There are four sections in GMAT. Out of all these, the GMAT verbal and GMAT quant sections are the most prominent ones whose scores are marked on the GMAT score report. A fact that has been noticeable is, non-English speakers are more competent in the GMAT quant section than the verbal. Let us dig into the preparation for the GMAT verbal section.
GMAT Reading Comprehension Preparation Tips
The GMAT reading comprehension part deals with questions to be answered after thoroughly reading a 250-300 words passage. This passage is passive in tone and only delivers information. The topics will mostly be inclined towards business, though it might also appear from humanities or science. GMAT reading comprehension has three main kinds of questions:
- Specific questions: Questions that demand a specific approach to the answer.
- General Questions: These answers are logic-based and the candidates have to be on the lookout for a bigger picture.
- Critical Questions: these questions require an analytical approach to answer the questions
- Check out the transition words/phrases: Cause and effect (‘consequently’, ‘because’, ‘thus’, ‘as a result’), agreeing or further exemplifying words (‘similarly’, ‘furthermore’), adding pieces of evidence (‘for instance’, ‘in fact’), contrast or opposition (‘yet’, ‘however’) and conclusion (‘all in all’, ‘in essence’)
- Compress the jargons
- Design a mental summary answering the questions ‘what’ and ‘why’
- Myriad viewpoints to be checked out: There can be the author’s viewpoint, then a viewpoint of him/her disagreeing with it, numerous distinctive viewpoints conveyed by the author.
- Avoid extreme: Options that include must, should always, kinds of words, candidates must negate it as the wrong options. Few options will seem correct, those will have to be excluded
Additional vital preparation tips:
- Read new publications every day for an hour as this will alleviate in getting an idea of the sentences, grammar usage, and also GMAT vocabulary, thereby enhancing the reading comprehension skills.
- The most conspicuous mistake done in the GMAT verbal is slow reading and this occurs to the ones who didn’t give enough time to reading.
- Daily reading provides an insight into the main context of the piece of writing and the candidates are able to perceive the author’s viewpoint and eliminate the unnecessary points at the same time.
Few GMAT RC Books
- Veritas Prep RC
- Manhattan GMAT RC
- Kaplan Verbal Workbook
- GMAT Fiction
GMAT Critical Reasoning Preparation Tips
GMAT critical reasoning section demands the candidates to think in a rational manner concluding with logic. All the 11 questions provided here will be based on analytical arguments. The kinds of questions asked are discussed below:
- Questions that strengthen the argument: Here, the candidate needs to search for the perfect statement to support the argument in the question. Candidates will search for the apt sentence from the pieces of information given in the passage in case the answers aren’t provided.
- Finding a flaw in the argument: These questions ask you to find the correct option stating the question in the statement is flawed.
- Conclusive argument: Here, the candidate has to draw their own conclusions or ascertain from the given passage.
- Finding assumptions: These questions of GMAT critical reasoning ask the candidates to find the correct statement having proper information to support the argument presented in the question correctly.
- Finding the paradox or discrepancies: These are questions that direct towards finding the correct option that justifies the paradox given in the argument.
- Implement the pre-thinking approach.
- Always pursue the method of mastering the concepts then analyzing mistakes.
- Be discreet of what you are being asked to do. Read the question carefully and answer accordingly.
- Avoid responses that contain ‘only,’ ‘never,’ ‘always,’ ‘all,’ ‘none,’ ‘best,’ ‘worst,’ ‘must,’ etc. , as they are incorrect most of the time.
It is generally recommended to go for the information mentioned in the passage itself, as that will offer authenticity.
Few GMAT CR Books
- MGMAT CR
- Kaplan Verbal Wordbook
- CR for Beginner
GMAT Sentence Correction Preparation Tips
Sentence correction in GMAT tends to be one of the most struggling parts as most of the students don’t have the proper knowledge of how to form an error-free sentence. The answers of the GMAT sentence correction is expected to be precise, filled with brevity, and grammatically factual. There should be a proper understanding of the building blocks of a sentence, then only constructing and deconstructing will seem feasible.
The best way to deal with SC questions is to give them a read once, grasp the meaning and not confuse themselves by giving a re-read.
Subjunctive Mood Rules:
- Demand/Suggestion Subjunctives always go for the base form of the verb after ‘that’: The base form of the verb is synonymous to infinitive form only without the ‘to’. It is also not conjugated and thus the results are ‘is’, ‘was’, ‘were’, ‘are’, ‘am’ – all of which are the different conjugations of the verb ‘to be’. Therefore, the base form of the verb is only ‘be’.
Examples: “I require that the top candidate send me her cover letter.”
”The mayor demanded that the residents be evacuated immediately.”
- Hypothetical/Wish Subjunctives use ‘were: Use ‘were’ when the situation is not real or not yet real, applicable even for past tense.
Example: ‘I wish I were done studying.’
‘If I were the Queen of England, I would bake muffins for everyone.’
The assortment of questions to be expected in the sentence correction section are subject-verb agreement questions, verb tense accuracy, idioms, illogical comparisons, parallelism, dangling/ misplaced modifiers, pronoun usage, clarity, and concision.
- Create error logbook to find out where you have gone wrong. With a proper reason, one will understand the reason behind such mistakes.
- Find out grammatical mistakes in the given sentence like passive voice, illogical construction, wrong pronouns.
- Always lookout for the ambiguity. Those sentences are given as options to make the candidates confused.
Few GMAT SC Books
- Veritas Prep SC
- MGMAT SC
- GMAT Grammar Book
These have been the preparation strategies for all the three sections of GMAT. Now let us study a few of the tips which will be of additional aid.
- What appears correct may not be actually right. The first option in most of the cases is the synopsis of the paraphrase itself.
- Picking out errors while choosing the answer from the options is quite anticipated. One should keep an eye on the errors in a particular sentence, then move to its closest match. This way all the sentences filled with errors will be shifted and the correct answer will come in view.