TOEFL 2020 PREPARATION TIPS
TOEFL is a profound English language proficiency exam taken by the test takers who want to pursue higher education in foreign lands. To get a good TOEFL score, test takers need distinctive skills to perform in all sections – Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing. This is an exam, where the test takers are examined on basis of communication, comprehension, articulation and depth of vocabulary. Before TOEFL registration, one must know a different section of exam.
Unlike other language proficiency exams, TOEFL is famous among test takers for its academic approach. Before indulging into preparation, applicants must know the exam pattern of TOEFL. In most of the top universities of the world, TOEFL score is considered as an admission requirement. TOEFL iBT preparation will be different from that of TOEFL PBT. This major difference is due to its difference in mode of exam.
First one should spend ample time to find out strengths and weaknesses. Without knowing their own strengths and weaknesses, one will never find a discursive path to success. ETS is the conducting body for this exam. For preparation, ETS uploads all sample papers for easy access to the test takers. Few steps for TOEFL 2020 planning are as follows
|Objectives||Tasks and Resources|
|Define Target Score||Get a proper score after researching score required in different universities|
|Proper Institutional Research||Without a proper research of institution, it will be difficult to score a good marks in TOEFL|
|Know about exam pattern||Without a clear idea about exam pattern, one will never score well|
|Know about fellow test takers||Get an idea of fellow test takers to know preparation details before appearing for exam|
|First Mock Test||Get a practice mock test before starting the preparation to know about basic strengths and weaknesses|
After this basic plan, make a week wise plan to get a steady scanning of each step
|Week 1||Find out strengths and weaknesses of any particular section|
|Week 2||Choose any section out of 4 (Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing) and collect practice papers on that particular topic ex. Speaking then try to give speech in front of mirror or ask any teacher to find out mistakes|
|Week 3||After speaking, try to focus on Listening. Only these sections are easier than the other two. Try to listen audio clips of English films, songs, or news to understand accent|
|Week 4||Then focus on reading. In this particular section you will have to passages within stipulated time to answer questions. For reading it is advisable to study excerpts taken from different kinds of books, novels, newspaper, journal etc.|
|Week 5||Finally focus on writing, the most important section. For this section, test taker has to write different kinds of essays to articulate logic, argument thoroughly through writings|
|Week 6||After completing these sections, take another mock test to know how well you have prepared|
|Week 7||After getting the result of mock test, focus on those areas where you need improvement|
This is a circular process where you have to practice and take mock tests simultaneously.
TOEFL iBT is a 3hrs long exam where test takers have to complete all four sections. In this exam pattern, test takers get integrated tasks. In TOEFL iBT, examiner measures skills of the test takers on basis of different parameters. Integrated question types include
|Test Section||No. of Questions||Time Duration|
|Reading||3 – 4 passages with 10 questions from each passage||54-72 minutes|
|Listening||3 – 4 lectures with 6 questions from each lecture|
2 – 3 conversations with 5 questions from each conversation
|Speaking||4 tasks with 1 independent and 3 integrated||17 minutes|
|Writing||1 integrated and 1 independent task||20 minutes for integrated one and 30 minutes for independent one|
Test takers get a TOEFL score on a range of 0-120. For each section, examiners measure the test takers on a scale of 0-30. Total score comes out as summation of 4 sections. Scores are evaluated on the basis of performances in each section. To get a score card in exam, test taker has to attempt at least 1 question from Listening and Reading sections each, 1 essay from Writing section and 1 task from speaking section. ETS uses both human examiner’s rating and automated AI computational score to evaluate the ability of test takers. AI scoring has advantages like it doesn’t measure any effectiveness of responses given and appropriateness of any content written by the test takers. Therefore this combination of this AI computation and human judgment evaluate skills of the test takers properly.
ETS introduced this new feature of MyBest scores for TOEFL iBT test takers. For this, test administration will take only the best scores from the dates when the test takers appear for exams. With this new feature, a score card will be generated with the best scores from each section to provide the best score of the test taker. In MyBest scores, test administration takes only scores from TOEFL exam taken in the last 2 years.
This section measures how well an individual understands academic passages taken from university level. Three purposes that are measured in TOEFL Reading section are as follows
In TOEFL reading section, test takers get only excerpts from textbooks. Exam measures how well an individual will read any particular academic reading and depict meaning out of it. In this section, test takers get 3-4 reading passages of different length to answer 10 questions from each passage. Total time allotted for this section is 54-72 minutes.
Mostly test takers get a wide range of subjects for TOEFL reading passages. Test takers have to answer each question from given passage. In all these passages, test takers have to recognize the underlying tone present within.
In TOEFL Listening section, examiners measure how well an individual listens to a lecture and conversation in an academic setting to comprehend underlying meaning. Purposes for TOEFL listening section are as follows
Test takers will get 3-4 lectures of 3-5 minutes long and 2-3 conversations of 3 minutes long. Test takers have to attempt 6 questions from each lecture and 5 questions from each conversation. Total time allotted for TOEFL listening section is 41-57 minutes. Most of these lectures are taken from classroom to occasional comments made by the professor or student.
Examiners measure how well the test taker speaks on a particular topic mostly in an academic approach. In this section, test takers are given real situations so that they can easily encounter problems with solutions. Test takers have to choose a task card to select a familiar topic to talk about. Main purpose for TOEFL Speaking section are as follows
In this section, test takers have to attempt two types of tasks- Independent Task and Integrated Tasks. For Independent task, test taker has to take a particular stand with given contrasting behaviors. One gets a minimum of 15 seconds to prepare. To respond to an independent task, the test taker gets 45 seconds. For Integrated tasks, test takers get reading passage and audio clips to understand specific points before answering. Test taker gets 30 seconds to prepare and 60 seconds to respond to each integrated task. Total time allotted for the TOEFL Speaking section is 17 minutes.
Examiners measure holistically how well the test taker has spoken in this section keeping vocabulary, grammar and coherence intact. Human raters will mark TOEFL speaking response on different features like
Examiners measure writing skills of the test takers written in an academic setting. One needs to articulate argument in a proper manner. It is an important section, because test takers have to express opinions through writing. In this section, test takers have to attempt both integrated tasks and Independent tasks.
In this section, test takers have to attempt both Integrated and Independent Writing Task. For Integrated writing tasks, test takers have to read a passage of 230-300 words in an academic setting. Reading passage is followed by a lecture required to answer TOEFL Writing section. Test takers get 150-225 words to a complete integrated task.
For Independent writing, test takers need to provide own opinion on a particular topic. Test takers need to complete this section within 300 words. Examiners measure how well the test taker articulates his own stand to support a particular point of view.
Unlike other sections, TOEFL Writing is scored on a scale of 0-5. For this section both AI scoring and human scoring are being tallied. For Integrated writing, examiners measure precise usage of vocabulary and grammar and its appropriateness. For Independent writing, examiners measure how well the test taker develops an idea around a topic.
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
TOEFL Writing requires analytical skills of the te ...
TOEFL Score is an important admission requirement ...