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Top Engineering Colleges in Germany

Bhavya Rawal Bhavya Rawal
Study Abroad Expert

Germany, with the best engineering colleges in Europe and unique specializations to offer, is one of the most desirable countries when it comes to engineering education. More than 8 Engineering colleges in Germany rank in the top 100 positions of QS Global Rankings 2020 for Engineering and Technology. 

  • With minimal expenses and highly-subsidized fees at public universities, international students can expect the best of education backed by cutting edge engineering infrastructure. 
  • The country soils multinational automakers like BMW, Audi AG and Volkswagen group making automotive engineering one of the most famous choices of study amongst the students. 
  • As Germany is observing a steep increase in median salaries of engineers (ie., 5%) since 2018, it is also becoming a hotspot for international students who wish to make a career in the field. 
  • The winter semester of 2017/18 observed an international students population of around 140,000 studying in the engineering colleges in Germany. 
  • 37% of the total students in engineering colleges were international students of which 28% were female students. 

Also, among the many courses, automotive and mechanical engineering have been traditionally taught in the universities of Germany. Yet the recent times have found biomedical, robotic systems, and energy science engineering gradually gaining momentum.

Top Engineering Colleges in Germany

QS Global Ranking 2020 for Engineering and Technology includes 4 engineering universities of Germany among the top 100 engineering colleges, globally. Here’s the list of the universities for engineering in Germany:

UniversityQS Global RankingDegrees offered
Technical University of Munich (TUM)253 bachelor’s degree, 7 postgraduate degree and 5 doctorate programs
Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin)459 undergraduate degrees, 18 postgraduate degrees and 3 PhD degrees
RWTH Aachen University5110 postgraduate degrees, 8 certifications and 4 doctoral degrees
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)681 bachelor's degree,8 master’s degree and 2 PhD degrees
Technische Universitat of Dresden (TU Dresden)1212 bachelor’s degrees and 3 master’s degree
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg1272 undergraduate degrees, 11 postgraduate degrees and 1 PhD degree

As per the QS global Rankings, 8 of the universities are premier institutes for engineering in Germany. These institutes have made it to the top 200 engineering colleges of the world.

Engineering Colleges in Germany: Degree Types & Specializations

Emerging as a new student destination, Germany has immense opportunities to offer. With globally ranked engineering colleges and universities, the country offers a multitude of degrees. There are many new professionally-regarded programs among the conventional ones. 

Here are a few of the popular degrees and specializations at Engineering colleges in Germany:

Education levelDegreeSpecialization
UndergraduateBachelorMaterial Engineering
BScBioengineering
Chemical engineering and process engineering
Electrical engineering and information technology
Mechanical engineering
Material science and engineering
Civil Engineering
Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering
PostgraduateMScAerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics
Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology
Electrical Engineering and Information technology
Robotics System Engineering
Textile Engineering
DoctoratePhDMechanical Engineering and
Georesources and Materials Engineering
Electrical Engineering and Information Technology
Civil Engineering
Advanced Manufacturing Engineering

Engineering Colleges in Germany: Undergraduate programs

Undergraduate programs are the stepping stone towards an engineering career. These programs are of 3 years duration in Germany. The public universities in Germany do not have any tuition fee. However, they have to pay the minimal admission and semester fees which roughly amount to €300 per term. Following are the popular engineering courses in Germany taught at undergraduate levels:

ProgramUniversityDuration (years)Annual fees(€)
BSc in Electrical EngineeringTU Berlin3No fees
BSc in Chemical EngineeringTUM3No fees
BSc in Industrial Management and EngineeringJacobs University320,000
BSc in Biomedical EngineeringTU Darmstadt3No fees
BSc in Material Science and EngineeringFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg3No fees

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelors in Engineering in Germany

  • Qualifications: Completed 12 years of high school education with minimum average marks of 50%. 
  • Admission tests: Students have to clear the entrance test Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB) or other subject-specific entrance exams of the university.
  • English language tests: Minimum scores for TOEFL (internet-based)-550, TOEFL (paper-based)-83 or IELTS-6.5
  • German Language proficiency: C1 of CEFR/ DSH II in case the language of instruction is German
  • Documents required: International students need to submit the following documents along with application:
    • High school-leaving certificate
    • Proof of standardised tests like SAT/ACT may be required
    • Academic transcripts
    • Letter of recommendation

Additionally, students who have passed entrance exams in their home country have added advantages as well.

Fees and Funding for Bachelors in Engineering in Germany

Apart from the public universities, private universities in Germany have tuition fees in the range of 20,000 EUR to 25,000 EUR. This is exclusive of the cost of living in the country. Hence, students can look for scholarships available for bachelor students in Germany as well. 

Engineering Colleges in Germany: Postgraduate programs

Postgraduate programs in Engineering are mostly taught in English with a few partially or exclusively taught in German. The programs usually last for 1.5 to 2 academic years and include an expanse of practical and knowledge-based education process.

