Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temporomandibular and other supporting structures.
Dentistry is often also understood to subsume the now largely defunct medical specialty of Stomatology (the study of the mouth and its disorders and diseases) and for this reason, the two terms are used interchangeably in certain regions.
BDS is one of the most popular and designated degrees of dentists (doctors). BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional program of dental surgery in India. It is equivalent to the MBBS and owes the “Dr” domain.
In the course of BDS, the students are taught about the denture, dental problems, and surgery. It is also a good job oriented degree program and various opportunities are available in the hospital, clinics, academic institutes, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries.
The BDS degree is awarded on the successful completion of the four-year academic education and the one-year mandatory internship program in dentistry education leading to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree program. After completing your BDS, you are qualified to practice as a dentist. The dentist prevents, diagnoses and cures all dental and related diseases.
Mansarovar Dental College & BDS - Curriculum / Contents of the course
BDS 1st year has three subjects comprising of practical and theory classes:
- Dental Anatomy & Oral Histology
- Human Anatomy, Embryology and Histology and
- Human Physiology and Biochemistry
BDS 2nd year has five subjects:
- Dental materials
- General pathology and microbiology
- Preclinical conservative practical
- Preclinical prosthodontics practical
BDS 3rd year has three subjects comprising of practical and theory classes:
- Oral Pathology and Microbiology
- General Surgery
- General Medicine
BDS 4th year has 8 subjects comprising of practical and theory classes viz.
- Oral medicine & radiology
- Oral maxillofacial surgery
- Conservative & endodontics
- Prosthodontics, crown, and bridge
- Community Dentistry
- Pedodontics & preventive dentistry
- Oral medicine & radiology department
Career and job prospects
After the completion of the BDS course, the dental graduates are entitled to use the term Doctor before his or her name as the prefix “Dr.”. There are plenty of good jobs & higher study opportunities available after getting the degree in dentistry as a doctor. It is the professional field with 100% job placement.
A BDS graduate may go for the PG degree programs leading to the Domain MDS (Master of Dental Surgery). MDS is the advanced degree in dentistry field and allows the candidates to specialize in any of its disciplines. Interested candidates can also go for research program by pursuing Doctor of Philosophy.
A teaching career is also open for BDS graduates. Those interested in teaching can acquire teaching jobs in any of the top Dental Colleges. This profession includes the imaging, tissue graft, implants, laser surgery and trauma. After completing this course, you will be hired by the medical college, hospitals, nursing home, health corporations, health ministry, and back office medical consultancy.
One can also open his/her own dental clinic or work as a dentist in government and private hospitals.
The job profiles of the BDS can be the following:
- Dental Surgeon
- Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist
- Oral Surgery
Some employment areas for BDS aspirants are:
- Dental Clinics
- Educational Institutions
- Pharmaceutical Companies
- Dental Products Manufactures
- Private Practice