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JEE Main 2020 Study Plan, Material and Preparation Strategy

Last Updated - February 16, 2018


As the famous adage goes, ‘The secret to getting ahead is getting started’. All those currently in 11th and 12th standard aspiring for IIT JEE 2020, gear up as it’s time to begin your preparation and we’ll let you know why and how.  With number of candidates for Joint Entrance Examination increasing each year, the competition is getting all the more tough. JEE Main is taken up by approximately 12 lakh candidates every year. Out of this, the top 2.2 lakhs get shortlisted for JEE Advanced.

It is the appropriate time to start building your concepts and developing your thought process for cracking JEE Main. All IIT JEE 2020 aspirants must start putting together the strategies mentioned further. The article provides an insight into all the important information, including exam pattern, syllabus, study material, preparation tips and tricks and solves all such queries.

JEE Main is one of the most strenuous national level entrance exam, conducted by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) each year, for candidates seeking admission to B.E./ B.Tech and B.Arch courses. While Paper-1 of the Engineering entrance is the gateway to various IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs for B.E./B.Tech courses, candidates can secure admission in B.Arch course with Paper-2.

JEE Main 2020 is scheduled to take place offline in the first week of April 2020. However, the computer-based mode will tentatively be held either in second or third week. Candidates must score 75% and above at the 10+2 level to be eligible for the exam.  Check JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

Before you begin with your preparation, you must check the eligibility alongside being equipped with the paper pattern and syllabus, both of which have been stated next.

Know JEE Main 2020 Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Number of Papers: 2

Duration of Exam: 3 hours (Both paper-1 and paper-2)

Course: Paper 1 is for the candidates appearing for B.E/B.Tech and Paper 2 for B.Planning/B.Arch aspirants.

Type of Questions: Questions in JEE Main Paper 1 will be objective. While Paper 2, drawing questions will be subjective.

Total Number of Questions: Paper-1 consists of 90 questions and Paper-2 will comprise 82 questions for 360 and 390 marks respectively.

Sections:  Paper 1 includes Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics with 30 questions in each section. While, paper 2 includes 50 questions for Aptitude Test, 30 questions in Mathematics and 2 for Drawing Test.

Medium of Exam: The exam will be held in Hindi and English. Candidates appearing from Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli can also choose Gujarati as the medium of JEE Main paper.

Marking Scheme: +4 marks for every correct answer while -1 for every incorrect answer (Both paper 1 and 2)

JEE Main 2020 Syllabus

We have mentioned all important topics of PCM for JEE Main 2020. Candidates must cover all these of class 11th and 12th level.

Physics – Waves & Sound, Geometrical Optics, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Rotational Dynamics, Dimensional Analysis, Gravitation & Electrostatics, Current Electricity & Heat Transfer, Electromagnetic Induction.

Chemistry – Chemical bonding, Mole concept & the concept of equivalents, Redox reactions, Electrochemistry, Thermodynamics, Qualitative analysis, Chemical equilibrium in physical chemistry, Carbonyl Compounds & their derivatives in organic chemistry and Coordination chemistry.

Mathematics – Limits, Continuity and Differentiability, Application of derivatives, Definite integral in calculusCircles and Family of Circles, Sequence and Series, Probability, vectors, Hyperbola in coordinate geometry, FunctionsQuadratic equations and expressions, Complex numbers, Matrices, Parabola, Inverse Trigonometric Functions.

Practice all the topics/concepts thoroughly from NCERT books at first. Once, you are done with NCERT, you can solve problems from various other books which have been talked about in the following section.

Read More JEE Main Syllabus

Prepare for JEE Main 2020: With Coaching or Without Coaching?

JEE Main 2020 is a tough nut to crack and for their benefit, many candidates join a coaching institute which has also become a trend. Joining a coaching institute does help a lot but it isn’t necessary. The coaching material will help you form a strong base for IIT JEE 2020. You would have to follow a particular study pattern set by the respective institutes and plan your study accordingly. If you are comfortable studying in such a way, you must join a reputed one like FIITJEE.

But, if you cannot stand such a pattern, don’t forget self-study is always the best option. We have devised various self-studying strategies for your convenience which have been mentioned in the following section.

Self-studying will prove to be as advantageous as joining a coaching institute considering you plan your time table well and follow the same rigorously. In the meanwhile, you can prepare for various Olympiads and exams like NTSE (National Talent Search Examination) which will strengthen your skills and knowledge from the grass root level. This will also aid in the preparation for your board exams.