The following is an insight into the master’s degree in engineering from Germany:

ProgramUniversityDuration (years)Annual fees(€)Instruction Language
MSc Computational EngineeringFAU2NoEnglish
MSc Energy Science and EngineeringTU Darmstadt2NoEnglish and German
MSc Aerospace EngineeringTUM235,694English
MSc in Mechanical EngineeringTU Berlin23,000English
MSc General Mechanical EngineeringRWTH Aachen University1.51200German

Eligibility Criteria for Masters in Engineering in Germany

Students may be vying for studying in Germany, but before the plans are set they need to check the eligibility for engineering. Here’s an insight: 

  • Academic qualification: A bachelor's degree in a relevant field with good academic standing is required for an international student planning to study in Germany. 
  • English Language Requirements: Minimum score for TOEFL (internet-based): 88/ IELTS: 6.5
  • German Language requirements: TestDAF certificate or B1 level of German language certificate

Documents required: All masters applicants need to provide the following documents:

  • Letter of motivation
  • Letter of recommendation
  • Completed resume
  • Bachelor’s degree certificate
  • Academic transcripts with clear explanation of applied grading system
  • Evidence of English and German language proficiency

Fees and Funding for Masters in Engineering in Germany

Public universities do not charge tuition fees. However, private universities have tuition fees in the range of 24,000 and 35,000 euros for postgraduate programs in engineering in Germany. 

There are facilities to look for financial institutions and organizations offering scholarships to fund these programs. BAföG or Bildungskredit are some of the important institutions providing loans (free of interest) or rather grants to international students in Germany. 

Engineering Colleges in Germany: Doctorate Programs

Known for its cutting-edge research, Germany offers a variety of doctorate programs in engineering. Completion of a PhD from Germany, can bring a boost in the career of an international student. Some of the engineering colleges in Germany offering research opportunities are listed below:

DegreeUniversityDuration (in years)
PhD in Erasmus Mundus EurophotonicsKIT3
Doctor of EngineeringUniversity of Stuttgart4
PhD Biomedicine and BioengineeringTU Dresden4
PhD Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringTU Dortmund3-5
PhD in Electrical engineeringJacobs University3

Eligibility Criteria for PhD in Germany

The eligibility criteria may vary with universities however, the basic requirements are as follows:

Academic requirements: Completed master degree or university degree in engineering or natural sciences with above-average grades

German language proficiency: TDN5 level of TestDaf

English language requirements: TOEFL (internet-based)-102, PBT-575, CBT-255

Documents required: Applicants for PhD programs need to submit:

  • Bachelor’s and master’s degree transcripts
  • Official invitation letter
  • Scores of exams required to study in Germany
  • Application letter for doctoral program
  • Original certificates of German and English language proficiency

Fees and Funding

Public universities in Germany do not charge any tuition fee for completing a PhD program but private universities do. However, students have to pay a minimum enrolment fee of about 275 to 350 euros for each term.

Aside from this, universities also provide full funding facilities for completing the research programs. Along with scholarships in Germany for doctoral students, research assistantships, stipends, teaching assistantships etc are also available for international students. 

Scholarship to Study in Germany

The public universities of Germany have almost no tuition fee but, there is still a plethora of options for scholarships to fund programs and semester fees as well. These scholarships can aid in waiving tuition fees (if it is a private institution), admission, semester or library charges. 

Have a look of the popular programs for scholarships in Germany:

ScholarshipOrganizationEligible studentsScholarship Amount (€)
Merit-based ScholarshipJacobs UniversityAll undergraduate programs15,000
Heinrich Boll Scholarships in Germany for International StudentsThe Heinrich Böll FoundationAll postgraduate and PhD programs750-1,000/month
DAAD Annual ScholarshipDeutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst - German Academic Exchange ServiceAll programs15,500
RISE GermanyRISE (Research Internships in Science and Engineering)All engineering undergraduate programs750/month
Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Scholarships in Germany for International StudentsKonrad-Adenauer-StiftungAll postgraduate and doctoral programs1,100/month
FES ScholarshipsThe Friedrich Ebert StiftungAll postgraduate programs1,000/month

Engineering Colleges in Germany: Career scope

A typical engineering professional in Germany earns around €10,600 a month. The lowest being €5,840 and the highest is around €14,000. 

  • Work experience creates an impact on the salary structure in the German market. A two-years experienced candidate earns 32% more than a fresher. Additionally, a mid-level experience elevates the payoff by 14%-21%.
  • However, engineers in Germany have to face gender pay-gap with male counterparts earning 7% more than females. 
  • Engineering companies in Germany provide a 9% increment in salary for every 15 months. This trend is a welcome step as the rest of the world observes only a 3% increase for every 15 months. 
  • Engineering professionals can expect to earn 5% more than those in private sectors. 

As a fact, here are the probable job roles and median salaries after completing different degree levels of Engineering in Germany:

Job rolesAnnual package (in EUR)
Ceramics Engineer10,100
Instrumentation Engineer10,800
Broadcast Engineer11,100
Electrical Engineer11,400
Engineering Project Director12,300
Engineering Production Manager13,400
Wind Energy Engineer10,700
Field Engineering Manager13,000
Genetic Engineer13,300

Offering some of the most unique specializations, engineering colleges in Germany promise an international student with not only world-class education but a chance to pursue a sub-stream of choice. A number of technical universities in Germany will help international engineering aspirant to explore as many colleges as they want and study at a minimal cost, making Germany your one-stop destination for most affordable world class engineering colleges from across the world. 

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