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NEET 2021 Physics Exam Pattern: Marking Scheme, Weightage, Paper Analysis

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Nikkil Visha

Exams Prep Master | Updated On - Apr 27, 2021

As per NEET Physics Exam Pattern, there will be 45 questions in the entrance exam in which 4 marks will be given for each correct response whereas, 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer. Moreover, the physics syllabus will be comprised of six units from class 11th and class 12th physics syllabus. Read Here NEET Physics Syllabus

Medical Aspirants wishing to pursue MBBS, BDS, or other medical courses must know NEET 2021 Exam Pattern as well as Syllabus. Read the article to know the detailed exam pattern of physics, marking scheme, weightage, and much more.

NEET 2021 Physics Exam Pattern Highlights

Features Highlights
Mode of the exam  Offline
Total Time duration 3 Hours
Number of Questions 45 Questions
Medium English, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Oriya, Assamese and Urdu 
Marking scheme +4 for each correct answer -1 for incorrect answer

Must Read:

NEET Physics Exam Pattern

NEET Physics Exam Pattern 2021

Time duration: 

  • NEET Physics is a 3 hour long pen & paper based(offline) test.

Total Marks:

  • The Total Marks in NEET Physics are 180 and the total number of questions is 45.

Type of Questions:

  • NEET Physics will consist of Objective type or Multiple Choice Questions.

  • It carries 4 marks each. Every question will have 4 choices out of which only 1 option will be the correct answer.

Medium of Question Paper:

NEET 2021 will be conducted in 11 different languages. As per the preference of the candidate, he/she can opt for any of the following languages mentioned below:

Medium of the exam Exam Centre
English All exam cities/centres
Tamil Available only in exam centres in Tamil Nadu
Kannada Available only in exam centres in Karnataka
Gujarati Available only in exam centres in Gujarat, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Marathi Available only in exam centres in Maharashtra
Assamese Available only in exam centres in Assam
Hindi All exam cities/centres
Telugu Available only in exam centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Oriya Available only in exam centres in Orissa
English and Urdu Available only in exam centres 
Bengali Available only in exam centres in West Bengal

NEET Physics Marking scheme

Marking scheme for NEET Physics

  • The question paper consists of 45 questions in which total marks are 180.

  • Each correct answer will be given four marks.

  • One mark will be deducted for every incorrect response

  • Zero mark will be deducted for unattempted questions

  • Questions that have two or more responses marked in the OMR sheet will be considered as incorrect and negative marking will be applicable.

Subject Total Marks Number of questions Marking Scheme
Physics 180 45 +4 marks will be awarded for each correct response -1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect response

NEET Physics Important Topics

Important Topics for NEET Physics

  • NEET Physics comprises six major units from class 11th and class 12th physics syllabus. Most of the students find this subject as the toughest among the other two subjects because it consists of a wide variety of numerical problems, theoretical and application-based concepts.
  • Solving numerical questions in physics can turn out to be a nightmare for many students as a result they generally avoid its practice and accordingly they prioritize their focus on other subjects with which they are unable to score well in NEET Physics that ultimately results in the lowering of their final NEET score.

Candidates can refer to the important topics given below:

  • Optics

  • Ray Optics

  • Optical Instruments

  • Wave Optics

  • Electronic Devices (Semiconductor Electronics)

  • Electrostatics

  • Matter

  • Dual Nature Of Radiation

  • Electromagnetic Induction

  • Thermodynamics

  • Alternating Current

  • Current Electricity

  • Capacitance

  • Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electrostatic potential

Chapter-wise Weightage of Topics

NEET 2021 Physics Chapter-wise Weightage

This section is majorly divided in five sections that are Mechanics, Heat & Thermodynamics, Electrostatistics & Magnetism, Current Electricity Electromagnetic Induction, Optics & Modern Physics. Therefore candidates can check the number of expected questions asked from the topics of class 11th and class 12th.

Topics of Class 11th Number of expected questions Topics of Class 12th Number of expected questions
Physical-world and measurement 1 Magnetism & Matter 2
Kinematics 2 Electromagnetic Waves 1
Work,Energy & Power 2 Current Electricity 2
Rotational Motion 3 Electric Charges & Fields 1
Gravitation 1 Electric Potential & Capacitance 2
Laws of Motion 2 Moving Charges & Magnetism 2
Oscillations 2 Atoms & Nuclei 2
Waves 2 Semiconductors 2
Mechanics of Solids & Fluids 2 Alternating Currents 1
Thermal Properties 1 Electromagnetic Induction 1
Thermodynamics 2 Ray Optics 2
Kinetic Theory of Gases 2 Dual Nature of Radiation 3