Since, you are preparing with a minimum time frame of 2 years, you are already at an edge over other students who start their preparation at a later stage. So, stay motivated, prepare well and joining a coaching institute or not is your own decision. All that is valued will be your hard work and dedication.

Self-Studying Strategies For JEE Main 2020

After having all the knowledge regarding exam pattern and syllabus, candidates should start their preparation for IIT JEE 2020 well in time. You must formulate a time-table irrespective of whether you join any coaching or not and rigorously follow it each day. Mentioned below are some well-formulated strategies that will help candidates crack JEE Main 2020 with a good AIR.

  1. Without any confusion regarding what to start with, begin preparing with your favourite subject. It will not only boost your confidence to prepare well for IIT JEE but also, you’ll enjoy studying.
  2. Follow a routine and make a timetable giving equal importance to all the subjects - Maths, Physics and Chemistry. Make sure you achieve your daily or weekly targets.
  3. Never ‘measure’ the number of hours of your study. What matters is all that you study with full concentration whenever you study. Remember, quality over quantity. However, minimum study hours of 6-7 hours each day are preferred.
  4. Switch to other JEE study material only after completing preparation from your NCERTS. Never undermine them as their solved examples and summary are of great help.
  5. Regularity is a must. So, assignments and homework must be done without fail. Do not neglect what’s happening currently in your coaching/preparation in order to improve previous concepts or backlogs.
  6. Problem solving should be your habit. If you’re stuck on a harder problem, start solving the easy ones. When small problems get resolved, your morale is already boosted and this will push you to do more!
  7. Adopt the right way to practice IIT JEE problems. Focus on Concepts, Practice, Speed and Accuracy.
  8. Appear for mock tests, and assess yourself regularly. Evaluate your performance in each test and analyse if there’s anything you can do to improve your score. Don’t repeat your mistakes.
  9. Never leave your doubts unresolved and making own notes is always preferable.
  10. It is always advisable to make a separate notebook containing your mistakes. Whenever you make any mistake in mock test or forget a concept or formula etc. note it down in this notebook. Revise from this regularly and this will help you score higher.
  11. For efficient preparation, consistent revision is necessary. Your notes will help you during your revision time.

Alongside these strategies, your passion, determination and motivation will help you crack IIT JEE 2020. Word hard and maintain your consistency.

Subject-Wise Strategy for JEE Main 2020

Planning and strategy shouldn’t be time consuming. However, time consuming part should be the action. For your ease, we have devised subject-wise strategies for your reference that will help you crack the Engineering entrance exam.


Understanding concepts and solving problems is the key to score well in Physics. Tighten your grip on the basics of the subject rather than memorizing the formulas. While preparing, master the concepts before you start solving questions. Numerical problems and conceptual questions, both are important for JEE.

"Try to understand the purpose behind setting a question. The person who created the question expected that the problem will test a certain concept. Also realize that no question is unsolvable, but some questions take a lot of efforts than others. Be open minded; and every now and then, you will come across a beautiful solution."

- Adhish Majumdar (IIT-Delhi).


Mathematics requires immense practice and you must ensure that concepts and formulae are at your fingertips. Know every possible shortcut and formula. Mathematics is not just solving, it needs a little visualisation skills too.

"Work on the theory really well. At least understand what the basic idea is. What are we calculating? Why are we doing so? What is its significance? Where is it applied? A working amount of memory is required to recall the formulas and methods. So don’t go in with the expectation that everything is just thought and understanding-oriented. You will have to remember bulk of stuff in the beginning. With time it will eject out as a reflex."

- Rajanish Kumar Upadhyay (IIT Mandi).


Complete NCERT thoroughly and you’re done with the basics of your Inorganic Chemistry. Make suitable notes for each chapter and study all reaction mechanisms and remember all named reactions. Constantly revise your reactions and formulae in free time.

On the other hand, for Physical Chemistry, read from NCERT and have your concepts clarified. After you are done with the chapter, write down all equations from the chapter in a notebook for speedy reference while solving problems.

Study Material to be Referred for JEE Main 2020

It is always suggested to take help from books to get clarity of concepts. These will help you prepare well as it’ll give you idea for the exam. Here is the list of books for each subject that you must refer to while preparing for JEE Main 2020. These are the ones recommended by various IITians and teachers.

Books for Physics

After you read the NCERT Physics, you can study from H.C. Verma's book. It comprises lots of questions at the end of each chapter graded in difficulty level.

Simultaneously, Halliday, Resnick and Walker's book consists of conceptual questions within each chapter and one must make an all-out effort to answer each of them. This book has very high reputation worldwide.

