Germany, with the best engineering colleges in Europe and unique specializations to offer, is one of the most desirable countries when it comes to engineering education. More than 8 Engineering colleges in Germany rank in the top 100 positions of QS Global Rankings 2020 for Engineering and Technology.
- With minimal expenses and highly-subsidized fees at public universities, international students can expect the best of education backed by cutting edge engineering infrastructure.
- The country soils multinational automakers like BMW, Audi AG and Volkswagen group making automotive engineering one of the most famous choices of study amongst the students.
- As Germany is observing a steep increase in median salaries of engineers (ie., 5%) since 2018, it is also becoming a hotspot for international students who wish to make a career in the field.
- The winter semester of 2017/18 observed an international students population of around 140,000 studying in the engineering colleges in Germany.
- 37% of the total students in engineering colleges were international students of which 28% were female students.
Also, among the many courses, automotive and mechanical engineering have been traditionally taught in the universities of Germany. Yet the recent times have found biomedical, robotic systems, and energy science engineering gradually gaining momentum.
Top Engineering Colleges in Germany
QS Global Ranking 2020 for Engineering and Technology includes 4 engineering universities of Germany among the top 100 engineering colleges, globally. Here’s the list of the universities for engineering in Germany:
|University||QS Global Ranking||Degrees offered|
|Technical University of Munich (TUM)||25||3 bachelor’s degree, 7 postgraduate degree and 5 doctorate programs|
|Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin)||45||9 undergraduate degrees, 18 postgraduate degrees and 3 PhD degrees|
|RWTH Aachen University||51||10 postgraduate degrees, 8 certifications and 4 doctoral degrees|
|Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)||68||1 bachelor's degree,8 master’s degree and 2 PhD degrees|
|Technische Universitat of Dresden (TU Dresden)||121||2 bachelor’s degrees and 3 master’s degree|
|Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg||127||2 undergraduate degrees, 11 postgraduate degrees and 1 PhD degree|
As per the QS global Rankings, 8 of the universities are premier institutes for engineering in Germany. These institutes have made it to the top 200 engineering colleges of the world.
Engineering Colleges in Germany: Degree Types & Specializations
Emerging as a new student destination, Germany has immense opportunities to offer. With globally ranked engineering colleges and universities, the country offers a multitude of degrees. There are many new professionally-regarded programs among the conventional ones.
Here are a few of the popular degrees and specializations at Engineering colleges in Germany:
|Chemical engineering and process engineering|
|Electrical engineering and information technology|
|Material science and engineering|
|Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering|
|Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics|
|Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology|
|Electrical Engineering and Information technology|
|Robotics System Engineering|
|Doctorate||PhD||Mechanical Engineering and|
|Georesources and Materials Engineering|
|Electrical Engineering and Information Technology|
|Advanced Manufacturing Engineering|
Engineering Colleges in Germany: Undergraduate programs
Undergraduate programs are the stepping stone towards an engineering career. These programs are of 3 years duration in Germany. The public universities in Germany do not have any tuition fee. However, they have to pay the minimal admission and semester fees which roughly amount to €300 per term. Following are the popular engineering courses in Germany taught at undergraduate levels:
|Program||University||Duration (years)||Annual fees(€)|
|BSc in Electrical Engineering||TU Berlin||3||No fees|
|BSc in Chemical Engineering||TUM||3||No fees|
|BSc in Industrial Management and Engineering||Jacobs University||3||20,000|
|BSc in Biomedical Engineering||TU Darmstadt||3||No fees|
|BSc in Material Science and Engineering||Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg||3||No fees|
Eligibility Criteria for Bachelors in Engineering in Germany
- Qualifications: Completed 12 years of high school education with minimum average marks of 50%.
- Admission tests: Students have to clear the entrance test Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB) or other subject-specific entrance exams of the university.
- English language tests: Minimum scores for TOEFL (internet-based)-550, TOEFL (paper-based)-83 or IELTS-6.5
- German Language proficiency: C1 of CEFR/ DSH II in case the language of instruction is German
- Documents required: International students need to submit the following documents along with application:
- High school-leaving certificate
- Proof of standardised tests like SAT/ACT may be required
- Academic transcripts
- Letter of recommendation
Additionally, students who have passed entrance exams in their home country have added advantages as well.
Fees and Funding for Bachelors in Engineering in Germany
Apart from the public universities, private universities in Germany have tuition fees in the range of 20,000 EUR to 25,000 EUR. This is exclusive of the cost of living in the country. Hence, students can look for scholarships available for bachelor students in Germany as well.
Engineering Colleges in Germany: Postgraduate programs
Postgraduate programs in Engineering are mostly taught in English with a few partially or exclusively taught in German. The programs usually last for 1.5 to 2 academic years and include an expanse of practical and knowledge-based education process.
