anything except Admit Card and Photographs inside the examination hall. A pen to mark your answers will be provided inside the exam hall.

    Ques. Where can I do rough work during the exam?

    Ans. You will be provided with a test booklet on which you can do rough work. You cannot do rough work on Answer Sheet, Admit card or anything else.

    Ques.What if I opt for English medium and I am unable to understand a question in the exam? Will I be given a translated version of such questions?

    Ans. If someone opts for English medium, the test booklet will be provided in English only. Therefore, if you are facing any problem with the meaning of a question, translated version of such question will not be provided. However, If a candidate opts for any other medium than English, then he/she will be provided with the booklet in both English and the chosen language.

    Ques. I opted for Hindi medium, but the translation of a question is not done properly (into English). What will be done in this situation?

    Ans. In a situation where there is any ambiguity in the translation of any question, the English version of it will be considered final and correct.

    *The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College


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    Hi ...I am 29 years old. BC Christian Adi dravida caste.. relaxation 5 years for some caste..Am I eligible to attend Neet UG??

    23 Nov, 2020 00:20
    Shreya Sarkar

    How much tough is the calculations of Inorganic chemistry?

    17 Oct, 2020 20:01

    Hi Shreya, The calculations are not that difficult. For more information, please refer to the following link, NEET Preparation Strategy.

    17 Oct, 2020 22:09

    I want to know about negative marking in neet entrance

    08 Oct, 2020 00:20

    Hi Swayampravarout, NEET Marking Scheme are as follows:

    +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer. Candidates will be penalized for every wrong answer and 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong attempt. For more information on the college, Please click on the following link, NEET 2021.

    08 Oct, 2020 23:29
    Komal Chawla

    Which chapters, from class 11 and class 12 books, are most important for NEET exam?

    29 Aug, 2020 11:15

    Hello Komal,

    Here’s a brief about the topics that are responsible for most questions in the NEET exam:

    • Physics: A lot of questions came from class XI Mechanics, Modern Physics, and Electrodynamics. 
    • Chemistry: Chemical Bonding, Coordination Compounds, Carbonyl Compounds, Organic Chemistry-I
    • Biology: Plant Anatomy, Pollination, DNA Replication, Photosynthesis, Endocrine System, Excretory and Nervous System.

    For a detailed analysis of previous years’ exams, you can refer to the following link: NEET Paper Analysis

    02 Sep, 2020 12:42
    Yojitha B

    I am an English medium student But my medium of questions paper is Hindi Will there be... Any options Can English language appear...

    28 Aug, 2020 00:20

    Hi Yojitha, since you have already chosen Hindi as your medium of paper, there is no option available to change it now. 

    09 Sep, 2020 14:03
    Sam Judit

    Eligible mark for MBC IS WHAT it's given as 40% then is 288 and what is pass mark for neet

    24 Nov, 2019 00:20
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Sam, cut off marks in NEET depends on the in which you are applying for admission as it varies from college to college.

    30 Nov, 2019 17:10
    Sam Judit

    I am Sam JUDIT what is eligible mark for MBC in neet

    23 Nov, 2019 15:40
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Sam, cut off marks have not been released yet. It will be announced only after the result declaration as it depends on various factors such as number of applicants, difficulty level of the exam, performance of candidates etc.

    26 Nov, 2019 15:00

    I am OC and have EWS certificate so how many marks should I get ,to get a free seat

    16 Oct, 2019 19:34
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Faizaanuddin, this will depend on the college/university in which you are applying as the eligibility criteria varies as per the colleges.

    17 Oct, 2019 15:22
    Shaima Mohammed

    Neet is common from which year 2020 to 2021 or 2019 to 2020 batch

    05 Oct, 2019 18:24
    Shobhna Chaturvedi

    Hi Shaima, NEET will be common from 2020 as per the official notification.

    11 Oct, 2019 12:51
    Shaima Mohammed

    Is ncert enough to get 340 marks in bio

    05 Oct, 2019 18:16

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