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All 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT’s) are looking out for maintaining a gender balance. In adherence to this, 14% of seats will now be reserved for women across all IIT’s.
The decision was taken after noticing the admission pattern of students at IITs. Female students have done well in the higher secondary as compared to male students throughout the years, still, only 1 out of every 10 admissions were a female student in the IITs. The Ministry of Human Resource and Development, as a solution to this problem, directed all the IITs across the country to reserve 14% seats i.e. approximately 550 seats for women.
The gender balance and reservation in IITs will begin from the July 2018 batch across 23 IITs. An improvement in gender balance at the Engineering colleges of 20% or at least a 1:5 ratio by the year 2020 is the Government’s main agenda.
The plan has already been conceded by the Ministry of Law and Justice through the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to avoid any legal glitches in future. Aditya Mittal, chairman of the Joint Entrance Examination-Advanced at IIT-Delhi quoted, “Considering approximately 10% of the students enrolled at IITs last year were women, about 550 supernumerary seats would be needed to bring up the woman percentage to 14% in 2018”.
Roughly, 11,000 students took admissions at IITs last year. Some of the IITs witnessed even less than 10% women students. IIT-Guwahati out of its 643 students had only 6.3% women students, whereas, at IIT-Kanpur only 54 women students took admission among 826 in 2017.
The initiative was welcomed by the Education Industry. The total number of seats available for admission will only be established in the month of April 2018. Officials have also alleged that the gender balance will not have a negative impact on the seats available for other students.
Timothy Gonsalves, IIT-Mandi director said that, even though a high number of women qualify for IITs, only some of them join the Institute. 68% of men who qualified the requirement for the esteemed institute joined it and only 38% of qualifying women took admissions out of 2,200 female candidates.
He also said that a lot of women select fewer choices and only certain region while selecting IITs which is also a significant reason for the imbalance. Creating a specific number of seats for women will ensure the rise of female students taking admissions said, Gonsalves.
The admission in IITs will be done through JEE advanced test. This year exam is going to be held on May 20, 2018. The top 2.24 lakh candidates from JEE Main are going to appear for this exam.
Candidates clearing the JEE advanced cutoff are required to participate in JOSAA counselling which will begin from the second week of June.
All the reservations policy will be adhere from this year for women candidates in all IITs.
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