Nearly a quarter of India’s population is in the age of attending school and college and the question of quality learning is always there with such a huge population. Keeping this into consideration, a number of measures have been taken by the educational institutions to enhance the quality of education in India. Our current contribution to the education sector is 4.6% of GDP and the government is aiming to achieve around 6% of GDP for education in the coming years.
But still, there are several other issues that need to be taken care of. The literacy rate in India is just 74.04%. According to the “Annual Status of Education Report 2017”, it was assessed that about 25% of students in the age group of 14-18 years could not read basic text fluently in their own language, and more than half faced challenges in performing basic arithmetic. This shows the lack of quality education.
We have established a number of IITs, IIMs, Law schools, etc and students are even scoring 100% in their class 12 results, then what are the changes that are required in our Education system? Following is the list of measures that need to be taken to improvise the education system in India:
Many times, our education system fails to reward the person who deserves the highest academic accolades. That is why we need a provision that will recognize the original contribution. This would help in changing our education system at a better pace. This will encourage more research and innovation work.
We are still living in a world where the science stream tops the stream hierarchy. The intelligence of a student is judged on the basis of the stream he has selected. They should be introduced to various other career options and their choices should not be made limited to just science and commerce stream. There are around 2,000 courses on the SWAYAM portal, students can easily access them to learn new concepts.
In today’s fast-changing world, we do need smart educators as well. We need leaders, entrepreneurs in teaching positions, not salaried people trying to hold on to their mantle. In India, schools are investing up to 20% of their budget on teacher and administrator training. Teachers play the most important role in a teaching institution, hence they should be given the best training.
There should be a massive technology infrastructure for education. The outdated models of brick and mortar schools and colleges now need to be replaced by the efficient educational delivery mechanisms that can actually take the wealth of human knowledge to the masses.
In such a diverse nation like India, how can we expect the absorption power of every student to be the same? We need to realize that one teaching method cannot be beneficial for everyone in a class of 30. Some can learn at a faster pace and some at a slower pace. So, we do need personalized learning in this respect. For this, we can implement some of the technologies like artificial intelligence and chatbots which can help teachers in giving education to the students effectively.
22.5% of the available seats are reserved for the SC, STs in the central-government funded higher education institutions. In India, education is not available universally and reservation is a major issue here.
In order to emerge as a country built on a knowledge economy, driven by highly educated people, we do need to make the best education so universally available that reservation will lose its entire meaning. For example, Online education does not have any reservation because it scales. So, this is the best way to get rid of the reservation and make it inconsequential.
Co-Curricular Activities not just boost confidence but also enhance the experience of a student. There will be an increase in the child’s capacity to emphatically confront the practical situations in the near future. They instill various skills like leadership, sportsmanship, teamwork, practical solidarity as well as productive thinking.
The central government spends about 4% of budget expenditure on education, compared to 40% on defence. It is because historically the government did not have enough funds to open new schools and universities in the nation. And the private investors are not much into the education sector because the profit-making is not allowed here. But if profit-making is allowed then this will encourage serious entrepreneurs, innovators and investors to take interest in the education sector.
People consider that education is just about becoming a big, rich person. But this is not the case. Students should be taught about the real purpose of education. Life is much beyond money and our success can’t be measured in terms of how much money do we have.
“Marks is just a number” But still our education system is more geared towards teaching and testing knowledge at every level instead of teaching skills. This, in turn, leads to underperforming students.
“Give a man a fish and you feed him one day, teach him how to catch fishes and you feed him for a lifetime.” This means knowledge is above all, however it is largely forgotten after the semester exams are over. The schools must lay their emphasis on conceptual learning rather than rote learning. This will enhance the retention rate of the education imparted.
If we start implementing these measures then we might make a difference to our current education system. Change is inevitable and we need to change according to time. We have started taking education above the mediocre level that we have been engrained with and soon we will have the best education system in the world.