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How Is Vocational Education Transforming India's Skilled Labour?

Vivek Bansal Vivek Bansal
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How Is Vocational Education Transforming India's Skilled Labour?

Quoting Will Smith “You possess talent naturally, skill is only developed by hours and hours and hours of beating your own craft”. The persistent fact in our society, that proper usage of imbibed knowledge at the work front is the golden rule to success, yet lack of proper skill set makes it worthless.

A worrisome fact that keeps hovering over the minds of the people in India is overpopulation, if you add unemployment to it, then the country will find itself in dire straits. According to the data provided by the Indian Demographics Report 2018, around 75% of the Indian population fall between the age of 15-59 years which marks to be the highest all over the world. Hence, the need to create employment opportunities is more imperative than ever before.

To bridge the gap between unskilled labor and sustainable employment, inculcation of definitive skill-set is necessary. India has only 2% of its total workforce skilled, in comparison to 96% in South Korea, 45% in China, 50-55% in USA & 74% in Germany. For all these years, while our country focused upon providing higher education to the people, the fact to put that knowledge into the application was given a backdoor.

Why do we need skill-based learning?

Here are some points that will help in making you understand why skill-based learning is necessary:

  1. Increase in IQ level

IQ is not restricted to measure the intelligence of a person, it is the application based skill that one develops by putting their knowledge into use.

  1. Helps in the transformation of personality

You can read millions of books inside your room for years, but the moment you step out in the real world and interact with people from diverse sectors, your personality transforms and you get a competitive edge to things.

  1. Work experience

The fight we go through every day most probably have an end goal to it, i.e finding a high paid job. If we are given practical knowledge during the phase of learning, then chances are we know multiple things about what we are going to carry out at the work front.

  1. Fosters Life-long learning

Whenever things are put forward to its application use it leaves a long-lasting mark on our memory and tends to be remembered for a longer period of time.

In a world where the people around us have developed themselves on the basis of classroom learning, transforming the structure can sometimes prove to be futile. Considering the fact that skill-based knowledge holds major importance during learning, including it as a part of the curriculum has its own set of difficulties.

Drawbacks of Switching from Traditional to Vocational Learning

Difficulties faced while transforming classroom knowledge to application based learning:

  1. Change in the Environment

The environment present inside a classroom is totally different in comparison to the environment present outside. Adapting with the change in environment is sometimes tough for the people leading them to face a number of difficulties.

  1. Pressure

Amount of pressure exerted during learning inside the classroom in comparison to the pressure exerted at the workplace has a whole new paradigm attached to it.

  1. Higher risk of Failures

The amount of risk involved in putting the prerequisite knowledge to application often leads to higher risks of failures.

  1. Discrepancy in Mentality

While a large number of the population still believes that traditional courses(focused on classroom training), provide better pay as compared to industry based courses(focused on skill development), the people put their inherent skill and talent towards imbibing knowledge rather than learning the application use out of it.

According to a report published by E&Y, only 10% of the total workforce in the country receives skill training. Further, 80% of the entrants into the workforce do not have the opportunity for skill training.

How does the Government come into the picture?

To fill the void of skill-based learning, the Government has started some programs that can help in sufficing the need for skilled based knowledge in the industry:


In the year 2011, Ministry of Rural Development set up this program with an agenda to provide education and marketable skills to the people falling under the underprivileged sector of the economy. The program sufficed the need for skill inclusion and helped them in grabbing placement, retention, career progression and foreign placement.


Flagship program developed under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship focuses on providing alternative options of earning to the youth. The program is expected to cover 10 million people within the tenure of 5 years, providing them with the knowledge of soft skills, personal grooming, behavioral change for cleanliness, and good work ethics.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

The main objective of this scheme is to set up Model Training Centres which provides vocational training to the students. The program focuses on establishing a benchmark in the field of vocational training, to provide sustainable jobs in the market.

In an endeavor to prepare a generation of skilled employees and leaders in alignment with the modern day market demands, skill along with the correct combination of knowledge help in achieving the desired set of goals.