Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, planning, including works such as residences, institutional buildings, railways etc. It is one of the 25 papers of GATE exam. GATE 2020 for Civil Engineering Exam consists of 65 questions worth 100 marks.
- GATE Admit Card will be available on the official website from January 03, 2020.
- Students are required to attempt all the questions in the duration of three hours.
- GATE Syllabus is based on the topics studied at graduation level.
- Candidates has to use Virtual Calculator for the calculations. Use of physical calculator is prohibited.
All the GATE aspirants preparing to appear for Civil Engineering (CE) paper can check this article for detailed preparation tips, syllabus, coaching centers and cutoff for PSU recruitment through GATE.
Syllabus of CE GATE exam
The Syllabus of CE GATE exam consists of 7 sections. The sections are mentioned below
Section 1: Engineering Mathematics
- Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
- Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directiona derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
- Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.
- Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one- dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.
- Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics - Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.
- Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.
Section 2: Structural Engineering
- Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.
- Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
- Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames;
- Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
- Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural steel – composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and networ analysis - PERT and CPM.
- Concrete Structures: Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
- Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections - simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering
- Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability - one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils - two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.
- Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations - scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes - finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils - Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations - Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations - types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.
Section 4: Water Resources Engineering
- Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.
- Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow
- Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.
- Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.
Section 5: Environmental Engineering
- Water and Waste Water: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
- Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
- Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
- Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.
Section 6: Transportation Engineering
- Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.
- Highway Pavements: Highway materials - desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.
- Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time - delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.
Section 7: Geomatics Engineering
- Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; Remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).
Important Topics – Analysis
GATE Exam for Civil Engineering is divided into 10 sections and a section of General Aptitude. The exam is moderately difficult. Although some questions consume time. Candidates find General Aptitude fairly easy as compared to others. The Mathematics section checks the basic understanding level of the students.
There are 30 questions which carry 1-mark each and 35 questions which carry 2-marks each. The complete analysis of questions in all the section is given below:
|Topic||Number of Questions||Marks|
|Water Resource Engineering||10||16|
More than 100,000 appear for the GATE Civil Engineering examination and the number is expected to go up in the coming years. The increasing number of candidates and limited number of seats will naturally result in a higher Cut off mark. Please find below some of the best books for the subjects.
|Gate: Civil Engineering Solved Papers||Made Easy|
|Gate Guide Civil Engineering||Gkp|
|GATE Tutor Civil Engineering||Prasant Dixit|
|GATE: Civil Engineering||Vani Institute|
|Civil Engineering GATE 30 Years Solutions||Ies Mathur|
|GATE Guide Civil Engineering||Hitesh Aggarwal|
|GATE Guide Civil Engg.||Gkp|
|Gate: Civil Engineering Chapter wise Solved Papers : 20 Years||Hitesh Aggarwal|
|GATE Paper Civil Engineering (Solved Papers 00-16)||Gkp|
At present the registration process for GATE is over. Many institutes in the country provide GATE coaching and preparation. The major dilemma for students however is to pick the right institute for preparation. Below tables will ease your worries and candidates can make the right choice depending upon the cities.
Coaching Centres in Delhi
|1||The Gate Coach|
|4||Sriram’s IAS- Best IAS Institute|
|4||Engineering Institute of India|
Cutoff CE in IITs
|Specialization||Cut Off Marks (GN)||Cut Off Marks (OBC)||Cut Off Marks (SC/ST)|
|Specialization CE1 (Transportation Systems Engineering.)||550||495||367|
|Specialization CE2 (Geotechnical Engineering.)||550||495||367|
|Specialization CE3 (Water Resources Engineering.)||500||450||333|
|Specialization CE4 (Structural Engineering.)||600||540||400|
|Specialization CE5 (Offshore Engineering.)||500||450||333|
|Specialization||Cut Off Marks (GN)||Cut Off Marks (OBC)||Cut Off Marks (SC/ST)|
|Specialization CE1 (Transportation Systems Engineering.)||752||708||524/423|
|Specialization CE2 (Geotechnical Engineering.)||785||759||540/449|
|Specialization CE3 (Water Resources Engineering.)||767||719||522/435|
|Specialization CE4 (Structural Engineering.)||794||745||544/441|
|Specialization CE5 (Offshore Engineering.)||841||798||561/449|
|Institute||Cut Off Marks (GN)||Cut Off Marks (OBC)||Cut Off Marks (SC/ST)|
PSU Hiring for CE (Tentative Dates)
|Organization Name||Start Date of Recruitment||End Date of Recruitment||Eligibility||CTC Offered|
|BPCL (Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd)||September 1, 2020||ME, IN, CH||Rs. 24900- 50500/- p.m|
|Indian Oil Corporation Limited||December 17, 2020||February 7, 2021||CH, CE, CS, EE, EC, IN, ME, MT, PE, XE||Rs 11.25 lakhs per annum|
|Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)||March-April 2020||CS, ME, PE, CE, EE, EC, PH, IN, CH, GG, CY, MA||24900-50,500 p.m|
|Delhi Metro Railway Corporation (DMRC)||September 16, 2020||October 15, 2020||13500-66000 p.m|
|Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)||January 10, 2021||February 10, 2021||ME, CE, EE,IN,Ch||Rs. 24,900 – 50,500 p.m|
|National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)||January 10, 2021||January 31, 2021||EE, ME, EC, CE, CS, IT||Rs. 24900-3%-50500 p.m|
|National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC)||January 1, 2021||February 1, 2021||EE,CE,ME,GG||Rs 20600- 3%- 46500 (IDA) p.m|