NEET 2020 PHYSICS SYLLABUS
NATIONAL LEVEL OFFLINE TEST
National Testing Agency (NTA) releases NEET Physics Syllabus on the official website ntaneet.nic.in. It is a compilation of chapters from Class 11 and 12. Physics portion carries 25% weightage in the question paper which is of 180 marks. As NEET is a mandatory medical entrance exam in India even for private colleges now, a fair understanding of syllabus is a must. In order to boost your preparation, collegedunia has curated important topics, chapter wise weightage, recommended books and tips for NEET Physics Syllabus. Check Detailed NEET Exam Pattern
Latest Update: HRD Ministry has announced to conduct NEET 2020 on July 26, 2020.
Has NTA Released Revised NEET Physics Syllabus?
Candidates appearing for NEET 2020 must be wary of the false news and rumors. NTA has not made any changes to the current syllabus. Therefore, the news that NTA is launching an updated NEET Physics syllabus is a hoax.
|Most Important Chapters||Important Chapters||Less Important Chapters|
|Electronic Devices||Atoms and Nuclei||Alternating Current|
|Electrostatics||Current Electricity||Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory|
|Heat and Thermodynamics||Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation||Electromagnetic Waves|
|Laws of Motion||Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body||Physical World and Measurement|
|Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism||Optics||Properties of Bulk Matter|
|Oscillations and Waves||Work, Energy & Power||-|
Also Check Detailed
|Mode of the assessment||Offline|
|Medium/Language||English, Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Oriya, Assamese, and Urdu|
|Type of questions||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)|
|Total number of Questions||45|
|Marking Scheme||+4 for correct answer -1 for an incorrect answer|
|Unit 1||Physics and Measurement||Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.|
|Unit 2||Kinematics||Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane. Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.|
|Unit 3||Laws of Motion||Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.|
|Unit 4||Work, Energy, and Power||Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power. Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.|
|Unit 5||Rotational Motion||Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.|
|Unit 6||Gravitation||The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.|
|Unit 7||Properties of Solids and Liquids||Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.|
|Unit 8||Thermodynamics||Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.|
|Unit 9||Kinetic Theory of Gases||Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.|
|Unit 10||Oscillations and Waves||Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, the reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound|
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|Unit 1||Electrostatics||Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.|
|Unit 2||Current Electricity||Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoffs laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.|
|Unit 3||Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism||Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets|
|Unit 4||Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents||Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.|
|Unit 5||Electromagnetic Waves||Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.|
|Unit 6||Optics||Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe , coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids.|
|Unit 7||Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation||Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davis son-Germer experiment.|
|Unit 8||Atoms and Nuclei||Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.|
|Unit 9||Electronic Devices||Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.|
|Unit 10||Communication System||Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Band of signals, Band of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).|
|Unit 11||Experimental Skills||Vernier Callipers, Screw Gauge, Simple Pendulum, Metre Scale, Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire, Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents, Coefficient of Viscosity, Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time, speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube, Specific heat capacity, Resistivity using meter bridge, Resistance using Ohm’s Law, Potentiometer, Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method, Focal length of a Convex mirror, Concave mirror, and Convex lens using the parallax method, Plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism, Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope, Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias, Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage, Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain, Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items, Using the multimeter to: (i) Identify base of a transistor (ii) Distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistor (iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED (iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).|
Example Question Ques: Suppose there is a positive error of 50% in the speed of a body, how much is the percentage error in the measurement of the kinetic energy of that body? (a) 125% (b) 30% (c) 50% (d) 100%
Example Question Ques: Consider two cars M and N. They begin from the same point and move in a straight line. Their positions as they move are xM(t) = at + bt2 and xN(t) = ft – t2. At what time do both the cars have the same velocity? (a) a−f/1+b (b) f−a/2(1+b) (c) a+f/2(b−1) (d) a+f/2(1+b) Ques. If a body moves in a semi-circular track with radius ‘R’, which of the following statements is accurate? (a) The displacement of the body is 2R (b) The distance travelled by the body is πR (c) Both (a) and (b) are correct (d) None of the above Ques: If a car overturns while taking a turn, what happens to its wheels? (a) The inner and outer wheel leave the ground first (b) The inner wheel moves off the ground first (c) There is zero change in the inner wheel (d) None of the above Ques: A body is said to possess a constant momentum when it has a constant - (a) Acceleration (b) Force (c) Velocity (d) All of the above
Example Question Ques: Which of these laws governs the force between electric charges? (a) Ohm’s law (b) Coulomb’s law (c) Faraday’s law (d) Ampere’s law Ques: A, B, and C are in a uniform electric field. What is the electric potential of these points? (a) The electric field is the same at points A, B, and C (b) Maximum at A (c) Maximum at B (d) Maximum at C
Example Question Ques. What is the angle which is made by the plane of eddy currents with the plane of magnetic lines of force? (a) 0° (b) 40° (c) 90° (d) 180°
|Chapter Name||Number of Questions||Weightage|
|Alternating current||1||4 %|
|Current electricity||2||8 %|
|Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter||2||6 %|
|Electric Charges and Fields||1||4.5 %|
|Electromagnetic induction||1||4 %|
|Electromagnetic waves||1||5 %|
|Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance||1||4.5 %|
|Kinetic theory||1||3 %|
|Laws of Motion||1||3 %|
|Magnetism and Matter||1||2.5 %|
|Mechanical Properties of Fluids||0-1||2 %|
|Mechanical Properties of Solids||0-1||2 %|
|Motion in a Plane||0-1||1.5 %|
|Motion in a Straight Line||0-1||1.5 %|
|Moving Charges and Magnetism||1||2.5 %|
|Physical World, Units and Measurements||0-1||2 %|
|Ray optics and optical instruments||1||5 %|
|Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits||2||6 %|
|System of Particles and Rotational Motion||1||5 %|
|Thermal Properties of Matter||0-1||2 %|
|Wave optics||1||5 %|
|Work, Energy and Power||1||4 %|
In order to help students prepare for an exam as competitive as NEET, NTA has released content-based videos. They have been made exclusively for NEET-UG and JEE Mains by IIT professionals or subject experts.