I.E. Irodov's book is very useful for problems in Mechanics and Electromagnetism for the IIT JEE Preparation. It is considered to be one of the toughest books.

  • Concepts of Physics by H. C. Verma
  • Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker
  • Problems in General Physics by I. E. Irodov
  • University Physics by Freedman and Young

Check More Important books for JEE Main

Books for Chemistry

Chemistry is classified into: General Chemistry with a huge emphasis on Physical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. Since, Chemistry section focuses on a lot of concept-based questions, one must refer these books to get more clarity of the concepts.

  • University Chemistry by Freedman and Young for Physical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry by Morrison and Boyd for Organic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry by Solomons and Fryhle for Organic Chemistry
  • Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J. D. Lee for Inorganic Chemistry
  • Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by RC Mukherjee

Books for Mathematics

Thomas and Finney’s book is an excellent book for beginners as its very basic and starting out with Calculus. It comprises very good geometrical interpretations of derivative etc.

Books by Loney are all-time international classics and one must give their hundred percent to solve the problems.

Piskunov's book is basically a standard text book of calculus with challenging problems in Mathematics. One needs to practice as much as possible from the IIT Mathematics books by DasGupta.

  • Higher Algebra by Hall and Knight for Algebra
  • Coordinate Geometry by S.L. Loney
  • Differential and Integral Calculus by N. Piskunov
  • Calculus and Analytic Geometry by Thomas and Finney for Calculus
  • IIT Mathematics by M.L. Khanna
  • Course in Mathematics for IIT-JEE by Tata McGraw Hill publications
  • Problems Plus in IIT Mathematics by A Das Gupta
  • Trigonometry by S L Loney

Apart from referring to these books, aspirants must solve mock tests after they are done with their preparation to get a better idea of the paper pattern. Practice enough mock tests so as to strengthen your skills. CBSE will release the mock tests a month prior to the scheduled exam date.

Prepare for IIT JEE 2020 with Toppers Blogs

With studying online attracting huge audience in today’s time, you will be glad to hear that you can take help from IIT toppers blogs while you are busy evaluating your questions for JEE 2020 preparation, IIT blogs are mostly written by IIT alumni and it features their personal experiences, special tips, easier methods of studying, kind words, guidance and other such relevant stuff.

  • Shitikanth’s Blog

Shitikanth Kashyap who secured an AIR-1 in JEE 2008 owns this blog, This comprehensive blog guides you on creating plans on how to master your JEE preparation, advice on coaching, detailed description on which books to follow and what to avoid during preparation. Covering the best problem-solving methods and revision methods, this blog also has a spin-off in the name of Shitikanth’s blog- Recommended Books for IIT JEE Preparation.

  • Aman’s Blog

Owned by IIT-Bombay Alumni, Aman Goel, AIR-33, JEE Advanced 2013, this blog is a complete guide for JEE Mains exam. In order to attain a good rank, prepare your papers according to this blog. You can refer to important books which can be referred to while preparing for JEE Main along with links to the solved question papers of the previous year of JEE exams. This blog contains a mini e-book “A Guide to get a top 50 rank in JEE”. Many students claim it is an interesting read.

  • Spanedea

Shubham Bhartiya, an IIT-Bombay Alumni maintains this blog wherein he advises all JEE aspirants on the dos and don’ts of JEE Main preparation. The IIT-Bombay alumni currently studies in IIT and keeps sharing his regular experiences and advices the students on different topics.

  • Navin Kabra’s Blog

Navin Kabra secured an AIR-14 rank in IIT JEE 1988. His blog is a suitable example of how a JEE aspirant can score well in JEE Mains without any coaching. It also covers many personal experiences and how it sets him apart in his journey to become a famous IITian blogger. In his blog, he suggests expert ways in which the students can score well without taking any coaching.

  • Preparation Tips for IIT JEE Aspirants at Each Level – by IIT Kanpur Student

Aditya Singhal, founder of askIITians is the owner of this blog. It is an online based educational portal. Different strategies on how to prepare for JEE exams is covered in this blog. It also mentions different important books for Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry preparation. Along with this, one can also find different problem solving practices, revision strategies and quick tips to excel JEE Main.

All those who think to drop a year and then start their preparation is a good idea must have a changed mindset now as one can crack JEE Main with a good AIR without wasting a year.

Now that all your queries for the entrance exam preparation have been resolved, start yours well in time. Remember, your perseverance, hard work and dedication will definitely take you a long way. Good luck!



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