Distribution of questions as per Chapters

Chapters Number of expected questions
Mechanics 15
Optics and Modern Physics 10
Electricity and Magnetism 13
Properties of Bulk matters and Heat (Other) 7
Total 45

Physics chapters based on the difficulty level and weightage

Weightage : Low Difficulty level: Easy
Units and Dimensions Oscillations
Thermal Properties of Matter, Calorimetry and Kinetic Theory of Gases Motion in 2 dimensions and projectile motion
Photo-electric effect and electromagnetic waves Electro statistics
Work energy and power Center of Mass and Momentum Conservation (Collision)
Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity Experimental Physics
Weightage: Medium Difficulty Level: Medium
Motion in one dimension Circular motion
Newton’s Law of motion Heat Transfer
Atomic structure in Modern Physics Semiconductors and Communication System
Gravitation Classical Magnetism and Magnetic Properties of Matter
Waves and sounds Properties of matter and fluid mechanics
Weightage: High Difficulty Level: High
Ray optics Rotational Motion
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current Laws of Thermodynamics
Magnetic Effects of Current Current Electricity
Semiconductors and Communication system Classical Magnetism and Magnetic Properties of Matter

Some Important Books for Physics

  • Physics NCERT

  • Concepts of Physics Vol I and II by H.C. Verma

  • Fundamental Physics by Sandeep

  • Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick & Walker

NEET Physics Paper Analysis

Paper Analysis for NEET Physics

In Physics, the most important topic is Mechanics and carries the maximum weightage. Topics that are included in Electrodynamics will offer students with 9-10 questions. The difficulty level of this section will be higher in accordance with the exam pattern. Maximum questions involved on this subject comprise lengthy calculations. 

  • In 2019, NEET Physics section wa moderate in terms of difficulty and length. Many questions were formula based.
  • Most of the questions were from NCERT syllabus, around 60% of the NEET paper to be precise. 
  • Questions were asked from class 11 and 12 equally from the topics namely- Mechanics and modern Physics dominated with around 50% of the section.
  • Questions asked from topics such as Magnetic Effect of Current and Current Electricity were easy.

Note: In order to meet NEET Cut off and qualified score, it is important that candidates must prioritize the topics carrying high weightage. The major topics from which the maximum questions asked are- Wave optics, Electrodynamics, Modern Physics, KTG & Thermodynamics, Semi-conductors.

Chapter-wise Analysis for NEET Physics

Name of the Unit Number of Questions Weightage Marks
Current Electricity 3 6.66% 12
Electrostatics and Capacitor 4 8.88% 16
Ray and Way Optics 4 8.88% 16
Properties of Matter 3 6.66% 12
Mechanics 17 37.82% 68
Modern Physics 6 13.33 24
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 6.66% 12
Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of current and AC 5 11.11% 20
Total 45 100 180

Check  NEET Physics Paper analysis for last 10 years

Sample Questions for NEET Physics

Ques. 100 joule of work is performed in carrying a charge of -5 coulomb from infinity to a particular point in a uniform electrostatic field. What is the potential of this point?

  1. 100 V

  2. 5 V

  3. -20 V

  4. 20 V

Answer: (C) -20 V

Ques. A copper wire is stretched to make it 0.2%. The percentage change in its resistivity is:

  1. 0.4%

  2. 2.0%

  3. 4.0%

  4. None of the above

Answer: D) None of the above

Ques. What is the value of an angle of dip at the magnetic equator?

  1. 0 degree

  2. 90 degree

  3. 45 degree

  4. Nearly 30 degree

Answer: A) 0 degree

Ques. A bar-magnet falls down through a conducting coil as shown in the figure given below. What is the acceleration of the bar magnet?

  1. Less than g

  2. Greater than g

  3. Equal to g

  4. Unpredictable

Answer: (A) Less than g

Ques: The magnetic flux threading a coil changes from 12 Wb to 6 Wb in 1 second. The value of induced emf is:

  1. 3 volt

  2. -3 volt

  3. 6 volt

  4. -6 volt

Answer: (D) -6 volt

Ques: What is the principle behind thermocouple

  1. Peltier effect

  2. Thomson effect

  3. Joule effect

  4. Seebeck effect

Answer: (D) Seebeck effect

Ques.What does the internal resistance of a cell mean?

  1. The electrolyte used in the cell

  2. The resistance of the material used in the cell

  3. The vessel of the cell

  4. The electrodes of the cell

Answer: (A) The electrolyte used in the cell

Ques: Which of the following is the combination that is used in the formation of achromatic lenses?

