JKCET 2017 Biology syllabus would be based on the syllabus of 10+2 prescribed by Jammu and Kashmir Board of Professional Entrance Examination. Previous year candidates have described Paper-B Biology in JKCET to be of difficult level. Candidate must practice all topics to get a grip of all the topics.
- JKCET 2017 will be Pen & paper based test. JKCET 2017 examination will consist of two papers - Paper A which is compulsory consists of Physics and Chemistry and Paper B for Biology or Paper C for Mathematics. CHECK JKCET EXAM PATTERN
- The question paper will comprise 60 Multiple Choice Questions per subject. Candidates will be awarded one mark for each correct answer. For every incorrect answer 0.25, Mark will be deducted.
- Candidates need to carefully plan and prepare the important sections of the paper. Biology will be one of the important topics to cover in JKCET for medical aspirants.
- Paper B will be of Biology and it will consist of 60 questions.
- The important units in Paper-B Biology with most weightage are Human Physiology, Plant Physiology and Reproduction.
JKCET Biology paper varies from Moderate to difficult level. Overall if a candidate has prepared well, Biology section is not the tough section in JKCET. Here is the brief JKCET Paper Analysis for this section:
- Questions from the topic like History and Morphology, Biotechnology and its application are slightly easy as compared to questions from Human and Plant Physiology.
- Plant and Human Physiology cover most numbers of questions in Biology section and questions are of moderate to difficult level.
- Questions on Physiology and Cell Structure are difficult to answer.
- Questions from all topic are little tricky and require practice and knowledge of diagrams and structure to answer correctly.
- 5 questions come from Ecology and Environment and they are easy to score marks.
JKCET 2017 Biology Syllabus
JKCET Syllabus comprises topics from Class XI and Class XII CBSE Syllabus. Biology syllabus as prescribed by Jammu and Kashmir Board of Professional Entrance Examination (JAKBOPEE) along with their weightage of marks is given below:
|Unit 1||Diversity and Classification of Plants||3|
|Unit 2||Morphology and Anatomy of Plants||3|
|Unit 3||Plant Physiology||7|
|Unit 4||Reproduction in Flowering Plants||4|
|Unit 6||Ecology and Environment||5|
|Unit 7||Biology and Human Welfare||3|
|Unit 8||Diversity in The Living World||2|
|Unit 9||History and Morphology||2|
|Unit 10||Cell Structure and Function||4|
|Unit 11||Human Physiology||8|
|Unit 13||Genetics and Evolution||3|
|Unit 14||Biology and Human Welfare||3|
|Unit 15||Biotechnology and Its Applications||2|
Biology Important Topics in JKCET 2017
Important units in JKCET 2017 Paper-B Biology with most weightage are:
- Human Physiology
- Plant Physiology
- Ecology & Environment
Given below is detailed syllabus for these Units:
Plant Physiology (07 marks)
- Transport in plants: Mechanisms of transport—diffusion, facilitated diffusion, passive and active transport, antiport and symport.
- Plant water relations: Water potential; osmosis; plasmolysis; imbibition; long distance transport of water; apoplast, symplast pathways; ascent of sap; root pressure theory, tanspirational pull theory and cohesion-tension theory.
- Transpiration: mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, guttation; phloem transport (Mass Flow hypothesis), diffusion of gases.
- Mineral Nutrition: Essential Minerals; macro and micro nutrients—their role and deficiency symptoms and mineral toxicity. Mechanism of nutrient uptake by plants from soil. Hydroponics. Nitrogen metabolism—nitrogen cycle, nitrogen fixation.
- Photosynthesis: site of photosynthesis; various photosynthetic pigments; mechanism of light reaction; Photophosphorylation (cyclic and non-cyclic); Dark reaction-fixation of carbon dioxide (C3 cycle, C4 cycle); factors affecting photosynthesis; photorespiration.
- Respiration: Exchange of gases, cellular respiration; glycolysis, Krebs cycle, Electron Transport System; Aerobic and anaerobic respiration; respiratory quotient.
- Growth and Development: Characteristics and phases of plant growth; growth curve; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; plant growth regulators-discovery, nature and physiological effects of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene and abscisic acid. Photoperiodism and vernalisation.
Human Physiology (08 marks)
- Alimentary canal, digestion and absorption of food, disorders of digestive system (jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, indigestion etc.)
