The draft National Education Policy (NEP) 2019, submitted to the HRD Ministry earlier this year is almost in the final stages. The report has been formulated by the committee headed by the former ISRO chairman K.Kasturirangan. However, before the finalised draft is approved by the Union Cabinet, the HRD Ministry has announced a 6-Point Plan for its proper implementation.
Extinguishing the concerns and worries of the state governments and the various other stakeholders, the ministry has prepared a roadmap for the proper implementation of NEP 2019. These steps aim to revolutionize the Indian education system and put it on par with global standards.
Currently, our system lags behind global universities in many aspects. The traditional training methods and the slow adaptability to the new changes owe much of that. In the past many years, none of the Indian universities has managed to rank in the Top 100 Global Universities, especially in the domain of STEM (Science, Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics) courses.
With the proper implementation of NEP, the Government of India plans to transform every medium of education from the primary level to the higher education level. This final draft of NEP has also acknowledged the fact that proper implementation is as much important as the vision and ambition. Therefore, the ministry has laid out the following 6 steps for proper NEP implementation.
The policy states the implementation of spirit and intent as the most critical factor. Along with the details of the policy, the committee has proposed to keep this as the most important consideration.
Many points in the NEP 2019 are further divided into steps, with every step requiring the success of the previously mentioned steps. Thus, the policy will be implemented in a phased manner with the proper execution of steps.
In order to enable a strong base, the committee has also suggested prioritising some steps which are critical for the success of the policy. These critical steps will be executed first based on their importance.
The Union HRD Ministry has argued that due to the holistic nature of the policy, a full-fledged implementation is mandatory rather than implementing the policy in a piece-by-piece manner.
The Constitution of India lists education under the concurrent list. Thus it becomes important for both the Centre and the States to function in a coordinated manner for the proper implementation of NEP. It is also important so that all the funds are allocated at the right time, including human, infrastructural, and financial. This would require joint monitoring and careful planning.
The ministry will also provide enough room for proper analysis and review of all coordination between the Centre and the States.
Not just these steps, the ministry has also mentioned that a designated body and authorities in each state will conduct yearly inspection of the policy.
The ministry has also announced its plan to conduct a huge comprehensive review of the policy and its implications in the year 2030. This will be in compliance with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs). Quality Education is listed as the UNSDG 4 and India is also a signatory to these terms.
Also, it is expected that the policy will be fully functional by 2030-40 decade. Thus, a further review will be conducted then. Afterwards, annual reviews will continue.
The National Education Policy 2019 provides a vision for New and Transformed India and will change the education system in India. Drawing many of its proposals from the heritage of India, the policy has also remembered to carry forward the agendas of the previous education policies. Aligning with the UN Sustainable Development Goals, these steps will make the Indian Education System more flexible and will also boost high-quality research.