TOEFL 2020 TOEFL PBT
TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language is one of the language proficiency exams taken by those test takers who want to migrate or pursue higher education in English speaking nations. TOEFL is mainly of two kinds- TOEFL iBT (internet based test) and TOEFL PBT (paper based test). From the available data it is seen that more than 98% test takers prefer TOEFL iBT for its easy accessibility. Registration for TOEFL for these two patterns are different.
TOEFL PBT is for those test takers who are unable to access internet at preferred locations. ETS is the main organizing body of this exam. It designed a paper based TOEFL exam in a close alignment with TOEFL iBT. Like internet based TOEFL, this exam also measures listening, reading, and writing skills of the test taker. Due to unavailability of technological requirements, TOEFL PBT doesn’t have any speaking section. Regardless of TOEFL exam pattern, test score will be valid for 2 years. Total duration for TOEFL PBT is 2hrs 25 minutes.
|Reading||30 MCQ||54 minutes|
|Listening||28 MCQ||Approx. 41 minutes|
|Writing||2 responses||50 minutes|
|Total||78 questions||2hrs 25 minutes|
Both TOEFL iBT and TOEFL PBT are different in many ways. In 2005, ETS introduced TOEFL iBT format to make the exam accessible to the test takers. Test takers who are not comfortable in writing over computer prefer to take TOEFL on paper. Score of TOEFL PBT varies between 310 and 677. Most test takers are measured on the skills of listening, reading, structure and written expression and writing. Structure and Written expression is the section included only in TOEFL PBT pattern.
|Session||TOEFL iBT||TOEFL PBT|
|Reading||12-14 questions each section||30 questions|
|Listening||5-6 questions each section||28 questions|
|Writing||2 questions||2 tasks|
|Structure and Written Expression||Nil||40 questions|
|Total Time Duration||Around 4hrs||2hrs 25 minutes|
TOEFL is an exam taken mostly by those test takers who aim to excel in academic fields. Most of the questions in TOEFL are of higher vocabulary standard. Reading section in TOEFL PBT examines how well an individual understands academic texts in English studied at university level. Most excerpts for reading passages are taken from university textbooks.
Listening section in TOEFL PBT tests the ability to listen to each English word spoken in an academic environment. Like TOEFL iBT, this section is also designed with lectures and conversations taken from an academic setting. One can write in bullets to note down important topics from listening.
In this section, examiners measure the writing ability skills of the test takers in an academic setting. In most universities, students have to articulate logic and pragmatic statements in coherence. Examiners measure how well test takers maintain coherence and fluency within the written essay. Writing section of PBT consists of 2 sections- 1 Integrated Task and 1 Independent Task.
This section is quite important for test takers attempting paper based test for TOEFL. Examiners measure how well a test taker uses vocabulary as required. Unlike other language proficiency tests, structure and written expression is incorporated in TOEFL PBT in place of speaking section. Examiners test the strength of vocabulary usage of the test taker in this section.
As compared to TOEFL iBT, paper delivered TOEFL is scored differently. Test takers get a score on a scale of 310-677. For the scoring, examiners include listening, structure and written expression and reading section. Each correct answer carries 1 raw point. There is no penalty for incorrect answers. All these three sections are equally distributed in TOEFL PBT. ETS calculates total TOEFL PBT score by adding the number scored by the test taker in each section and then multiply the total sum by 10 and then divide the total result by 3.
Example: If a test taker gets 50 in each section of listening, reading and structure and written expression. Therefore total score is (50+50+50) = 150*10=1500/3=500. Therefore the test taker scores 500.
In India, TOEFL iBT occurs in 59 cities across the nation. TOEFL PBT happens only 4 times a year. Every test center is not open for offline test patterns.
Test takers who have no access to internet so easily can opt for the TOEFL PBT. In comparison to TOEFL iBT, this pattern is quite different in terms of score and pattern. Few preparation tips for TOEFL PBT are as follows
*The article might have information for the previous academic years, which will be updated soon subject to the notification issued by the University/College
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