The following is an insight into the master’s degree in engineering from Germany:
|Program||University||Duration (years)||Annual fees(€)||Instruction Language|
|MSc Computational Engineering||FAU||2||No||English|
|MSc Energy Science and Engineering||TU Darmstadt||2||No||English and German|
|MSc Aerospace Engineering||TUM||2||35,694||English|
|MSc in Mechanical Engineering||TU Berlin||2||3,000||English|
|MSc General Mechanical Engineering||RWTH Aachen University||1.5||1200||German|
Eligibility Criteria for Masters in Engineering in Germany
Students may be vying for studying in Germany, but before the plans are set they need to check the eligibility for engineering. Here’s an insight:
- Academic qualification: A bachelor's degree in a relevant field with good academic standing is required for an international student planning to study in Germany.
- English Language Requirements: Minimum score for TOEFL (internet-based): 88/ IELTS: 6.5
- German Language requirements: TestDAF certificate or B1 level of German language certificate
Documents required: All masters applicants need to provide the following documents:
- Letter of motivation
- Letter of recommendation
- Completed resume
- Bachelor’s degree certificate
- Academic transcripts with clear explanation of applied grading system
- Evidence of English and German language proficiency
Fees and Funding for Masters in Engineering in Germany
Public universities do not charge tuition fees. However, private universities have tuition fees in the range of 24,000 and 35,000 euros for postgraduate programs in engineering in Germany.
There are facilities to look for financial institutions and organizations offering scholarships to fund these programs. BAföG or Bildungskredit are some of the important institutions providing loans (free of interest) or rather grants to international students in Germany.
Engineering Colleges in Germany: Doctorate Programs
Known for its cutting-edge research, Germany offers a variety of doctorate programs in engineering. Completion of a PhD from Germany, can bring a boost in the career of an international student. Some of the engineering colleges in Germany offering research opportunities are listed below:
|Degree||University||Duration (in years)|
|PhD in Erasmus Mundus Europhotonics||KIT||3|
|Doctor of Engineering||University of Stuttgart||4|
|PhD Biomedicine and Bioengineering||TU Dresden||4|
|PhD Chemical and Biochemical Engineering||TU Dortmund||3-5|
|PhD in Electrical engineering||Jacobs University||3|
Eligibility Criteria for PhD in Germany
The eligibility criteria may vary with universities however, the basic requirements are as follows:
Academic requirements: Completed master degree or university degree in engineering or natural sciences with above-average grades
German language proficiency: TDN5 level of TestDaf
English language requirements: TOEFL (internet-based)-102, PBT-575, CBT-255
Documents required: Applicants for PhD programs need to submit:
- Bachelor’s and master’s degree transcripts
- Official invitation letter
- Scores of exams required to study in Germany
- Application letter for doctoral program
- Original certificates of German and English language proficiency
Fees and Funding
Public universities in Germany do not charge any tuition fee for completing a PhD program but private universities do. However, students have to pay a minimum enrolment fee of about 275 to 350 euros for each term.
Aside from this, universities also provide full funding facilities for completing the research programs. Along with scholarships in Germany for doctoral students, research assistantships, stipends, teaching assistantships etc are also available for international students.
Scholarship to Study in Germany
The public universities of Germany have almost no tuition fee but, there is still a plethora of options for scholarships to fund programs and semester fees as well. These scholarships can aid in waiving tuition fees (if it is a private institution), admission, semester or library charges.
Have a look of the popular programs for scholarships in Germany:
|Scholarship||Organization||Eligible students||Scholarship Amount (€)|
|Merit-based Scholarship||Jacobs University||All undergraduate programs||15,000|
|Heinrich Boll Scholarships in Germany for International Students||The Heinrich Böll Foundation||All postgraduate and PhD programs||750-1,000/month|
|DAAD Annual Scholarship||Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst - German Academic Exchange Service||All programs||15,500|
|RISE Germany||RISE (Research Internships in Science and Engineering)||All engineering undergraduate programs||750/month|
|Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Scholarships in Germany for International Students||Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung||All postgraduate and doctoral programs||1,100/month|
|FES Scholarships||The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung||All postgraduate programs||1,000/month|
Engineering Colleges in Germany: Career scope
A typical engineering professional in Germany earns around €10,600 a month. The lowest being €5,840 and the highest is around €14,000.
- Work experience creates an impact on the salary structure in the German market. A two-years experienced candidate earns 32% more than a fresher. Additionally, a mid-level experience elevates the payoff by 14%-21%.
- However, engineers in Germany have to face gender pay-gap with male counterparts earning 7% more than females.
- Engineering companies in Germany provide a 9% increment in salary for every 15 months. This trend is a welcome step as the rest of the world observes only a 3% increase for every 15 months.
- Engineering professionals can expect to earn 5% more than those in private sectors.
As a fact, here are the probable job roles and median salaries after completing different degree levels of Engineering in Germany:
|Job roles||Annual package (in EUR)|
|Engineering Project Director||12,300|
|Engineering Production Manager||13,400|
|Wind Energy Engineer||10,700|
|Field Engineering Manager||13,000|
Offering some of the most unique specializations, engineering colleges in Germany promise an international student with not only world-class education but a chance to pursue a sub-stream of choice. A number of technical universities in Germany will help international engineering aspirant to explore as many colleges as they want and study at a minimal cost, making Germany your one-stop destination for most affordable world class engineering colleges from across the world.