- Respiratory organs, mechanism of breathing, respiratory volumes and capacities, transport of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide), disorders of respiratory system (asthma, emphysema, fibrosis etc.)
- Circulatory system- Blood & lymph and their functions, blood groups, coagulation of blood, human heart, cardiac cycle, ECG, double circulation, disorders of circulatory system. (hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina, heart failure).
- Excretory products and their elimination, Modes of Excretion; Ammonotelism, Ureotelism and Uricotelism
- Human excretory system, urine formation, functions of tubules, mechanism of concentration of the filtrate, regulation of kidney function, micturition, role of other organs in excretion (lungs, liver and skin), haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, disorders of the excretory system (kidney failure, glomerulonephritis, renal calculi)
- Types of movement (amoeboid, ciliary and muscular), different types of muscles, structure of contractile proteins (actin and myosin), mechanism of muscle contraction, joints, disorders of muscular and skeletal system (Myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy, tetany, arthritis, gout, osteoporosis)
- Human nervous system, neuron as a structural and functional unit of nervous system, generation and conduction of nerve impulse, transmission of impulses, reflex action and reflex arc, structure and functioning of the sense organs (eye and ear)
- Endocrine glands, Mechanism of hormone action, hormones of heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract
Reproduction (06 marks)
- Asexual reproduction: Characteristics and types of asexual reproduction (binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmules, fragmentation, regeneration)
- Human Reproduction : Male and female reproductive system, microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary, spermatogenesis and oogenesis, menstrual cycle, fertilization, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation, pregnancy and placenta formation, parturition and lactation
- Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases and their control and prevention.
- Birth control: Its need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MPT), amniocentesis, infertility and associated reproductive technologies (IVF, ZIFT, GIFT)
Genetics (05 marks)
- Heredity and variation (somatic and germinal); Mendel ‘s laws of inheritance; deviations from Mendelism; incomplete dominance; co-dominance; multiple alleles; pleiotropy; Polygenic Inheritance; Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
- Evidence for DNA as genetic material; structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Protein synthesis— trancription, translation, genetic code; gene expression and regulation (lac-operon)
Ecology and Environment (05 marks)
- Meaning of Ecology, Community, Niche
- Population and ecological adaptations: Characteristics of populations natality, fecundity &mortality, age distribution; population interactions, competition, predation, parasitism and mutualism
- Ecosystems: Biotic and abiotic components; energy flow, nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorus), decomposition and primary productivity; pyramids of number, biomass and energy; ecological succession types. Food chain and food web. Biodiversity and its conservation: threats to biodiversity; mega biodiversity countries and biodiversity hotspots; IUCN threat categories; in situ and ex situ methods of biodiversity conservation
- Environmental issues: Causes and consequences of air and water pollution and their control; solid waste management; agrochemicals and their effect; greenhouse effect and global warming; stratospheric ozone layer depletion—causes and consequences.
JKCET Preparation Books for Biology
To prepare for an exam, books are the best source as they enhance knowledge and provide insights about a topic. There is no dearth of books and resources, but, a candidate often faces plenty of problems to choose the right book.
- When it comes to books, there are some highly reliable authored material for beginner and advanced level preparations.
- NCERT Books of 11th&12th Biology, Trueman’s Biology - Vol.1 and Dinesh Objective Biology covers all the topics of JKCET Paper-B Biology.
Given below is the books available for Biology paper with ISBN-10 Number.
|NCERT Biology for Class 11||8174504966|
|NCERT Biology for Class 12 Part I||817450639X|
|Trueman’s Elementary Biology - Vol.1||8187223596|
|Dinesh Objective Biology||8176089443|
JKCET Online Preparation Resources
In this digitalize generation many of candidates prefer preparing online, there are several websites which provide aspirants with study materials and mock tests to prepare well for the different competitive examination.
- Most of the online study materials are not free. JKCET 2017 Biology syllabus is similar to other competitive exams like PMT and NEET.
- Coaching institutes like Aakash provide Distance Learning courses and Mock series.
- Websites like Khan Academy and easybiologyclass.com provide chapter wise description and preparation test as well as Mock tests.
- YouTube and raoiit.com also has many videos for candidates to make them grasp any topics quickly.
Here is the list of recommended websites for JKCET 2017 Biology: