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    Most Common Reasons for Rejection of German Student Visa

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    Anam Shams

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    Germany is the place to be when it comes to the quality of higher education, low cost of education, research infrastructure, career prospect, and world-class teaching methodology. Known for its tuition-free university education, Germany is the most popular non-anglophone study destination among foreign students. The acceptance rate of German student visa is 92% which is more than the United States (80%) and the United Kingdom (85%).

    German authorities are quite strict when it comes to who enters their country, thus they have a thorough list of requirements regarding the student visa application process, which a perspective student must meet. However, the dreams of a lot of students are prematurely hindered when a visa is rejected. A short explanation is sent by the embassy stating the reasons for German student Visa rejection. But that's not the end of your dream to study abroad in Germany. Students can apply for demonstration and application review, analyze the reasons for rejection of German student Visa and reapply for the same. 

    German Student Visa

    German Student Visa Highlights

    Visa Particular Details
    Types of Visa

    Schengen Visa (for less than 90 days)
    National Visa (for more than 90 days)

    Visa Processing Time 25 Days to 12 weeks (If documents are in order)
    Visa Fees 75 Euros
    Amount in Blocked Account 853 Euros in 1 Month or 10,236 Euros in 1 year
    Work-Study Program  180 Days Halftime and 90 Days Fulltime in Academic Year
    Validity of Residence Permit 2 Years

    Reasons for Rejection of German Student Visa

    Unlike other consulates, the choice by a German embassy to issue or deny a visa isn't exclusively subject to the visa officer. It is primarily reliant on the Immigration Office. All the visa official does is to give a positive or negative feedback dependent on your exhibition at the visa interview. Hence, you do well at the interview and still have your German student visa rejected. You may likewise do inadequately at the interview and be shocked to discover that you have been given a visa.

    Despite a high acceptance rate, the country has its own stringent visa requirements and can reject a student visa application for the reasons stated below.

    Incorrect Visa Application

    1. Incorrect Visa Application

    Visa for international students willing to study abroad in Germany fall in 3 categories:

    • Student visa
    • Student application visa
    • Language course visa

    Suggestion

    As every type of student visa has different requirements, that is why it is important to apply for the one relevant to the student and gather documents, information as per that. 

    • Student Visa is applicable for international students admitted to a German universities and is about to start their full-time course at a German university.
    • Student application visa is applicable if a student needs to be in Germany to apply for university admission in person. 
    • A language course visa is required if a student is willing to study the German language course. 
    Financial Instability

    2. Financial Instability

    Weak financial background is the most common reason for German student visa rejection. Despite the fact that several public universities do not charge tuition fees, a sound financial background is necessary to survive. The German embassy emphasizes on the financial capability of students to study in Germany.

    • The average monthly cost of living in Germany is 853 Euros, it can vary depending on the city a student lives in. 
    • Students from foreign countries are expected to show 10,236 Euros every year in order to renew their Visa.
    • So in any case the embassy feels a student I unable to meet the financial requirements, it can lead to the German student visa rejection. 

    Suggestion

    From January 1, 2020, the presumed annual requirement that a student needs to pay in a blocked account has increased to 10,236 Euros. The increased amount applies to all Visa applications submitted after September 1, 2019.

    Students from some countries like Pakistan are requested to provide their sponsor’s bank statements and financial documents besides a blocked account. This is to make sure that the sponsor is capable enough to send the desired amount every year. Embassy presumes that a student will not be dependent on part-time jobs to finance their studies once they arrive in Germany. For financial assistance there are scholarships for international students in Germany.

    • Use a blocked account as proof of financial resources.
    • Avoid borrowing a large sum of money and dumping it in the sponsor's account as it can be easily detected. 
    • The money in the blocked account cannot be accessed until you enter Germany.
    • It is advised to choose a person with stable financial assets as a sponsor. Ideally, the sponsor should not have a lot of dependents and is capable of earning 3000 Euros per month.
    • The sponsor should be necessarily related to the student with a positive motive for sponsorship. Prefer choosing a non-family member with a strong economic background rather than a family member with a weak status. 
    Applying for a Blocked Account

    Applying for a Blocked Account

    • Submit the form provided and attested by a German diplomatic mission in your home country to the bank of your choice, along with a copy of your passport.
    • Banks charge a fee of between 49.50 Euros and 150.51 Euros to set up a blocked account.
    • You will be issued an EC (Eurocheque-Karte) card - a German term for the debit card - on arriving in Germany. It can be used to withdraw the money.
    Unsatisfactory Academic Record

    3. Unsatisfactory Academic Record

    German education system though financially supportive is considered one of the toughest in the world, best universities in Germany refuse to accept students with substandard academic backgrounds. The huge dropout rate in universities is an evident example. As many as 60% of engineering students drop out in the very first year of their studies. The embassy can opt to rejection of German student visa applications if it believes you will not be able to cope with the German education system and have a slim potential for succeeding.

