Organic Chemistry is a sub-discipline of chemistry that deals with carbon compounds. Organic Chemistry shares 28% weightage of the total number of questions. To learn the basics of the subject, candidates must go through the NCERT books thoroughly.
NEET 2021 will be conducted in the month of May 2021. So let's go through the necessary preparation tips to ace the organic chemistry section in NEET.
General Organic Chemistry (GOC)
GOC starts with the basic concepts of inductive effect, hyperconjugation, resonance & electric effect. Given below is a list of relevant topics and most of the questions are asked from these-
- Identifying the Electrophile or Nucleophile Centers
- Resonance and Conjugation
Isomerism and Nomenclature seem to be relevant and also form the basis of the Organic Chemistry which will be necessary while learning the conversion of one carbon compound to another while adding or removing some substance. Conversions in Organic Chemistry is the topic from which 3-4 questions always come in NEETs chemistry paper.
Some of the Important Formulae of Organic Chemistry
Formula Set 1
Formula Set 2
Formula Set 3
Organic Chemistry Books for NEET
- NCERT Book
- Organic Chemistry By Morrison and Boyd
- Organic Chemistry By Solomon
- Organic Chemistry By MS Chauhan
- ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 and 12 by Modern
- Dinesh Chemistry Guide
Tips for Organic Chemistry
If you remember a few basic things, the rest of the preparation for the subject is easy. You don’t have to mug up everything. The primary things, you need to remember are: atomic and molecular orbital, their interactions; VSEPR theory and their various applications; the VBT and MOT theories; dπ-pπ back bonding and anti-bonding orbital; LCAO in MOT theory; how pi and sigma orbital are formed; other concepts of basic bonding theory, hybridization, formal charges and how to find them.
Also Check NEET 2021 Exam Pattern
You should also be aware of atomic and chemical properties of halogens, chalcogens and nitrogen group. The concepts of acidity, the basicity of acids and basics like Lewis type, Bronstead type, etc. and knowledge of their salts like NaCl, KCl, etc. fetch you great points.
Learning the properties of AlCl3, HgCl2, concepts of charge density, atomic structure and stoichiometric knowledge is a must. And if you have some knowledge of the Kinetic Theory of Gasses, things like activation energy, how catalysts work and some basic concepts of thermodynamics, then the subject is as easy as a cakewalk.
IUPAC Nomenclature: This is one of the significant hurdles while preparing Organic Chemistry. Some basic nomenclatures like aromatic rings with substitutes, fused rings & Spirocyclic compounds, oxiranes & oxetanes and functional groups should be prepared well.
IUPAC has developed a Priority System to ease the process of nomenclature. The functional group with the highest priority will be the one which gives its suffix to the name of the molecule. If a ketone is present with the alcohol then suffix “-one” would be used because ketones have higher priority for nomenclature than alcohols. Also Check NEET Preparation Tips for other topics of Chemistry