Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of precision of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Automatic Control and Computer Science, hence the prefix "Mecha"; stands for Mechanical Engineering and "tronics"; stands for the Electronics engineering. The term "mechatronics" was coined by Tetsuro Mori, the senior engineer of the Japanese company Yaskawa in 1969.
This program which is used to develop in direct response to industrial demand for engineers with multi-disciplinary skills is a combination of mechanical, electronics, control, computer, and systems design engineering streams. The program allows engineers to design construct and run factory production lines and automated processes, where they use their skills in computers, micro-controllers, programmable logic controllers, programming, industrial sensors, and hydraulic, pneumatic and electric drives, the design of mechanical structures and mechanisms and knowledge of manufacturing processes.
Scope of Mechatronics Engineering
There is immense scope for this course of mechatronics engineering in the present scenario. This is a stream of engineering which has high scope in various industrial applications. The main advantage after the completion of this course is that one can not only work in the field of mechatronics but has equal opportunities in the other areas such as electrical, systems, computer engineering etc. This is a field which can be applied in many of the areas –
- Transportation and Vehicle Systems
- Telecommunication and Data Communication Networks
- Power Devices
- Medical Mechatronics systems
- Heavy Engineering and Manufacturing Systems
- Energy Devices
- Consumer Products
- Computer Techniques in Medical, Bio imaging and Technology Systems
- Computer-Aided Design
- Computer Aided and Integrated Manufacturing Devices and Systems
- Biomedical Systems
- Automations and Replica Productions
In Automotive Field (EPS) Steering Systems makes the increasingly sophisticated electric assistance is the future direction for steering systems
An Electronic Power Steering (EPS) system’s advantage over a hydraulic system is if the engine stalls, you will still have steering assist.
Electronic power steering systems, A Chip can be to eliminate the need of pump, hoses and a drive belt connected to the engine using variable amounts of power. The configuration of an EPS system can allow the entire power assist system to be packaged on the rack and pinion steering gear or in the steering column.
The automation of production is accelerating around the world: 74 robot units per 10,000 employees is the new average of global robot density in the manufacturing industries (2015: 66 units). By regions, the average robot density in Europe is 99 units, in the Americas 84 and in Asia 63 units.
The top 10 most automated countries in the world are: South Korea, Singapore, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Denmark, USA, Italy, Belgium and Taiwan. This is according to the 2017 World Robot Statistics, issued by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).
“Robot density is an excellent standard for comparison in order to take into account the differences in the automation degree of the manufacturing industry in various countries,” says Junji Tsuda, President of the International Federation of Robotics. “As a result of the high volume of robot installations in Asia in recent years, the region has the highest growth rate. Between 2010 and 2016, the average annual growth rate of robot density in Asia was 9 percent, in the Americas 7 percent and in Europe 5 percent.”
The development of robot density in China was the most dynamic in the world. Due to the significant growth of robot installations, particularly between 2013 and 2016, the density rate rose from 25 units in 2013 to 68 units in 2016. Today, China’s robot density ranks 23rd worldwide. And the government intends to forge ahead and make it into the world’s top 10 most intensively automated nations by 2020. By then, its robot density is targeted to rise to 150 units. Furthermore, the aim is to sell a total of 100,000 domestically produced industrial robots by 2020 (2017: 27,000 units from Chinese robot suppliers, 60,000 from foreign robot suppliers).
Job opportunities in Electronics / Mechanics manufacturing industries, Strong demand for Mechatronics engineers in the field of designing, implementing and operating internet control of machines, autonomous robots and engine management systems.
When we talk about the job opportunities in this field, the candidates can opt for jobs both in the government as well as the private sector. There are immense job opportunities in this field such as
- Manufacturing Industry
- Agri Tech
- Industrial automation
- Bio medical
- Oil and Gas industry
- Computer industry
- Smart Factories
Many of the companies look in for the skilled graduates for blooming industry of Automation. Research is an important area wherein the candidates can get engaged after completing this course. The candidates who opt for the graduation in this field can need to get into the strong practical and academics field in this area. The role of mechatronics engineering has become an indispensable factor in the engineering industry as a whole.
Chennai Institute of technology
In this current scenario, we give more importance to teach the theory and practical knowledge to the students. The ability to give solution for the real problems and they want to take participate in various competitions. It enhances them to adapt the technologies and future developments. Our students are getting good knowledge in especially Industrial Robotics and Industrial Automation, PLC, etc.