GATE 2018 NEWS

NATIONAL LEVEL ONLINE TEST

GATE Syllabus is released by Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati. It is conducted for 23 different engineering disciplines. The syllabus and pattern are different for each discipline.

GATE Civil Engineering syllabus comprises 3 sections namely- General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and Civil Engineering. The weightage of the sections is 13%, 15% and 72% respectively.

**GATE Syllabus**for Civil Engineering mostly covers the graduation level topics.- The exam includes 2 types of question - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT).
- GATE Civil Engineering section includes the question from seven sections.
- The sections are as follows:

- Engineering Mathematics
- Structural Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Geomatics Engineering.

- The paper consists of 65 questions worth 100 marks.
- Engineering Mathematics is the most important section. The section carries around 13% weightage of the Civil Engineering section.

**GATE** is a national level online test which is conducted for admission to M.Tech/ PhD in the field of engineering and technology. It is conducted on a rotational basis by zonal IITs and IISc Bangalore.

**GATE Syllabus** of Civil engineering consists of seven sections namely- Engineering Mathematics, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Transportation Engineering, and Geomatics Engineering. The detailed syllabus of all sections is mentioned below.

Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical & naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. It is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines.

Topic | Sub-Topic |
---|---|

Linear Algebra | Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors. |

Calculus | Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. |

Differential equations | First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one-dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation. |

Complex variables | Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series. |

Probability and Statistics | Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions. |

Numerical Methods | Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations. |

Engineering Mathematics is the most important section of **GATE**. This section carries around 13% weightage of questions in the exam. Here are some important books for preparation of engineering mathematics.

- GATE Engineering Mathematics by Abhinav Goel and Suraj Singh
- Engineering Mathematics - Vol.1 by Sharma J.P
- Engineering Mathematics - Part 1 by Dr. D.S.C.
- Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Sastry S.S
- Problems and Solutions in Engineering Mathematics by T.C. Gupta

Topic | Sub Topic |
---|---|

Mechanics | Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear center. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses. |

Structural Analysis | Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis. |

Concrete Structures | Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. |

Steel Structures | Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam–column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames. |

- Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by Fiona Cobb
- Fundamentals of Structural Engineering by Jerome J. Connor and Susan Faraji
- Structural Engineering Formulas by Ilya Mikhelson
- Structural Analysis by R. C. Hibbeler
- Structural engineering reference manual by Alan Williams

Topic | Sub Topic |
---|---|

Soil Mechanics | Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability &seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength. |

Foundation Engineering | Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations–pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction. |

- Fundamentals of Geotechnical Engineering by Braja M Das
- Geotechnical Engineering by T. G. Sitharam and T.N. Ramamurthy
- Principles of Geotechnical Engineering by Braja M Das
- Geotechnical Engineering Design by Ming Xiao
- Geotechnical Engineer's Portable Handbook by Robert W Day

Topic | Sub Topic |
---|---|

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics | Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines. |

Hydrology | Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics. |

Irrigation | Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration and Crop water requirements. |

Design of | lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils. |

- Irrigation and Water Power Engineering by B.C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain, Arun Kumar Jain, and Pande Brij Basi Lal
- Water Resources Engineering by Gupta
- Water-Resources Engineering: International Edition by David A Chin
- Water Supply Engineering by Santosh Kumar Garg
- Hydrology and Water Resources by Experienced Professor

Topic | Sub Topic |
---|---|

Water requirements | Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal. |

Air Pollution | Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits. |

Municipal Solid Wastes | Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal). |

Noise Pollution | Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution. |

- Introduction to Environmental Engineering by David A Cornwell and Mackenzie L Davis
- Chemistry for environmental engineering and science by Clair N. Sawyer
- Elements of Environmental Engineering by K. N. Duggal
- Textbook of Environmental Engineering by P. Venugopala Rao
- Environmental engineering and sanitation by Joseph A. Salvato

Topic | Sub Topic |
---|---|

Highway Planning | Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, the design of flexible and rigid pavements. |

Traffic Engineering | Traffic characteristics, the theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity. |

- Principles of Transportation Engineering by Chakraborty and Das
- Transportation Planning: Principles, Practices and Policies by Sarkar Prabir Kumar, Maitri Vinay, and Joshi G.J
- Text Book On Transportation Engineering by Chandola and S.P
- Highway Engineering by Rangwala
- Transportation Engineering and Planning by C. S. Papacostas and Panos Prevedouros

Topics |
---|

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning System (GPS). |

The importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, levelling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves. |

- Geomatics Engineering: A Practical Guide to Project Design by Clement A. Ogaja
- Basics of Geomatics by Mario A. Gomarasca
- Precision Surveying: The Principles and Geomatics Practice by John Olusegun Ogundare
- Elementary Surveying: An Introduction to Geomatics by Charles D. Ghilani and Paul R. Wolf

GATE is an all India competitive exams for engineers from different branches. There are total 23 papers in GATE. Applicants can appear for one paper at one time. Candidates are required to make sure that they go through **GATE Exam Pattern** before starting the preparation of the exam.

- GATE is held in online mode only (Computer-Based Test).
- The question paper consists of 65 questions worth 100 marks.
- The exam includes 2 types of question - Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT).
- There is no negative marking for NAT but it is applicable for MCQs.
- For 1 mark MCQs, 1/3 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer.
- Likewise, for 2 marks MCQs, 2/3 marks will be deducted.
- The duration of the exam is three hours.
- GATE comprises 3 sections namely- General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and specific subject of the paper

GATE 2017 Section | Name of the Section | Weightage |
---|---|---|

Section 1 | Engineering Mathematics | 13% |

Section 2 | General Aptitude | 15% |

Section 3 | Subject Questions | 72% |

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