  1. 2 Concave lenses 

  2. 1 Convex and 1 plane mirror

  3. 2 Convex lenses

  4. 1 Concave and 1 convex lenses

Answer: (D) 1 Concave and 1 convex lenses

Download  NEET Practice Papers

Important Instructions for Candidates

  • It is mandatory for the candidates to bring the following items to the exam center such as Print out of NEET Admit card, A passport size photograph (as uploaded on NEET application form), a valid ID proof, PwD certificate (if applicable).
  • The National Test Agency has prescribed a strict NEET dress code. All the NEET Aspirants appearing for the examination must follow the dress code. 
  • Aspirants should report at the appropriate test center at least one hour before the announcing time. 
  • Candidates will not be allowed to leave the examination centre before the exam concludes. The OMR sheet has to be handed over to the invigilator before leaving the exam hall.
  • Try not to take things that are prohibited inside, for example, mobile, pager, watch, etc. As the authority does not provide any facility of safekeeping. 
  • Ensure that the invigilator gives you a scribble pad for rough work.
  • Don’t forget to mention the NEET registration number on the scribble pad. 
  • Check the NEET registration number on the scribble pad.
  • All those candidates appearing for the entrance examination must ensure that the test booklet contains the same number of pages as mentioned on the cover of the test booklet.

Frequently Asked Questions

NEET Physics Pattern FAQs

Ques: Is there any sectional time limit in NEET 2021?

Ans: No. There is no sectional time limit. Candidates will be given 3 hours to complete the paper and they easily move from one section to another. 

Ques. Will NEET Physics have a descriptive question?

Ans. No, According to NEET Physics Exam Pattern, the examination will only have Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).

Ques: Will there be any negative marking in NEET Physics paper?

Ans: Yes. There is negative marking in NEET 2021. The detailed marking scheme is as follows:

  • Candidates will get 4 marks for every correct answer. 

  • 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.

  • 0 mark will be rewarded for unattempted questions.

  • Candidates are advised not to fill more than one option in the OMR sheet. If they do so then that question will be considered incorrect and you will get negative marks. 

Ques: Do I have to pass all the sections of NEET 2021?

Ans: No. There is no sectional qualifying criteria. Candidates have to qualify in the overall examination. Candidates will get a total of 3 hours to attempt 180 questions.

*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College.


Can I prepare for the physics part from NCERT?
sinbad chongtham

Yes, you can definitely prepare for your NEET Physics paper from the NCERT Physics text books. Majority of the questions are asked from the NCERT textbook syllabus. You can also prepare for other subjects as well from the NCERT text books.

gouri kumari
What is the weightage of kinematics, magnetic effect of current and quantum physics?
sinbad chongtham

In NEET Physics paper, Kinematics has a mark weightage of 6%, Magnetic Effect and Current has 6.30% of the total mark and about 31.30% of the total mark comes from Quantum Physics. You can check the detailed mark weightage at NEET Physics Mark Weightage.

riya gupta
Can you suggest any online lectures to prepare for the theory part of physics?
diya suresh

Apart from offline reference books, sample papers and previous year question papers, you can visit multiple youtube channels for preparation. Some of the most popular online channels are Khan Academy, NEET Prep, Exam Fear Education among others. Several coaching institutes also conducts online classes for NEET aspirants.

ankita sasmal
Is physics portion the toughest one in NEET?
manika gupta

Hi, Students must be thorough with the NCERT book for Physics to score above 90% as questions in the board exam paper will be based on it. One must avoid consulting too many reference books and instead focus on the NCERT textbook.

ankita sasmal
Which book is good to practice numericals?
gurpreet singh

Hi Ankita

You can practice numercial from NCERT Books or books likes H.C Verma to know know more about which books you need to study for practice visit on NEET Preparation Books

utkarsha khatri
Is it compulsory to attemmpt all the questions of physics?
aditi arun

Hello Utkarsha,

No, it is not compulsory to attend all the questions. There is a negative marking of -1 for every wrong answer. So you should not focus on attempting all the questions, you should rather focus on your accuracy. Mark only the questions you are sure about. To know about the exam pattern, visit- NEET Exam Pattern.

jatin sharma
How can I prepare for physics?
swati srivastava

Hi Jatin, Greetings from Collegedunia. you must prepare a starategy devoting a proper time for physics and taking guidance from previous year question papers and syllabus. For more details visit: NEET 2021

yash raj singh
What are the topics in Optics unit?
aniket ranjan

Hii Yash, Optics unit consists topics such as Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope. For more details Click Here