To view the video lecture for NEET Physics preparation 2020, follow these steps -
Step 1 - Visit the official website of NTA.
Step 2 - In the home page, click on the “Student” tab.
Step 3 - In the “Student” tab, go to the “Test Practice” section.
Step 4 - In the “Test Practice” section, click on CONTENT BASED LECTURES BY [IIT PAL].
Step 5 - Select PHYSICS [IIT PAL]to access the videos through YouTube.
It is essential to understand the difficulty level of questions that will appear in NEET Physics. This will aid in strengthening preparation for the exam as you will be able to decide the amount of time and effort required for every unit.
|Unit Name||Number of Questions||Easy||Moderate||Difficult|
|Heat and Thermodynamics||3||0||3||0|
|Properties of matter||3||0||2||1|
|Electrostatics and Capacitor||4||0||4||0|
|Magnetism, Magnetic Effect of Current and AC||5||0||4||1|
|Ray and Way Optics||4||0||4||0|
NEET Physics section can seem to be complicated for many medical students, as it includes a wide range of scientific principles and numerical problems. Most aspirants of NEET tend to form a habit of learning everything. In NEET Biology, this method will support them but not in NEET Physics. If you are trying to learn physics without having any realistic edge to your study plan, you will not be able to apply the principles during the exam.
We have devised the perfect study plan and preparation tips for you to crack NEET Physics.
Tip 1- Check the syllabus and exam pattern
Checking the NEET Physics syllabus and exam pattern is the very first step for your exam preparation. You will also need to be aware of the physics section marking scheme in NEET.
Tip 2- Gain clarity on important concepts
The most important topics in NEET Physics, according to previous years’ papers are - Mechanics, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics and Modern Physics. You must first clearly understand the concepts relevant to these topics for your physics study plan. Once that is done, you can move onto other concepts.
Tip 3- Know all formulae
Formulae are the very core of Physics. The most critical step in preparing for NEET Physics is learning the formulae. You can use a little notebook to write all the formulae for NEET Physics. Ensure that you test your memory on these formulae every day.
Tip 4- Refer to the best NEET Physics books
You need to refer to the best physics books for NEET. NCERT is the best NEET exam preparation book. NEET follows the question patterns of NCERT. You can also use a few more books for thorough learning and practice.
These best NEET Physics books include:
Tip 5- Solve question papers of previous years
The best way to prepare for NEET Physics is to solve question papers of the previous years. Solving these NEET Physics questions will help you recognise NEET’s pattern of questions. Doing so will also increase speed and precision in answering. Make sure to answer as many question papers as you can.
Tip 6- Make notes
You must make notes of all the essential formulae, theorems and principles during your NEET Physics training. Physics notes for NEET will help you understand the concepts quicker, and will also help you plan for the last minute.
Tip 7- Take online mock tests
Taking online mock tests will help you determine how well you have studied for the exam. It will also help you recognise your areas of weakness.
Tip 8- Enhance the strength of your weak areas
Seek to strengthen your weak areas. Spend more time on the topics that challenge you the most. You have to prioritize NEET Physics' most important topics and then plan for the less important ones.
NCERT Physics for Classes 11 and 12 are the best books for NEET preparation. You must consider these books as a Bible because 50 percent of the questions from the NEET Physics section come from them.
H.C Verma Solutions are by far the most sought-after research materials in physics to create conceptual clarity and in-depth knowledge of fundamental concepts. Every chapter includes multiple-choice questions, different approaches, numerical problems, analytical questions, brief answers and more. H.C Verma Solutions come with clear and succinct explanations that can help the students have a solid base in physics. Preparing from H.C Verma Solutions Vol 1 and 2 is the best way to develop problem-solving skills in physics. This material helps to quickly grasp the basic and advanced concepts usually asked in NEET.
Physics NEET for Everyone aims to provide comprehensive text to students that not only helps them build on their theory and concepts but also helps them cope with the application of concepts. The learner-friendly approach of this book will help students in organizing theory and application faster and easier owing to its neatly-laid out content.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
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