TOEFL 2020 TOEFL IBT
TOEFL is an exam that measures how well a test takers use English language ability at the university level. Mostly the candidates take TOEFL to pursue higher education in English speaking nations. This exam evaluates the skills of a test taker on basis of reading, listening, speaking and writing. TOEFL is of mainly two patterns- TOEFL iBT (Internet Based Test) and TOEFL PBT (Paper Based Test). Usually test takers write this exam to take admissions in top most US Universities and Canadian Universities. TOEFL score is scaled out of 120.
TOEFL iBT is an online test format taken by test takers at its preferred locations. Every year, test takers can take this exam for around 50 times. Total duration for TOEFL is 3-4 hours. Test takers have to know exam format properly before appearing for TOEFL. Total time duration for TOEFL iBT section is between 200 and 250 minutes.
|Reading||60 – 100 minutes||12 – 14 questions each section|
|Listening||60 – 90 minutes||5 – 6 questions each section|
|Speaking||20 minutes||6 questions|
|Writing||50 minutes||2 questions|
Due to difficulty in exam pattern, ETS decided to shorten exam length by giving more time to the test takers to complete the test. Differences between old pattern and new pattern are given vividly
|Exam Section||Old Format||New Format|
|Reading||3-4 reading passages; 12-14 questions from each passage; Total time- 60-80 minutes||3-4 reading passages; 10 questions from each passage; Total time-54-72 minutes|
|Listening||4-6 lectures and to answer 6 questions each from these lectures; 2-3 conversations and to answer 5 questions each from these conversations; Total time 60-90 minutes||3-4 lectures and to answer 6 questions each from these lectures; 2-3 conversations and to answer 5 questions each from these conversations; Total time 41-57 minutes|
|Speaking||6 Speaking Tasks in 20 minutes||4 Speaking Tasks in 17 minutes|
*There are no such major changes in writing sections in TOEFL. In new format, test takers have to attempt two tasks in 50 minutes. One task is Integrated and another one is Independent.
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The reading section in TOEFL consists of 3-4 reading passages of average word length of 700. Excerpts are taken from different textbooks around academic subjects. Each answer carries 1 raw point. Usually points scored by the test takers are converted to a scale of 0-30. Excerpts are taken from a wide range of topics like social science, economics, history, geography, culture, art, architecture, technology and literature.
Mostly in this section, test takers have to choose an answer from given multiple choice answers. This answer can be two types. Either there will be only one correct answer chosen from multiple choice or more than one correct answers chosen from MCQ. Mostly question types in these tasks are
If a student fails to score good marks in reading section due to poor reading speed and strategies. Few preparation tips for Reading section in TOEFL are as follows
In this section, examiners measure skills of listening mainly. In TOEFL iBT Listening section, test takers have to attempt 3 conversations and 4 lectures as audio clips. Conversation present within this section is between 2 people where the lecture is about the delivery speech of professor or a professor indulges in discussing with fellow students. Each audio clip is played once. Test takers have to answer 5 questions each from conversation section and 6 questions each from lecture sections.
After attempting and submitting an answer, test takers can never go back to the previous menu. Therefore, one has to answer every question in a calm and composed manner. Following question types in listening section of TOEFL are as follows
The audio clips for listening section in TOEFL are mostly academic in nature. Many guides will suggest listening to listen English news channels or radio to under accent properly. This section is about how well a test taker listens to a particular audio clip and writes down important notes around it. To score good marks in listening section, test takers should practice sample papers present in listening section. Few preparation tips are as follows
Only speaking skills are being measured in TOEFL Speaking section. For test takers, this section appears to be the most difficult section. Least time duration has been allotted for this section. For many test takers, this section appears difficult because no one knows what to study for this section. In TOEFL Speaking section, test takers have to attempt 6 tasks where the first two tasks seem to be independent and last four tasks seem to be integrated.
Independent tasks are about giving an individual opinion on a familiar topic. Test taker gets 15 seconds to prepare for response and 45 seconds to answer the question. As compared to the first section, test takers have to speak for 60 seconds in response to audio clips played either for conversation or lecture sections in Listening section.
Before appearing for TOEFL, try to look for question types present within speaking section of TOEFL. Question types for this speaking section are as follows
Many students fail to score good marks in this section due to lack of clear accent, bad pronunciation or lack of logical flow. To improve fluency in speaking section, test takers should follow these preparation tips as mentioned below
Test takers have to attempt writing section in TOEFL at the end. For this section, one has to attempt two writing tasks within 50 minutes. One is Integrated Writing Task (Task 1) and other one is Independent Writing Task (Task 2). For Task 1, test takers will have to read an academic passage within 3 minutes. One needs to complete this task within 20 minutes in 150-250 words. Whereas for Task 2, test takers get 30 minutes to complete in 300 words. For Task 1, test takers get an opportunity to listen to some academic passages and audio clips on a specific lecture. Therefore test takers have to listen to both these sections properly to articulate logic properly.
In this section, test takers get an opportunity to articulate logic and rational reasoning through this section. It is necessary to write important points under bullets. This section, test takers have to be very conscious while listening to lecture
For writing section in TOEFL, test takers should read good essays to improve vocabulary. In academic essays, usage of vocabulary and grammar are so apt that it is necessary to practice those essays for scoring well. Few preparation tips for TOEFL Writing section are as follows
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
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