    Suggestion

    • If your academic record is not up to the mark, you can prove your competence in the interview.
    • In case of a genuine reason why marks were not attained, it can be explained in the interview. Make the reason clear in the motivation letter as well. 
    • Try to improvise and strengthen other aspects of your application to compensate for the low marks to avoid German student visa rejection. 
    • Mention relevant work experience on the program opted, or an additional certificate or diploma course you went through. Secure top-notch scores in GRE especially in the quantitative section. 

    Put forth the reasons why you are a capable candidate and your plans to improve your academic potential.

    Insufficient Language Skills

    4. Insufficient Language Skills (German and/or English)

    When students apply for a program in Germany that requires a C1 German language level, thus visa officers pay utmost attention to the language skills of the aspirants in order to ensure that students are able to comprehend and pass exams efficiently. 

    • The visa interview will be conducted in German if your study program is in German.
    • Only reading and understanding German is not enough, you should be able to speak the basic language. If you fail to respond to the interviewer’s simple questions in German, it can lead to German Student visa rejection.
    • International students need to provide proof of language proficiency and qualify tests for studying in Germany.
    For courses taught in German Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache (TestDaF) or Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang (DSH) score
    For courses taught in English TOEFL or IELTS score
    • To apply for the German student visa, you need at least a C2 language proficiency level in German and the ability to speak English.
    • To enroll in a German-taught course, ensure you have mastered German to a B2 level and can speak as well as comprehend the basics.
    • To enroll in an English-taught course, you need to have the minimum scores mentioned below.
    IELTS 6.5
    TOEFL 71
    • If you have low scores on your respective language proficiency tests, your visa will be rejected.

    Suggestion

    • Pursue a German language course at a higher education institution or a language institute such as the Goethe Institut, before appearing for your interview.
    • You can also pursue language courses in Germany.
    • To ace English proficiency tests (IELTS and TOEFL), study seriously for three months.
    Inconsistent Choice of Study Programs

    5. Inconsistent Choice of Study Programs

    Inconsistency in the choice of study programs becomes evident when a student's choice of MS program in Germany is completely aloof from what is studied at the bachelor’s level. If your undergraduate major was history and you are applying for a master's in management, your choice of fields will raise questions regarding your choice of study programs. Visa officers might deny you the visa on the grounds of inconsistency.

    Moreover, if a student applies for double master’s or bachelor’s which is not well regarded in Germany. This can reflect that a student is merely desperate and lacks interest in the area of study.

    Suggestion

    • If you decide to switch careers and pursue something else, ensure you have proof of work or other experiences within the new field in order to justify the shift.
    • The visa officer and the motivation letter both should include the intent of changing the program clearly.
    • Ideal to apply to a master’s program related to your undergraduate studies.
    • In case you applied for a doctorate degree and it got denied due to lack of enough academic experience, a double master's degree can be justified on that ground to avoid having this reason for German student visa rejection.
    Failure n Preparation

    6. Lack of Preparation of Your Interview

    • A few students go for the interview unprepared and give no responses or incorrect answers. This makes the visa officer doubt their sincerity to study in Germany and decline the student visa.
    • The visa interviewer expects you to have basic knowledge of the country, state, the city of the prospective university, and the study program.

    Suggestion

    • For plain sailing, you should try to understand the purpose of the questions posed in the interview.
    • Questions are asked to assess:
    1. Your knowledge of Germany
    2. Willingness for the course
    3. Motive to study
    4. Financial standing to cover living costs.
    • Ensure you are well aware of the country and your study program.

    For a German student visa, some documents carry more weight than others. The motivation letter and letter of recommendation count among the essential German visa requirements that indicate your seriousness to study abroad. They can immensely strengthen your German visa application. 

    What to do After Rejection

    What to do after German Student Visa Rejection?

    There goes a saying that life always gives a second chance, so do not get disappointed even if on the first instance the visa gets rejected. 

    • Understand the reason for German student visa rejection: Identify the reasons that led to the rejection
    • Write an appeal to the embassy: This is a crucial step, as it has to be in a convincing manner providing strong reasons. Additional evidence can be provided to prove the eligibility and overturn the rejection decision. 
    • Clear backlogs if any: Backlogs have a direct impact on university admission and not on visa approval. But it is necessary to understand the visa approval process. If the university denies admission based on backlogs, the visa process will be automatically stalled. 
    • If you appeared for a visa interview, you can request the visa officer for the reason of rejection. In case, you were not called for the interview, you will receive a document stating the grounds for declination.

    Understand there are two forms of approvals, foremost is receiving the offer letter from the university and then getting the visa stamped. University application is needed to explain why a particular course is to be opted in the chosen college, whereas a student visa application is written to elaborate on your desire to study abroad in Germany. So there are three steps to overcome the problem if your student visa is denied- understand the reason, over the problem, and reapply on time.

    The German embassy lets you reapply if your visa was declined the first time. You can rectify the reasons and reapply with a German student visa fee of 60 Euros. The processing time is around 25 days.