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How to Prepare Reasoning Ability for SBI PO

Last Updated - September 22, 2017

State Bank of India will conduct the SBI PO Pre and Mains exam for Probationary Officers Recruitment. SBI PO Preliminary Exam 2018 will be conducting in a 4-day window, April 29, 30 and May 6, 7, 2018.

  • State Bank of India will release the official notification for SBI PO 2018 by March 2018.
  • SBI PO Application Form will be released with the official notification from March 2018 and will end by last week of March 2018.
  • Reasoning section is considered the most scoring, challenging and exciting section in SBI PO Pre and Mains by many candidates.
  • SBI PO 2018 aspirants must be focused enough on SBI Exam Pattern for scoring good marks.

The only way to excel in SBI PO Reasoning section like a pro is developing an in-depth understanding of logics and regular practice. The more you practice, the better clarity of logics will be built in your muscle memory.

SBI PO Reasoning Topics

If you haven’t checked out the meticulous syllabi for SBI PO Reasoning section, this is the time to check out the details and best preparation tips for SBI PO Prelims. Reasoning section tests candidates’ analytical and logical skill. It does not generally tests the conceptual or theoretical knowledge.

These are the chapters for Reasoning Section from the SBI PO exam point of view: 

Verbal Reasoning TestAnalytical Reasoning Test
Number Series, Coding Decoding, Input Output, Blood Relations, Direction Sense Test, Sitting Arrangements, Arithmetical Reasoning, Number, Ranking and Time Sequence Test, Syllogism, Puzzle Test, Inequalities.Statement and Conclusions, Statement & Arguments, Statement & Assumptions, Cause and Effect, Courses of Action.

SBI PO: Strategy to prepare for Reasoning Section

It is not a time consuming section, if the practice is done nicely. Logical Reasoning is one of those sections where you stand to score more with continuous practice of quality questions more than the reading rules and regulations. Pick up the question for solving only before understanding it.

Analyze SBI PO Syllabus and find out your strong topics, weak topics and the moderate ones. Polish your strong areas and put your all efforts in practicing your weak sections. You can also check your practice status by giving the sectional tests.

Start your SBI PO Mains Exam from the easy and scoring questions. The most important questions from this section are on the topics such as follows:

SBI PO Reasoning Topics

Input Output

These are generally easy but time consuming. You can easily make this topic your quickest and easiest one by practicing regularly.

Sample Questions-

A arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearrnges them following a particular rule in each step.

  1. Bird Early Gets The Worm
  2. Action Speaks Louder Than Words
  3. Better 65 Never Than 87 36 52 Late
  4. 51 Pour 31 Star New 23 47 Home 


There may be 1 puzzle of 5 questions based on: Double Lineup OR Scheduling. Questions asked are always mixed up of several other topics such as seating arrangement, direction, blood relation, etc.

Most people get frightened by the length of the question and then they don’t attempt it. Actually, they are relatively easy, so don’t be afraid of making an effort for them. Once you get the puzzle, it is easy to fetch 5-6 questions in one go. Try at least 10-15 different sets of each type of Puzzle. Make sure, you attempt the Puzzle section at the end and before solving the puzzle, read the based questions first and then solve the puzzles.

Sample Questions-

Replace the question mark with valid answer?

Data Sufficiency

Around 3 to 5 questions are asked on Data Sufficiency topic. Try these problems from a wide range of chapters including Directions & Distances, Ordering & Ranking, Blood Relations, Coding & Decoding in bogus language etc. These are generally easy and scoring but Blood Relation problems may be tricky. Once you get the trick, you have fetched the marks in your pocket! So, practice each kind of question nicely.

Sample Questions-

The data sufficiency problem consists of a question and two statements, labeled (1) and (2), in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question. Using the data given in the statements, plus your knowledge of mathematics and everyday facts (such as the number of days in a leap year or the meaning of the word counterclockwise), you must indicate whether - 

  1. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked.
  2. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient to answer the question asked.
  3. BOTH statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question asked, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked.
  4. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient to answer the question asked.
  5. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data specific to the problem are needed.
  1. What is the value of X, if X and Y are two distinct integers and their product is 30?
    a. X is an odd integer
    b.  X > Y
  2. What is the standard deviation (SD) of the four numbers p, q, r, s?
    a.  The sum of p, q, r and s is 24
    b. The sum of the squares of p, q, r and s is 224
  3. How is Bill related to Betty?
    a.  Cindy, the wife of Bill's only brother Chris does not have any siblings.
    b. Betty is Cindy's brother in law's wife.
  4. Is y an integer?
    a. y3 is an integer
    b. 3y is an integer


Practice 20 questions each of- number based, letter based, GK based and meaning based analogies. GK based and Meaning based analogies are extremely quick to solve but can be very unpredictable. And this is where you can try your luck!

Sample Questions-

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

  1. CUP : LIP :: BIRD : ?
  2. Flow : River :: Stagnant : ?
  3. Paw : Cat :: Hoof : ?
  4. Ornithologist : Bird :: Archealogist : ?
  5. Peacock : India :: Bear : ?

Relationship Concepts

They are designed to check your cognitive skills. They might appear long and complicated however they are terribly simple to solve. To decide whether you should solve the problem is to find out which type of problem is it:

  • Single person Blood relation
  • Mixed blood relation
  • Coded blood relation
  1. Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, "He is the son of the only son of my mother." How is Suresh related to that boy?
  1. Brother
  2. Uncle
  3. Cousin
  4. Father
  1. If A + B means A is the mother of B; A - B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B, which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q?
  1. Q - N + M x P
  2. P + S x N - Q
  3. P - M + N x Q
  4. Q - S % P

Ordering & Ranking

Usually these questions are easy and direct. There may come a comprehension of 2-3 questions. Practice 10 comprehensions of these type including those that test you on counting from the back as well as overlapping counts from the front and back.

Sample Questions-

  1. In a row of persons, position of A from left side of the row is 27th and position of A from right side of the row is 34th. Find total no. of persons in the row?
  2. In a row of 16 persons, position of A from left side of the row is 12th. Find the position of A from right side of the row?
  3. In a row of persons, position of A from left side of the row is 27th and there are 5 persons after A in the row. Find total no. of persons in the row?

SBI PO Reasoning Books

It is challenging to find out the one best book for preparation. Here we have enlisted some books, aspirants can go through the following table for the best recommended books for SBI PO Reasoning Section:

SBI PO Reasoning Books
Preparation Books for SBI PO ReasoningName of AuthorISBN Number
Modern Approach To Non-Verbal ReasoningR.S. Aggarwal8121905532
Bank PO Reasoning Arihant Expert-
SBI Probationary Officers (PO) Preliminary Examination BookS. Sambasivan Dr. D.Antony Xavier9385078291
A Modern Approach to Logical ReasoningR S Aggarwal935253574X
Kiran's Tricky Approach to Competitive Reasoning Verbal & Non VerbalPratiyogita Kiran & KICX Think Tank of Kiran Prakashan -



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