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CLAT 2018: How to Prepare for Legal Aptitude Section?

Last Updated - February 08, 2018

CLAT comprises 5 sections i.e. English Comprehension, General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics, Legal Aptitude and Legal Reasoning with Legal Aptitude section as the most significant part of CLAT. Its importance can be inferred from the fact that the section carries the maximum weightage and also its the decision-making section i.e. in the case of a tie, examinees will be selected on the basis of their marks in this section. 
Legal Aptitude is based on the candidate's ability to logically decipher the answer from the question.

  • The section comprises 50 questions.
  • 1 mark will be allotted to the candidates for every correct answer. 
  •  Legal Aptitude section is divided into 3 sections:
  1. Legal Reasoning
  2. Legal Facts
  3. Legal G.K.
  • Legal Reasoning questions will be asked from Constitution of India, Law of tort & contract and Indian Penal Code.
  • Legal Fact questions will revolve around Preamble, rights and legal principles.
  • Legal GK questions will be based on the court concepts, government functions and hierarchy of Indian judiciary.
  • In order to score well in this section, a candidate must not spend more than 25- 30 minutes along with the accuracy of at least 85%.

CLAT Legal Aptitude comprises 50 questions out of 200 questions asked in CLAT. The questions will be asked in MCQ form and examinees have to mark one out of the provided options. Candidate will be awarded 1 mark for every correct answer. Negative marking of 0.25 marks will be done in the case of wrong answers. A weightage of 25% is allotted to this section. Important information about CLAT Exam patternis mentioned below


CLAT Logical aptitude exam pattern

Legal Aptitude section will be focusing on the Legal propositions. Candidates will be given questions which have to be solved by exercising legal aptitude. Following is the syllabus that will be covered in CLAT Legal Aptitude section:

Indian ConstitutionIndian Penal CodeIndian Contract Act
Family LawLaw of TortsLegal fundamentals and terms
Legal MaximsImportant Landmarks, Supreme Court JudgmentsMiscellaneous (Intellectual Property Rights, Labor Laws, Consumer laws, employment laws, environmental laws etc.)

Legal Aptitude section assesses the candidate's inclination towards Law and their problem-solving ability in a given time duration. The section includes questions on legal principles. Examinees are given certain situations which they have to judge and come up with an appropriate answer to the given problem.

CLAT Legal aptitude section comprises questions under following categories:

  1. Legal facts
  2. Legal GK
  3. Legal reasoning

The section will talk about all the important topics:

Legal fact

In this section, direct questions based on Law are asked to test candidates’ knowledge of legal facts. To effectively attempt the questions, one must have a good knowledge of amendments and judgments.Important topics from this sub- section are:

  • Preamble
  • Fundamental rights and duties
  • Directive Principles

    Legal Reasoning

    In this section, students are given a factual situation and they have to apply legal principles to it. Rather than legal knowledge, candidate’s legal aptitude and logical skills are tested. Questions are generally asked from the following topics:

  • Constitution of India
  • Law of tort
  • Law of contract
  • Indian Penal Code

    Legal GK

    Questions under this part are based on both current as well as static legal GK.Following are the important topics:

  • Supreme Court of India,
  • Bar Council of India
  • Ministry of Law and Justice
  • High Court of Delhi
  • Government of India
  • Knowledge about the hierarchy of Indian Judiciary
  • Torts, amendments, recommendations, landmark judgments and law commission appointments.


The questions in the CLAT Legal Aptitude Paper will be based on the topics prescribed in the syllabus of the CLAT UG. They will be objective in nature. By practicing the sample paper one will get a clear idea about the difficulty level of CLAT exam and also will help to know about the time management skills. Check CLAT Sample Paper.

It is the most important section and to succeed in the examination one cannot afford to score fewer marks in CLAT Legal Aptitude section. Here are some important tips to ace in it. 

  • Do not assume anything on your own and apply the facts.
  • Strict application of the principle i.e. think logically and avoid thinking emotionally.
  • Choose the option which comes closest to the given legal principle and elimination method can be used. 
  • Do not choose an option based on moral considerations
  • Read a newspaper daily and try to learn new topics/ facts from it. 
  • Solve as many sample papers/mock tests/ previous year question papers.
  • One can answer Legal facts section very easily with the proper knowledge of Fundamental right, Amendment, Judgement and Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions
  • Focus more on Legal GK section and reading the newspaper/ watching news channels is the best source. Also, it will not only help answering Legal Aptitude GK questions but also will aid in CLAT GK section. 

Check here CLAT Practice paper

CLAT Legal Aptitude Books

For the efficient preparation of this section, the candidate must refer to some good study material. Given below are the books that are recommended to prepare for CLAT Legal Aptitude:


BooksAuthor/ Publisher
Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: For the CLAT and LL.B. Entrance Examinations (English) 4th EditionA.P. Bhardwaj
Legal Aptitude: Common Law Admission Test R.K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta
Legal Aptitude for the CLAT and other Law Entrance Examinations:A Workbook by A.P. Bhardwaj


CLAT Legal Aptitude Online Resources

Several websites provide online mock tests and study material to prepare for CLAT exam. Section-wise sample questions are made available on such websites. Here are some recommended websites for the preparation of CLAT exam:




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