How to prepare for CLAT Logical Reasoning Section?

Pushpendra Singh Pushpendra Singh
Content Curator

CLAT (Common Law Aptitude Test) is a national level exam conducted for the eligible candidates, seeking admission in the UG and PG Law programmes. The exam is conducted by NLUs (National Law Universities).

The exam pattern for admission in either of the course is different from the other. For Undergraduate course (LLB), CLAT Exam syllabus covers English, General Knowledge & Current affairs, Elementary Mathematics, Legal Aptitude and Logical reasoning. On the other hand, for Post Graduate course (LLM), students are tested on more domain specific parameters. The topics are Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence Law and related to other law subjects prescribed by the Bar Council of India for the under graduate courses.

CLAT 2017: Exam Pattern for LLB

To help the candidates prepare better, let us take a look at the pattern of CLAT Exam.As mentioned above, the syllabus for LLB admission exams covers five topics. The number of questions for each topic in the exam can be found in the table below:

LLB Course TopicsNo. of questions
English (including comprehension)40
General Knowledge & Current affairs50
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)20
Legal Aptitude50
Logical reasoning40

The Logical Reasoning paper carries a total of 40 marks. It is divided into 2 parts- analytical and critical reasoning. Wherein, Analytical Reasoning consists questions of coding- decoding, sequence and series, puzzles, direction test and blood relations. The critical reasoning consists of questions where a candidate is required to assume, conclude or define the next course of action etc.

Important Topics under Logical Reasoning

Logical reasoning in CLAT is the most scoring section as compared to the other sections. It is a section in which one can gain time, if they have practiced a lot and have a technique. A candidate should be able to answer the questions within 25 minutes maximum.  

This section tests the ability of a candidate to apply logic to a certain event. It analyses the logical foundation of a given situation, argument, and axioms to define whether the statement is true or false. This section is important as the aspiring lawyers should have a good reasoning ability and should be able to think logically as well.

The most popular topics asked in the Logical Reasoning section of CLAT Exam are:

  • Puzzles
  • Seating Arrangement
  • Logical Sequences
  • Number Test
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Family/ Blood Relation
  • Ranking & Order
  • Coding Decoding
  • Syllogisms
  • Statement Conclusion/ Assumption  
  • Pairing
  • Data Interpretation
  • Inference based question
  • Calendar
  • Directions
  • Para-jumbles

Although the topics mentioned above are diverse, these should not be considered the only topics for preparation of CLAT Exam. Remember that the purpose of this section is to test logical thinking and understanding of a candidate. To suit this purpose any number of questions can be asked which is why we now turn our attention to see the pattern of this section and expectations from the upcoming examination.

CLAT Practice Papers

Previous year analysis of LR Section and Expectations

From the year 2013 to 2015, popular logical reasoning questions were from the topics of distance, direction, coding decoding, data sufficiency, seating arrangement and syllogisms. Syllogism involves logical statements, application of deductive reasoning followed by conclusion.

In the year 2013, maximum LR questions involved puzzles whereas only one question was asked on series completion. Year 2015 saw certain new topics being included in the foray of logical reasoning. Questions on numbers & symbols, facts & figures, calendar and letter interchange were the new entrants.

The upcoming examination is also expected to include few new topics. For a well - rounded preparation candidates may look into questions on cause & effect, non - verbal reasoning and statement – course of action. Questions involving combination of two different concepts may also spring up in the LR section in the coming year.

Paper 1 (Logical Reasoning)Download
Paper 2 (Critical Reasoning)Download
Paper 3 (Logical Reasoning)- Syllogisms Download
Paper 3 (Logical Reasoning)- Blood RelationsDownload

How to Prepare for LR Section?

For such a diverse section, the grasp on basics and regular practice holds the key. Practice will help the candidate to improve the candidates speed as well as their accuracy.

Candidates can improve their thinking capacity by regularly solving reasoning question from the topics mentioned above from a reliable book.

CLAT Logical Reasoning Study Material

It is very important to refer to good study material while preparing for any of the entrance exams. For CLAT exam’s Logical Reasoning section, it is advisable to prepare early and refer to the following study material to score well in the section:

Recommended books:

Book NameAuthor NameISBN Code
A Modern Approach To Logical ReasoningR. S. Aggarwal8121919053
Analytical ReasoningM K Pandey 8190458914

CLAT Logical Reasoning Online Resources

Apart from sample papers, there are several websites that provide online mock tests and study material to prepare for CLAT exam. There are section-wise separate sample questions available on such websites. Here are some recommended websites for the preparation of CLAT exam:

For successful attempt during the CLAT Exam few suggestions are made. Such as:

  • Refer to the past year question papers to understand the pattern
  • Give as many mock tests as possible
  • Manage time while attempting each section
  • Learn shortcuts and tricks to solve mathematical problems
  • Thorough revision of topics
  • Strategize the attempt of question paper.

We hope all your hard work pays off!



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